슬라이드 제목 없음 - Tistory

슬라이드 제목 없음 - Tistory

OmniSwitch 7700/7800 Quick Reference Guide Getting Started Guide Network Configuration Guide (included CLI Reference Guide) Getting Started Guide 1. Connections and Cabling 2. Booting the Switch 3. Your First Login Session 4. CLI Basics 5. Files and Directories 6. Working and Certified Directories 7. Loading Software Network Configuration Guide 1 Configuring Ethernet Port 2 Managing Source Learning 3 Configuring VLANs 4 Configuring Spanning Tree Parameters 5 Configuring 802.1Q 6 Configuring Static Link Aggregation 7 Configuring Dynamic Link Aggregation 8 Configuring IP 9 Configuring RIP 10 Configuring UDP Relay 11. Configuring VRRP 12 Configuring QoS - Bandwidth Control - Network Address Translation(NAT) 13 Diagnosing Switch Problems - Port Mirroring - Switch Health - Monitoring Memory OmniSwitch 7700/7800 Getting Started Guide . 1. Connections and Cabling Serial Connection Default Settings baud rate 9600

parity none data bits (word size) 8 stop bits 1 Ethernet Cable Requirements EMP to a Switch Straightthrough EMP to a Computer or Workstation Crossover ENI Port to a Switch Crossover ENI Port to a Computer or Workstation Straightthrough Console Cable Pinouts - DB-9 to DB-9 Serial Cable Console Port PC Com Port DB-9(male) Pins Signals 1 DB-9(female) Direction Pins Signals not used 1

not used 2 TXD 2 RXD 3 RXD 3 TXD 4 not used 4 not used 5 Ground 5 Ground 6 not used 6 not used 7 not used 7 not used 8 not used 8

not used 9 not used 9 not used 6 2. Booting the Switch Component LEDs boot LED . CMM OK1 On CMM OK2 CMM TEMP On CMM FAN On NI OK1 On NI OK2 Power Supply AC OK On Power Supply DC OK On Power Supply OVER TEMP Off 7 3. Your First Login Session Logging In to the Switch

login name password . Login(User Name) admin Password - switch login admin , password switch . , CLI command . login : admin password : Welcome to the Alcatel OmniSwitch 7000 Software Version 5.1.1.15.R02 GA, July 31, 2002. Copyright(c), 1994-2002 Alcatel Internetworking, Inc. All Rights reserved. OmniSwitch(TM) is a trademark of Alcatel Internetworking, Inc. registered in the United States Patent and Trademark Office. -> Setting IP Address Information for the EMP Ethernet Management Port (EMP) Network Interface(NI) module CMM . EMP default IP gateway address . Default IP gateway address . 1. CLI prompt modify boot parameters . -> modify boot parameters TUE OCT 08 21:05:03 : SYSTEM (75) info message: +++ Boot param edit session started. Type '?' for help, 'exit' to exit the boot param parser. Boot > 8 2. Boot prompt boot empipaddr EMP default IP address . Boot > boot empipaddr 10.100.255.100 3. Boot empgatewayipaddr EMP default gateway . Boot > boot empgatewayipaddr 10.100.255.1 4. Show . Boot > show Edit buffer contents: EMP IP Address EMP Gateway IP Address ----- : 10.100.255.100 : 10.100.255.1 Default subnet mask C class(255.255.255.0) . Subnet mask boot empnetmask . 5. Commit system . Boot > commit system Boot param changes committed to the running system. WARNING: Changes are temporary and may be overridden at the next system boot. TUE OCT 08 21:48:25 : SYSTEM (75) info message: +++ Boot param changes committed to the running system. Boot > boot.params reboot .

6. Boot.params commit file . Boot > commit file Boot param changes written to the NVRAM and to the file '/flash/boot.params'. TUE OCT 08 21:57:22 : SYSTEM (75) info message: +++ Boot param changes written to the NVRAM and to the file '/flash/ boot.params' . Boot > 7. CLI prompt exit . EMP IP address (remote session type) (unlocked) , Telnet, FTP, WebView, SNMP session . 9 Unlocking Session Types , (session type) . Unlocking All Session Types CLI prompt . -> aaa authentication default local Unlocking Specified Session Types aaa authentication . -> aaa authentication http local -> aaa authentication telnet local -> aaa authentication ftp local How many sessions are allowed? Telnet session 4 session FTP session 4 session HTTP session 4 session session(Telnet, FTP, HTTP, console) 13 session SNMP session 50 session Changing the Login Password Admin password . 1. admin . 2. password enter . 3. Prompt password . 4. Password prompt , password . -> password

enter new password: ****** reenter new password: ****** -> 50 . 10 Setting the System Time Zone default timezone UTC(Coordinated Universal Time, Greenwich Mean Time ) . timezone , GMT 9 . -> system timezone GMT -> system timezone +09:00 Setting the Date and Time System time . -> system time 10:10:30 -> TUE OCT 08 13:46:15 : SYSTEM (75) info message: +++ System Time changed to 10:10:30 -> system date . -> system date 10/01/2002 WED JAN 09 10:20:45 : SYSTEM (75) info message: +++ System Date changed to 10/01/2002 -> 11 4. CLI Basics Previous Command Recall Prompt . . Command History Show switch 30 . , show history . Exclamation point ( ! ) history . -> show history 1 show cmm 2 show fan 3 show sensor 4 show system 6 show arp 7 show history -> !4 -> show system Prompt Exclamation point ( ! ) , . -> !! -> show history Common CLI Commands write memory /flash/ working flash/flash/ working working boot.cfg . show runningdirectory

. show vlan VLAN . show chassis chassis . show module Chassis module . show ni NI module , . show cmm Chassis CMM module , . show system . show microcode . exit Telnet console . session timeout cli Telnet console . 12 5. Files and Directories Boot and Image Files flash memory . boot.cfg , boot.params , image(.img) . boot. params File Boot.params EMP IP address, gateway, mask . default console port parameter , CLI prompt modify boot parameters . Boot.params /flash , boot . boot. cfg File Boot.cfg . Boot.cfg , write memory /flash/ working . Boot.cfg /flash/ working . Image Files Image ( .img) NI module . ,

. backup /flash/ working /flash/ certified . OmniSwitch 7700/flash/ working 7800 image . Fos.img OmniSwitch 7700/flash/ working 7800 . Fbase.img . Frelease.img package release number . Fl2eth.img Layer2 . Frout.img Layer3 . Fqos.img Quality of Service (QoS) . Feni.img 10/flash/ working 100, Fast Ethernet, Gigabit Ethernet . Fdiag.img . Fadvrout.img Alcatel Advanced Routing package.(option) Fsecu.img . Fweb.img WebView . Fwebl2eth. img Layer2 WebView . 13 Fwebrout. img

WebView . Frelease.img Quality of Service (QoS) WebView . Fwebadvrout. img Alcatel Advanced Routing WebView . Fwebsecu. img WebView . Emergency Restore of the boot.cfg File boot.cfg reboot , configuration . reboot boot.cfg write memory . -> configure write memory -> write memory -> configure copy running-config working Can I Restore the boot.file While Running from Certified? certified configuration , configuration . 1. /flash boot.cfg configuration . -> configuration snapshot all boot.cfg 2. cp /flash /flash/working boot.cfg . -> cp boot.cfg working/boot.cfg 3. /flash/working reboot . -> reload working no rollback-timeout 14 6. Working and Certified Directories Alcatel 7700/flash/ working 7800 32MB flash , boot, image . /flash /working, /certified . image rollback . Image rollback ("last known good") . Working Directory /flash/working . /flash/working boot.cfg . /flash/working configuration, image /flash/certified . Certified Directory /flash/certified master ("gold master") . configuration, image , . /flash/working reboot /flash/certified "last known good" roll back . Working and Certified Are Identical /flash/working /flash/certified , . /flash/working . /flash/working , write memory .

Working and Certified Are Different /flash/working /flash/certified , /flash/certified . /flash/certified , write memory . How can I tell which directory the switch is currently using? boot , /flash/working , boot.cfg configuration . boot /flash/certified boot . . Show running directory directory . -> show running- directory Current running CMM : PRIMARY, Current running configuration: WORKING 15 Can I save changes to the Certified directory? /flash/certified configuration image . configuration /flash/working boot.cfg . configuration road test , /flash/working copy working certified /flash/certified . What happens when the switch boots? Boot process /flash/ working /flash/ certified . . My Working and Certified directories are different. Can I force a reboot from the Working directory? configuration image , default /flash/working reboot . reload working . 16 7. Loading Software Non-Redundant Configurations 1. Computer server . 2. FTP , /flash/working . 3. FTP client CLI rm /flash/working .img . .img asterisk (*) wildcard . -> rm working/*. img boot.cfg . . /flash/ working flash/flash/ working certified . 4. FTP client /flash/working .img upload . 5. /flash/ working flash/flash/ working working reload . CLI prompt . -> reload working no rollback-timeout Redundant Configurations 1. Primary secondary CMM module OK1 LED , OK2 LED . 2. Computer server . 3. FTP , /flash/working . 4. FTP client CLI rm primary CMM /flash/working .img . .img asterisk (*) wildcard .

