THE TRINITY - WordPress.com

THE TRINITY - WordPress.com

THE TRINITY THEOLOGY MATTERS Objectives After completing this segment, you will be able to: 1. Articulate the importance of the tri-unity of God. 2. Describe the basic terminology that relates to the topic under investigation. 3. Compare and contrast the various opinions on the topic of tri-unity of God. 4. Explain what the various sections of the Bible say about the tri-unity of God. 5. Correlate the gathered biblical information to create scriptural conclusions. Also, you will use the formulated conclusions to assess the various perspectives and to identify the correct view. 6. Utilize the tool of apologetics to defend the biblical view of the tri-unity of God. 7. Apply the acquired truths with the aim of glorifying God. I. important Questions to consider

II. Basic Terminology 1. Economic Trinity - The study of the activity and redemptive outreach of the Triune God of Scripture to entities outside of Himself, especially the human populace. 2. Hypostatic Union - ( in Greek = subtance or in Greek = subtance or subsistence) The claim that two natures or substances, one divine and one human, are present in the one person of Jesus. In other words, Jesus is both fully God and fully man. Hypostatic Union 3. Immanent Trinity This phrase is used to refer to the study of the eternal and internal relationships between the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit. Hypostatic Union

II. Basic Terminology 4. Law of Non-Contradiction Something cannot be ( in Greek = subtance or x) and non-( in Greek = subtance or x) at the same time and in the same way. 5. Person A living and relational entity that is or potentially is self-conscious. There are various persons within the Trinity, within the angelic realm, and within the human populace. 6. Substance - The essential qualities that make something what it is. III. Various Proposals Traditional View Throughout history, orthodox Christians have believed that God exists as one essence in three distinct persons. Most individuals in this camp affirm both that this understanding of

the Trinity is biblical and that is does not lead to a contradictory affirmation. III. Various Proposals Adoptionism This perspective was heralded by Theodotus of Byzantium in A.D. 190. Adoptionism teaches that Jesus was born as a mere man; because of his virtuous character, Jesus was eventually adopted as the "Son of God" by the descent of the Spirit on him. Some adoptionists believe that the bond between God the Father and Jesus was only moral; Jesus earned perfect fellowship with God, not a place within the Godhead. Many modern New Age thinkers utilize the story of Jesus as an example on how every human being can become one with god, which is an impersonal deified oneness that encompasses everything. Movie Clip

III. Various Proposals Arianism This view is based off of the teachings of Arius, a deacon in the city of Alexandria. Arius believed that God created the Son ( in Greek = subtance or the term is figurative). As a created being, Christ is not eternal or equal with God. The Holy Spirit is seen as an attribute of God ( in Greek = subtance or like love), not as an actual person. The Jehovah Witness Church (Kingdom Hall) is a modern example of a group who embraces a form of Arianism. They reject the eternal pre-existence of Jesus. Sabellianism Sebellius was a theologian in the third century. Sabellianism, or modalism, believes that the names Father, Son, and Holy Spirit are merely titles for the three various phases or faces that God, as one person, has revealed Himself. This camp denies that more than one person exists within the Godhead. The following modern groups embrace a form of Sabellianism: The United Pentecostal Church, the Pentecostal Assemblies in the World, and the Apostolic Church of Pentecost. Game Time

________________ Trinity - The study of the activity and redemptive outreach of the Triune God of Scripture to entities outside of Himself, especially the human populace. ________________- This is a technical term that is used to describe the amalgamation of Christ's humanity and divinity in one person or individual existence. ________________ A living and relational entity that is or potentially is selfconscious. ________________ - The essential qualities that make something what it is. _________________ Trinity This phrase is used to refer to the study of the eternal and internal relationships between the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit. _________________ Something cannot be ( in Greek = subtance or x) and non-( in Greek = subtance or x) at the same time and in the same way. Game Time ________________ teaches that Jesus was born as a mere man; because of his virtuous character, Jesus was eventually adopted as the "Son of God" by the descent of the Spirit on him ________________ teaches that God created the Son ( in Greek = subtance or the term is figurative) in eternity past. As a created being, Christ is not eternal

or equal with God. Throughout history, orthodox Christians have believed that God exists as one essence in three ________________. Sabellianism, or _______________, believes that the names Father, Son, and Holy Spirit are merely titles for the three various phases or faces that God, as one person, has revealed Himself. IV. Biblical Survey THE AFFIRMATION OF ONE GOD Deuteronomy 6:4: Hear, O Israel: The Lord our God, the Lord is one. Remember the Commandments

Shema (hear): 4-9 Isaiah. 45:5: I am the Lord, and there is no other; there is none besides me. 1-8 = A prophecy of the Persian King Cyrus Rejection of localized deities and polytheism God is sovereign over every domain Yahweh alone is God

1 Timothy 2:5: For there is one God and one Mediator between God and men, the man Christ Jesus. Pray for all types of people Monotheism is upheld in the Old and the New Testament Gods desire is for persons to come to Him Jesus is the perfect mediator because He

fully represents God and man Monotheism is clearly taught Love the Lord with Everything Research Baal and Asherah IV. Biblical Survey THE PLURALITY OF THREE PERSONS Genesis 1:26: God said, Let Us make man in our image. Creation Account Matthew 28:19:

