Three World Religions: Judaism, Christianity, & Islam

Three World Religions: Judaism, Christianity, & Islam

Major Religions in Europe: Judaism, Christianity, & Islam EQ: How would you describe the major religions in Europe (Judaism, Christianity, and Islam)? Europe is home to many religions

Three main ones: Judaism, Christianity, & Islam These religions have some similarities & even a common history Religion has been very

important in the history of Europe Wars have been fought & government leaders have been changed Today, most Europeans have the freedom to choose their religion & they respect the religion of

others MONOTHEISM Judaism, Christianity, and Islam are major faiths that are examples of monotheism, or belief in one supreme god.

I. JUDAISM First practiced by a small group of people in Southwest Asia called the Israelites. Founded by Abraham around 2000 BC. Followers today are known as Jews

and there are about 15 million worldwide. Holy book is the Torah. Place of worship is a Synagogue Jewish Beliefs: Believe that they descended from Abraham and Sarah, the first

people to worship Yahweh (God). Abraham lived at least 3,700 years ago in what is now Iraq. Holy Sites: Jerusalem, Israel Diaspora

Over the centuries, the Jews would be conquered and forced to leave their homeland many times. Eventually, they spread to countries in many parts of the world. Scattering of the Jews = Diaspora.

In many areas, the Jews were treated cruelly European Jews were nearly wiped out by Hitler and Nazi Germany Jewish Diaspora Holy Days

Passover: festival that retells the story of the Israelites fleeing Egypt. Rosh Hashanah: Jewish New Years Day. Yom Kippur: known as the Day of Atonement. People fast (go without food) and pray on

this day. II. Christianity Arose from Judaism in Southwest Asia. Abraham is the patriarch. A Jew named Jesus began preaching in what today is

Israel, the West Bank, and Jordan around 30 AD. Some Jews greeted him as the messiah, or savior, who would deliver them from Roman persecution. Christianity

Followers of Jesus are called Christians. There are about 2.1 billion followers worldwide. The holy book of the Christians is the Bible; stories about Jesus became the New Testament.

Worship in a church. Christianity Beliefs are based on the teachings of Jesus: love of God and others, a regard for justice, a belief that Jesus is the Son of God

Divided into 3 major groups: Eastern Orthodox, Roman Catholic, & Protestant Practiced in most parts of the world today Holy Days

Christmas: Jesus birthday. Good Friday: day Jesus was crucified. Easter: most important day of Christian calendar; believed to be the day that Jesus rose from the dead.

III. ISLAM Began around 610 AD in Southwest Asia. In Arabic, Islam means surrender to the will of Allah (God). Followers of Islam are called Muslims, and the founder is Muhammad.

Believe that Muhammad is the last and greatest prophet of Islam, which included Abraham & Jesus. Patriarch is Abraham. Two letters written by Muhammadso old!

Muhammads swords Muhammads hat, robe, and staff A piece of Muhammads hair!

One of Muhammads sandals The Green Dome in Madinah Muhammads grave lies under the Green

Dome. (Above is his casket.) Islam Is the main religion of the Middle East, North Africa, & Asia Two largest groups of Muslims are the Sunnis and the Shiites The Sunnis account for 90% of the

worlds Muslims Number of followers is growing at a rapid rate; faster than the other 2 religions 1.3 billion followers worldwide The Koran

The Muslim holy book is the Koran. Describes the Five Pillars of Faith (obligations all Muslims must fulfill). Five Pillars of Faith: The main duties of Muslims:

Prayer, Giving to charity Belief in and submission to one God (Allah) Fasting during the month of Ramadan (holy day) A trip to Mecca (holy site) once in a lifetime.

Place of worship is a Mosque. The Grand Mosque in Mecca

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