-> rm working/*. img 5. FTP client primary CMM /flash/working .img upload . 6. Primary secondary CMM . -> copy flash- synchro primary CMM flash secondary CMM backup . 17 7. /flash/ working flash/flash/ working working reload . CLI prompt . -> reload working no rollback-timeout /flash/ working flash/flash/ working working CMM /flash/ working flash/flash/ working certified . -> copy working certified flash-synchro . /flash/ working flash/flash/ working working primary CMM /flash/ working flash/flash/ working certified primary CMM secondary CMM module . 18 Getting Started Guide . 19 OmniSwitch 7700/7800 Network Configuration Guide www.dit.ne.kr . 1 Configuring Ethernet Port Ethernet Port Defaults Parameter description command Default Value/Comments Trap Port Link Messages trap port link Disabled Flow Control flow Disabled Flow Control Wait Time

flow wait time 0 microseconds Interface Line Speed interfaces speed Auto/flash/ working 100Mbps - ENI-FM 12 Duplex Mode interfaces duplex Auto/flash/ working Full - ENI-FM 12 Interface Configuration interfaces admin Up (Enabled) Inter-Frame Gap interfaces ifg 12 bytes Maximum Frame Size Configuration interfaces max frame 1553 (untagged) Ethernet packets 1553 (tagged) Ethernet packets 10240 Gigabit Ethenet packets Maximum Frame Size interfaces long Disable (Ethernet) Enable (Gigabit Ethernet) Minimum Frame Size interfaces runt Disable Minimum Frame Size Configuration

interfaces runtsize 64 bytes Maximum Flood Rate interfaces flood Enable Maximum Flood Rate (Multicast Traffic) interfaces flood multicast Disable Peak Flood Rate Configuration interfaces flood rate 47Mbps (Fast Ethernet) 496Mbps (Gigabit Ethernet) Setting Ethernet Port Parameters Setting Flow Control flow flow control enable/flash/ working disable . flow [ethernet | fastethernet | gigaethernet] slot/port no flow [ethernet | fastethernet | gigaethernet] slot/port 22 Defaults flow control disable . flow control . -> -> -> -> flow 2/3 flow fastethernet 2/3 no flow 2/3 no flow fastethernet 2/3 Setting Interface Line Speed interfaces speed Line speed . interfaces [ethernet | fastethernet | gigaethernet] slot/port speed {10 | 100 | auto | 1000} Default auto . -> interfaces 2/3 speed 100

-> interfaces fastethernet 2/3 speed 100 -> interfaces 2/3 speed auto Configuring Duplex Mode interfaces duplex duplex mode full duplex, half duplex, auto-negotiation . Full duplex mode . Half duplex mode . Gigabit ethernet full duplex . interfaces [ethernet | fastethernet | gigaethernet] slot/port duplex {full | half | auto} ethernet, fastethernet, gigaethernet Duplex mode type , . slot/port Duplex mode . full, half, auto duplex mode , default auto. Auto option duplex mode line speed auto-negotiation . -> interfaces 2/3 duplex full -> interfaces fastethernet 2/3 duplex full -> interfaces 2/3 duplex auto 23 Enabling an Interface interfaces admin administrative up/flash/ working down . interfaces [ethernet | fastethernet | gigaethernet] slot/port admin {up | down} Default admin up . -> interfaces 2/3 admin down -> interfaces fastethernet 2/3 admin down Setting Statistics Counters interfaces no l2 statistics Layer 2 statistics counter(input/flash/ working output , frames received, unicast ) reset . interfaces [slot/port] no l2 statistics Verifying Ethernet Port Configuration Show interface MAC address, input/flash/ working output . show interfaces [type] [slot | slot/port] -> show interfaces 3/1 Slot/Port 3/1 : Operational Status : Type :

MAC address : BandWidth (Megabits) : Long Accept : Long Frame Size(Bytes) : Input : Bytes Received : 0, Lost Frames : 0, Unicast Frames : 0, Broadcast Frames : 0, Multicast Frames : 0, UnderSize Frames : 0, OverSize Frames : 0, Error Frames : 0 up, GigaEthernet, 00:d0:95:6a:61:d8, 1000, Duplex : Full, Enable, Runt Accept : Disable, 10240, Runt Size(Bytes) : 64 24 Output : Bytes transmitted Lost Frames Unicast Frames Broadcast Frames Multicast Frames UnderSize Frames Long Frames : : : : : : : 0, 0, 0,

0, 0, 0, 0 show interfaces status, show interfaces accounting, show interfaces counters, show interfaces traffic, show interfaces counters errors, show interfaces collisions, show interfaces port, show interfaces flow control, show interfaces ifg, show interfaces flood rate . show interfaces [type] [slot | slot/port] status -> show interfaces 2 status Slot/Port AutoNego DETECTED Speed Duplex CONFIGURED Speed Duplex Trap (Mbps) (Mbps) LinkUpDown ----------+----------+----------+----------+----------+---------+----------02/01 02/02 02/03 02/04 02/05 02/06 - - - - - Enable Enable Enable Enable Enable Enable - 100 100 100 -

Half Half Half - Auto Auto Auto Auto Auto Auto Auto Auto Auto Auto Auto Auto show interfaces [type] [slot | slot/port] counters -> show interfaces 3/1 counters InOctets InUcastPkts InMcastPkts InBcastPkts InPauseFrames = = = = = 54367578586897979, 55654265276, 58767867868768777, 576567567567567576, 567798768768767, 25 OutOctets = OutUcastPkts = OutMcastPkts = OutBcastPkts = OutPauseFrames= 5.78E19, 5.78E20, 5465758756856, 786876, 786876, -

2 Managing Source Learning MAC Address Table Configuration mac-address-table MAC address VLAN . mac-address-table [permanent | reset | timeout] mac_address slot/port vid [bridging | filtering] no mac-address-table [permanent | reset | timeout | learned] [mac_address] [slot/port] [vid] permanent reboot static MAC address . Permanent default . reset reboot static MAC address timeout Aging timer static MAC address . learned static MAC address dynamic . mac_address MAC Address Table destination MAC address.(e.g. 00:00:39:59:F1:0C) slot/port MAC address . vid MAC address VLAN ID. bridging MAC address packet bridge . Bridge default . filtering MAC address packet drop mac-address-table aging-time Static dynamic MAC address aging time . mac-address-table aging-time seconds [vlan vid] no mac-address-table aging-time [vlan vid] second Aging time , 32-3600 . vid

VLAN ID. 26 Configuring a Static MAC Address static MAC address VLAN . Static MAC address silent . Silent packet source MAC address . Silent MAC address MAC address table , silent . VLAN 255 4/flash/ working 10 MAC address . -> mac-address-table 00:02:DA:00:59:0C 4/10 255 VLAN 500 3/flash/ working 1 source MAC address reboot filtering. -> mac-address-table reset 00:02:DA:00:59:0C 3/1 500 filtering VLAN 855 3/flash/ working 2 reset MAC address MAC address table . -> no mac-address-table reset 00:00:02:CE:10:37 3/2 855 MAC address table MAC address . -> no mac-address-table learned Configuring MAC Address Table Aging Time Source learning also tracks MAC address age and removes addresses from the MAC Address Table that have aged beyond the aging timer value. When a device stops sending packets, source learning keeps track of how much time has passed since the last packet was received on the devices switch port. When this amount of time exceeds the aging time value, the MAC is aged out of the MAC address table. Source learning always starts tracking MAC address age from the time since the last packet was received. VLAN 255 1200 aging time . -> mac-address-table aging-time 1200 vlan 255 VLAN 255 aging time 300 (default ) . -> no mac-address-table aging-time vlan 255 27 Displaying MAC Address Table Information show mac-address-table static MAC address MAC address table MAC address . show mac-address-table [permanent | reset | timeout | learned] [mac_address] [slot slot | slot/port]] [vid] -> show mac-address-table Legend: Mac Address: * = address not valid Vlan Mac Address Type Protocol Operation Interface ------+-------------------+--------------+-----------+-----------+----------1 00:00:00:00:00:01 learned

0800 bridging 1 00:d0:95:6a:73:9a learned aaaa0003 bridging 10/23 Total number of Valid MAC addresses above = 2 8/ 1 MAC address (learned, permanent, reset, and timeout) MAC address show mac-address-table count . show mac-address-table count [mac_address] [slot slot | slot/port]] [vid] -> show mac-address-table count Mac Address Table count: Permanent Address Count DeleteOnReset Address Count DeleteOnTimeout Address Count Dynamic Learned Address Count Total MAC Address In Use = = = = = 1 0 0 6 7 show mac-address-table aging-time VLAN MAC address aging time . show mac-address-table aging-time [vlan vid] -> show mac-address-table aging-time Mac Mac Mac Mac Address Address Address Address Aging Aging Aging Aging Time Time

Time Time (seconds) (seconds) (seconds) (seconds) for for for for Vlan Vlan Vlan Vlan 1 = 300 2 = 120 50 = 900 1000 = 300 -> show mac-address-table aging-time vlan 50 Mac Address Aging Time (seconds) for Vlan 50 = 900 28 3 Configuring VLANs VLAN Configuration vlan VLAN ID option VLAN . vlan vid [enable | disable] [name description] no vlan vid vid VLAN VLAN ID , 2-4094 . enable, disable VLAN administrative enable disable, default enable. description 32 , default VLAN ID. (e.g. Alcatel Test VLAN) vlan port default link aggregate default VLAN . vlan vid port default {slot/port | link_agg} vlan vid no port default {slot/port | link_agg} vid default VLAN ID .

slot/port VLAN (e.g. 3 1 3/flash/ working 1). (-) , (e.g 3/flash/ working 1-16 5/flash/ working 10-20). Default VLAN 1 default VLAN. link_agg VLAN link aggregation ID (0-31). vlan stp VLAN Spanning Tree Protocol(STP) Enables disables . vlan vid stp {enable | disable} vid VLAN ID (1-4094). enable, disable VLAN STP enable disable, default enable. 29 Creating/Modifying VLANs Alcatel default VLAN 1 , default VLAN 1 . , VLAN 1 . VLAN , broadcast domain . Adding/Removing a VLAN -> -> -> -> vlan 255 enable name IP Finance Network vlan 321 Test_Network vlan 780 no vlan 255 VLAN administrative status enable disable . -> vlan 780 disable -> vlan 321 enable Defining VLAN Port Assignments default VLAN 1 . vlan port default , default VLAN VLAN . 2 5 VLAN 1 , VLAN 955 default VLAN . -> vlan 955 port default 2/5 -> vlan 955 no port default 2/5 link aggregation group . -> vlan 755 port default 10 Enabling/Disabling Spanning Tree for a VLAN VLAN VLAN STP enable . STP