Baptizing them in the name of the Father and the Son and of the Holy Spirit. 11 Disciples met Jesus on mountain John 1:1, 14: In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God the Word became flesh. Incarnation

US does not refer to angelic hosts US = reference to plurality within God Many of them worship Jesus Jesus does not reject worship He commissions persons to be baptized with a Trinitarian utterance Jesus gives the Great Commission Witness of John the Baptist John 1

- affirms monotheism - distinguishes the Word from God the Father - claims that the Word is God - affirms the hypostatic union IV. Biblical Survey THE PLURALITY OF THREE PERSONS John 8:58: Before Abraham was born, I am. Argument between Jesus and certain Jews Jesus applies the sacred name of God to Himself

Demonic or Divine Self-Awareness of Deity Desire to stone Jesus Acts 5:3-4: But Peter said, Ananias, why has Satan filled your heart to lie to the Holy Spirit, and to keep back part of the price of the land? While it remained, was it not your own? and after it was sold, was it not in your own power? why have you conceived this thing in your heart? you have not lied unto men, but

unto God. The judgment against Ananias and Sapphira The terms Holy Spirit and God are used in a synonymous way in this passage. Lie to the Holy Spirit Not lied unto men, but unto God IV. Biblical Survey THE PLURALITY OF THREE PERSONS Acts 16:6: And they went through the region of Phrygia and Galatia, having

been forbidden by the Holy Spirit to speak the word in Asia. The Holy Spirit Romans 15:30: I appeal to you, brothers, by our Lord Jesus Christ and by the love of the Spirit, to strive together with me in your prayers to God on my behalf Travel Plans Kept Paul from going to

the province of Asia Holy Spirit is attributed with a volition/will in this passage. He is not an impersonal force; rather, the Holy Spirit is personal Guided Him to preach the and an active source of guidance in gospel in Macedonia the believers life. Prayer Requests As Paul gives his prayer requests, he references the Lord Jesus Christ, the love of the Holy Spirit, and God the Father.

IV. Biblical Survey THE ACTIVITY OF THE TRINITY Ephesians 1:314 Salutation ( in Greek = subtance or 1:1-2) From 1:3-3:21, Paul expresses thanksgiving to God through the vessels of worship and prayer. 1st Utterance = A celebration of the economic activity of the Trinity The Book of Ephesians presents the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit as distinct persons. It

also describes their unique roles within redemptive history. Father Election Predestination Adoption Plan Son Redemption Forgiveness Hope Holy Spirit Sealed Equipped Guarantee of Inheritance V. Systematic conclusionS

1. Every section of the Bible instructs Gods people to avoid polytheism ( in Greek = subtance or the belief in many gods) and idolatry ( in Greek = subtance or the worship of false/unreal gods); rather, the community of faith is called to worship the one true God. 2. The God of the Scriptures is not an impersonal force; instead, God exists tri-personally ( in Greek = subtance or not 3 parts 3 persons). 3. The Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit are presented in the Bible as eternal and distinct persons under or within the essence of God; thus, the church should avoid the heresies of Sabellianism, Adoptionism, and Arianism. 4. The three personalities within the Godhead work together in perfect harmony; having said this, they do exhibit different roles. For example, the Son is the only person within the Godhead to become flesh. 5. The economic activity of the Trinity consumes most of the Trinitarian literature in the Bible; the primarily concern of the biblical authors is to invite image bearers into fellowship with a God who

is intrinsically or immanently relational and externally missional. Christian Trinity and Mormonism https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PAKH_Y9Y2zs Holy, Holy, Holy Hillsong Unite vi. apologetics IS THE TRINITY A CONTRADICTION OR A MYSTERY? Definitions Law of non-contradiction: Something cannot be x and non-x at the same time in the same way. Mystery: Anything that is kept secret or that cannot be fully explained.

Necessary Contradictions Mystery There exists three gods and one god ( in Greek = subtance or or not three gods) One God exists in three person God is one person and three persons ( in Greek = subtance or or not one person) viI. Practical Applications 1. God is a relational God, and the fellowship within the Trinity is absolutely pure. Therefore, Gods people should avoid isolation and pursue wholesome fellowship with God and with others.

John 17:20-21: I do not ask on behalf of these alone, but for those also who believe in Me through their word; 21 that they may all be one; even as You, Father, are in Me and I in You, that they also may be in Us, so that the world may believe that You sent Me. 2. Within the being of God there exists holy diversity. Gods people ought to welcome multi-cultural customs and various genres of expressions insofar these things conform to the Gods revelation. Old Hymns vs. New Songs Soul Food vs. Hispanic Fiestas 3. Each person within the Trinity is equal in value, yet they perform various roles. Christians ought to encourage each member of the body of Christ to use his or her gifts to the glory of God. Janitor and Pastor Husbands and Wives 4. The Triune God is missional; God calls believers to join the mission ( in Greek = subtance or Matthew 28) 5. The Triune God of Scripture should be adored and worshiped ( in Greek = subtance or Eph 1) Triune Praise August Burns Red

https:// www.youtube.com/watch?v=md4cLMu9vGk

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