Pre/ Post Trip Inspections Customer Training Topic Ryder Fleet Risk Services Introduction Driver vehicle inspections are an important part of the overall safe operation of a commercial vehicle. A quality pre-trip inspection can identify defective equipment before it fails. This saves the driver, his company and expensive roadside repairs, down time and fines. Repairing a flat tire at the home terminal results in a much faster and less expensive repair vs. having the tire repaired at an interstate weigh station. A proper pre-trip inspection will help you to avoid being placed out of service during a DOT roadside inspection. Proprietary and Confidential Purpose Pre/ Post trip inspections must be conducted to: Prevent accidents caused by vehicle deficiencies.
Ensure the vehicle is in safe operating condition. Prevent loss to persons and property. Meet regulatory requirements of the US DOT and Canada. Proprietary and Confidential Regulations The following regulations pertain to vehicle inspections: Part 392 Driving of Commercial Motor Vehicles Part 393 Parts & Accessories Necessary for Safe Operation*** 392.7 Equipment, Inspection and Use 392.8 Emergency Equipment, Inspection and Use 392.9 Inspection of Cargo,
Cargo Securement Devices and Systems All subparts are applicable to vehicle inspections These include (but not limited to) lighting devices, reflective devices, brakes, windows, coupling devices, tires, steering, body components, etc. Proprietary and Confidential 4 Regulations (cont.) The following regulations pertain to vehicle inspections: Part 396 Inspection, Repair, and Maintenance***
Part 399 Employee Safety & Health Standards All subparts are applicable to vehicle inspections These include (but not limited to) driver inspections vehicle repairs and vehicle maintenance These include (but not limited to) truck and tractor access requirements, vehicle steps and handholds Proprietary and Confidential 5
While Approaching the Vehicle While approaching the vehicle, ask yourself these questions: Does anything look out of place? Do you see any damage? Is there anything in the surrounding area? Is the vehicle sagging? Is the cargo secured? Are there any leaks or fluids on the ground? Are there any low hanging wires or tree branches? Proprietary and Confidential Inspection Overview Proper inspections will identify if the vehicle/s systems and parts are working, failing, and/or missing All drivers should perform 3 types of inspections: Pre-Trip Inspection On-The-Road Inspection
Post-Trip Inspection Proprietary and Confidential 7 Inspection Overview (cont.) The 11 step pre-trip inspection process includes these components: Vehicle Overview Engine Compartment Inside the Cab Lights Walk Around Signal Lights Brake System Proprietary and Confidential
8 Pre-trip Inspection This figure displays the recommended sequence for inspection See subsequent slides for detailed information on each step Proprietary and Confidential Pre-trip Inspection Step 1 Start the pre-trip when approaching vehicle. The driver should: Establish that this is the proper vehicle for inspection Check for visible leaks, and determine if the vehicle is level. Step 1 Engine Compartment The driver should check the following items on both sides of the tractor engine compartment:
The driver should check the following items on the drivers side of the tractor engine compartment: fire wall (wiring, hoses, fluids, etc.) air conditioner compressor & hoses coolant hoses
power steering reservoir (fluid and hoses) radiator tank (coolant level) steering box water pump radiator and fan
air compressor filters (air drier, fuel/water separator) ECM (Electronic Control Module) or throttle linkage suspension (hangers, u-bolts, leaves) shock absorbers
steering linkage brakes (air line, chamber, push rod, slack adjuster, drum, shoes) The driver should check the following items on the passengers side of the tractor engine compartment: alternator belts
oil leaks oil level (dip stick, filler cap) rim/wheel seal (inside) air cleaner/"FilterMinder" tires (inner sidewall, face, tread, outer sidewall)
exhaust system (manifold, turbocharger, etc.) outside rim (lugs, oil level) Proprietary and Confidential Pre-trip Inspection Step 2 Step 2 Driver side of the tractor (opposite side of step 4) The driver should inspect the following items : mirrors and windows vehicle identification (name/address, motor carrier number, fuel decals) door operation, grab handles compartments, emergency equipment fuel tank (damage, straps, cap, fuel level)
steps lights (park, turn, reflectors) hood latch equipment damage Proprietary and Confidential Pre-trip Inspection Step 3 Step 3 Front of tractor The driver should inspect these items on the front of the tractor: fairing lights (clearance/ID) antennas windshield/wipers lights (headlights [high and low beams], turn, four-ways, park) license plate/ID number Proprietary and Confidential
