To Kill A Mockingbird - Lincoln Park

To Kill A Mockingbird - Lincoln Park

To Kill A Mockingbird A True Classic By Harper Lee Harper Lee and Her Novel Family of Harper Lee Born: April 28, 1926 in Monroeville, Alabamareal name Nelle Harper Lee Parents: Amasa (father) Frances Cunningham Finch (mother) Father: lawyer and served in the Alabama Legislature Siblings of Harper Lee

Youngest of four children Sister: Alice was a lawyer and practiced with her father Sister: Louise married Hank Conner and had two children Brother: Edwin Coleman married Sara Anne McCall and had two children Education of Harper Lee

Youngest of four childreneducated at Monroeville public schools Attended Huntingdon College 1944-45 Studied law at the University of Alabama 1945-49 Studied one year at Oxford University Employment of Harper Lee Worked as a reservation clerk with Eastern Air Lines and British Overseas Airline Company in 1950s Gave up job to focus on her writing

Divided her time between NYC and Monroeville Friends Growing Up Growing up loved to write Truman Capote was her neighbor Born Sept. 30, 1924 Died Aug. 25, 1984 Wrote Breakfast at Tiffanys (1955) and In Cold Blood (1966) Spent summers in Monroeville

Writing the Novel Compiled the story Submitted it for publishing to J.B. Lippincott Company Urged to rewrite because too much like a group of short stories rather than a novel Worked with an editor for two and a half years to rewrite Resubmitted in 1960

The Novels Reception Published July 1960 Placed on best seller list for 85 weeks straight Printed in ten languages Became book of the month Became a Readers Digest condensed book Paperback of the year in 1962 Won the Pulitzer Prize To the Big Screen

Made into a movie Gregory Peck won the Academy Award for his role as Atticus Finch Mary Badham Wilt played Scout Nominated for Best Supporting Actress at age ten, but lost to Patty Duke Movie Cast

Dill: John Menga Miss Maudie: Rosemary Murphy Mrs. Dubose: Ruth White Tom Robinson: Brock Peters Calpurnia: Estelle Evans Mayella: Colin Wilcox Paxton Bob Ewell: James Anderson Aunt Stephanie: Alice Ghostley Boo: Robert Duvall Nathan: Richard Hale Jem: Philip Alford

Novels Background The novel is based on the following: National events Specific people Personal experience National Events Scottsboro Trial

Alleged gang rape of two white girls Nine black teenagers accused Southern freight train from Chattanooga to Memphis March 25, 1931 April 9, 1931nine were sentenced to death Mistrial for the ninth because of his youth Executions suspended because of appeals November 7, 1932 US Supreme Court ordered new trials because they had not had adequate legal representation Maycomb is Like Monroeville

Truman Capote was Dill Atticus was based on Harpers dad Calpurnia was similar to Hattie Belle Clausell the negro woman who helped Harper Lees mom The Radley family was similar to the Boleware family who lived on the same street at Harpers familytheir son got into trouble with the law and was kept inside under the fathers watch very similar to Boo Stores in the book are like those in Monroevillethe courthouse was at the center of the town square in both places Monroeville Today Monroeville, the county seat of Monroe County, was named, like the county, for U. S.

President James Monroe. The land was originally held by Creek Indians. Total size of the county is 1,019 square miles, the ninth largest of-Alabama's counties. In and Around Monroeville Today Concepts from the Novel Legal Aspects

Prosecution: The state of Alabama (Mr. Gilmer) Defense: Tom Robinson (Defendant) Atticus Finch (lawyer) Judge: Mr. Taylor Jury: all white men who are farmers and uneducated Court: old worn down inside and outside mighty Greek columnsopposites Witness: testifies to what he/she saw Summation: closing remarks Evidence: eye witness accountno doctor Bench: where the judge sits Flowers of the South

Holly Collards Camellias Azaleas Cotton Chinaberries Dewberries Pecan tree Cannas

Mimosa Kudzu Hickory nuts Scuppernongs Wisteria Geraniums Gardenias Johnson grass Camellias Scuppernon gs Chinaberries Foods of the South

Collards Hickory nuts Fried chicken Scuppernongs Lemonade Pound cake Lane cake

Ice cream Ham Summer vegetables Peach pickles Ambrosia Biscuits and butter Cornbread Pork and beans

