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1 Unit 2 Food Part A Text Translation Part A Text Translation

15 15 Part A Text Translation Part A

Text Translation Part A Text Translation 12 16

Part A Text Translation Part A Text Language Points on ones own without anyones help; alone, without anyone else

e.g. We cannot solve this problem on our own. I may get lost on my own. Part A Text Language Points end up to come to be in a particular situation or state, especially when you didnt plan it e.g. At first they hated each other, but they ended up getting married. Wasteful people usually end up in debt. Part A Text Language Points

underestimate v. to think or guess that the amount, cost or size of something is smaller than it really is e.g. We underestimated the time it would take to get there. People often underestimate the importance of training. Part A Text Language Points serving n. an amount of food for one person

e.g. This recipe will be enough for four servings. Serving size As determined by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in USA, serving size is the portion of food used as a reference on the Nutrition Facts on food package labels to indicate the amount customarily consumed or the recommended amount to be eaten, e.g. serving size 1 cup (228g). Part A Text Language Points A common error is underestimating serving sizes Note: It is possible for young people to underestimate the serving sizes because of their good appetite. But according to a New York Times article, One Bowl=2 Servings. F.D.A. May Fix That. by William Neuman (http://www.nytimes.com/2010/02/06/business/06portion.html?_r =1), food producers would never like to scare off their consumers

with the real calorie counts, so they often put smaller serving sizes on the food packages, which may contribute to the underestimating. Part A Text Language Points junk food food that is quick and easy to prepare and eat, but that is thought to be bad for your health when regularly eaten Note: This is an informal term coined by Michael Jacobson, director of the Center for Science in the Public Interest, in 1972. Junk food includes foods such as soft drinks, hamburgers, hot dogs, ice cream, cake, French fries, chocolate and other confectionery, pizza, cookies, fried chicken, onion rings and donuts. Part A Text Language Points

alcoholic drinks drinks such as beer or wine that contain a substance that can make you drunk e.g. The airlines have turned to alcoholic drinks to keep its planes full of passengers. Alcoholic drinks is not allowed into certain countries. Part A Text Language Points empty calories foods that are very high in energy but low in nutrients such as vitamins, minerals, fiber and essential fatty acids Part A Text Language Points

contribute to to increase, improve or add to something; to be one of the causes of something e.g. This book contributes little to our understanding of the subject. Air pollution contributes to respiratory diseases. Part A Text Language Points cram v. to eat food quickly and make food or drink go down your throat and towards your stomach; to push or force somebody or something into a small space

e.g. I managed to cram down a few mouthfuls of food. Jack crammed his clothes into the bag. Part A Text Language Points put on to become fatter and heavier, especially by the amount mentioned e.g. Rosies put on five kilos since she quit smoking. 5 He has put on weight during the last two months. Part A Text Language Points

Freshman 15 Note: The term is the average amount of weight gained during a students stay at a college or university. Undergraduate students typically gain up to fifteen pounds during the first year. The expression is commonly used in the United States and Canada. The purported causes of this weight gain are increased alcohol intake and the consumption of fat and carbohydrate-rich cafeteria style food and fast food in university dormitories. Many dining halls in United States universities are all-you-can eat style and offer copious dessert choices. In addition, lack of sleep may lead to overeating and weight gain. Other causes include malnutrition, stress, and decreased levels of exercise. Part A Text Language Points go on a diet to cut on the food one eats in order to lose weight e.g. Mary went on a diet last week as suggested by her

doctor. No sugar for me, please. I am going on a diet. , Part A Text Language Points maintain v. to make something continue at the same level, standard, etc.; to strongly express your belief that something is true e.g. The two countries have always maintained close relations. Some experts maintain that these reforms will lead to a decline in educational standards.

