The Inca - Loudoun County Public Schools

The Inca - Loudoun County Public Schools

Incan Civilization Where and When 1400-1500 A.D. Andes Mtns. in South America (modern-day Peru)

Valley of Cuzco 1200s: small kingdoms established 1438: empire established 1500: empire stretched 2,500 miles Temples, Palaces & Religious

Beliefs Polytheistic Chief creator god: Viracocha Sun god: Inti Incan ruler worshipped as descendant of Inti

Temples, monthly festivals, powerful priests, offerings to gods (mountain sacrifices) Social Classes and Government

Rule by god-king who had absolute power Empire too large for one ruler Divided territories into smaller units, ruled by nobility Central bureaucracy

Efficiency of bureaucracy: policies reached every village Single official language: Quechua Arranged marriages Learning: Advancements & Achievements

Terrace farming Calendar Medicine and herbs Performed complex surgery

Extensive road system Main Cities and Features Major Cities Capital: Cuzco Machu Picchu

Grew corn, cotton, squash, beans and potatoes Pottery and weaving

Llamas/alpacas Extensive road system Ruins of Machu Picchu All Roads lead to Cuzco! Inti Festival at Cuzco in Peru Decline

Francisco Pizarro (Spanish conquistador) Tricked Ataluapa (Incan emperor) into giving treasure for his life, then had him burned at the stake

Francisco Pizzaro

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