The Renaissance 1300-1500

The Renaissance 1300-1500

Michelangelo Buonarroti B. March 6, 1475 Engineer, Architect, Poet, Sculptor Painter

Works- David, Creation of Adam (Sistine Chapel), St. Peters Cathedral Lorenzo di Medici, ruler of Florence, hired Michelangelo to create many works of art for him The Pieta by Michelangelo

La Pieta- Captures the sorrow of Mary as she cradles the dead Christ David- the biblical figure who killed the giant Goliath

Video-Clip http:// smarthistory.khanacademy.or g/Michelangelo-David.html The Sistine Chapel Details Creation of Man David Michelangelo

Buonarotti 1504 Marble 15c What a difference a century makes! 16c

Raphael Raphaels St. Catherine done in 1507 Raphael was born in Urbino, Italy in 1483

Artist, Architect, and Engineer Lacking Leonardos Scientific spirit and Mchelangelos self-reflective genius, he nevertheless was inspired by the two artists Style revolved around creating art using public spaceslarge murals on walls and ceilings.

Raphael is best known for his Madonnas and for his large figure compositions in the Vatican in Rome. In autumn 1508, shortly after summoning Michelangelo to Rome, Pope Julius II also sent for Raphael to decorate the new buildings in the Vatican creation of the School of Athens

Inspired by Greek philosophers in the fields of the Humanities- Science, Math, Justice, Philosophy, Poetry. The School of Athens Disputation of the Holy Sacrament Other Known Figures Sandro Botticelli (c. 1445 May 17,

1510) Worked in Florence, Pisa, and Rome under the patronage of Lorenzo de' Medici, The Vespucci family, and the Roman Catholic Church Even though he is known today for his hedonistic art based on Greek Mythology, he mostly painted religious subjects and also some portraits. In his later life, Botticelli became a follower of the deeply moralistic

Dominican friar Girolamo Savonarola, it was believed that he had destroyed his own paintings on secular subjects in the notorious "Bonfire of the Vanities" Sistine Chapel Paintings (Youth of Moses, Cistine Chapel) In 1481, Pope Sixtus IV summoned Botticelli and other prominent Florentine and Umbrian artists to fresco the walls of the newly completed Sistine Chapel.

This large project was to be the main decoration of the chapel; most of the frescos remain, but are now greatly overshadowed and disrupted by Michelangelo's work of the next century, to make room for which some of them were destroyed. The Florentine contribution is thought to be part of a peace deal between Lorenzo Medici and the papacy. After Sixtus was implicated in the Pazzi conspiracy hostilities had escalated into excommunication for Lorenzo and other Florentine officials

and a small "Pazzi War (Punishment of the Sons of Corah) Lamentations of Christ, early 1490s Adoration of the Magi Santa Maria Novella, c. 147576 it contains the portraits of Cosimo de Medici, his sons Piero and Giovanni (all these by now dead), and his grandsons Lorenzo and Giuliano. There are also portraits of the donor and, in the view of most, Botticelli himself, standing at the front on the right. La Primavera, 1477-1482. Commissioned by Lorenzo and Giovanni di Pierfrancesco de' Medici, cousins of Lorenzo il Magnifico, in 1498 this painting was in their florentine residence, it depicts the Realm of Venus. Zephyr chases the

nymph Chloris, who turns into the goddess Flora at right. Venus is underneath a blindfolded Cupid in flight with the three Graces and Mercury at left. The Birth of Venus This universal icon of Western painting was probably painted around 1484 for the villa of Castello owned by Lorenzo di Pierfrancesco de 'Medici. Giorgio Vasari saw the work there in the mid-sixteenth century Luca Signorelli Signorelli- The Damned Cast into Hell Humans being tortured by demons in the foreground (detail),

Three archangels, Michael, Naked men and women screaming while being Gabriel, and Raphael, clad attacked by demons (detail), Luca Signorelli, The in armor, observe as Damned Cast into Hell, 1499-1504, fresco, 23' humans and demons wide (San Brizio chapel, Orvieto Cathedral, tumble through the sky Orvieto, Italy) (detail) The Renaissance Moves

North 1450- Renaissance reaches Flanders (France, Belgium, Netherlands) Area Recovered late from Middle Ages and Black Death 1500s- Reaches Spain, Germany, and England 2 Artists of the Northern Renaissance

The Northern Renaissance began in Flanders and later spread to Spain, France, Germany, and England. Albrecht Drer traveled to Italy to study. Through his art and essays, he helped spread the Renaissance to Germany. He is called the German Leonardo.

Jan and Hubert van Eyck painted townspeople in rich, realistic detail. They also developed oil paint. Pieter Bruegel used vibrant colors to portray peasant life. His work influenced later Flemish artists. Peter Paul Reubens blended the realistic traditions of Flemish painters

with the classical themes and artistic freedom of the Italian Renaissance. Known Artists Jan Van Eyck Peter Bruegal

Peter Paul Rubens Portrayals of Town peoples and Everyday life Pagan figures from classical past Humanist Writers Three humanists:

Desiderius Erasmus called for reform of the church and for the bible to be translated from Latin into the vernacular, or language of ordinary people. Thomas More pressed for social reform and wrote of a utopian societyReligious Tolerance, Education for all, sharing of wealth Niccolo Machiavelli- Author of The Prince- A political guidebook. Current events dont allow for leaders to be virtuous, in order to do right by your people, you must do some bad- The ends justify the means, It is better to be feared than loved- Leaders should rule realistically 2 The Printing

Revolution A printing revolution took place when: In 1456, Johann Gutenberg printed the Bible using the first printing press and printing inks. Movable type was developed twenty years later. IMPACT: Printed books were cheaper and easier to produce. With books more readily available, more people learned to read.

Readers gained access to a broad range of knowledge and ideas. 2 Writers of the Northern Renaissance Franois RABELAIS William SHAKESPEARE French humanist who

was a monk, physician, Greek scholar, and author English poet towering figure of Renaissance literature Offered opinions on religion, education, and other subjects in humor, fantasy, and satire

Known for grotesque jokes Gargantua and Pantagruel. Wrote 37 playsComedies, Dramas, and Tragedies Influenced by Greek, Roman Texts, and Current Events Julius Caesar Much Ado about Nothing

Hamlet Merchant of Venice Macbeth CERVANTES Spanish author who wrote Don Quixote, which mocks romantic notions about medieval chivalry and knighthood of the

past Known as the first modern novel Machiavelli- Author of The Prince Would you like to be under a ruler that followed Machiavellis ideas? It is better to be feared than loved and The ends justify the means

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