Part A Text Language Points intake n. the amount of food, drink, etc. that you take into your body e.g. Lower your intake of fat and alcohol to improve your health. Control of our food intake is the basis behind successful weight loss. Part A Text

Language Points fall into to gradually get into a particular condition, especially to get into a bad condition e.g. He soon fell into the habit of having a drink on the way home from work. Being alone in the city, Shelley fell into despair. Part A Text Language Points cycle n. a number of events happening in a regularly repeated order

e.g. A year constitutes a cycle of the seasons. A cycle of the sun takes a year. Note: vicious cycle/circle: one trouble leads to another that worsens the first, its antonym is virtuous cycle/circle. Part A Text Language Points financial aid money that is given or lent to students at a university or college who cannot pay the full cost of their education e.g. They offer financial aid unconditionally. Financial aid is available to international students. Part A Text

Language Points energy-dense foods Here they refer to processed foods with sugar and fat added to improve the taste. They have more calories for the volume of food and generally fewer nutrients. Part A Text Language Points grab v. to take or hold somebody or something suddenly; to have or take something quickly, especially because you are in a hurry e.g. Jim grabbed a cake from the plate.

Lets grab a sandwich before we go. I manage to grab a couple of hours sleep on the plane. Part A Text Language Points ramen noodles Note: It is a Japanese noodle dish. It consists of Chinese style wheat noodles served in a meat- or fish-based broth, often flavored with soy sauce or miso, and uses toppings such as sliced pork, dried seaweed, kamaboko, green onions, and occasionally corn. Almost every locality in Japan has its own variation of ramen. Part A Text Language Points

cut back on to reduce the size, amount or number of something e.g. Many companies are cutting back on staff at the moment. We have got to cut back on our expenses. Part A Exercises Task 1 Read the text again and answer the following questions. 1. According to the first paragraph, what causes weight gain or malnutrition? Poor dietary habits. 2.

What contributes to the Freshman 15? Too much junk food, too many alcoholic drinks, and irregular daily diet. 3. What is the problem with fat diet? Once we stop taking in the low level of calorie in the diet, our weight will soon increase. Part A Exercises Task 1 Read the text again and answer the following questions. 4. According to paragraph 4, what are the reasons for college students poor eating habits?

Lack of money to cover the expensive healthy diet, and lack of time to cook by themselves, which lead to rampant overeating in the college cafeterias. 5. Why is it hard for college students to develop healthy eating habits? Because it takes much money and time. Part A Exercises Task 2 Identify the key words or main ideas of the following paragraphs Paragraph errors in Paragraph2: 2: common common _________

_________ in diet diet Paragraph Paragraph3: 3: problems of _____________ fat diets to problems of _____________ to lose lose weight weight Paragraph reasons for Paragraph4: 4: __________ __________ for college college students

students eating eating habits habits Paragraph Paragraph5: 5: ________ ways to ________ to avoid avoid poor poor eating eating habits habits Part A Exercises

Task 3 Fill in the puzzle spaces with the words from Text A according to the explanations given below. 1. 3. 5. 7. 9. grab 2. underestimate serving 4. intake contribute 6. cram maintain 8. nutrition sporadically 10. original Across 3. an amount of food for one person 5. to increase, improve or add to something; to be one

of the causes of something 6. to eat food quickly and make food or drink go down your throat and towards your stomach 8. a source of materials to nourish the body 9. happening only occasionally or at intervals that are not regular 10. existing at the beginning of a particular period, process or activity Down 1. to take or hold somebody or something suddenly 2. to think or guess that the amount, cost or size of something is smaller than it really is 4. the amount of food, drink, etc. that you take into your body 7. to make something continue at the same level, standard, etc. Part A Exercises

Task 4 Complete the following sentences with the words from Task 3. Change the word forms if necessary. intake 1. High salt _________ may lead to heart attack. underestimate your opponent and think you will beat him 2. Never _______________ easily. contribute 3. Our teacher encourages us to ______________ to the discussion. cram 4. The bus is full and we cant ________ any more passengers in. original 5. I like their __________ plan better than this one. Part A

Exercises Task 4 Complete the following sentences with the words from Task 3. Change the word forms if necessary. sporadically 6. He only works _______________. maintain 7. We need enough food to ___________ our strength. nutrition 8. This food provides all the ____________ your baby needs. grab a hamburger and watch TV. 9. Lets ________ servings 10. They eat five ____________ of vegetables and fruit every day. Part A