VLAN redundant data path . (flat) STP VLAN redundant data path VLAN . VLAN 1 STP disable , VLAN disable . VLAN 1 VALN STP disable , VLAN (flat) STP . STP 1x1 , VLAN STP . VLAN STP enable, disable 1x1 STP VLAN . -> vlan 255 stp disable -> vlan 755 stp enable 30 Configuring VLAN Router Ports VLAN IP, IPX . VLAN routing virtual VLAN . VLAN VLAN VLAN . VLAN IP IPX virtual . MAC . multiple MAC (the default) , 64 VLAN IP, IPX . VLAN MAC address . VLAN IP, IPX VLAN MAC address . 32 MAC address . Multiple MAC 32 VLAN MAC address . single MAC , 4094 VLAN IP, 256 VLAN IPX . VLAN chassis MAC address . , VLAN 1 chassis MAC address . vlan router ip VLAN IP virtual . IP virtual IP VLAN . Virtual , VLAN VLAN . vlan vid router ip ip_address [[mask] subnet_mask] [forward | no forward] vlan vid no router ip vid IP VLAN ID (1-4094). ip_address IP IP address. subnet_mask Class A, B C subnet mask. Default IP address class. forward, no forward subnet IP frame enable, disable. Default forward. vlan mtu-ip IP VLAN (MTU) .

vlan vid mtu-ip size vid MTU VLAN ID (1-4094). size Byte (512-10222), default 1500byte. 31 vlan router mac multiple multiple mac enables disables . Enable MAC address . vlan router mac multiple {enable | disable} Defining an IP Router Port -> vlan 955 router ip 71.0.0.1 mask 255.0.0.0 forward -> vlan 955 router ip 71.0.0.1 -> vlan 955 no router ip VLAN IP address IP address . . -> vlan 955 router ip 40.0.0.2 -> vlan 955 router ip 40.0.0.2 255.255.255.0 no forward IP address , subnet mask default , subnet mask default . class A IP address 40.0.0.2 class C subnet mask 255.255.255.0 . subnet mask , class A IP address subnet mask . -> vlan 455 router ip 40.0.0.1 255.255.255.0 forward MTU(Maximum Transmission Unit) IP VLAN . MTU 1500 VLAN , . -> vlan 1504 mtu-ip 576 Enabling/Disabling Multiple MAC Router Mode Multiple MAC enable , VLAN MAC address . multiple MAC disable , VLAN MAC address . -> vlan router mac multiple enable 32 Verifying the VLAN Configuration VLAN show vlan . show vlan [vid] -> show vlan vlan admin oper stree auth ip ipx name +------+--------+-------+-------+------+----+-----+-------------+

1 on off on off off off VLAN 1 2 on off on off off off VLAN 2 3 on off on off off off VLAN 3 4 on off on off off off VLAN 4 5 on off on off off off VLAN 5 6 on off on off off off VLAN 6 7 on off on off off off VLAN 7 -> show vlan 1020 Administrative State Operational State Spanning Tree State Authentication IP Router Port IPX Router Port

: : : : : : enabled enabled enabled disabled 143.113.1.1 255.255.0.0 ethernet-II 455ff novell active ticks:100 VLAN show vlan port . show vlan [vid] port {slot/port | link_agg} -> show vlan port vlan port type status +-----+-------+---------+------------+ 1 1/1 default inactive 2 1/2 default blocking 1/3 qtagged forwarding 11/4 qtagged forwarding 3 1/2 qtagged blocking 11/4 default forwarding show vlan router ip VLAN IP . show vlan router ip -> show vlan router ip vlan ip address ip mask encap mode oper mtu ------+-----------------+-----------------+---------+---------+-----+----2

172.017.060.004 255.255.000.000 e2 forward off 1500 3 128.251.041.005 255.255.000.000 e2 forward on 1500 4 198.251.017.021 255.255.255.000 e2 forward on 1500 show vlan router mac status, show mac-range, show mac-range alloc MAC address . 33 4 Configuring Spanning Tree Parameters Spanning Tree Operating Modes bridge mode Spanning Tree flat 1x1 . reboot . bridge mode {flat | 1x1} flat Spanning Tree . 1x1 VLAN Spanning Tree , default 1x1 . Flat Spanning Tree STP VLAN 1 . VLAN 1 STP disable VLAN disable . VLAN STP disable VLAN STP . VLAN untagged 802.1Q tagged , BPDU untagged . -> bridge mode flat 1x1 Spanning Tree untagged default VLAN STP . 802.1Q tagged tagged VLAN (across) STP 802.1Q STP . tagged STP STP ( VLAN ) . VLAN tagged untagged , STP ( 802.1Q) . VLAN tag , VLAN BPUD tagged . VLAN default VLAN

, BPUD tagged , STP . -> bridge mode 1x1 Configuring STP VLAN Parameters vlan stp VLAN STP enables disables . vlan vid stp {enable | disable} 34 vid VLAN ID (1-4094). 1x1 VLAN STP enable disable . Default VLAN enable. Selecting the VLAN Bridge Protocol (802.1D or 802.1w) bridge protocol VLAN 802.1D STP 802.1W RSTP . bridge vid protocol {1d | 1w} vid VLAN ID (1-4094). 1d IEEE 802.1D standard Spanning Tree Algorithm. Default VLAN STP enable , IEEE 802.1D . 1w IEEE 802.1w Rapid Spanning Tree Algorithm. -> bridge 455 protocol 1w Other Parameters bridge priority VLAN STP bridge . VLAN bridge STP bridge root bridge . bridge vid priority priority vid VLAN ID (1-4094). priority Bridge priority (0-65535) , . VLAN default bridge priority 32768. bridge hello time STP root STP root Configuration BPDU . bridge vid hello time seconds

vid VLAN ID (1-4094). seconds Hello time , 1-10 . Default 2 . 35 bridge forward delay Forward STP . listening, learning . bridge vid forward delay seconds vid VLAN ID (1-4094). seconds Forward delay time , 4-30 . Default 15 . bridge slot/port aggregate STP enable disable . bridge vid {slot/port | logical_port} {on | off | enable | disable} vid VLAN ID (1-4094). slot/port | logical_port link aggregate ID (0-31) on|off (enable| disable) STP on(enable) off(disable) , Default enable. bridge slot/port priority aggregate STP . STP root bridge path cost , . bridge vid {slot/port | logical_port} priority priority vid VLAN ID (1-4094). slot/port | logical_port link aggregate ID (0-31) priority

(0-15) , . Bridge default 7. bridge slot/port path cost STP root bridge path cost . Path cost root bridge hop . bridge vid {slot/port | logical_port} path cost path_cost 36 vid VLAN ID (1-4094). slot/port | logical_port link aggregate ID (0-31) path_cost Path cost (0-65535) , default 0. bridge slot/port mode forwarding, blocking dynamic . bridge vid {slot/port | logical_port} mode {forwarding | blocking | dynamic} vid VLAN ID (1-4094). slot/port | logical_port link aggregate ID (0-31) forwarding | blocking | dynamic forwarding, blocking dynamic , default dynamic. Verifying the Spanning Tree Configuration VLAN STP show spantree . show spantree [vid] -> show spantree Vlan STP Status Protocol Priority -----+----------+--------+-------1 ON 802.1D 32768 2 ON 802.1D 32768 3 ON 802.1D

32768 -> show spantree 2 Spanning Tree Parameters for Vlan 2 Spanning Tree Status : ON, Protocol : IEEE 802.1D, mode : 1X1 (1 STP per Vlan), Priority : 32768 (0x8000), Bridge ID : 8000-00:d0:95:6a:78:ce, Designated Root : 8000-00:00:e8:9a:2b:e0, Cost to Root Bridge : 48, Root Port : Slot 3 Interface 7, Next Best Root Cost : 0, Next Best Root Port : None, Hold Time : 1, Topology Changes : 1, Topology age : 0:18:55 37 Current Parameters (seconds) Max Age = 20, Forward Delay = 15, Hello Time = 2 Parameters system uses when attempting to become root System Max Age = 20, System Forward Delay = 15, System Hello Time = 2 STP show spantree ports . show spantree [vid] ports [forwarding | blocking]

-> show spantree 30 ports Spanning Tree Port Summary for Vlan 30 Adm Oper Man. Path Desig Fw Port Pri St St mode Cost Cost Role Tx Prim. Adm Op Port Cnx Cnx Desig Bridge ID -----+---+---+----+----+-----+-----+----+---+-----+---+--+---------------------3/5 7 ENA DIS No 0 48 DIS 0 3/5 NPT NPT 00:d0:95:6a:78:ce 3/6 7 ENA DIS No 0 48 DIS 0 3/6 NPT NPT 00:d0:95:6a:78:ce 3/7 7 ENA FORW No 19 29 ROOT 1 3/7 NPT NPT 00:d0:95:1b:72:e1 3/8 7 ENA DIS No 0 48 DIS 0 3/8 NPT NPT 00:d0:95:6a:78:ce 3/9 7 ENA DIS No 0 48 DIS 0 3/9 NPT NPT 00:d0:95:6a:78:ce 38 80008000800080008000- Spanning Tree Overview Alcatel STP CMM NI STP . CMM backup CMM link up/flash/ working down STP Bridge Protocol Data Units(BPDU) STP . Alcatel STP flat (single STP instance per switch) 1x1 (single STP instance per VLAN)

STP 802.1D, 802.1W . STP 802.1Q tagged port link aggregate logical port . How the Spanning Tree Topology is Calculated Tree bridge (path) link bridge . tree root bridge . tree root bridge bridge . Root bridge STP loop (block) bridge root . Root STP bridge path cost . bridge root (path) . IEEE802.3D link path cost . Link Speed Recommended Value Recommended Range Range 10Mbps 100 50-600 1-65535 100Mbps 19 1-60 1-65535 1Gbps 4 3-10 1-65535 10Gbps 2 1-5 1-65535 root path cost bridge . root

path cost . ( root bridge 0 .) root path cost bridge LAN designated bridge , LAN bridge root . STP bridge ( ) bridge STP . type STP ( ) bridge . 39 Role Port/flash/ working Bridge Properties Designated Port Designated bridge root LAN . Designated port bridge LAN . Backup Port Root designated port designated bridge port. Alternate Port bridge root port port. bridge LAN designated bridge . Alternate port bridge root port down root bridge alternate path . Disabled Port . , role . Backup port alternate port IEEE802.1w alternate port root port . Role STP (discarding, learning forwarding) . administrative status enable disable forwarding blocking . STP (link up) administrative status enable . 802.1D 802.1w role . STP Port State RSTP Port State Port State Definition Port Role Disable Discarding down admin disable . STP . Disabled

Blocking Discarding drop , . Alternate, Backup Listening Discarding , STP . Root, Designated Learning Learning MAC address , bridge forward table . STP . Root, Designated Forwarding Forwarding . Root, Designated STP , LAN root bridge designated bridge , bridge(root bridge ) root port . redundant bridge root . loop . Bridge Protocol Data Units (BPDU) Configuration Bridge Protocol Data Units(BPDU) layer2 . BPDU STP . Configuration BPDU BPUD bridge . 40 Root ID bridge bridge Bridge ID root . Root Path Cost Root bridge bridge port path cost .

