THE NEW MLA 8th Edition Spring 2018 MLA REGULATES Document format In-text citation Works Cited list
MLA STYLE PAPER SHOULD: Be typed on white 8.5 x 11 paper Double-space everything Use 12 pt. Times New Roman (or similar) font Leave only one space after punctuation Set all margins to 1 inch on all sides Indent the first line of paragraphs one half-inch
FORMATTING PAGE 1 No title page unless specifically requested Create a header in the upper right-hand corner last name followed by a space with a page number Number all pages consecutively with Arabic numerals (1, 2, 3, 4, etc.), one-half inch from the top and flush with the right margin. (Note: Your instructor or other readers may ask that you omit last name/page
number header on your first page. Always follow instructor guidelines.) 1st page: Name Instructor Course Date Double Space
Header Last name Space Page number Title of
paper Centered No italics, underlin e, etc. IN-TEXT CITATIONS THE BASICS brief
reference in text indicating source consulted should direct readers to the entry in works-cited list should be unobtrusive: provide citation information without interrupting your own text In general, the in-text citation will be the authors last name (or abbreviated title) with a page number, enclosed in parentheses. WHATS CHANGED?
Fundamental shift away from the format of publication to guide citations to a universal set of guidelines that writers can apply to any source. - MLA Handbook 8th edition HUH? WHATS THAT MEAN? The type of source doesnt matter any more. Apply the same set of
criteria to any and all sources. FOCUS ON LIST OF CORE ELEMENTS Facts common to most works Arranged in a specific order 1. Author. 2. Title of
source. 3. Title of container, 4. Other contributors, 5. Version, 6. Number, 7. Publisher, AUTHOR Last name, Rest of name as presented in the work. End with period.
Floyd, Andrew Christopher. 3 or more authors only give 1st one listed followed by et al. Pseudonyms including online user names treated like regular names @lancermedia. Corporate Author institution, association, government agency, organization Linganore High School. If author and publisher are the same, skip author and include
only in publisher spot. TITLE OF SOURCE Italics = self-contained and independent Quotation Marks = part of larger work Followed by a period. Book = italics Website = italics Television series = italics Periodical Article (journal, newspaper, magazine) quotation marks Song or piece of music = quotation marks
Television episodes = quotation marks UNIQUE TITLES Tweet (or any short untitled message) reproduce full text in place of title - quotation marks @lancermedia. Powerful Why I Choose to Stand article -#respect. Twitter, Nov. 11, 2016 11:15 a.m., twitter.com/lancermedia/status/
47839092. Email Message use subject as title quotation marks Kraft, Tom. Lancer Boys Hoops. Received by Marsha Thompson, CONTAINER Larger wholes in which the source is located
Usually italicized Followed by a comma Examples: Poem from a collection = poem is source, collection is container Television series = episode is source Website = page is source Periodical Title = article is source CONTAINER WITHIN A CONTAINER
In some cases, a container might be within a larger container: * read a book of short stories on Google Books * watched a television series on Netflix * found the electronic version of a journal on Student Resources in Context It is important to cite these containers within containers so your readers can find the exact source you used. CONTAINER WITHIN CONTAINER
EXAMPLES 94 Meetings. Parks and Recreation, season 2, episode 21, NBC, 29 Apr. 2010. Netflix, www.netflix.com/watch/70152031?trackId=200256157&tctx=0%2C20%2C0974d 36127cd-44de-9c2a-2d9d868b9f64-12120962. Accessed on 9 Aug. 2016. Armstrong, Louis. Linganore Lancer Band is Amazingly Spectacular. Marching Band Journal, vol. 50, no. 1, 2015, pp. 173-96. Student Resources in Context, doi:10.1017/S0018246X06005966. Accessed 27 May 2016.
OTHER CONTRIBUTORS Editors Illustrators Translators Directors Narrators In the 8th edition, terms like editor, translator, illustrator are no longer abbreviated. OTHER CONTRIBUTORS EXAMPLES
Burch, Aaron. Madness and Civilization: A History of Insanity with the Baltimore Ravens. Translated by James Hines, Vintage-Random House, 2015. Brown, Jeremy. Christmas Magic Abounds. Annotated and with an introduction by Natalie Rebetsky, Harcourt, Inc., 2015.
VERSION If source has edition or version listed, include it Examples: King James version 3rd ed. VERSION EXAMPLES The Bible. Authorized King James Version, Oxford UP, 1998. Lastova, Mark, and Patrick Greene. Engineers
Rule the World. 3rd ed., Pearson, 2014. NUMBER If its part of a numbered sequence, list those numbers. Examples: Season 2, episode 1 vol. 6, no. 2
NUMBER EXAMPLES Brown, Jeremy. Uncle J Can Always Save the Day. Vol. 3, Play Day Publishing, 2015. 94 Meetings. Parks and Recreation, created by Greg Daniels and Michael Schur, performance by Amy Poehler, season 2, episode 21, Deedle-Dee Productions and Universal Media Studios, 2010. PUBLISHER Produces or distributes the source If more than 1 publisher and all are relevant to source, list them all.