Exercises Task 5 Complete the sentences using derivatives ( ) of the words in the box. Change the word forms if necessary. 1. The interview was much ____________ than he had expected. worse 2. ____________, we had intended to go to Shanghai, but then we Originally decided to go to Shenzhen. 3. _________ is more important to me than money. Health 4. Have you __________ yourself lately? weighed 5. The repairs to the school will be ___________ by the education financed department. Part A

Exercises Task 6 Rewrite the following sentences after the models. 1. While we are doing the exam, we should be careful. While doing the exam, we should be careful. 2. While you are watching TV, youd better close the door. While watching TV, youd better close the door. 3. While his mother is cooking, she often wears a white hat. While cooking, his mother often wears a white hat. Part A

Exercises Task 6 Rewrite the following sentences after the models. 1. The school has 300 teachers. We visited the school last year. The school which we visited last year has 300 teachers. 2. The knife is very sharp. We often use it to cut bread. The knife which we often use to cut bread is very sharp. 3. I really enjoy studying in this school. It has a very beautiful campus. I really enjoy studying in this school which has a very beautifu l campus. Part A Exercises Task 7 Translate the following sentences into English, paying attention to the highlighted parts. 1. end up

2. 5 put on 3. turn to 4. cut back on 5. fall into 1. At first, they refused to admit their mistake, but they ended up saying sorry to their teacher. 2. Xiao Ming put on five kilograms in weight over the summer vacation. 3. That child usually turns to his teacher for help when he meets troubles. 4. If we are not able to increase sales, well have to cut back on

production. 5. It took him only one week to fall into bad habits of smoking and drinking. Part C Grammar the Definite Article the Indefinite Article a an the

Part C Grammar I would like to buy new mobile phone. (new a) The wheat is grown in the north of China. (wheat the) My brother would like to learn piano.

(piano the) + ; He was paid by hour. (hour the) The all trees have lost their leaves. the all all, both, half, much whole whole

The Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. is based in Shenzhen. Part C Grammar This is fourth time that I have visited Canada. fourth the only the This is a too difficult task for them

to carry out. ( a difficult ) too, so, a s, however, how A student as he is, he has opened an online shop on Alibaba. ( student a ) +as He was selected the chairman of the congress last year. (chairman the )

Part C Grammar Task 1 Choose the right answer from the four choices marked A, B, C and D. 1. A. 2. A. 3. A. 4. A. 5. I am learning to play ____ chess.

a B. an C. the D. Mr. Zhang has just been appointed ____ chief editor. a B. an C. the D. These small toys are sold by ____ dozen in the whole sale market. a B. an C. the D. _____ Walmart is planning to open a new store in this area. a B. an C. the D. He is ____ only person who has received higher education in his family. A. a B. an C. the D. Part C Grammar

Task 1 Choose the right answer from the four choices marked A, B, C and D. 6. ______ Rice is the main food in Thailand. A. a B. an C. the D. 7. He is ____ honest person. A. a B. an C. the D. 8. ______ carrots are my favorite vegetable. A. a B. an C. the D. 9. There is ____ tree in the garden. A. a B. an C. the D. 10. _______ American as he is, he can speak Chinese very fluently. A. a B. an C. the D. Part C

Grammar Task 2 Choose the right Chinese translation for each of the following English sentence. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. His success is out of the question. A. B. A Mr. Steve called to see you when you were out. A. B.

Have you seen the red and white roses on the campus? A. B. A lawyer would make a better statesman than a soldier. A. B. They are the students of our school. A. B. Part C Functions and Notions Likes and Dislikes The following are some common expressions for making likes and dislikes. Likes Which would you prefer, or? Whats your favorite? Id prefer I like I love Im fond of

Im crazy about Dislikes I dont like I hate I cant stand Im fed up with Ive had enough of It isnt to my taste. Im getting bored with Part C Functions and Notions Task 2 Make a conversation according to the following situation, using expressions for likes and dislikes. Sample: You: Hi, Sam. How are you? Sam:

Actually I am a bit tired because of all the homework I have. You: Heres Red Bull. It makes you feel fresh. Sam: Well, I dont like that kind of drinks. You: Then, what do you drink when you are tired? Sam: I usually drink tea. Im fond of Chinese tea. You:

Does it work as quickly as Red Bull. Sam: Yes, it works perfectly for me. Part C Writing Writing for General Purposes: Effective Sentences Before doing the exercise, read the guidelines to writing skills in the following box, as this may be of some help to you. Writing Strategy To be effective, a sentence must at least possess these qualities: correctness ( ), unity ( ) and conciseness ( ). Correctness: a sentence should have a subject ( ) and a predicative verb ( ) and it should begin with a capital There is no predicative verb in the letter and ends with a full stop.

sentence. Example 1 Incorrect: The result being that he can stay. Correct: The result is that he can stay. Part C Writing Writing for General Purposes: Effective Sentences Unity: a sentence should express a single complete idea. The two facts mentioned in the sentence are not logically connected: a man born in South Africa is not certain to become a great explorer. Example 2 Poor: Born in South Africa, he later became a great explorer. Improved: Born in a family of explorers, he later became a great explorer.

The number of words is reduced in the second sentence, but necessary the meaning is the or same as that of as Conciseness: Use only the words, as few words the original one. possible so long as the meaning is fully expressed. Example 3 Wordy: Students in the present time have to work to pay for college. Improved: Today, students have to work to pay for college. Part C

Writing Task 1 Read Text A again and rewrite the following sentences, paying attention to correctness, unity and conciseness. 1. As a result of hard working, many students will put on 15 or more pounds during their first year of college. (unity) As a result of overeating, many students will put on 15 or more pounds during their first year of college. 2. The unhealthy diet habits leading them to gain weight and even become malnourished. (correctness) The unhealthy diet habits are leading them to gain weight and even become malnourished. Or The unhealthy diet habits lead them to gain weight and even become malnourished. Part C Writing

Task 1 Read Text A again and rewrite the following sentences, paying attention to correctness, unity and conciseness. 3. Healthy eating can be expensive while a lack of time makes it difficult for college students to eat healthily. (unity) Healthy eating can be expensive while many high energy-dense foods are the least expensive. 4. Can be really hard for college students to avoid these habits. It(correctness) can be really hard for college students to avoid these habits.

5. Its important for college students to have a balanced diet. College students should not grab that extra slice of pizza at the cafeteria. College studentsfor should grab students an apple and orange. (conciseness) Its important college to an have a balanced diet. Instead of grabbing that extra slice of pizza at the cafeteria, grab an apple and an orange. Part C Writing

Task 2 Text A centers on how students can eat healthily at college. Now work with a partner and do the following: Student A Student B Student B Write a paragraph of about 50 words stating the importance of healthy food. Pay special attention to the effectiveness of sentences. Go through student As writing and rewrite some sentences that you think need to be improved. Student A & Student B

Read both the original paragraph and student Bs version to the class and let your classmates decide which one sounds better. Part C Writing A sample has been written for your reference. Food is important to health at all stages of life. Healthy diets help children grow, develop and do well in school. They enable people of all ages to work effectively and feel their best. Healthy food also can help to reduce the risk for diseases, such as heart disease, certain cancers, and diabetes. Foods contain nutrients. These nutrients are essential because the body cannot make them and must get them from food.

Part C Workshop Finding Food on Campus I Background From the text, you have learned that good eating habit and healthy food are important for your study and life on campus. But you have not got many details about what college students in the English-speaking countries eat. Lets find them out. And if possible, you may compare their favorite food with yours. II Task You need to find out the foods that are popular among college students in the English-speaking countries. It is suggested that you log on the Internet and use search

engines like Google to get the latest information including texts and pictures. Part C III Workshop Process Step 1: Visit websites of the universities you already know. The websites below are for your reference. http://www.bbcgoodfood.com/content/recipes/favourites/student http://www.studentcook.co.uk/ http://www.eatwell.gov.uk/ Step 2: If you want to use Google. You may try these key words: healthy food, junk food, eating on campus, college canteen menu, etc. Step 3: Complete the following form by putting in the names and/or pictures of the foods according to their groups.

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