Fried pork chops Coca cola Sardines Crackers Nehi cola Potato salad Pickled pigs knuckles Charlotte Dewberry tarts Cookies Divinity Angel food cake Biscuits and gravy Butterbeans Culture of the 1930s

People Art Amelia Earhart1st woman to fly solo across Atlantic Jessie OwensAfrican American athlete...4 gold medals in track and field 1936Olympics Berlin Mt. Rushmore completed by Gutzon Borglum Jason Pollock artist

Empire State Building, Chrysler Building, Rockefeller Center Education School terms shortened because depression led to short money supplytaxes Dick and Jane books Culture Continued Fashion and Fads

Hobbystamp collecting Monopoly20, 000 sets sold in a week in 1935 Lou Gehrig and Joe DiMaggio Zipper used in clothes Literature Writers F. Scott Fitzgerald Hemingway Steinbeck

Wilder Music Duke Ellington Benny Goodman Glenn Miller 1931 Star Spangled Banner Culture Continued Radio

Science/Technology 80% people owned one by 1939 Jack Benny ShowLone Rangersoap operasThe Shadow NY Worlds Fair 1939 World of Tomorrow Einstein immigrated to US in 1933 professor at Princeton Better refrigeration Nylon made 1938 photocopying started Theater and Film

Hollywood flourished Clark GableBette DavisShirley Temple Gone with the Wind Culture Continued Dick and Jane Reader: Popular basal reader Written by Zerna Sharp

1930-1970 Relied on sight reading and repetition....ignored phonics Stories about family life 1965 integration of school....characters changed Main original characters Jane Dick Spot Mom Dad Characters Atticus Finch

Ideal view of justice Understands true worth of people whether black or white Doesnt allow prejudice to get in the way Teaches his children well Wants his kids to be compassionate and understanding of all people His sister doesnt agree with all his beliefs Central figurehis name is a term that refers to greatness and it implies learning, culture, and heroism

Source of strength and help Has a sense of integrity Characters Scout Finch Jean Louise Narrator Innocent young child6 to 9 years old

Open-minded Learns the complexities of life Gains understanding Nickname because she is the scout of Maycomb Tomboy Idolizes her father A bit bossy Smartquick thinking Characters Jem Finch Jeremy Older brother Grows upchanges the most

10 years old to 13 Acts similar to Atticus Characters Calpurnia Black cook and housekeeper for the Finch family Link between the black and white worlds Raises the Finch childrendisciplines them Learned to read and write from old law books Characters Dill Harris

Real name Charles Baker Harris From Meridian, Mississippi Play companion of Jem and Scout Comes to Maycomb each summer to his aunts house, Miss Rachel Has no father and is unwanted by his motherlonely Looks like a misfit Has a talent for telling tales from books and movies Enthralled by the Radley house and family Characters

Boo Radley Neighbor to the Finch family Has not been outside in many yearsstories surround himstabbing father with scissors Symbol of kindness and bravery Phantom.hence his name He seems to be the town freak but has a greater sense of values Foils Bob Ewells plan of attack Kids learn that he is very different than they imagine

Characters Miss Maudie Kids favorite neighbor Supports Atticus and what he does Widow in her forties Serves as a role model for Scout Makes cakes House burns Well respected Characters

Aunt Alexandra Atticuss younger sister Is at odds with Atticus and his beliefs Is preoccupied with family and the reputation Comes to help turn Scout into a lady Characters Miss. Stephanie Crawford Prejudice Town gossip Spreads rumors about Boo Radley

Characters Mrs. Dubose Old neighbor Kids think that she is mean Taunts and frightens the kids Struggles at the end to free herself of the morphine addiction Characters Bob Ewell

Poor farmer Makes no attempt to live with dignity Often abuses his 8 children Unemployed drunk Dependent on town charity Lives in squalor next to the town dump Angry man Characters Mayella Ewell Bob Ewells 19 year old daughter

Has no friends Lonely Kind but not smart Characters Tom Robinson African American who is wrongfully accused of raping Mayella Strong, handsome and in his twenties Has a wife Helen and 3 kids Described as clean living Works for Link Deas