Bridge ID STP bridge 8byte hex . 2byte , 6byte bridge MAC address . MAC address . Bridge ID MAC address . Port ID BPUD bridge port 16bit hex . 4bit , 12bit . Bridged Configuration BPDU root bridge root . BPUD STP . - bridge root bridge bridge root bridge LAN bridge designated bridge bridge root port STP role bridge (forwarding discarding) STP BPUD ( ) . - Bridge , root root bridge ID bridge ID Configuration BPDU . - bridge root port ( path cost) BPDU , LAN . - bridge designated port ( path cost) BPDU , LAN . STP BPDU BPDU . 1. 2. 3. 4. root bridge ID( (priority) , MAC address) root path cost root path cost , BPDU bridge bridge ID , port ID( priority , port ) , link down , bridge LAN designated bridge Topology Change Notification (TCN) BPDU . designated bridge root bridge TCN . root bridge BPDU Topology Change (TC) flag Configuration BPDU . STP , root TC flag BPUD , STP . 41 5 Configuring 802.1Q Configuring an 802.1Q VLAN

vlan 802.1q aggregate 802.1Q tagging , . vlan vid 802.1q {slot/port | aggregate_id} [description] vlan vid no 802.1q {slot/port | aggregate_id} vid 802.1Q VLAN VLAN ID (1-4094). slot/port | logical_port 802.1Q tagging link aggregate ID (0-31) description 802.1Q tag , 32 . quotation . vlan 802.1q frame type VLAN-tagged . vlan 802.1q slot/port frame type {all | tagged} slot/port | logical_port 802.1Q tagging link aggregate ID (0-31) all | tagged VLAN-tagged . Default all. Enabling Tagging -> vlan 5 802.1q 3/4 -> vlan 5 802.1q 3/4 port tag Link aggregation group tagging enable link aggregation group . -> vlan 5 802.1q 8 agg port tag -> vlan 5 no 802.1q 8 42 Configuring the Frame Type -> vlan 802.1q 3/4 frame type tagged -> vlan 802.1q 3/4 frame type all tagged untagged , 802.1Q VLAN . VLAN untagged . untagged VLAN default VLAN . Link aggregation group tagged . Verifying 802.1Q Configuration link aggregation group 802.1Q tagging show 802.1q . show 802.1q {slot/port | aggregate_id} -> show 802.1q 3/4 Acceptable Frame Type Force Tag Internal

: Any Frame Type : off Tagged VLANS Internal Description -------------+-------------------------------------------------+ 2 TAG PORT 3/4 VLAN 2 -> show 802.1q 2 Tagged VLANS Internal Description -------------+-------------------------------------------------+ 3 TAG AGGREGATE 2 VLAN 3 43 6 Configuring Static Link Aggregation Static link aggregation static linkagg size static aggregate group . Static aggregate group static link . static linkagg agg_num size size [name name] [admin state {enable | disable}] no static linkagg agg_num agg_num Static aggregate group number , 0-31(32 ) . size Aggregate group link , 2, 4, 8, 16 link . name Static aggregate group name , 255 . . admin state Static aggregate group administrative state , default enable. static agg agg num Static aggregate group . static agg [ethernet | fastethernet | gigaethernet] slot/port agg num agg_num static agg no [ethernet | fastethernet | gigaethernet] slot/port ethernet, fastethernet, gigaethernet Static aggregate group number type , . slot/port Aggregate group . agg_num

Static aggregate group number. Configuring Static Link Aggregation Groups 1. static aggregate link . -> static linkagg 1 size 4 2. Link aggregation group . 44 -> -> -> -> static static static static agg agg agg agg 4/1 4/7 5/1 6/2 agg agg agg agg num num num num 1 1 1 1 3. static link aggregate group VLAN . -> vlan 10 port default 1 Displaying Static Link Aggregation Configuration and Statistics Show linkagg static link aggregation setting . show linkagg [agg_num] -> show linkagg 1 Static Aggregate SNMP Id : 40000001,

Aggregate Number : 1, SNMP Descriptor : Omnichannel Aggregate Number 1 ref 40000001 size 4, Name : , Admin State : ENABLED, Operational State : UP, Aggregate Size : 4, Number of Selected Ports : 4, Number of Reserved Ports : 4, Number of Attached Ports : 4, Primary Port : 4/1 show linkagg port . show linkagg port [slot/port] -> show linkagg port Slot/Port Aggregate SNMP Id Status Agg Oper Link Prim ---------+---------+-------+----------+----+----+----+---4/1 Static 2001 ATTACHED 1 UP UP YES 4/7 Static 2002 ATTACHED 1 UP UP NO 5/1 Static 2003 CONFIGURED 1 UP UP NO 6/2 Static 2004 CONFIGURED 1 UP UP NO 45 Static Link Aggregation Operation Static link aggregate group static dynamic 32 . static link aggregate group link VLAN, QoS, 802.1Q .

Load balancing link link aggregation group ingress side . Load balancing source, destination MAC address hash code . link aggregate group , load balancing algorithm group port . Static link aggregate group 10/flash/ working 100 Mbps, 100 Mbps, 1 Gbps link 2, 4, 8, 16 , module , . OmniSwitch 7700/flash/ working 7800 OmniSwitch 7700/flash/ working 7800 Omni S/flash/ working R . OmniSwitch 7700/flash/ working 7800 static link aggregation . 46 7 Configuring Dynamic Link Aggregation Dynamic Link aggregates lacp linkagg size lacp linkagg agg_num [size size] [name name] [admin state {enable | disable}] [actor admin key actor_admin_key] [actor system priority actor_system_priority] [actor system id actor_system_id] [partner system id partner_system_id] [partner system priority partner_system_priority] [partner admin key partner_admin_key] no lacp linkagg agg_num agg_num Dynamic aggregate group number , 0-31(32 ) . size Aggregate group link , 2, 4, 8, 16 link . name Static aggregate group name , 255 . . admin state Static aggregate group administrative state , default enable. actor_admin_key Dynamic aggregate group administrative key , 0-65535 . Default 0. actor_system_priority Dynamic aggregate group priority , 0-65535 . Default 0. actor_system_id

Dynamic aggregate group MAC address , default 00:00: 00:00:00:00. partner_system_id Link aggregate group aggregate group MAC address , default 00:00:00:00:00:00. partner_system_priorit y Aggregation group priority , 0-65535 . Default 0. partner_admin_key Aggregation group administrative key , 0-65535 . Default 0. 47 lacp agg actor admin key Dynamic aggregate group actor administrative key . lacp agg [ethernet | fastethernet | gigaethernet] slot/port actor admin key actor_admin_key [actor admin state {[[no] active] [[no] timeout] [[no] aggregate] [[no] synchronize] [[no] collect] [[no] distribute] [[no] default] [[no] expire] | none}] [actor system id actor_system_id] [actor system priority actor_system_priority] [partner admin system id partner_admin_system_id] [partner admin key partner_admin_key] [partner admin system priority partner_admin_system_priority] [partner admin state {[[no] active] [[no] timeout] [[no] aggregate] [[no] synchronize] [[no] collect] [[no] distribute] [[no] default] [[no] expire] | none}] [actor port priority actor_port_priority] [partner admin port partner_admin_port] [partner admin port priority partner_admin_port_priority] ethernet, fastethernet, , . slot/port Dynamic aggregate group . actor_admin_key Dynamic aggregate group administrative key , 0-655 35 . actor_system_id

dynamic aggregate group MAC address. actor_system_priority Dynamic aggregate group priority , 0-65535 . partner_admin_system_id Remote dynamic aggregate group MAC address. partner_admin_key Dynamic aggregate group remote administrative key. lacp agg no [ethernet | fastethernet | gigaethernet] slot/port gigaethernet partner_admin_system_prio Dynamic aggregate group remote priority. rity actor_port_priority priority , 0-255 . partner_admin_port administrative state , 0-65535 . partner_admin_port _priority priority , 0-255 . 48 Configuring Dynamic Link Aggregate Groups 1. Local(actor) dynamic link aggregation group -> lacp linkagg 2 size 8 2. Aggregate actor administrative key ( group size .) . -> -> -> -> -> -> -> -> lacp lacp lacp lacp lacp lacp

lacp lacp agg agg agg agg agg agg agg agg 1/1 1/4 3/3 5/4 6/1 6/2 7/3 8/1 actor actor actor actor actor actor actor actor admin admin admin admin admin admin admin admin key key key key key key key key 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2