Dont need: Periodicals Works published by their author or editor Websites whose title is same as publisher Website who makes works available but doesnt publish (YouTube)
Omit business words: company, corporation, limited, and others. (Example: Use Dream Books NOT Dream Books Company, LLC.) PUBLISHER EXAMPLES Daniels, Greg, and Michael Schur, creators. Parks and Recreation. Deedle-Dee Productions and Universal Media Studios, 2015. Weightlifting for Everyone. American College of Orthopedics, 2016. PUBLICATION DATE When source has more than 1 date, use date most
relevant to research. Print Resources = most recent date Full date if available Example: television show aired on one date but available on Netflix another date. If unsure of which date, go with date of original publication. PUBLICATION DATE EXAMPLE Hush. Buffy the Vampire Slayer, created by Joss Whedon,
performance by Sarah Michelle Gellar, season 4, Mutant Enemy, 1999. LOCATION Be as specific as possible Essays in books and articles in journals include page numbers Page ranges p for 1 page pp for multiple pages
Location of online work includes URL (without http:// or https://) DOI = Digital Object Identifier (databases) Physical object experienced first-hand should include LOCATION EXAMPLES Hahn, Chris. On Monday of Last Week. The Thing about Physics, Alfred A. Knopf, 2016, pp. 74-94. Kraft, Tom. The Best Offense is a Smothering Defense." Winning with
Class, vol. 6, no. 6, 2000, pp. 595- 600, wwwnc.cdc.gov/eid/article/6/6/00-0607_article. Accessed 8 Feb. 2015. Madenspacher, Christopher. The Swimming Pool. 2015, Museum of Modern Art, New York. BOTTOM LINE
Include what your readers need to know to find the source. WEBSITE Editor, author, or compiler name (if available). Name of Site. Version number, Name of institution/organization affiliated with the site (sponsor or publisher), date of resource creation (if available), URL/DOI or permalink. Date of access (if
applicable). DOI Digital Object Identifier generally with databases, use in place of URL WEBSITE EXAMPLE Talbert, Morgan. Creating Music from the Heart. Colorado University, 9 Aug. 2016, www.colorado.edu/music/theory/.
2016. Accessed 19 Oct. PAGE ON A WEBSITE For an individual page on a Website, list the author or alias if known, followed by the information for entire Website. If the publisher is the same as the website name, only list it once. Negative Effects of Too Much Screen Time." WebMD, 25 Sept. 2014, www.webmd.com/2015/12/6-negative-effects-of-too-much-screen-time-for-kids. Accessed 16 Sept. 2016.
Talbert, Molly. "How to Make Vegetarian Chili." eHow, www.ehow.com/how_10727_make- vegetarian-chili.html. Accessed 6 July 2015. THOUGHTS? Questions? Comments? Concerns? YOUTUBE
VIDEO Video and audio sources need to be documented using the same basic guidelines for citing print sources. Include as much descriptive information as necessary to help readers understand the type and nature of the source you are citing. If the authors name is the same as the uploader, only cite the author once. If the author is different from the uploader, cite the authors name before the title.
YOUTUBE EXAMPLES 8 Hot Dog Gadgets put to the Test. YouTube, uploaded by Crazy Russian Hacker, 6 Jun. 2016, www.youtube.com/watch? v=WBlpjSEtELs. Lake. Dan. Gaming and Productivity. YouTube, uploaded by BigThink, 3 July 2012, www.youtube.com/watch?v=mkdzy9bWW3E. DIGITAL IMAGE
FOUND ON WEBSITE Name of Creator. Title of Image. Publisher, Date Created or Published, Location/URL. If no title for image = include a description - not italicized or in quotation marks. Publisher = not Google Images. Click on website and use
information from website hosting picture. Location = URL omit http:// or https:// DIGITAL IMAGE EXAMPLE Creators Last Name, First name. Title of the Digital Image. Title of the Website, First name Last name of any contributors, Publisher, Publication date, URL.
Thompson, Marsha. Kind People Finish First. Photographs that MUSIC SONG OR ALBUM Multiple citation ways - depending on container Most citations begin with artist name. They might also be listed by composers or performers. Otherwise, list composer and performer information after the album title. Put individual song titles in quotation marks. Album names are italicized.
Provide the name of the recording manufacturer followed by the publication date. If information such as record label or name of album is unavailable from your source, do not list that information. SPOTIFY Morris, Ray. Skin. Cold, Atlantic Records, 2014, Spotify, open.spotify.com/track/0OPES3Tw5r86O6fudK8gxi. ONLINE ALBUM
Beyonc. Pray You Catch Me. Lemonade, Parkwood Entertainment, 2016, www.beyonce.com/album/lemonadevisual-album/. CD Checker, Chubby. The Twist." Chubby Checkers
Biggest Hits, Motown, 1960. BASIC RULE FOR ANY FORMATTING STYLE: Always follow your instructors guidelines. THOUGHTS? Questions? Comments?
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