Hand crippled from cotton gin accident Miss. Caroline Fisher Teacher Twenty-one Looks like a peppermint Bright auburn hair From North Alabama The Cunningham's

Walter goes to school with Scout The crash hit them the hardest Country folk Farmers Paid for thigs with what they hadhickory nuts Setting Imaginary district of Maycomb County Southern Alabama

Summer of 1933 to Halloween 1935 Grips of the Depression Rural areafarmscrops meager Poor Progress is slow The Radley House Old Run down Rain rotted shingles Mysterious Family.Mr. and Mrs. And Nathan and

Arthur Two live oaks stood at the end of the property Downtown Maycomb Tyndalls Hardware Ok Caf Maycomb Tribune Hotel

Maycomb Jail Mayco Drug Store Sinkfield Tavern Maycomb Bank VJ Elmore Store Post Office Court House Other Places Around Maycomb Barkers Eddyoff Meridian Highwayabout a mile from town Fish pool

Town Dump Ewell House Negro Settlement Tom Robinsons house First Purchase African ME Church Other Residents of Maycomb

Cecil Jacobs Mr. Avery Mrs. Merriweather Mrs. Crenshaw Miss Tutti and Frutti Judge Taylor Heck Tate Mr. Underwood Mr. Gilmer Dr. Reynolds Dolphus Raymond Link Deas Caroline Fisher

Reverend Sykes Zeebo Rachel Haverford Helen Robinson Lula Walter Cunningham Sr. Walter Cunningham, Jr. Mr. Harry Johnson Point of View

Scout Finch is the narratorthe reader sees the story through a childs eyes She uses adult language Perceptive, independent child 1st person Themes Prejudice

White and black community is separate Most white people believe they are superior to the blacks Prejudice leads to hypocrisy Characters who want change and tolerance are seen as odd Sexism is a form of prejudiceScout is admonished for not being a lady Themes Understanding Atticus teaches Jem and Scout to be tolerant of others Seeing life from a different perspective

walking in someone else's shoes Children learn to accept behavior of others Mrs. Dubose and Boo Radley Themes Loss of Innocence Scout in the beginning is innocent and by the end of the novel has maturedbilundgsroman Scout outgrows childish ways Jem grows up as well Trial of Tom and especially the outcome teaches Scout and Jem about the harsh realities of life

Themes Courage Jem shows courage by touching the house Atticus shoots the rabid dog Scout learns not to fight with her fists instead uses her mindmoral courage Atticus takes on the case Mrs. Dubose overcomes addiction and faces death on her own terms Boo comes out of the house

Themes Justice and Law Atticus has faith in the justice system Court outside description vs. inside Judge Taylor does his best to give Tom a fair trial Heck Tate does not decide to pursue Bob Ewells death shows his belief in natural justice/ let the dead bury the dead Symbols

Fire at Miss Maudies house burns out of control just as racism does in Maycomb The rabid dog needs to be shot down in one shot just as racism does, and Atticus must do it Boos name ghost Boo and Tom are the mockingbirdsymbol of innocence Jail symbolizes anything that is out of date Style

Formmany episodes are interwoven together Book begins and ends with the description of Jems broken arm Two stories/parts Boo and the mystery to get him out of the house and the trial Simple sentence structure and diction Dialectcharacteristic speech of the region Ironycontrast between reality and what appears to be real Foreshadowingclue to events to come Humorlends a light touch Life in Maycomb

Exhibits values and attitudes of the deep South Social status depends on family background Religion is important School system and lessons not received as important Educated Whites Finch Family Cunningham'spoor

Whites Ewellspoortrash Blacks General Plotline Introductioncharacters and town are presented Rising.fascination with the Radley family and the trial Climaxverdict FallingToms escape and result Conclusionwhat happens to Bob Ewell and the kids Plot Diagram

Is the novel outdated? You Decide Pro Con Harper Lee Years Later For years Harper has lived in Monroeville and New York City On May 7, 2006 Lee wrote about her love of books in a letter to Oprah which was published in the Oprah magazine, O, on

July 2006 On November 5, 2007 she was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom Gregory Peck's wife attended the ceremony Bush called Lee's book a gift to the world Harper leads a private life with emphasis on church and community work

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