The Use of Anesthetics for IV Starts - School of Nursing
The Use of Anesthetics for IV Starts Columbus State University Purpose Patient advocates: - Strive to provide the utmost comfort for patients Purpose:
- To determine if the use of local anesthetics reduces the pain and discomfort of patients during venous catheterization Clinical Question Should
hospital patients receive local anesthetics prior to intravenous catheterization rather than no local anesthetics as a measure to reduce pain? Options Cream No Anesthetics EMLA
ELA-Max Lidocaine No Local Anesthetics It is the patients option to choose whether they would like to have local anesthetics Creams EMLA Cream ELA-Max
EMLA Cream Made of a 1:1 combination of 2.5% Lidocaine and 2.5% Prilocaine Applied topically to the intended IV site and covered with an occlusive dressing The recommended dose is 2.5 g It is also recommended that you give it 4560 minutes to take full effect; however,
some research has found that it can take partial effect and IV pain can be reduced in as little as 5 minutes EMLA Cream Patients taking drugs that induce the production of methemoglobin (such as Sulfonamides, Acetaminophen, and Phenobarbital) should be aware that it can cause methemoglobinemia It is also contraindicated for patients
allergic to Lidocaine, Prilocaine, or other topical anesthetics ELA-Max Each gram of ELA-Max contains 40 mg of
Lidocaine, lecithin, propylene glycol, carbomer 940, benzyl alcohol, vitamin E acetate, cholesterol, triethanolalmine, polysorbate 80, and purified water Reaches maximum effect in 30 minutes It does not contain Prilocaine so there is no risk of methemoglobinemia ELA-Max applied for 30 minutes is as effective as EMLA cream applied for 60 minutes in preventing pain during IV insertion Cost of ELA-Max and EMLA Cream is approximately the same
Kleiber. Topical Anesthetics for Intravenous Insertion in Children: A Randomized Equivalency Study. October 2002. Lidocaine Recommended dose is 0.1-0.5 mL of 1% Lidocaine Using a 25-29 gauge needle, inject the
Lidocaine into the intra-dermal tissue lateral and distal to the intended IV insertion site to prevent fluid from obscuring the IV site Onset is rapid and IV can be inserted in 30 seconds A downside is that it causes pain Lidocaine
The pain of the Lidocaine injection is significantly less than the reported pain of the IV insertion without Lidocaine When given the option for use of Lidocaine before IV insertion in the future 74.4% of participants said they would prefer it Brown. Using Lidocaine for Peripheral IV Insertions: Patients Preferences and Pain Experiences. April 2003. Lidocaine vs. Cream In
one particular study the group who received the Lidocaine experienced the most pain as far as applying the local anesthetic The group who received the EMLA Cream experienced the most pain during IV insertion Miller. 1% Lidocaine Injection, EMLA cream, or Numby Stuff for Topical Analgesia Associated with Peripheral Intravenous Cannulation. June 2001. Conclusion Patients
have a choice in determining if they want to have anesthetics during venous catheterization Our research has found that using Lidocaine or cream are beneficial in reducing pain during IV insertion Conclusion EMLA Cream and ELA-Max are equally effective, but ELA-Max works
in half the time Lidocaine was proven to be the most effective local anesthetic Situational circumstances - Emergency - Prior knowledge of procedure Kleiber. Topical Anesthetics for Intravenous Insertion in Children: A Randomized Equivalency Study. October 2002.
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