Tramway Carbon Sequestration and Crp Project

Tramway Carbon Sequestration and Crp Project

TRAMWAY CARBON SEQUESTRATION AND CRP PROJECT BRIAN KUMMET FEE LANDS FORESTER NEZ PERCE TRIBAL FORESTRY Aboriginal Use Area Ceded Territory 1863 Reservation Clearwater River SOIL TYPES AND ACRES BY PLANTING UNIT SOIL TYPE Nez Perce Silty Clay Loam Nez Perce - Uhlorn Complex Uhlorn - Vollmer Complex Driscoll Silt Loam Southwick - Driscoll Complex Joel - Setters Complex Klickson - Hooverton Assoc. Southwick Silt Loam Watama Flybow Complex Wilkins Silt Loam Gwin - Vollmer Complex TOTALS 1 72.20 2 5.60 23.67

9.30 3 2.70 4 11.50 30.91 11.40 77.48 0.31 5 STAND NUMBER 6 7 12.42 11.40 8 1.40 2.30 3.30 9 44.30 10 4.90 11 12 16.57 6.20

0.20 7.60 18.00 5.10 7.60 18.00 0.55 0.06 9.15 6.90 7.16 72.20 0.79 39.36 2.70 138.50 12.76 12.42 11.40 1.95 76.28 Total Acres 166.42

23.67 30.91 56.07 96.28 0.31 0.55 0.06 16.05 7.16 0.79 398.27 TRAMWAY - CARBON SEQUESTRATION PROPOSAL CALCULATIONS Estimations on the amount of Carbon or Co2 equivalents sequestered have been calculated by grouping the 15 different soil types within the project area into 3 productivity groups as follows: - Highly Productive Soils = Capable of producing over 501 Bd. Ft./acre/yr. - Moderately Productive Soils = Capable of producing 301 500 Bd.Ft./acre/yr. - Low Productive Soils = Capable of Producing less than 300 Bd. Ft./acre/yr. For simplicity of calculations and conservative estimation purposes, the above classes will be separated by 150 Bd. Ft./acre/yr. and the approx. midpoint of each range will be used for all acreages within the respective productivity group. Total acres by Productivity Class are as follows: High: 425 acres Moderate: 105 acres Low: 117 acres 647 acres within Project Area Highly Productive Soils:

550 Bd.Ft./acre/yr. x 425 acres = 233,750 Bd.Ft/yr. 233,750 x 80 yrs. = 18,700,000 Bd.Ft. over 80 yrs. 18,700,000 Bd.Ft. / 4.3 Bd.Ft./Cu.Ft. = 4,348,837 Cu.Ft. Moderately Productive Soils: 400 Bd.Ft./acre/yr. x 105 acres = 42,000 Bd.Ft./yr. 42,000 x 80 yrs. = 3,360,000 Bd.Ft. over 80 yrs. 3,360,000 Bd.Ft. / 4.3 Bd.Ft./Cu.Ft. = 781,395 Cu.Ft. Low Productive Soils: 250 Bd.Ft./acre/yr. x 117 acres = 29,250 Bd.Ft./yr. 29,250 x 80 yrs. = 2,340,000 Bd.Ft. over 80 yrs. 2,340,000 Bd.Ft. / 4.3 Bd.Ft./Cu.Ft. = 544,186 Cu.Ft. 4,348,837 Cu.Ft. 781.395 Cu.Ft. 544,186 Cu.Ft. 5,674,418 Cu.Ft. Total for Project Area over 80 years 5,674,418 Cu.Ft. x 25.96 Specific Gravity Factor 147,307,891 x 2.25 Biomass Factor 331,442,755 x 0.512 Carbon Factor 169,698,690 ~ 169,700,000 lbs. of Carbon in the trees alone 169,700,000 2,204 lbs./metric ton 76,996 Metric Tons of Carbon in the Trees alone (30% of Carbon on Site) ** Soil Carbon will be calculated into the total amount of Carbon Sequestered on site due to the fact that the project area has been tilled for agriculture for numerous years and very little Carbon remains in the soil. 76,996 Metric Tons of Carbon in the Trees alone is anticipated to be sequestered on site over an 80 year period (282,575 Metric Tons of C02 equivalents) TRAMWAY - CARBON SEQUESTRATION PROPOSAL

SOIL - PHYSICAL & CHEMICAL PROPERTIES Soil Names or Complexes: Highly Productive Soils Group: Nez Perce Silty Clay Loam Nez Perce-Uhlorn Complex: Uhlorn Soil Uhlorn-Vollmer Complex: Vollmer Soil Driscoll Silt Loam Depth (inches) Moist Bulk Density(g/cm3) Organic Matter (%) 0-11 11-15 15-21 21-31 31-79 1.10-1.25 1.10-1.25 1.30-1.50 1.20-1.30 1.25-1.40 7.0 5.0 2.0 1.0