3. dynamic link aggregate group VLAN . -> vlan 2 port default 2 Displaying Dynamic Link Aggregation Configuration and Statistics Show linkagg dynamic link aggregation setting . show linkagg [agg_num] -> show linkagg 2 Dynamic Aggregate SNMP Id : 40000002, Aggregate Number : 2, SNMP Descriptor : Dynamic Aggregate Number 2 ref 40000002 size 8, Name : , Admin State : ENABLED, Operational State : UP, Aggregate Size : 8, Number of Selected Ports : 8, Number of Reserved Ports : 8, Number of Attached Ports : 8, Primary Port : 1/1, LACP MACAddress : [00:1f:cc:00:00:00], Actor System Id : [00:20:da:81:d5:b0], Actor System Priority : 0, Actor Admin Key : 1, Actor Oper Key : 0, Partner System Id : [00:20:da:81:d5:b1], 49 Partner System Priority : 0, Partner Admin Key : 2, Partner Oper Key : 0 show linkagg port . show linkagg port [slot/port] -> show linkagg port 2/1 Dynamic Aggregable Port SNMP Id : 2001, Slot/Port : 2/1, Administrative State : ENABLED, Operational State : DOWN, Port State : CONFIGURED, Link State : DOWN, Selected Agg Number : NONE, Primary port : UNKNOWN, LACP Actor System Priority : 10, Actor System Id : [00:d0:95:6a:78:3a], Actor Admin Key : 8, Actor Oper Key : 8, Partner Admin System Priority : 20, Partner Oper System Priority : 20, Partner Admin System Id : [00:00:00:00:00:00], Partner Oper System Id : [00:00:00:00:00:00],

Partner Admin Key : 8, Partner Oper Key : 0, Attached Agg Id : 0, Actor Port : 7, Actor Port Priority : 15, Partner Admin Port : 0, Partner Oper Port : 0, Partner Admin Port Priority : 0, Partner Oper Port Priority : 0, Actor Admin State : act1.tim1.agg1.syn0.col0.dis0.def1.exp0 Actor Oper State : act1.tim1.agg1.syn0.col0.dis0.def1.exp0, Partner Admin State : act0.tim0.agg1.syn1.col1.dis1.def1.exp0, Partner Oper State : act0.tim0.agg1.syn0.col1.dis1.def1.exp0 50 Dynamic Link Aggregation Operation Link aggregate group static dynamic 32 . static link aggregate group link VLAN, QoS, 802.1Q . Dynamic link aggregate group 10/flash/ working 100 Mbps, 100 Mbps, 1 Gbps link 2, 4, 8, 1 6 , module , . Dynamic link aggregate group IEEE 802.3ad Link Aggregation Control Protocol(LACP) , link aggregation dynamic aggregate group Link Aggregation Control Protocol Data Unit(LACPDU) . Link aggregation group MAC address . Load balancing link link aggregation group ingress side . Load balancing source, destination MAC address hash coding . Dynamic aggregate group OmniSwitch 7700/flash/ working 7800 OmniSwitch 7700/flash/ working 7800 OmniCORE 5010/flash/ working 5022/flash/ working 5052 . IEEE 802.3ad LACP . 51 8 Configuring IP Configuration IP Forwarding IP Router Port vlan VLAN ID(VID) option VLAN . vlan vid [enable | disable] [name description] no vlan vid vid VLAN (2-4094) , VLAN VLAN ID . description VLAN , 32 . Default VLAN ID. enable, disable

VLAN , default enable.. vlan port default aggregate default VLAN . vlan vid port default {slot/port | link_agg} vlan vid no port default {slot/port | link_agg} Vid VLAN VLAN ID (1-4094). slot/port Module module , (e.g. 2/flash/ working 1-12 3/flash/ working 1-10 4/flash/ working 5-15) link_agg VLAN link aggregate ID (0-31). vlan router ip VLAN IP router port . IP router port IP router port VLAN . router port VLAN VLAN . vlan vid router ip ip_address [[mask] subnet_mask] [forward | no forward] vlan vid no router ip 52 Vid IP address VLAN ID (1-4094). ip_address IP router port IP address . subnet_mask Class A, B, C subnet mask , default IP address class. forward, no forward subnet IP , default forward. link_agg VLAN link aggregate ID (0-31). Creating an IP Router Port IP VLAN Layer 2 . Alcatel default VLAN 1 . default VLAN , module module VLAN 1 . VLAN , broadcast domain .

VLAN VLAN inactive . active active . Active VLAN . VLAN VLAN router port . router port IP forwarding . 1. VLAN VLAN 1 VLAN 2 . -> vlan 1 name VLAN 1 -> vlan 2 name VLAN 2 2. VLAN active . -> vlan 1 port default 1/1 -> vlan 2 port default 1/2 3. VLAN IP router port . -> vlan 1 router ip 171.10.1.1 -> vlan 2 router ip 171.11.1.1 Static Route ip static-route IP static route . static route dynamic routing protocol route . Metric route static route . 53 ip static-route ip_network [mask mask] gateway gateway [metric metric] no ip static-route ip_network [mask mask] gateway ip_address [metric metric] ip_network Static route destination IP network. mask Destination IP network subnet mask , class mask . gateway Destination IP network next hop IP address. metric Static route RIP metric cost(hop count). Metric static route , metric . 1-15 , default 1. link_agg VLAN link aggregate ID (0-31). Creating a Static Route Static route . -> ip static-route 171.11.0.0 gateway 171.11.2.1 -> ip static-route 10.255.11.0 mask 255.255.255.0 gateway 171.11.2.1 -> ip static-route 10.255.11.0 mask 255.255.255.0 gateway 171.11.2.1 metric 5 -> no ip static-route 171.11.0.0 gateway 171.11.2.1

Creating a Default Route ip static-route default route . 0.0.0.0 destination IP network (default route), 0.0.0.0 subnet mask next hop(gateway) IP address . -> ip static-route 0.0.0.0 mask 0.0.0.0 gateway 171.11.2.1 Configuring Address Translation Protocol(ARP) ARP Table arp ARP table . arp ip_address hardware_address no arp ip_address 54 ARP table IP address. ip_address hardware_addres MAC address(e.g. 00:00:39:59:F1:0C). s clear arp-cache ARP table dynamic entry . ARP table no arp . clear arp-cache arp timeout ARP table . , entry table . arp timeout seconds seconds ARP table entry , 1-1200 . Default 300. Adding a Permanent Entry to the ARP Table -> arp 171.11.1.1 00:05:02:c0:7f:11 -> no arp 171.11.1.1 Managing IP PING ping {ip_address | hostname} [count count] [size packet_size] [interval seconds] [timeout seconds] ip_address, hostname PING IP address, DNS name. count , default 6 .

packet_size PING packet size , byte . 1-60000Byte , default 64Byte. interval seconds ICMP packet , default 1 . timeout seconds , default 5 . 55 traceroute destination IP packet . traceroute {ip_address | hostname} [max-hop max_hop_count] ip_address, hostname IP address, DNS name. max_hop_count hop count. Using the Ping Command -> ping 10.255.11.242 PING 10.255.11.242: 56 data bytes 64 bytes from 10.255.11.242: icmp_seq=0. time=0. ms 64 bytes from 10.255.11.242: icmp_seq=1. time=0. ms 64 bytes from 10.255.11.242: icmp_seq=2. time=0. ms 64 bytes from 10.255.11.242: icmp_seq=3. time=0. ms 64 bytes from 10.255.11.242: icmp_seq=4. time=0. ms 64 bytes from 10.255.11.242: icmp_seq=5. time=0. ms ----10.255.11.242 PING Statistics---6 packets transmitted, 6 packets received, 0% packet loss round-trip (ms) min/avg/max = 0/0/0 -> ping 172.22.2.115 count 2 size 32 interval 2 timeout 10 Tracing an IP Route -> traceroute 128.251.17.224 traceroute to 128.251.17.224, 30 hops max, 40 byte packets 1 10.255.11.254 0 ms 0 ms 0 ms 2 172.23.0.251 0 ms 16.6667 ms 0 ms 3 128.251.14.253 0 ms 0 ms 0 ms 4 128.251.17.224 0 ms 0 ms 0 ms -> traceroute 128.251.17.224 max-hop 3 traceroute to 128.251.17.224, 3 hops max, 40 byte packets 1 10.255.11.254 0 ms 0 ms 0 ms 2 172.23.0.251 16.6667 ms 0 ms 0 ms 3 128.251.14.253 0 ms 0 ms 0 ms 56 Verifying the IP Configuration Show ip interface IP . show ip interface [emp | vlan vlan_id] -> show ip interface Total 3 interfaces Name

IP Address Subnet Mask Type Status Forward ---------+---------------+---------------+--------+--------+---------EMP 23.23.23.23 255.0.0.0 ETH_II UP NO loopback 127.0.0.1 255.0.0.0 ETH_II UP NO vlan 1 10.255.11.223 255.255.255.0 ETH_II UP YES -> show ip interface vlan 1 vlan 1 Link type = ETH_II, Link status = UP, SNMP interface index = 13600001, Administrative status = ENABLED, Operational status = ACTIVATED, Enable trap = NO, Internet address = 10.255.11.223, Broadcast address = 10.255.11.255, Subnet mask = 255.255.255.0, Hardware address = 00:d0:95:6a:f3:18, Vrrp MAC = 00:00:00:00:00:00, Auth MAC = 00:00:00:00:00:00, Maximum Transfer Unit (MTU) = 1500, Packets received = 2160584, Packets sent = 582187, Bytes received = 150043848,

