The Middle Ages in Europe - Socorro Independent School ...

51 He united a large part of Europe during the early Middle Ages and laid the foundations for modern France, Germany and the Low Countries. ILLUSTRATION

Topic: The Middle Ages Europe EQ: What role did Charlemagne play in shaping modern Europe? Who were the Franks and who was there leader? Franks = barbarians who became Christians - Lead by Pepin How did Charlemagne expand the borders? Charlemagne

EXAMPLE SIGNIFICANCE Were non believers accepted? What happened after the death of Charlemagne? 52 The Middle Ages

The period of time from the fall of the Roman Empire in 476 A.D. to the 1400s was called the Middle Ages, often called the Medieval Times. It was the time between ancient and modern times, a time of knights and damsels in distress. In Western Europe there was a lack of a powerful central government after Rome was overrun by the barbarians. The Rise of the

Franks The Franks built the largest of the barbarian empires in the area known as Gaul, (aka France). Charles Martel helped unite the Franks by defeating Muslim invaders Martels victory over the Muslims at the Battle of Tours in 731 A.D, saved Christianity in Europe. Pepin Charles Martels son, gained control of northern Italy,

but Pepin is more famous for his son Charlemagne. Charlemagne Became king of the Franks in 768 A.D.. Name literally means Charles the Great Developed the feudal system by giving land to his nobles in return for their loyalty & services. Enlarged the Kingdom of the Franks. Wanted to educate the children of his kingdom. Crowned Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire

Europe Faces New Threats After Charlemagnes death his empire was divided. The authority Charlemagne had exhibited disappeared. The empire began to crumble under attacks by: barbarian invaders from the east. Muslims invaders from north Africa. Vikings from Scandinavia

The Vikings Vikings from Scandinavia launched fear and destruction on northern Europe. They used their sailing skills to established trade route and create new settlements. Changes in Europe The invasions by the Vikings and other barbarians brought many negative changes.

There was a lack of a strong central leadership as governments were abandoned. Trade and cultural interactions decreased as people became too fearful to travel. Cities decreased in size and importance as its citizens were killed or moved to the country to avoid the invasions. Education, skills, and artistic abilities diminished.

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