The Post War World

The Post War World

The Cold War How did we go from friends for life to enemies? What Went Wrong? Cold War - Lasted from 1945 through the early 1990s WWII Turned the U.S. & USSR into Superpowers Leaders & influencers of international

affairs. U.S. & USSR had very different world views. Democratic & Capitalist vs. Totalitarian & Communist What was the Cold War? Era of high tension between two ideologically opposed sides led by the USA and USSR

USAs buddies = NATO Alliance USSRs buddies = Warsaw Pact NATO & Warsaw Pact How Was the Cold War Fought? Arms Race MAD (Mutually Assured Destruction) theory = huge nuclear weapon build-up

Ideological Conflict (competition to spread their beliefs to decolonized new nations Proxy Wars USA & Soviets support opposing sides of wars across the decolonizing 3rd World The Iron Curtain U.S.S.R. wanted a buffer to protect it against further German invasion

USA & Britain wanted free elections Instead, Stalin made sure all of Eastern Europe was in its sphere of influence, with friendly commie govts Churchill calls this division into Communist East Europe & Democratic West Europe the Iron Curtain I. Germany After the War

Germany divided in two, East and West Germany East was communist, West was a democracy City of Berlin divided into four sections, (run by Britain, USA, France, USSR) II. Occupied Japan Japan occupied by USA from 1945-1952 Kept the emperor (but no power) Democracy installed; beginning of economic

power III. United Nations UN is created: star ted with 5

1 co untr ies, now has 1 More muscle than League of Nations

Main Goal: mediate and intervene in international disputes. Monitors human rights & social problems. 90!! III. United Nations (cont.) Structure Includes:

General Assembly of all nations Security Council of 5 permanent members (US, USSR, Great Britain, France, China) and 10 rotating members UN General Assembly Room

r !! terio n I o Retr y zz Sn a

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