Preparing for the Job Market: Surviving the Interview and Getting the Job Bill Carbonaro, DGS University of Notre Dame Department of Sociology February 2012 The Hiring Process (at most Schools) Apply
Applican t Pool Intervie w Invited Applican ts
Offer Offered a Position The Interview
R-1, 2: The Interview The Job Talk One on One Meetings with Faculty, the Chair, Deans
(R-2 sometimes also a teaching tryout) Informal Interactions: Breakfast, Lunch,
Dinner, etc. The Interview Teaching 1, 2: The Interview Teaching a One on One
Meetings with Faculty, the Chair, Deans Informal Interaction s: Breakfast,
Lunch, (Sometimes Research Dinner. class (observed by the chair, other faculty) Talk)
Setting up the Interview The Interview Youve been invited for an interview. Hurray! Should you go? NOW is the time to get more information from the chair about the expectations regarding the position. CALL him/her and get more
information. Accepting the Invitation? PRE-INTERVIEW Conversation with the Chair Make sure that the position meets your expectations BEFORE you agree to go! If you learn that the job is a non-starter, dont go! Ex -- If the job has a 4-4 teaching load, and
you dont want that, dont go! Accepting the Invitation? PRE-INTERVIEW Conversation with the Chair Keep the conversation focused on broad parameters of the position (Teaching load, research focus, tenure line, joint appt.s, etc.) * Save more specific questions about the position and the department for the interview (e.g., criteria
for promotion, hiring record, etc.) Accepting the Invitation? PRE-INTERVIEW Conversation with the Chair Dont start talking about your needs and/or wants at this stage. ** Remember your goal is simply to gather information at this point. Its about the job, not you (that comes later).
Spousal Issues Appropriate to Raise with Chair My spouse needs an academic job. My spouse has a really unique job and will struggle to find a comparable one upon moving. ** Raise these issues with the chair before visiting.
Spousal Issues Not Appropriate to Raise with Chair My spouse will need A NEW JOB My spouse needs A JOB Accepting the Invitation? PRE-INTERVIEW INTEL Gathering Ask your advisor and faculty your the department about the department that has invited you for a talk.
Do your homework via the web CAVEAT dont just rely on the departments own web page for information about itself. Scheduling the Interview 1. Be flexible competing obligations are truly secondary (E.g., cancel or get someone to teach your class) 2. Make sure that you have adequate time
to prepare (especially if it is your first interview) 3. Be sure to arrive early! (A day ahead, if possible) How to Ace the Interview The Interview NEVER FORGET you are ALWAYS on
during the interview. Be mindful of presentation of self issues. Be yourself but always be HIGHLY professional. The Interview Dress Code Look professional Err on the side of too dressy rather than too casual.
Be dressier than you would be when teaching a class. * Make sure that you are comfortable. YES YES YES
Mostly YES NO Slit is too high! Comfort? NO OK
MEH too casual Careful - not too hip! YES
Just right A little too dressy? Study your Schedule 1. If you dont knowing why you are meeting with someone, ASK! 2. Know the purpose of each meeting.
Informational or evaluative? Or both? 3. Learn about whoever you will be meeting with. 4. Dont ask for changes, unless something really important is at issue. E.g., dont ask for the job talk to be moved to the PM because are a morning person The Interview
DO YOUR HOMEWORK BEFOREHAND! 1. Learn about the department (from both sources inside the institution and outside): Who are the faculty? What do they do? What are the substantive areas in the
department? What do people in your department think about the department? Info from ASA, NRC, U.S. News? The Interview DO YOUR HOMEWORK BEFOREHAND! 2. Learn about how the hiring process works (from the chair):
Does the faculty as a whole vote to make an offer? A sub-committee? Who are the decision makers? What happens outside the department? What is the timeline?
