The Rise of Nationalism in late 19th Century Europe - Chapter 22

The Rise of Nationalism in late 19th Century Europe - Chapter 22

The Rise of Nationalism in late 19th Century Europe Chapter 22 Central Texas College Fort Knox Kentucky Bruce A. McKain French Nationalism Charles Louis Napoleon Bonaparte, (aka) Napoleon the Small, Napoleon III Ist President of the French Republic, elected 1848,

initiated a coup detat in 1851. Emperor of the Second French Empire 1852 to 1870. Nephew of Napoleon Bonaparte. French Nationalism Energetic Foreign Policy War with Austria 1859 Spearheaded Allied Action against Russia in Crimean War

French Garrison in Rome to protect Papal States from Italian annexation French rule in Cochinchina and New Caledonia Upheld French interest in the Second Opium War and the Taiping Rebellion in China French intervention in Mexico, aborted in 1867 French Nationalism

Major Period of French Industrialism Major renovation of Paris during this period Second Empire overthrown three days after Napoleons surrender at the Battle of Sedan, 1870. Third French Republic formed and cession of AlsaceLorraine to German Empire. Italian Nationalism

Camillo Benso, Count of Cavour Leading figure in movement toward Italian unification Founder Italian Liberal Party Prime Minister of Piedmont-Sardinia Italian Nationalism Giuseppe Garibaldi

(1807-82) Joined Carbonari Italian Patriot Revolutionaries, while in his twenties Revolutionary in South America leading the Italian Legion Returned to Italy in 1848 Italian Nationalism Led forces for Lombardy

in First Italian War of Independence, winning victories at Luino and Morazzone. Moved to Rome after defeat of Piedmontese in 1849 to support Papal States against Louis Napoleons forces. Italian Nationalism June 1849 Garibaldi

withdrew from Rome with 4,000 troops. After his following fell to 250 men he was forced to emigrate again to Tangier. Returned to Italy in 1854. Italian Nationalism 1859 Second Italian War of Independence

Led Hunter of the Alps Won victories at Varese and Como over the Austrians 1860 led I mille (the thousand) often known as the Red Shirts to victory in Sicily Italian Nationalism Garibaldi crossed the straits to Italy and moved North taking

Naples 7 September 1860 30 September defeats the Neapolitan army. Turns territorial gains to the Piedmontese after meeting with Victor Emmanuel II, and goes into temporary retirement He continued to fight over the next ten years, eventually being elected to Italian Parliament. German Nationalism

Otto Eduard Leopold, Prince of Bismarck, Duke of Lauenburg (1815-1898) Oversaw unification of Germany 1st Chancellor of the German Empire Removed from office in 1890 by Kaiser Wilhelm II Led Prussian Army to victory over France in 1871

German Nationalism After French defeat Bismarck negotiated with Southern German state to effect unification Led the anti-catholic Kulturkampf 1878 Anti-Socialist Laws Spent great deal of time insuring a Balance of Power

German Nationalism Wilhelm Friedrich Ludwig von Freussen Reign 1861-88 Fought against Napoleon Boneparte As second son was not expected to rule Possibly the Greatest of the German Emperors Russian Nationalism

Russian defeat in Crimean War showed weakness of absolute monarchy Abolished Serfdom March 3 1863 Peasants had to repay state for cost of their land. Established Local Assemblies Zemstvos Victorian England Alexandrina Victoria

1819-1901, ruled 18371901 (63 years 7 mo) Empress of India 1876 to 1901 Grandmother of Europe , 9 children, 34 grandchildren In mourning for 41 years Marx and Marxism German philosopher, sociologist, economic historian, journalist, and

revolutionary socialist Communist Manifesto 1848 Capital 1867-94 Friedrich Engels

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