The Mood of a Verb

The Mood of a Verb

VERB MOODS Moody little verbs Reminder A VERB is an action word run ski is go working will take

dance whistle went dribble swam be try finish take giggle cry can write

do paint tickle sob I am know! shout I know! Kim Kroll TeachersPayTeachers Content Standards CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.8.1 Demonstrate command of the conventions of

standard English grammar and usage when writing or speaking. CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.8.1c Form and use verbs in the indicative, imperative, interrogative, conditional, and subjunctive mood. Kim Kroll TeachersPayTeachers Essential Question: How can I form and use verbs in the indicative, imperative, interrogative, conditional, and

subjunctive moods? Hmmm Ive always wondered about that! Kim Kroll TeachersPayTeachers You know that verbs have tenses. They are: past, present or future- talked talk

will talk In addition, verbs have moods (which indicate a state of being). Kim Kroll TeachersPayTeachers Take a Look: Meet me at the farm. When did we meet at the farm? Shall we meet at the

farm? We must have met at the farm. I could meet you at the farm, if you like. If we met at the farm, we could have a chat about things. These sentences have the same topic, but they are different.

The verb has a different mood in each. Each one gives us a clue to the attitude of the speaker. Kim Kroll TeachersPayTeachers Indicative Just the facts! The indicative mood states a fact or gives a state of reality.

Examples: The apple is shiny. I am happy. He will bring her flowers. *Most sentences are in the indicative mood. Kim Kroll TeachersPayTeachers Write down the lines that use

indicative mood. Imperative Examples: The imperative mood is a command. One clue of the imperative verb is that the subject is often absent (but it is implied).

Be here when the bell rings. (Understood: You be here when the bell rings.) Fix me a sandwich. (Understood: You fix me a sandwich.) Kim Kroll TeachersPayTeachers Write down the lines that use

imperative mood. Interrogative The interrogative mood is questioning. Examples: "Will you make a homerun?" Do you promise to tell the truth? ?

Kim Kroll TeachersPayTeachers Write down the lines that use interrogative mood. Subjunctive This mood involves a wish, an imaginary situation, or something contrary to the fact.

Examples: If she were hungry... (Implied: ...but she's not.) I wish I had more money. (Implied: ...but I don't.) It would be better if you had brought your books with you. (Implied: ...but you haven't brought them.) John would eat if he were hungry.

Note: This mood is rarely used. Kim Kroll TeachersPayTeachers Subjunctive Rule 1 The Subjunctive is generally used with If to express a wish, a want, or desire. Examples: 1. Oh, if that were only true! 2. If only I had a million dollars! Notice, this is JUST a wish. It is not showing cause and effect.

Subjunctive Rule 2 The subjunctive is usually used with that when expressing importance, wishes, or urgency. Examples: 1. It is urgent that you take cover during a tornado. 2. I wish that I were in Paris! 3. I suggest that you stop talking. 4. It is important that you study. Subjunctive Rule 3 Remember that the word that can be implied (or

invisible). Our teacher insists we do our homework. This sentence is really the same as: Our teacher insists that we do our homework. Examples 1. It is urgent we evacuate during a fire. 2. I suggest you study for the test. Kim Kroll TeachersPayTeachers Write down the lines that use subjunctive mood.

Conditional The conditional mood indicates that something else will happen: The conditional mood often uses the words might, could, and would. Often, you will see the word if. Examples:

"The lights will turn on if I jiggle that switch. Jones will win the election if enough people vote. I will shake your hand if you win. Kim Kroll TeachersPayTeachers Conditional Mood

Conditional mood is a form of subjunctive. Conditional expresses under which conditions something will happen. It usually uses IF with cause and effect. Examples: 1. Butterscotch will be the perfect dog when he learns to stop barking at parked cars. 2. If I clean my room, I will be allowed to go to the movies on Friday. Remember Subjunctive can use if to express wishes; wants;

desires Conditional uses if for cause and effect. Subjunctive: If only it were summertime! Subjunctive: If it were summertime, we could go swimming. Conditional: In the summertime, we will go swimming. Examples: Subjunctive or Conditional 1. 2. 3. 4.

If it rains, I will wear my rain jacket. I wish that you would stop talking. If only I could remember my notebook! It is important that you cover your mouth when you sneeze. 5. I am going to be unhappy if I do not get to go to the movies this weekend. Examples: Subjunctive or Conditional 1. If I were rich, I would have a lake house. (conditional) 2. I wish that you would stop talking. (subjunctive)

3. If only I could remember my notebook! (subjunctivenot showing if-then relationship; showing a desired state) 4. It is important that you cover your mouth when you sneeze. (subjunctive) 5. I am going to be unhappy if I do not get to go to the movies this weekend. (conditional) Write down the lines that use conditional mood. MATCHING- Which mood is represented by each

sentence? INDICATIVE IMPERATIVE INTERROGATIVE CONDITIONAL SUBJUNCTIVE Will I look back on these days fondly? The past would change if we had a time machine. Do not live in the past.

The past will be fine if you work on your present. History repeats itself. Kim Kroll TeachersPayTeachers Subjunctive, Conditional, Indicative, Imperative, Interrogative 1. It is important that puppies get enough exercise. 2. Do you walk your puppy enough? 3. A puppy needs at least 30 minutes of daily exercise.

4. If a puppy were not exercised properly, it would likely chew up its owners possessions. 5. Remember to walk your puppy each day. Verb Mood Shifts Kim Kroll TeachersPayTeachers Special Rule Dont mix Indicative and Conditional IF does NOT go with WAS IF goes with WERE

Yes: If I were a butterfly, I would fly. NO: If I was a butterfly, I would fly. Was is only for past tense! You may say: When I was a butterfly, I flew. Famous Correct Usage! If I were a boy/ I think I could understand/ how it feels to love a girl Famous Incorrect Usage If I was a rich girl/then Id have all the money in the world/If I was the richest girl

Inappropriate shift An inappropriate shift or inconsistency in the verb of a sentence confuses the reader. Shifts in a verb mood can make reading difficult and obscure the sentence's meaning. To correct the shift, both clauses in the sentence should be in the same mood. In complex or compound sentences, the verb tenses should be the same. Inappropriate Shift

Correction Eat ice cream, and you will jog around the playground. I (imperative) (indicative) Eat ice cream and jog around the playground. (imperative) (imperative)

You could eat ice cream, but why couldn't you jog around the playground? (indicative) (interrogative) You could eat ice cream, and you could jog around the playground. (indicative) (indicative) If you were to eat ice cream,

you will jog around the playground. (subjunctive: hint "if/were") (indicative) If you were to eat ice cream, you would jog around the playground. (subjunctive past form "were") (subjunctive past form "would")

What two verb moods are used in this sentence? (1.) Remember your manners and (2.) you should put down your phone down. (1.) Remember your manners (imperative) and (2.) you should put down your phone down (indicative- opinion or statement) Rewrite as an imperative sentence. Remember your manners and put your phone down. What two verb moods are used in this sentence? (1.) You played videogames all night, but (2.) why

couldnt you complete your homework? (1.) You played videogames all night,(indicative) but (2.) why couldnt you complete your homework? (interrogative) Rewrite as an indicative sentence. You played videogames all night instead of completing your homework. Rewrite as an interrogative sentence. Why did you play videogames all night instead of completing your homework? Kim Kroll TeachersPayTeachers

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