Bytes sent = 131200820, Multicast packets received = 135787, Multicast packets sent = 0, Broadcast packets received = 1565122, Broadcast packets sent = 851, Input errors = 0, Output errors = 0, Collisions = 0, Dropped = 0 IP Forwarding Table show ip route . show ip route 57 -> show ip route Dest Address Subnet Mask Gateway Addr Age Protocol ------------------+-----------------+-----------------+--------+----------0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 10.255.11.254 2d 4h NETMGT 10.255.11.0 255.255.255.0 10.255.11.223 2d 4h LOCAL 23.0.0.0 255.0.0.0 23.23.23.23 2d 4h LOCAL 127.0.0.1 255.255.255.255 127.0.0.1 2d 4h LOCAL 172.17.1.10 255.255.255.255 10.255.11.225 1d 5h NETMGT

show arp ARP table . ARP table IP address list IP address MAC address . show arp [ip_address | hardware_address] -> show arp Total 8 arp entries Flags (P=Proxy, A=Authentication, V=VRRP) IP Addr Hardware Addr Type Flags Port Interface -----------------+-------------------+----------+-------+-------+---------10.255.11.59 00:50:04:b2:c9:ee DYNAMIC 3/20 10.255.11.48 00:50:04:b2:ca:11 DYNAMIC 3/20 10.255.11.201 00:10:83:03:e7:e4 DYNAMIC 3/20 10.255.11.14 00:10:5a:04:19:a7 DYNAMIC 3/20 10.255.11.64 00:b0:d0:62:fa:f1 DYNAMIC 3/20 10.255.11.25 00:b0:d0:42:80:24 DYNAMIC 3/20 10.255.11.26 00:b0:d0:42:82:59 DYNAMIC 3/20 10.255.11.254 00:20:da:db:00:47 DYNAMIC 3/20 show ip config, show icmp statistics, show tcp statistics, show tcp port, show udp statistics, show udp port IP . 58 vlan

vlan vlan vlan vlan vlan vlan vlan 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 9 Configuring RIP RIP Routing ip load rip RIP load . , RIP load . ip load rip RIP boot.cfg . boot.cfg RIP reboot . ip rip status RIP enable/flash/ working disable . ip rip status {enable | disable} ip rip interface RIP . RIP enable VLAN IP router port RIP enable . ip rip interface ip_address no ip rip interface ip_address ip rip interface status RIP enable/flash/ working disable . RIP disable enable . ip rip interface ip_address status {enable | disable} RIP Routing Option ip rip interface send-version RIP . ip rip interface ip_address send-version {none | v1 | v1compatible | v2} 59 ip_address RIP IP address. none RIP . v1, v2

v1, v2 RIP , default v2. v1compatible RIP v2 . ip rip interface recv-version RIP . ip rip interface ip_address recv-version {none | v1 | v2 | both} ip_address RIP IP address. none RIP . v1, v2 v1, v2 RIP . both RIP v1, v2 , default both. ip rip interface metric metric cost . Metric . RIP metric , metric cost route metric . ip rip interface ip_address metric value ip_address RIP IP address. value 1-15 Metric , default 1. ip rip force-holddowntimer RIP route holddown . route RIP . route 180 , route holddown (holddown timer) . ip rip force-holddowntimer seconds seconds Holddown timer , 0-120 . Default 120 . 60 Configuring RIP Routing VLAN , 4 . 1. VLAN VLAN 1 VLAN 2 . -> vlan 1 name VLAN 1 -> vlan 2 name VLAN 2

2. VLAN . -> vlan 1 port default 1/1 -> vlan 2 port default 1/2 3. VLAN IP router port . -> vlan 1 router ip 171.10.1.1 -> vlan 2 router ip 171.11.1.1 4. RIP load . -> ip load rip 5. RIP enable . -> ip rip status enable 6. VLAN RIP . -> ip rip interface 171.10.1.1 -> ip rip interface 171.11.1.1 7. RIP enable . -> ip rip interface 171.10.1.1 status enable -> ip rip interface 171.11.1.1 status enable RIP Redistribution ip rip redist status OSPF, BGP, static, local route route redistribution enable/flash/ working disable . ip rip redist status {enable | disable} 61 ip rip redist RIP redistribution route . ip rip redist {local | static | ospf | bgp} no ip rip redist {local | static | ospf | bgp} ip rip redist-filter RIP redistribution filter . Redistribution route route filter redistribution . filter destination redistribution . ip rip redist-filter {local | static | ospf | bgp} ip_network ip_mask no ip rip redist-filter {local | static | ospf | bgp} ip_network ip_mask ip_network Redistribution route destination IP network. ip_mask IP network subnet mask. RIP redistribution enable filter RIP routing table load . ip rip redist-filter effect RIP route redistribution filter . route filter (permit) , subnet (deny) . ip rip redist-filter {local | static | ospf | bgp} ip_network ip_mask effect {permit | deny} ip_network, ip_mask Redistribution route destination IP network subnet mask.

permit, deny Redistribution , . Configuring RIP Redistribution 1. RIP redistribution enable . -> ip rip redist status enable 2. RIP redistribution . -> ip rip redist ospf 62 3. RIP redistribution filter . -> ip rip redist-filter ospf 10.0.0.0 255.0.0.0 -> ip rip redist-filter ospf 172.22.0.0 255.255.0.0 effect permit -> ip rip redist-filter ospf 172.22.3.0 255.255.255.0 effect deny Network/flash/ working subnet mask 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 route route redistribution . Verifying the RIP Routing show ip rip RIP . show ip rip -> show ip rip Status = Enabled Host Route Support = Disabled Redistribution status = Disabled Route Tag = 0 Hold Down Timer = 40 Log level = 0 RIP show ip rip routes . RIP route . show ip rip routes [ip_address ip_mask] -> show ip rip routes Destination Mask Gateway Metric -----------------------------------------------------11.0.0.0 255.0.0.0 11.11.11.1 1 11.11.11.0 255.255.255.0 11.11.11.1 1 12.0.0.0 255.0.0.0 12.12.12.1 1 12.12.12.0 255.255.255.0 12.12.12.1 1

show ip rip interface RIP . show ip rip interface [ip_address] -> show ip rip interface 11.11.11.1 Interface IP Address Interface IP Broadcast Address IP Interface Number (VLANId) IP Interface Status Interface Config AuthType Interface Config AuthKey Interface Config Send-Version = = = = = = = 63 11.11.11.1/24 11.11.11.255 4 Up None v2 Interface Config Receive-Version Interface Config Default Metric RIP Config Status Received Bad Packets Received Bad Routes Sent Updates = = = = = = both 1 Active 0 0 8 RIP neighbor(peer) show ip rip peer . neighbor 180 RIP . show ip rip peer [ip_address] -> show ip rip peer Total Bad Bad xxxxxxxxxx Secs since IP Address

Recvd Packets Routes Version last update ----------------+------+-------+------+-------+----------100.10.10.1 1 0 0 2 3 show ip rip redist RIP redistribution . show ip rip redist [local] [static] [ospf] [bgp] -> show ip rip redist Status: ACT - Active NIS - Not In Service Protocol Metric Route-Tag Status -------------+-----------+----------+-----BGP 1 0 ACT OSPF 4 0 ACT show ip rip redist-filter RIP redistribution filter . show ip rip redist-filter [local] [static] [ospf] [bgp] -> show ip rip redist-filter Control: Aggregate Permit: Status: All-Sub - All Subnets No-Sub - No Subnets Perm ACT Deny NIS - Permit - Active Aggreg - - Deny - Not In Service Proto Destination Control Permit Metric Tag

Status -------+--------------------+-------+------+------+-----+-----OSPF 100.1.2.3/16 All-Sub Perm 0 0 ACT BGP 100.121.122.131/24 All-Sub Perm 0 0 ACT 64 10 Configuring UDP Relay UDP Relay ip helper address DHCP server IP address . UDP Relay address BOOTP/flash/ working DHCP . ip helper address ip_address ip helper no address [ip_address] ip_address DHCP server IP address. relay 8 address . ip helper forward delay UDP Relay forward delay . ip helper forward delay seconds seconds Forward delay (1-65535) , default 3 . ip helper maximum hops UDP Relay hop . BOOTP/flash/ working DHCP . hop loop . ip helper maximum hops hops hops relay (1-16) , default 4 hop. Enabling BOOTP/DHCP Relay UDP Relay address BOOTP/flash/ working DHCP . DHCP , IP address . relay 8 address . -> ip helper address 125.255.17.11 -> no ip helper address 125.255.17.11 65 Forward delay UDP relay address DHCP . delay local client . Client UDP elapsed boot time . client boot . UDP Relay client elapsed boot time forward delay time

. forward delay time elapsed boot time , UDP Relay . -> ip helper forward delay 10 Maximum hop loop . UDP hop hop count UDP Realy . -> ip helper maximum hops 4 Verifying the UDP Relay Configuration UDP Relay show ip helper . show ip helper -> show ip helper Forward Delay(seconds) = 3, Max number of hops = 4, Forward option = standard Forwarding Address: 1.1.1.1 21.2.2.10 172.19.4.1 show ip helper stats UDP relay , forward delay hop drop . UDP Relay ip helper no stats . show ip helper stats ip helper no stats -> show ip helper stats Global Statistics : Reception From Client : Total Count = 200, Forw Delay Violation : Total Count = 0, Max Hops Violation : Total Count = 0, Server Specific Statistics : Server 2.2.2.1 Tx Server : Total Count = Server 3.3.3.1 Tx Server : Total Count = Delta = 0, Delta = 0, Delta = 0,

0, Delta = 0 0, Delta = 0 66 11 Configuring VRRP Configuring VRRP Definition of a Virtual Router , LAN VRRP . . Master Down Interval = (3 * Advertisement Interval) + Skew Time Advertisement Interval VRRP . , Skew Time VRRP Skew Time = (256 - Priority) /flash/ working 256 VRRP MAC Addresses virtual VRRP ARP VRRP MAC address source MAC address . address . 00-00-5E-00-01-[virtual router ID] VRRP MAC address 255 . vrrp VRRP virtual . vrrp vrid vlan_id [enable | disable | on | off] [priority priority] [preempt | no preempt] [[advertising] interval seconds] [authenticate password | no authenticate] no vrrp vrid vlan_id vrid Virtual ID , 1-255 . vlan_id Virtual VLAN . enable|disable (on|off) Virtual enable disable, virtual IP address enable . Default disable. priority

virtual , 1-255 virtual IP 255 . Default 100. preempt| no preempt . Default preempt. 67 seconds VRRP Defaut 1 . , VRID . password VRRP 16 password , VRID VRRP . no authenticate VRRP . virtual enable , VRID VRRP enable . vrrp ip Virtual IP address . vrrp vrid vlan_id ip ip_address vrrp vrid vlan_id no ip ip_address vrid Virtual ID , 1-255 . vlan_id Virtual VLAN. ip_address virtual virtual IP address Creating a Virtual Router -> vrrp 23 4 Virtual VRID VLAN ID . priority, preempt mode, advertising interval, VRRP authentication . -> vrrp 24 2 priority 75 no preempt interval 2 authenticate hanatech VLAN VRID virtual advertising interval . IP MAC address . virtual password .