One on One Meetings Faculty are trying to get a feel for: Your off-stage persona. 1. What you will be like as a colleague. 2. Whether you can think on your feet. 3. What does their gut tell them? Be relaxed, but always remain professional! One on One Meetings Their chance to ask questions:
Tell me about your research (or dissertation) . . . Prepare your elevator pitch before arriving! What are you looking for in a department . . . ? Know what you are about and what you are looking for
???? (The wild card!) One on One Meetings Your chance to ask questions: Ask about facultys research (if appropriate) often peoples favorite topic (themselves!). Ask people whether they like the job, institution, area, etc. Ask about the graduate students
Ask about the undergraduate students One on One Meetings Dont: . . . ask questions related to an offer before you have it! (Dont talk salary, benefits, research accounts, etc.) Thats what negotiations are for. . . . ask people specific questions about their salary, teaching load, etc.
. . . ask chair questions of the other faculty. One on One Meetings Dont: . . . Ask about other candidates who are being interviewed for the position. . . . ask overly personal questions. . . . BE NEGATIVE! Dont talk about other people unless you are complimenting them!
One on One Meetings Dont: . . . Try to be overly funny, clever, sarcastic, etc. . . . LET YOUR GUARD DOWN! One on One Meetings REMEMBER: These meetings are partly evaluative (Should we hire this person?)
BUT also partly selling the department (recruiting you) Take what is said with a grain of salt Meeting with the Chair 1. Save questions about the department for the chair. 2. Raise special issues or concerns ONLY with the chair. 3. Be completely honest. But, be guarded
in what information you share. ** Dont weaken your bargaining position. Meeting with the Chair Should always ask about: Tenure expectations what are the criteria, and what is the process? Recent Tenure cases confidential, but learn what you can.
What distinguishes tough and easy cases in your department? Meeting with Graduate Students Mostly informational, partly evaluative Learn a little about the graduate program beforehand Get a broad overview of the program Ignore minor details
Meeting with Graduate Students Mostly informational, partly evaluative During the meeting, learn about the students Are they likely to help you with your teaching and research? Are they serious and professionally oriented?
What kind of work are they doing? What are their long term goals? Dining Tips Dont eat messy foods (that could ruin your attire!). Generally, avoid eating food with your hands. Drinking alcohol is generally a bad idea.
The Job Talk (Research) The Job Talk The SINGLE most important thing (for research jobs)! For most people on the faculty, this is the ONLY time they will encounter your WORK as a scholar! Do not assume that anyone in the department will actually read your
work! The Job Talk IMPORTANT! Ask the chair what the expectations and norms are for his/her department! (Learn the local culture!) Whats the format? (Length, Q&A, Soc or Econ rules of engagement?) What are the expectations? (Heavy on
theory?, Methods?, Findings?, etc.) Who is typically in the audience? The Job Talk Make sure that you present your VERY BEST WORK. Dont take chances with hot off the presses results/analyses Make sure that the material for the talk is vetted by your advisor
The Job Talk What to present? Option #1 published paper Option #2 on-going dissertation NORMATIVE workTypically, the safest choice.
Option #3 a mix of option 1 and 2 The Job Talk KEEP IN MIND . . . Unlike ASA, there are many people in the audience who are NOT in your subfield. Dont assume that the audience is knowledgeable about the literature in your subfield.
The Job Talk KEEP IN MIND . . . ALSO -- Many people in the audience may have NO familiarity with your data (if secondary data sources) or even your methodology. You need to ensure that your talk is satisfying to both a general sociological audience, as well as the specialists.
The Job Talk YOUR TASK: TELL YOUR AUDIENCE A STORY Include as many elements of good storytelling as possible in your talk: Foreshadowing, character development, suspense, mystery, climax, resolution/ denouement.