Pre-trip Inspection Step 4 Step 4 Passenger side of the tractor (opposite side as step 2) The driver should inspect the following items : mirrors and windows vehicle identification (name/address, motor carrier number, fuel decals) door operation, grab handles compartments, emergency equipment fuel tank (damage, straps, cap, fuel level) steps lights (park, turn, reflectors) hood latch equipment damage Proprietary and Confidential Pre-trip Inspection Step 5 Step 5 Rear of the tractor The driver should inspect the following items in the outside rear area of the
tractor: fairing exhaust system transmission, drive shaft air/electrical lines frame/catwalk Proprietary and Confidential Pre-trip Inspection Step 6 Step 6 Coupling system of the tractor (passenger side) The driver should inspect the following items in the coupling system area from the passenger side of the vehicle: fifth wheel (lower coupler, mounting bracket, slider) differential suspension (springs, air bags, etc.) wheel ends brakes (air lines, foundation parts)
lugs mud flaps back-up alarm rims axle seals wheel ends, including tires (inner/outer, side-walls, face, between inflation) king pin/locking jaws lights (tail, stop, turn, four-way) Proprietary and Confidential Pre-trip Inspection Step 7,8,9 Steps 7, 8 and 9 Sides and rear of trailer The driver should inspect the following items on the drivers side, passengers side and rear of the trailer: equipment damage lights and reflectors landing gear
suspension (springs, air bags, etc.) brakes (foundation parts, air lines, reservoirs) axle seals rims wheel ends, including tires (inner/outer, side-walls, face, between inflation) lugs mud flaps trailer door latch and closureair lines, electrical cord (connection & suspension) Proprietary and Confidential Pre-trip Inspection Step 10 Step 10 Coupling system (driver side) The driver should inspect the following items in the coupling system area from the drivers side of the vehicle: fifth wheel (lower coupler, mounting bracket, slider, release handle and lock) differential brakes (air lines, foundation parts) suspension (springs, air bags, etc.)
axle seals rims wheel ends, including tires (inner/outer, side-walls, face, between inflation) lugs air lines, electrical cord (connection & suspension) Proprietary and Confidential Pre-trip Inspection Step 11 Step 11 Inside the tractor On the left side, the driver should inspect the following items: air horn window mirrors (clean and adjusted) DVCR (Driver Vehicle Condition Report) paperwork (permit book, etc.) fire extinguisher seat belt
Proprietary and Confidential Pre-trip Inspection Final Step Final Step The driver should perform proper engine start procedures and then check the following items: warning lights gauges (especially ammeter/volt meter, oil pressure) back-up alarm While in the tractor, the driver should perform the following air brake checks: static air loss (less than 3 PSI per minute for combination vehicles.) pressurized air loss (less than 4 PSI per minute for combination vehicles) low air warning device (must come on when air pressure falls below 60 PSI.) emergency brake system park brake ( should pop out when pressure is in the 20-40 PSI range.) service brake trailer brake
Proprietary and Confidential Post trip inspection (cont.) Posttrip inspections serve the purpose of requiring drivers to have defective equipment repaired before starting the next day. Regulations require that any deficiency that would affect the safe operation of the vehicle must be repaired before the vehicle can be driven again. To continue running with an unsafe vehicle is a safety hazard no one can afford. Drivers must conduct post-inspection as required in: U.S. FMCSR 396.11 & 396.13 Canadian CNSCR 575, Part 1,2 Proprietary and Confidential 20 Post-Trip Inspections
FMCSR Part 396.11 Driver Vehicle Inspection Reports: Every driver shall prepare a report in writing at the completion of each days work on each vehicle operated and the report shall cover at least the following parts and accessories: Service brakes Parking brakes Lighting devices and reflectors Tires Horn Windshield wipers Rear vision mirrors Coupling devices Wheels and rims Emergency equipment Proprietary and Confidential
21 Documentation Ryder uses the Driver Vehicle Inspection Report, Form No. S4-09 to fulfill the reporting requirements. Are you using this form or something similar? These reports/ forms must be retained for three months from the date the report was written. The form requires three signatures when defects are noted: Driver Signature - when vehicle is brought in Ryder Employee Signature - certifying repairs
Driver Acknowledgement - when vehicle is taken out. Driver review to ensure that the vehicle repairs have been completed Proprietary and Confidential Recommendations & Tips Establish a routine. A consistent step-by-step process will allow you to complete the inspection faster and more efficiently. Inspections are only useful if the vehicle defects/ deficiencies are noted and corrected. If problems are found, notify someone. It is OK to double check or triple check the pre/post trip inspection items if you are unsure of what you previously checked. Inspect yourself (how are you feeling? How is your attitude? Are you distracted?) Ensure your cab is clean and secure all loose items.