Specifying an IP Address for a Virtual Router IP address virtual enable . -> vrrp 23 4 ip 10.10.2.3 -> vrrp 23 4 enable OmniSwitch 7700/flash/ working 7800 virtual IP address . OmniSwitch virtual IP address , address virtual . OmniSwitch virtual IP address 68 VRRP backup , IP address virtual . Virtual IP address disable . advertisement interval, priority, preempt mode, authenticate , virtual disable . -> vrrp 23 4 disable -> vrrp 23 4 no ip 10.10.2.3 Verifying the VRRP Configuration virtual virtual show vrrp . show vrrp [vrid] -> show vrrp VRRP trap generation: Enabled IP Admin VRID VLAN Address(es) Status Priority AuthType Preempt Interval ----+ ----+ -------------+----------+----------+----------+-------+--------1 1 192.168.170.1 Enabled 255 SimpleText Yes 192.168.170.2 2 15 10.2.25.254 Disabled 100 None No -> show vrrp 1 Virtual Router VRIP Admin Status Priority AuthType Preempt Virtual MAC IP Address(es) 192.168.170.1 192.168.170.2 =

= = = = = 1 on VLAN = 1 Enabled 255 SimpleText 1 00-00-5E-00-01-01 show vrrp statistics virtual VRRP . show vrrp [vrid] statistics -> show vrrp statistics Checksum Version VRID Errors Errors Errors ----------+-----------+--------0 0 0 VRID VLAN ----+ ----+ 1 1 2 15 7 2 State UpTime Become Master Adv. Rcvd -------------+----------+--------------+-----------master 378890 1 0 backup 4483 0 64783 initialize 0 0 0 69 Adv 1 1

12 Configuring QoS(Bandwidth & NAT) QoS Specifications Maximum number of policy rules 256 Maximum number of policy conditions 256 Maximum number of policy actions 256 Maximum number of policy services 128 Maximum number of groups (network, MAC, service, port) 256 Maximum number of group entries 512 per group Maximum number of flows 64000 Configuring Global QoS Parameters Enabling/Disabling QoS qos QoS enable disable . qos {enable | disable} enable|disable QoS enable disable. Default enable. qos apply QoS, policy setting . . qos apply QoS enable . QoS policy , , policy action . policy rule policy rule enable disable . -> qos disable -> qos enable QoS QoS event show qos config show qos statistics . 70 Creating Policies policy condition

QoS policy condition . Condition flow . Condition condition . policy condition condition_name [source ip ip_address [mask netmask]] [destination ip ip_address [mask netmask]] [multicast ip ip_address [mask netmask]] [source network group network_group] [destination network group network_group] [multicast network group multicast_group] [source ip port port] [destination ip port port] [service service] [service group service_group] [ip protocol protocol] [tos tos_value tos_mask] [dscp dscp_value dscp_mask] [source mac mac_address [mask mac_mask]] [destination mac mac_address [mask mac_mask]] [source mac group group_name] [destination mac group mac_group] [source vlan vlan_id] [destination vlan vlan_id] [802.1p 802.1p_value] [source port slot/port] [source port group group_name} [destination port slot/port] [destination port group group_name] [source interface type type] [destination interface type type] no policy condition condition_name condition_name Condition . Policy condition policy action policy rule . condition . policy action QoS action . QoS action queue flow . 71 policy action action_name [disposition {accept | drop | deny}] [shared] [priority priority_value] [minimum bandwidth bps] [maximum bandwidth bps] [maximum depth bytes] [latency microseconds] [jitter microseconds] [tos tos_value] [802.1p 802.1p_value] [dcsp dcsp_value]

[map {802.1p | tos | dscp} to {802.1p | tos| dscp} using map_group] [source rewrite ip ip_address [mask netmask]] [source rewrite ip network group net_group] [destination rewrite ip ip_address [mask netmask]] [destination rewrite network group net_group] policy no action action_name action_name Action . accept|drop|deny Default accept. share action queue enable. Default not shared. policy rule policy rule . Rule condition( ) action( ) . policy rule rule_name [enable | disable] [precedence precedence] [condition condition] [action action] [reflexive] [save] [log] no policy rule rule_name policy rule rule_name [no reflexive] [no save] [no log] rule_name Policy rule . enable|disable Policy rule enable disable, default enable. precedence condition rule , 0-65535 . precedence . Default 0. condition rule condition . action rule action . reflexive source, destination IP address port flow , Access Control List . Default not reflexive. save configuration capture policy rule . log Policy rule flow log message .

72 QoS Ports default queue QoS queue queue . Default queue queue . flow policy rule queue . policy flow QoS queue , policy flow default queue . qos port QoS . qos port slot/port [enable | disable] [default queues {2 | 4}] [trusted] [maximum reserve bandwidth bps] [maximum signal bandwidth bps] [maximum default bandwidth bps] [maximum default depth bytes] [maximum default buffers max_default_buffers] [default 802.1p value] [default dscp value] slot/port . enable|disable QoS enable disable. Default enable. netmask Destination IP address mask. Maximum Reserve Bandwidth policy . policy action , queue event log . . . bps , 1k, 2k . bps , . 1-1024 1K, 1025-2048 2K . -> qos port 4/1 maximum reserve bandwidth 1000 -> qos port 4/1 maximum reserve bandwidth 1k Default queue . -> qos port 3/1 maximum default bandwidth 10000 -> qos port 3/1 maximum default bandwidth 10k qos apply . 73 Verifying QoS Ports QoS show qos port . show qos port [slot/port] -> show qos port Slot/

QoS Port Act Enabled 1/1 No Yes ethernet 1/2 Yes Yes ethernet-1G 3/1 Yes Yes ethernet-100 3/2 Yes Yes ethernet-100 3/3 No Yes ethernet 3/4 No Yes ethernet 3/5 No Yes ethernet Deflt Trust P/DSCP No 0/ 0 Queues Deflt Tot 4 0 No 0/ 0 4 0 1.00M 0K/ No 0/ 4

0 100K 0K/ No 0/ 4 0 100K 0K/ No 0/ 4 0 0K 0K/ No 0/ 4 0 0K 0K/ No 0/ 4 0 0K 0K/ -> show qos port 3/2 Slot/

QoS Deflt Port Act Enabled Trust P/DSCP 3/2 Yes Yes No 0/ ethernet-100 Queues Deflt Tot 4 0 Bandwidth Physical Reserved 0K 0K/ Bandwidth Physical Reserved 100K 0K/ show qos queue QoS queue queue . show qos queue [slot/port] -> show qos queue Slot/ Port VPN QID Pri 3/1 1 0 0 3/1 1 2 2 3/1 1 4 4 4/1 3 0 0 4/1 3 32 2 5/1 33 0 0 Bandwidth Min Max

* * * * * * * * * * 62K 62K Max Bufs * * * * * 128 Max Depth * * * * * 125K Packets Xmit/Drop / / / / / 0/0 (Type/Action) (Default) (Default) (Default) (Default) (Default) (Flood) -> show qos queue 3/1 Slot/ Bandwidth Port VPN QID Pri Min Max 3/1 1 0 0 *

* 3/1 1 2 2 * * 3/1 1 4 4 * * Max Bufs * * * Max Depth * * * Packets Xmit/Drop / / / (Type/Action) (Default) (Default) (Default) 74 Type Type Basic QoS Policies policy action priority QoS flow queuing . policy action action_name priority priority_value policy action action_name no priority action_name Action . priority_value Output . 0-7 .

policy action shared action queue enable . action queue (are not shared). policy action action_name shared policy action action_name no shared action_name Action . policy action minimum bandwidth Policy action . . policy action action_name minimum bandwidth bps policy action action_name no minimum bandwidth action_name Action . bps Bit per second , kbps ( 10000, 10k) . 1000byte , 1 1024byte 1K, 1025 20 48byte 2K . policy action maximum bandwidth Configures a maximum bandwidth value for a policy action. policy action action_name maximum bandwidth bps policy action action_name no maximum bandwidth 75 action_name Action . bps Bit per second , kbps ( 10000, 10k) . 1000byte , 1 1024byte 1K, 1025 20 48byte 2K . policy action maximum buffers policy action queue buffer . policy action action_name maximum buffers max_buffers policy action action_name no maximum buffers action_name Action . max_buffers Action name action queue , 0 2048 . .