0.5 0-7 7-17 17-23 23-55 55-69 1.10-1.30 1.10-1.30 1.20-1.40 1.25-1.50 1.25-1.50 7.0 5.0 1.0 1.0 0.5 0-12 12-28 28-36 36-40 1.20-1.30 1.25-1.40 1.25-1.35 0.00-0.00 5.0 1.0 0.5 0.0 0-13 13-31 31-46

46-60 1.30-1.50 1.45-1.55 1.50-1.55 1.40-1.50 5.0 3.0 2.0 1.0 Depth (inches) Moist Bulk Density(g/cm3) Organic Matter (%) 09 9 26 26-32 32-46 46-64 1.15-1.45 1.25-1.50 1.35-1.55 1.60-1.70 1.45-1.65 5.0 2.0 1.0 0.5 0.5

Joel-Setters Complex 0-18 18-25 25-66 1.20-1.35 1.25-1.40 1.30-1.50 5.0 2.0 1.0 Klickson-Hooverton Association 0-7 7-15 15-36 36-61 1.10-1.20 1.15-1.30 1.26-1.45 1.25-1.45 5.0 3.0 1.0 0.5 Southwick Silt Loam 09 9 26 26-32 32-46

46-64 1.15-1.45 1.25-1.50 1.35-1.55 1.60-1.70 1.45-1.65 5.0 2.0 1.0 0.5 0.5 Soil Names or Complexes: Moderately Prod. Soils Group: Southwick-Driscoll Complex Depth (inches) Moist Bulk Density(g/cm3) Organic Matter (%) 0-11 11-34 34-38 38-42 1.10-1.25 1.10-1.30 1.20-1.40 0.00-0.00 5.0

3.0 1.0 0.0 Wilkins Silt Loam 0-15 15-20 20-52 52-64 1.10-1.25 1.30-1.50 1.20-1.30 1.25-1.40 6.0 1.0 0.5 0.5 Gwin-Vollmer Complex 0-6 6-12 12-16 1.20-1.35 1.20-1.40 0.00-0.00 3.0 2.0 0.0 Kettenbach-Gwin Complex 0-4

4-10 10-25 25-29 1.10-1.30 1.15-1.35 1.25-1.45 0.00-0.00 4.0 3.0 2.0 0.0 Klickson-Rock Outcrop Complex 0-7 7-15 15-36 36-61 1.10-1.20 1.15-1.30 1.26-1.45 1.25-1.45 5.0 3.0 1.0 0.5 Soil Names or Complexes: Low Prod. Soils Group: Watama-Flybow Complex TRAMWAY - CARBON SEQUESTRATION PROPOSAL SOIL CALCULATIONS Estimations on the amount of Carbon or Co2 equivalents sequestered in the soil have

been calculated by grouping the 15 different soil types within the project area into 3 productivity groups using the major soil type of each productivity class for the estimation, as follows: - Highly Productive Soils = Nez Perce Silty Clay Loam - Moderately Productive Soils = Southwick Driscoll Complex - Low Productive Soils = Watama Flybow Complex For simplicity of calculations, the soils listed above will be calculated by using the average of the Moist Bulk Density range listed in the Physical and Chemical Properties of the Soil Survey. Total acres by Productivity Class are as follows: High: 425 acres Moderate: 105 acres Low: 117 acres 647 acres within Project Area Assumption: Most of C change will occur in the top one ft. of the soil profile Highly Productive Soils: 1st Horizon: 11 inches 2nd Horizon: 1 inch BD = 1.18 OM% = 7 % BD = 1.18 OM% = 5 % Moderately Productive Soils: 1st Horizon: 9 inches 2nd Horizon 3 inches BD = 1.30 BD = 1.38

OM% = 5 % OM% = 2 % Low Productive Soils: 1st Horizon: 11 inches BD = 1.18 2nd Horizon 1 inch BD = 1.2 OM% = 5% OM% = 3% FORMULA: To calculate lbs. of C/acre for each soil horizon (Depth of Soil x 43,560 x 62.4 x Bulk Density) 2,204.6 x (Organic Matter % / 1.7) Whereas: Depth of soil = Depth of horizon in inches divided by 12 inches 43,560 = Number of Sq. feet/acre 62.4 = Weight of 1 cu. Ft. of water 2,204.6 = Number of lbs. in 1 Metric ton 1.7 = Carbon Content Constant Complete this calculation for each horizon in the soil type, to a depth of 12 inches. Total this value and multiply by the number of acres in that soil type. Repeat this process for each soil type in your project. Current status = 140.15 Metric Tonnes C on project area Repeat the above process, this time using an OM % that represents a future, realistic, and conservative goal. The difference between the two calculations will result in the net increase of Carbon predicted due to the project. Tramway Project Net Soil C gain = 13,984 Metric Tonnes C TRAMWAY CARBON CALCULATIONS SOIL TYPE: Nez Perce Silty Clay Loam:

Tree Calculations: Species Acres 0 0 0 166.42 0.00 0.00 TOTALS P. Pine Rotation Age Total Bd.Ft. 80 80 80 166.42 Tree Calculations: Species Acres Current Conditions

Bd. Ft./ acre/yr. Agric. 166.42 Specific Gravity Factor Total Cu.Ft. 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 25.96 25.96 25.96 Biomass Factor 2.25 2.25 2.25 Carbon Factor (%)

Current lbs. of Carbon 0.512 0.512 0.512 Current Metric Tons of Carbon 0 0 0 0.00 0.00 0.00 0 0.00 Estimated or Projected Conditions Bd. Ft./ acre/yr. Acres 500 0 0 166.42 0.00 0.00

TOTALS Rotation Age 80 80 80 166.42 Total Bd.Ft. Total Cu.Ft. 6,656,800 0 0 1,548,093 0 0 6,656,800 1,548,093 Current and Estimated Conditions Moist Bulk Current Estimated Depth Sq. ft. / Density Organic Organic Horizon (Inches) acre

(g/cm3) Matter % Matter % Specific Gravity Factor 25.96 25.96 25.96 Biomass Factor 2.25 2.25 2.25 Estimated lbs. of Carbon Estimated Metric Tons of Carbon 0.512 46,297,146 0.512 0 0.512 0 21,000.25 0.00 0.00 Carbon Factor 46,297,146

21,000.25 Soil Calculations: 1 2 3 11 1 0 TOTALS 12 43,560 43,560 1.18 1.18 0.00 0.070 0.050 0.020 0.100 0.060 0.025 Current Estimated Estimated Carbon Carbon Net Carbon (MT/acre) (MT/acre) Gain/acre 54.91

3.57 0.00 78.45 4.28 0.00 23.53 0.71 0.00 58.48 82.73 24.25 Soil Type Summary: Nez Perce Silty Clay Loam: Above Ground Below Ground TOTALS Current Projected Net Carbon Carbon Carbon Gain (MT/acre) (MT/acre) (MT/acre) 0.00 58.48 126.19 82.73 126.19 24.25

58.48 208.92 150.44 Acres 166.42 166.42 Total Net C Gain (M.Tons) 21,000.25 4,035.33 25,035.58 Acres in Soil Type Type 166.42 166.42 166.42 Total Net Carbon Gain (Metric tons) 3,916.64 118.69 0.00 4,035.33 TRAMWAY CARBON CALCULATIONS SUMMARY Soil Type Acres Nez Perce Silty Clay Loam

166.42 Nez Perce - Uhlorn Complex 23.67 Uhlorn - Vollmer Complex 30.91 Driscoll Silt Loam 56.07 Southwick - Driscoll Complex 96.28 Joel - Setters Complex 0.31 Klickson - Hooverton Assoc. 0.55 Southwick Silt Loam 0.06 Watama Flybow Complex 16.05 Wilkins Silt Loam 7.16 Gwin - Vollmer Complex 0.79 TOTALS 398.27 Current Projected Net Carbon Net Gain Total Net Total Net Gain Carbon Carbon Gain Co2 Equivalents Carbon Gain Co2 Equivalents (M.tons/acre) (M.tons/acre) (M.tons/acre) (M.tons/acre) (metric tons) (metric tons) 58.48 208.92 150.44 552.10 25,035.58 91,880.57

53.67 198.71 145.05 532.32 3,433.22 12,599.90 45.33 198.71 153.39 562.92 4,741.15 17,400.00 50.77 211.20 160.43 588.80 8,995.58 33,013.78 40.36 161.74 121.38 445.47 11,686.56 42,889.67 46.42 162.15 115.73 424.73 35.88 131.67 35.48 138.52 103.04 378.16 56.67 207.99 40.36 164.27 123.90

