The Romantic Period Triumph of Imagination over Reason Dont let the word romantic fool you! K.J. Historical/CORBIS Romanticism is not related to love, romance novels, or Valentines Day. What Is Romanticism? Romanticism is a philosophical, literary, and artistic
movement that developed during the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries as a reaction against neoclassicism. Neoclassicism valued Romanticism valued reason emotion
order imagination harmony intuition restraint freedom
balance beauty of nature The Beginning of Romanticism As a philosophical movement Romanticism began with the French Revolution in 1789. As a literary movement Romanticism began with the 1798 publication of Lyrical Ballads, with a Few Other Poems by William Wordsworth and Samuel Taylor Coleridge.
As an artistic movement Romanticism began in the 1760s and 1770s as British artists began painting nontraditional subjects and experimenting with light and shade. A Philosophical Movement Romanticism is the idea that imagination and naturalness should be celebrated ones emotions and sense of will and identity should guide actions nature is transformativethe human mind and nature
mirror the others creative properties individual liberties are essential and rebelling against tyranny is good people should question tradition and imagine better ways to live A Literary Movement Romantic literature expresses personal experiences and emotions in simple, unadorned language favors the lyric poem for expression of feelings, self-revelations, and imagination often turns to a magical past or inner dream world celebrates the beauty and majesty of nature
redefines the role of the poet as a man speaking to men a bard, teacher, and prophet An Artistic Movement Romantic art reflects landscapes and the beauty of the natural world emphasizes emotions, inspiration, and a dreamlike quality National Gallery Collection; By kind permission of the Trustees of the National Gallery, London/CORBIS
usually omits scenes of industry Sun Rising Through Vapour: Fishermen Cleaning and Selling Fish probably before 1808 by Joseph Mallord William Turner What Paved the Way for Romanticism? Revolution paved the way. The British Industrial Revolution (17601830) The French Revolution (17891799)
The Industrial Revolution The Industrial Revolution created a miserable world for the working class. It celebrated machinery and progress Mary Evans Picture Library resulted in overcrowded cities, deplorable living conditions, and miserable working conditions The Industrial Revolution
Romantic writers responded to the Industrial Revolution by emphasizing the power of imagination as a force for change the beauty and restorative powers of nature The French Revolution The beginning of the French Revolution signaled the demise of tyranny and the rise of democratic principles gave the Romantics hope that the world could change Romantic writers responded to the French Revolution
by emphasizing individual liberty the need to question tradition and authority The French Revolution However, the Romantics optimism was displaced by disillusionment as the revolution turned more violent and Napoleon Bonaparte took power first as a dictator and then as emperor of France England instituted repressive measures to keep radical
principles and the revolutionary fever from spreading Some Romantic Poets William Wordsworth (17701850) Lines Composed a Few Miles Above Tintern Abbey Samuel Taylor Coleridge (17721834) The Rime of the Ancient Mariner George Gordon, Lord Byron (17881824) She Walks in Beauty
John Keats (17951821) Ode to a Nightingale Romantic Legacies Poetry and prose continue to use the everyday speech of common people. The poet is still viewed as a creative individual whose work speaks to readers. People are concerned about the impact of industry on the environment and quality of life. What Have You Learned?
1. Romanticism is _____________ movement. a. a literary b. an artistic c. a philosophical d. all of the above 2. Romantic writers valued a. reason
b. order c. imagination d. balance 3. The Industrial Revolution and French Revolution influenced the Romantic movement. a. true b. false
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