The Persian Empire - calhoun.k12.al.us

The Persian Empire - calhoun.k12.al.us

The Persian Empire Coach Crews World History Review II. Sparta Spartans conquered their neighbors and made them slaves (helots) They developed a strong military to keep them from rebelling Boys entered military at age 7 Entered army at age 20, lived in barrack for 10 years, returned home but served in the army until age 60

Girls trained in sports to be healthy mothers Oligarchy government with 2 branches Kept foreigners out and discouraged their people from traveling in order to keep control Review III. Athens Boys went to school Girls learned household duties Early government was an oligarchy Solon reformed the government in 594 B.C. Cleisthenes took power in 508 B.C. Created a democracy Gave the assembly more power Created a council to help the assembly carry out their duties Members of the council chosen by lottery

Before 12 minutes Define in your own words: tyrant oligarchy democracy helot satrapies satrap Zoroastrianism Identify in your own words:

Solon Peisistratus Cleisthenes Cyrus the Great Darius Persia During 10 minutes Using pages 132-133, list 6 supporting details that connects our main idea Main Idea: The Persian Empire united a wide area under a single government

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. During Discussion Notes: I. The Persian Empire Persians were warriors and nomads who lived in Persia, modern day Iran Cyrus the Great united the Persians (559-530 B.C.) o o o

o Largest empire in history at that time Conquered Mesopotamia, Asia Minor, Syria, Canaan, and Phoenician cities He showed mercy to his conquered people He allowed the Jews to return to Jerusalem (chapter 3) During Darius came to power in 521 B.C. and reorganized the government He divided the government in satrapies, each ruled by a satrap. The satraps answered to

the king. Persian military consisted on Immortals, fulltime paid soldiers Zoroastrianism believed in one god, freedom of humans, and the triumph of good After 5 minutes Use the following words to complete the paragraph: Dominate Region

Strategy Satrap Satrapies Zoroastrianism King Darius used a ___ to strengthen the Persian government. He divided his kingdom into 20 ___. Each one was ruled by a ___. To ___ the kingdom, Darius needed a good system of communication. One ___ to improve communication was to build a Royal Road. This made it easier to move throughout the empire. The Royal Road stretched from the ___ of Asia Minor to the Persian capital of Susa. Religion was a part of Persian life. ___, the Persian religion, recognized that both good and evil existed in the world. Like the Jews, they believed there was one supreme being

who created all things. After King Darius used a strategy to strengthen the Persian government. He divided his kingdom into 20 satrapies. Each one was ruled by a satrap. To dominate the kingdom, Darius needed a good system of communication. One strategy to improve communication was to build a Royal Road. This made it easier to move throughout the empire. The Royal Road stretched from the region of Asia Minor to the Persian capital of Susa. Religion was a part of Persian life. Zoroastrianism, the Persian religion, recognized that both good and evil existed in the world. Like the Jews, they believed there was one supreme being who created all things.

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