The Job Talk YOUR TASK: HAVE A CLEAR TAKE AWAY Seek to strike a balance between the big picture and nuance SIMPLIFY, but dont OVER-SIMPLIFY The Job Talk
PowerPoint Tips Use visuals rather than just text to make your presentation more interesting Occupy Wall Street vs. The Job Talk PowerPoint Tips
LESS IS MORE: Use more slides with LESS INFORMATION on each one ** AVOID INFORMATION OVERLOAD!! The Job Talk PowerPoint Tips Engage the audience . . . but make sure that they remain focused on YOU! ** Dont just read your
slides verbatim! BORING! The Job Talk PowerPoint Tips Dont present tables of results with hundreds of numbers that people cant read. Abridged tables are preferable. Try to use graphs and figures to present results rather than numbers (picture = 1,000
The Job Talk PowerPoint Tips Dont present lengthy quotes with tiny words that people cant read. Read the quote aloud, and use the slide to emphasize its importance/significance. The Job Talk PRACTICE, PRACTICE, PRACTICE!
Memorize most of your talk. Practice your talk in an empty room (talking out loud) with your PowerPoints. The Job Talk PRACTICE, PRACTICE, PRACTICE! Time your presentation when you practice. Do a practice job talk in front of a live audience of sociologists (faculty, fellow
grad students). Get feedback and adjust accordingly. The Job Talk Remember: Use a clicker. Dont be boring. Dont run long. Dont tell bad jokes (funny ones are OK!). Dont stare/talk to the ground and/or screen.
Dont talk so softly that people in the back cant hear you. The Job Talk The Q&A Minefield Rules of engagement: Be appreciative of feedback from questioners. Always be respectful; never confrontational or dismissive. Try to answer the question as best you can dont just say Hmm I need to think about that more.
Next! The Job Talk The Q&A Minefield Rules of engagement: Be firm, but humble dont try to smack down every critique or suggestion. Dont be overly long-winded when responding. Remember: you can write things down as they ask their question!
The Teaching Talk/Demonstration The Teaching Demonstration For teaching jobs The SINGLE most important thing! AGAIN -- Practice, Practice, Practice! Make sure that the class CLEARLY DEMONSTRATES your approach to
teaching, which you wrote about in your teaching statement. The Teaching Demonstration DO YOUR HOMEWORK Learn about the students. What kind of background knowledge do the students have? Acquire the syllabus for the students class, and study it make connections!
The Teaching Demonstration Other tips: Play to your strengths be sure they see what you do best. Stick to whats tried and true for you. If you are doing something really unorthodox, be sure to explain what youre After the Interview
Follow-up After the interview: Stay in touch Write some personalized thank yous to people that you spent significant time with The Offer Key things to think about: SALARY: whats normative for the type of job,
the area, the institution, etc.? TRANSITION ISSUES: Moving expenses? Course load reduction in first few years? The Offer Key things to think about: SPECIAL TENURE ISSUES? Maternity? RESEARCH RESOURCES Will meet your needs? Can they be replenished?
SPOUSAL ISSUES? The Offer THE IMPORTANCE of GETTING IT RIGHT Salary increases typically are percent increases (not absolute amounts) Summer salary is a percent (one-ninth) of your salary
Getting a big raise usually requires going on the market and getting an offer The Offer General Approach to Negotiating: Be firm, but dont be a [fill in the blank] * Some haggling is expected, but always understand the context . . . The Offer
REMEMBER: both sides learn something about each other in these negotiations. Avoid creating misperceptions and bad will with the department. The way the chair/dept/University conduct themselves during the negotiation should say something to you about how attractive this job is! The Offer
Its OK to: Propose a counter-offer (even if you have no real leverage) Use competing offers as leverage (but be careful) To ask for more time to decide (within The Offer DO: Consult with your advisor and the chair of
your department about the offer Learn about what YOUR market value is Account for COLA when judging whats fair The Offer DONT: Talk with other faculty in the (offering) department about the terms of your offer. (E.g., how does my offer stack up with what
you got?) Discuss the terms of your offer with ANYONE ELSE but the chair!
Concluding Remarks. An algorithm for testing the manifold hypothesis. Future directions: Make practical and test on real data. Improve precision in the reach - get rid of controlled constants depending on d.
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