The Viking Age: Viking Raiders & Traders Core Knowledge Grade 3 Domain 6 Lesson 4 What Have We Already Learned? Why were ships important to the Vikings? The Vikings relied on ships as a mode of
transportation; due to Scandinavias proximity to rivers and the sea, the Vikings used these bodies of water for fishing and traveling. What kind of ship will Toli and Bjorn be traveling on to sail to Iceland? Toli and Bjorn will travel to Iceland onboard a cargo Essential Background
Information Which of these ships would have been used by Vikings going on a raid? To go raiding, Vikings would have used a longship, or drekar. A longship was long and narrow, and this shape allowed the Vikings to travel quickly. Why did the Vikings value being able to sail quickly in their
longships? The Vikings wanted their Essential Background Information Notice the oars on the sides of the longship. The Vikings could row if needed when out to sea. This way, they did not have to rely solely on the wind filling the sail in order to move. A large warship had about 40 oars. The biggest
known warship had 50 or more oars. Cargo ships had fewer oars and relied more on the Essential Background Information Notice the side of the longship where the Vikings could store their shields when the longships were at the wharf. Also, notice the carved dragon head. This was
meant to scare their enemies as the ships approached. Point to the prow (front end), mast (upright pole that holds up the sail), and What Have We Already Learned? What has happened so far in the story about Bjorn? Retell the major details of the story, including the main characters and the setting. Purpose for Listening
Listen carefully to hear the ship terms you have learned and to discover what is taking place on the longship at the wharf. Presenting the ReadAloud Viking Raiders and Traders Bjorn & Toli in Front of the DragonHeaded Longship Toli &
Bjorn Peer Over the Side of the Longship Bjorn & Toli Sitting in a Rowboat Berserks were fierce Vikings who worked themselves up into a battle frenzy. The phrase going berserk, which means going crazy, comes from this age.
Viking Warship Cutting through the Water Bjorn & Toli Leaving the Wharf
Discussing the Read-Aloud Describe a Viking longship. What purpose did these longships serve? Why were longshipts the preferred ships for raiding? Where are the warriors planning to go for their raid? What other placed did the Vikings travel to in their cargo ships and longships? Why are Bjorn and Toli being encouraged to leave their homeland?
Toli is eager to be a Viking. Does Bjorn feel the same way? Why or why not? What did Viking warriors think of their warships? What would a nonViking think of a Viking warship? Think-Pair-Share I am going to ask a question. I will give you a minute to think about the question, and then I will ask you to turn to your neighbor and discuss the question. Finally, I will call on several of you to share what you discussed with your partner. Think-Pair-Share
Asking questions after a read-aloud is one way to see how much everyone has learned. Think of a question you can ask your neighbor about the read-aloud that starts with the word what. For example, you could ask, What were some things the Vikings were proud of? Turn to your partner and ask your what question; then listen carefully to your partners response. Then your partner will ask a new what question and you will get a chance to respond. Afterward, be prepared to share your questions with the whole class. Checking for Understanding After hearing todays read-aloud and comprehension questions and answers, do
you have any remaining questions? Word Work: Reluctantly Okay, but just for a few seconds, I said reluctantly. Reluctantly means you do something in an unwilling and unenthusiastic way. Talia reluctantly went to Trevors house to help him with math after her mother told her she should go What part of speech is reluctantly?
adverb If the action is done reluctantly, say, That is done reluctantly. If the action is not done reluctantly, say, That is not done reluctantly. going shopping when you dont want to going to the movies for fun eating food you think is disgusting doing homework when you want to go outside instead reading a book that you have always wanted to read
Extensions: Viking Traders T-Chart (Instructional Master 4B-1) In todays story, Bjorn and Toli learned that Biking warriors were planning a raid on Ireland, England, and the surrounding islands. Why did Vikings raid other places? Vikings also did a lot of trading. One way we know the Vikings traded with others
is that in Viking towns, Archaeologists have found artifacts that are from different European and Middle Easter locations. Ancient Vikings sailed on rivers and seas to reach lands as far south as Persia (present-day Iran), the Mediterranean, different areas of Scandinavia, and England for trading. At times, the Ancient Vikings sailed on rivers and seas to reach lands as far south as Persia (presentday Iran), the Mediterranean, different areas of Scandinavia, and England for trading. At times, the Vikings would have to carry or roll
their ships across land until they reached the next river. Which ship was used to transport goods? The cargo ship was wider than a longship and would hold goods in the middle. What does it mean to import something? Import means to bring in goods from another country to your own country or people. What does it mean to export something? Export means to send out goods you already own to be traded and sold in another country. Extensions: Viking Traders T-Chart
(Instructional Master 4B-1) Answer the riddles to fill in the T-Chart about the goods Vikings traded. Export List: I was captured during a Viking raid. I am no longer free, and have to do whatever work others tell me to do. Who am I? I live in the ocean, and the Vikings tried to capture me to eat. For long trips, the Vikings dried me with salt so I would be preserved. What am I? FYI: Due to living close to the river and the sea, the Vikings had fish for many of their meals. For people who did not live close to a river or sea, fish would have been a hard thing to come by. I once covered the body of animals like foxes, bears, beavers, and others. The Viking people wore me to
keep warm. What am I? FYI: Furs would have been a good thing gor Vikings to trade in places with cold temperatures, but they may not have had as much luck trading fur in places with constantly warm places. I once stood tall as a tree in the woods, but the Viking people cut me down for their ships, homes, and roads. Luckily for them, there was not a shortage of me in Scandinavia. What am I? I am white, hard, and smooth to the touch. The Viking people used me to carve items (including chess pieces). I come from the tusks of animals, like the Walrus. What am I? I am a cloth that was made through spinning and weaving something that is sheared from sheep. The Viking people used me for their clothes, blankets, and sails. What material am I? Extensions: Viking Traders T-Chart (Instructional
Master 4B-1) Answer the riddles to fill in the T-Chart about the goods Vikings traded. Import List: I am a precious metal that is used in coins. The Viking people melted me to craft things like jewelry. What am I? (Hint: I am NOT gold.) FYI: The Viking people were impressed by those who had silver, so it was a very desirable import. I grow in fields, and can be used to feed livestock and make things like bread. What am I? I am fragrant, and I can be used to make bland food tasty. Cinnamon, cloves, and pepper are just a few examples of me. What am I? I am created by a silkworm caterpillar and can be used to make clothing. What am I? FYI: Like silver, having silk was a sign of wealth and status. Today, I am found in things like windows. During the time of the Vikings, I would be used to make things like beads and drinking cups. What am I?
FYI: The Vikings did NOT have glass windows. Glossary archers: n., people who shoot bows and arrows maneuver: v., to move skillfully reluctantly: adv., to do something in an unwilling and unenthusiastic manner serpent: n., snake valiant: adj., brave and
courageous Attribution This work is based on an original work of the Core Knowledge Foundation made available through licensing under a Creative Commons AttributionNonCommercialShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. This does not in any way imply that the Core Knowledge Foundation endorses this work.
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