Traffic Prioritization Example IP 10.10.4.0 OmniSwitch 7800 route . 1 policy rule condition . condition ip_traffic . action . action high . Policy rule rule1 condition action . -> policy condition ip_traffic source ip 10.10.4.0 mask 255.255.255.0 -> policy action high priority 7 -> policy rule rule1 condition ip_traffic action high Rule qos apply . Rule , 10.10.4.0 flow . 76 Bandwidth Shaping Example source IP address flow queue . condition . condition ip_traffic2 . Policy action flowShape flow . -> policy condition ip_traffic2 source ip 10.10.5.3 -> policy action flowShape maximum bandwidth 1k -> policy rule rule2 condition traffic2 action flowShape Rule qos apply . Rule , source IP address 10.10.5.3 flow 1k . Shared Queues Example queue flow . Flow policy policy action , queue . queue queue flow . flow 5Mbps queue 10Mbps 5Mbps flow . Queue , . 802.1Q tag flow queue policy , queue . flow 801.1Q tag , flow VLAN queue . source IP address policy rule . Policy rule action . source IP address condition(net1, net2) . action(act40) ( action queue .) . policy rule(net1max, net2max) condition act40 . qos apply . -> -> -> -> -> -> policy condition net1 source ip 198.60.82.0 mask 255.255.255.0 policy condition net2 source ip 143.209.92.0 mask 255.255.255.0 policy action act4 maximum bandwidth 40m policy rule net1max condition net1 action act4 policy rule net2max condition net2 action act4 qos apply

flow net1max, net2max , 40Mbps queue . act40 policy action shared . -> policy action act4 shared -> qos apply Flow net1max, net2max , 40Mbps queue . Flow queue , . 77 Network Address Translation policy condition source ip Policy condition source IP address . policy condition condition_name source ip ip_address [mask netmask] policy condition condition_name no source ip condition_name Condition . ip_address Layer 3 flow source IP address. netmask Source IP address mask. policy condition destination ip Policy condition destination IP address . policy condition condition_name destination ip ip_address [mask netmask] policy condition condition_name no destination ip condition_name Condition . ip_address Layer 3 flow destination IP address. netmask Destination IP address mask. policy action source rewrite ip IP . action outgoing flow source IP address . source address condition flow source IP address . policy action action_name source rewrite ip ip_address [mask netmask] policy action action_name no source rewrite ip action_name Action . ip_address

Flow outgoing source IP address IP address. netmask IP address network mask. 78 policy action source rewrite network group IP . action outgoing flow source network group . Action policy rule , source rewrite network group address condition source IP address . policy action action_name source rewrite network group network_group policy action action_name no source rewrite network group action_name Action . network_group Policy network group network group . policy action destination rewrite ip IP . action outgoing flow destination IP address . destination address condition flow destination IP address . policy action action_name destination rewrite ip ip_address [mask netmask] policy action action_name no destination rewrite ip action_name Action . ip_address Flow outgoing destination IP address IP address. netmask IP address network mask. policy action destination rewrite network group IP . action outgoing flow destination network group . Action policy rule , destination rewrite network group address condition destination network group destination IP address . policy action action_name destination rewrite network group network_group policy action action_name no destination rewrite network group action_name Action . network_group Policy network group network group .

79 policy network group Network group name IP address . group policy condition . Condition policy action network group member . policy network group net_group ip_address1 [mask net_mask1] [ip_address2 [mask net_mask2]...] no policy network group net_group policy network group net_group no ip_address [mask netmask] [ip_address2 [mask net_mask2]...] net_group Network group ( 31 ). ip_address1 Network group IP address. net_mask IP address mask. ip_address2 Network group IP address(option). Network group IP address . net_mask IP address mask. policy rule policy rule . Rule condition(incoming ) action (outgoing ) . policy rule rule_name [enable | disable] [condition condition] [action action] no policy rule rule_name rule_name Policy rule . enable|disable Policy rule enable disable. Default enable. condition Rule condition . action Rule action . 80

Basic Network Address Translation Destination rewrite network group destination rewrite IP address action . Source rewrite network group source rewrite IP address . IP (priority, bandwidth shaping ) , source and destination rewrite action . Network Address Translation(NAT) , rewrite group IP address proxy ARP server . Static Address Translation Single Address Example Static address IP address IP address . IP address , workstation , address workstation static address policy . 1 Destination address policy rule . -> policy condition cond4 destination ip 128.110.124.120 -> policy action action2 destination rewrite ip 155.100.39.163 -> policy rule trans_rule1 condition cond4 action action2 Destination address 128.110.124.120 , destination address 155.100.39.163 . 2 Source address rule . -> policy condition cond5 source ip 155.100.39.163 -> policy action action3 source rewrite ip 128.110.124.120 -> policy rule trans_rule2 condition cond5 action action2 Source IP address 155.100.39.163 , source address 128.110.124.120 . 3 rule qos apply . 81 Subnet to Subnet Example IP address (subnet) address group . private 10.0.1.0 ISP public 198.60.82.0 private . address IP address address . condition address policy action address . 1 , 198.60.82.0 incoming policy rule . -> policy condition cond6 destination ip 198.60.82.0 mask 255.255.255.0 -> policy action act6 destination rewrite ip 10.0.1.0 mask 255.255.255.0 -> policy rule incoming cond6 action act6 2 outgoing rule . -> policy condition cond7 source ip 10.0.1.0 mask 255.255.255.0 -> policy action act7 source rewrite ip 198.60.82.0 mask 255.255.255.0 -> policy rule outgoing condition cond7 action act7 3 rule qos apply . Dynamic Address Translation static address address dynamic address

. 82 Dynamic address policy rule . address condition , address address action . TCP/flash/ working UDP private IP address , mapping , Flow rule . NAT rule . -> policy condition internal source ip 10.0.0.0 mask 255.0.0.0 -> policy action external source rewrite ip 143.209.92.42 -> policy rule nat condition internal action external Policy NAT source address 10.0.0.0 internet address 143.209.92.42 . 10.0.0.0 dynamic TCP/flash/ working UDP IP address . rule qos apply . Verifying Basic QoS Policies & NAT policy condition action show policy condition show policy action . show [applied] policy condition [condition_name] show [applied] policy action [action_name] -> show policy condition Condition Name: From pgroup1 cli *IP : 198.60.82.0/255.255.255.0 +c4 cli *IP : 10.11.2.0/255/255/255.0 *TCP : Src -> Any -> Any -> -> Dest Any 600 show policy rule policy rule policy rule

. show [applied] policy rule [rule_name] -> show policy rule Policy my_rule Cnd/Act: From Prec Enab cli 0 Yes cond5 -> action2 Inact Yes Refl No Log No Save Yes +my_rule5 Cnd/Act: cli 0 Yes cond2 -> pri2 No No No Yes active(enable) policy rule show active policy rule . 83 13 Diagnosing Switch Problems Port Mirroring port mirroring enable, disable . [no] port mirroring {port_mirror_sessionid} {enable | disable} port_mirror_session . id enable|disable enable disable, disable.

port mirroring source destination source destination , enable, disable . port mirroring {port_mirror_sessionid} source slot/port destination slot/port [unblocked vlan_id] [enable | disable] port_mirror_session . id slot/port . enable|disable enable disable, disable. , source(mirrored) destination(mirroring) VLAN . ( ) destination source . . source . destination disable . Quick Steps for Configuring Port Mirroring 1 . ID, source destination , unblocked VLAN ID( VLAN RMON probe source , STP VLAN unblock .) . -> port mirroring 6 source 2/3 destination 6/4 unblocked 750 84 2 enable . -> port mirroring 6 enable 3 disable ( enable . disable .) . -> port mirroring 6 disable -> no port mirroring 6 Verifying Port Mirroring show port mirroring status . show port mirroring status {port_mirror_sessionid} -> show port mirroring status 6 +---------+----------+----------+----------+------------+ Session Mirrored Mirroring Mirroring Mirroring slot/port slot/port Vlan Status +---------+----------+----------+----------+------------+ 6. 1/14 1/16 5

OFF 85 Switch Health health threshold Input , input/flash/ working output , , CPU . , Health Monitoring NMS trap . health threshold [{rx | txrx | memory | cpu} percentage | temperature degrees] rx | txrx | memory | cpu Input , input/flash/ working output , memory, CPU . percent(0-100) , 80%. degrees (Celsius ) . 50. health interval Health . health interval seconds seconds ( ). 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 10, 12, 15, 20, 30 , 5. Quick Steps for Configuring Switch Health 1 Health . -> show health threshold 2 . Rx Threshold = 80 TxRx Threshold = 80 Memory Threshold = 80 CPU Threshold = 80 Temperature Threshold = 50 3 . health . -> health threshold memory 85 -> health statistics reset 86 Verifying Port Mirroring health show health . show health [slot/port] [statistics] -> show health * - current value exceeds threshold Device 1 Min 1 Hr 1 Hr Resources Limit Curr Avg Avg Max

----------------+-------+-----+------+-----+-----+------Receive 80 01 01 01 01 Transmit/Receive 80 01 01 01 01 Memory 80 66 66 66 66 CPU 80 41 40 32 30 Temperature Cmm 50 33 33 33 33 Temperature Cmm Cpu 50 32 32 32 32 -> show health 4/3 * - current value exceeds threshold Port 04/03 1 Min 1 Hr 1 Hr Resources Limit Curr Avg Avg Max ----------------+-------+-----+-------+-----+------Receive 80 01 01 01 01 Transmit/Receive 80 01 01 01

01 health show health threshold , show health threshold [rx | txrx | memory | cpu | temperature] health show health interval . 87 Monitoring Memory debug memory monitor Memory enable disable . debug memory monitor {enable | disable} enable | disable Memory enable disable, disable. debug memory monitor show log Memory log . debug memory monitor show log [global | task | size] Quick Steps for Configuring Switch Health 1 Memory enable . disable . -> debug memory monitor enable 2 Memory log . -> debug memory monitor show log Task Memory Memory Addr of OS func Calling Previous Name Comments Addr Size OS call Called Function Caller ---------+--------+-------+------+---------+---------+---------+-----------tssApp_2* TCB Stac 00ca1550 20680 0013a180 objAllocEx taskSpawn ssAppChild tssApp_2* Vx B Sem 02317ca8 28 001374d0 objAlloc pipe ssAppChild tssApp_2* Vx B Sem 02317f78 28 001374d0 objAlloc pipe ssAppChild tssApp_2* 0107be78 5121 0012cfc8 malloc pipe ssAppChild tssApp_2* 023182b0 16 0012cfa8 malloc pipe ssAppChild tssApp_2* 024fdc90 9

00105fb0 malloc pipe ssAppChild tssApp_2* 016d6548 288 000af228 malloc ssAppChild mip_msg_qu CliShell0 Vx C Sem 035fe590 28 0011f038 semCCreate zcSelect mip_msg_do 3 memory monitor show log task . 88

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