The six main nutrients: an introduction - ENLOE HIGH SCHOOL

The six main nutrients: an introduction - ENLOE HIGH SCHOOL

THE SIX MAIN NUTRIENTS: AN INTRODUCTION All graphics in this resource have been attributed CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0) Public Domain Dedication, waiving all of his/her rights to the work worldwide under copyright law. WHAT IS A NUTRIENT? NUTRIENT: A chemical substance in food that helps maintain the body and its functions How does the body use nutrients? ENERGY (calories) GROWTH REPAIR MAINTENANCE of BASIC BODILY FUNCTIONS THE 6 ESSENTIAL NUTRIENTS CARBOHYDRATE

S PROTEINS FATS (LIPIDS) VITAMINS MINERALS WATER CARBOHYDRATES FUNCTIONS FOOD SOURCES Bodys main Pasta Rice Breads Grains Cereals

Fruits & source of energy (4 kcal/g) Provide dietary fiber (aids in digestion) vegetables Sugars (sweets, milk & yogurt) PROTEINS FUNCTIONS FOOD SOURCES Provide energy Meat Eggs

Poultry Legumes Fish Nuts & seeds (4 kcal/g) Build, maintain, & repair body tissues Soy products Dairy products FATS (LIPIDS) FUNCTIONS FOOD SOURCES Provide energy (9 kcal/g) Enhance taste & mouthfeel

Butter of foods Carry fat-soluble vitamins through the body Provide substances needed for growth & healthy skin Protect internal organs Oils Nuts & seeds Meats Whole dairy products & cream Salad dressings VITAMINS

FUNCTIONS FOOD SOURCES Do NOT provide Fruits energy (no calories) Vegetab Whole grain les Needed for normal cell function, growth, and development Meats Milk & dairy product s

breads & cereals WHAT ARE THE ESSENTIAL VITAMINS? FAT-SOLUBLE WATER-SOLUBLE Vitamin A Vitamin C Vitamin D Vitamin B- Vitamin E complex: Which vitamins do you recognize? What foods

contain these Vitamin B6 vitamins? Vitamin K Thiamin (B1) Biotin (B7) Riboflavin (B2) Folate (folic Niacin (B3) acid & B9) Pantothenic acid Vitamin B12 (B5) MINERALS FUNCTIONS FOOD SOURCES

Do NOT provide Fruits energy (no calories) Vegetab Legumes les Inorganic substances that become part of the bones, tissues, and body fluids Whole grains Milk & dairy product s Nuts

WHAT ARE THE ESSENTIAL MINERALS? MACROMINERALS Calcium Potassium Phosphorus Chloride Magnesium Sulfur Sodium TRACE MINERALS Iron Zinc Mangan Cobalt ese Copper Iodine Fluoride Seleniu

m Which minerals do you recognize? What foods contain these minerals? WATER FUNCTIONS FOOD SOURCES Does NOT provide energy Water & other (no calories) Carries nutrients throughout the body beverages Fruits & vegetables Regulates body temp. Milk & dairy products

Lubricates joints Soups Dissolves vitamins, minerals, amino acids, etc. NUTRIENTS & MY PLATE Review each of the six main nutrients. In which My Plate food groups could we find each nutrient?

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