Proprietary and Confidential Safety Precautions Do not get under, in front of or behind the vehicle if there is any chance of it moving. Keep the ignition key under his control at all times. Use wheel chocks on inclines. Use three points of contact while entering and exiting the vehicle.
Never jump out of or off of, a vehicle or a trailer. Be alert and conscious to other vehicles traveling in the surrounding the area Select a safe and clear location to do the inspection. Proprietary and Confidential Compliance, Safety, Accountability (CSA) Vehicle Pre/ Post Trip Inspections are directly related to the Vehicle Maintenance and Cargo BASICS.
Roadside inspectors will hold drivers accountable for vehicle deficiencies, it is important for drivers to find the problems before roadside inspectors do. Although YOU may be confident with minor defects with the vehicle, roadside inspectors will not be as confident or forgiving. Proper pre/ post trip inspections will significantly reduce the chances of receiving violations during roadside inspections. Proprietary and Confidential Quiz 1. All drivers should perform which type of inspection(s)? A. Pre-Trip Inspection B. Post-Trip Inspection C. On-The-Road Inspection D. All the above 2. True or False? An important part of any Pre/Post-Trip inspection is ensuring the cab is clean and all items are secure.
3. Pre/Post-trip inspections must be conducted to: A. Prevent accidents caused by vehicle deficiencies B. Ensure the vehicle is in safe operating condition C. Prevent losses to persons and property D. Meet regulatory requirements of the U.S. DOT and Canada E. All the above Proprietary and Confidential Quiz (cont.) 4. If a deficiency is found during a pre/post-trip inspection you should: A. Continue driving the vehicle if capable B. Call the DOT C. Note the deficiency on the DVCR and notify the shop D. Try to fix it yourself 5. True or False? When entering or exiting a vehicle you should always do it as quickly as possible.
6. When testing the air brake system, the low pressure warning device should sound when the air pressure is below: A. 100 PSI B. 1,000 PSI C. 65 PSI D. 60 PSI Proprietary and Confidential Quiz (cont..) 7. True or False? To control the hazardous energy during a Pre/Post-Trip inspection, you should disconnect the air system from the trailer. 8. When doing an inspection of the suspension system, what items should you inspect? A. Hangers B. U Bolts C. Leaf Springs D. Shock Absorbers
E. All the above Proprietary and Confidential Quiz (cont) 9. When testing the air brake system, the parking brake should pop out when the air pressure drops below: A. 20 PSI B. 40 PSI C. 92 PSI D. 5 PSI 10.What equipment must be verified in the cab in case of an emergency? A. Flashlight B. Fire Extinguisher C. Aspirin D. Three reflective triangles E. Both B and D
Proprietary and Confidential Quiz Answers 1. D 2. True 3. E 4. C 5. False 6. D 7. True 8. E 9. A 10.E Proprietary and Confidential Question or Comments?
Proprietary and Confidential Additional Information - Ryder Safety Services Rydersafetyservices.com offers solutions to help you operate safely and remain in compliance, whether you run vehicles, manage warehouses, hire drivers, or maintain your own fleet. Fleet safety equipment Compliance support services Driver Qualification Files Drug and Alcohol Testing Log Auditing Safety Training Materials at a discounted price JJ Keller ProTread On-line Driver Training And Much More! Proprietary and Confidential
Additional Information on Rules and Regulations This document is intended to be a guide on applicable rules and regulations. Although it may be used as a guide/reference for your training needs, this document is not intended to be used as the standard for FMCSA rules and regulations. Additional information can be found on the FMCSA website. The FMCSA website will contain the most accurate and upto-date information on any and all applicable rules and regulations. http://www.fmcsa.dot.gov Proprietary and Confidential
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