454.73 7.43 27.28 41.40 120.91 79.51 291.80 1,276.12 4,683.37 51.35 131.56 80.21 294.37 574.31 2,107.70 23.35 100.45 77.09 282.93 60.90 223.51 486.96 1,797.13 1,310.17 4,808.33 55,903.39 205,165.44 CARBON PROJECTS - APPROXIMATE VALUES PROJECT NAME Lower Ford's Cr. Alpine Lookout - CRP Gilbert Grade Tramway - CRP ACRES

333.04 92.71 63.57 146.23 398.29 1,033.84 Approx. U. Col. RC&D Certification Approx. Potential No. of Value per Gross Mgmt. Fee Deposit (Short-term) (Long-term) CERC's** CERC Value ($30/acre) ($80/acre) Net Value Net Value 59,196.63 $1.50 $88,794.95 $9,991.20 $26,643.20 $52,160.55 $78,803.75 13,440.75 $1.50 $20,161.13 $2,781.30 $7,416.80 $9,963.03 $17,379.83 27,069.71 $1.50 $40,604.57 $1,907.10 $5,085.60 $33,611.87 $38,697.47 24,882.50 $1.50 $37,323.75 $4,386.90 $11,698.40 $21,238.45 $32,936.85 211,449.15 $1.50 $317,173.73 $11,948.70 $31,863.20 $273,361.83 $305,225.03 336,038.74 $504,058.11 $31,015.20 $82,707.20 $390,335.71 $473,042.91 ** CERC = Carbon Emissions Reduction Credit - equal to 1 metric ton of C02

NEZ PERCE TRIBE - CARBON SEQUESTRATION PROPOSAL TRAMWAY - AGRICULTURAL CONVERSION PROJECT SUMMARY PROJECT DESCRIPTION: The Nez Perce Tribe - Tramway Carbon Sequestration Project will sequester atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2), a principal greenhouse gas, by planting trees on non-stocked agricultural land in north central Idaho that otherwise would not naturally regenerate and would not otherwise be planted. Nursery raised Ponderosa Pine (Pinus ponderosa) seedlings will be planted on the site at a 10 foot by 10 foot spacing (436 trees per acre). Ponderosa Pine is a native species in Idaho and historically forms a predominantly single species canopy with an almost savanna like understory. Actions will be taken to ensure the success of the afforestation effort by implementing the following, but not limited to vegetation control, installation of seedling protection materials, and the replanting of dead or damaged seedlings if necessary to meet stocking goals of 300 trees per acre. The Nez Perce Tribe agrees to grow crop trees for a minimum of 80 years and to engage in sound forest management practices that will aid in attaining the maximum potential growth of crop trees. Management activities will include, but are not limited to pre-commercial and commercial thinnings, and the use of prescribed fire as necessary. These activities will be used to mimic the widely spaced savanna like conditions that protect the stand from lethal crown fires. These open understories of grass and low shrubs are rare in the region due to a century of fire suppression. This approach will be restoring a forest type and structure that is in critically short supply. A majority of the forests in the area are dominated by stands that consist mostly of firs and are declining in vigor due to poor forest health and are now susceptible to large high-intensity and lethal wildfires. The Nez Perce Tribe must meet several criteria to ensure that the Tramway Agricultural Conversion Carbon Sequestration Project does not plant trees that otherwise would have been planted using other funds. The project area has been cultivated for agricultural production on forest soils for approximately 70+ years. The site will not regenerate naturally and planting tree seedlings is the best option for establishing trees on the site. The total area to be planted is 398.3 acres. Anticipated benefits derived from the above ground biomass of wood alone is estimated at 46,859 metric tons of Carbon or 171,974 metric tons of CO2 equivalents over the 80 year period. An additional 9,044 metric tons of Carbon or 33,192 metric tons of CO2 equivalents is anticipated to be sequestered on site as soil Carbon. The approximate total of all Carbon anticipated to be sequestered on

site is 55,903 metric tons of Carbon or 205,165 metric tons of CO2 equivalents over the 80 year period. This acreage, once certified as free to grow will be incorporated into the Nez Perce Tribes Forest Management Plan and managed accordingly. Appropriate portions of this long-term management plan may be incorporated into a contractual agreement between the Nez Perce Tribe and the Montana Carbon Offset Coalition. This contractual agreement will ensure that carbon sequestration goals conform to forest management initiatives and landowner concerns for a minimum of 80 years. ADDITIONALITY: The Nez Perce Tribe currently owns and actively manages approximately 136,787 acres. Of this, 84,953 acres is currently managed for agriculture, pasture, woodlands and wildlife mitigation areas while the remaining 51,834 acres is managed for commercial timber production. Many of the sites currently managed for agriculture and pasture are situated on forest soils. Current management emphasis is to convert some of these parcels back to forested environments as they were prior to the arrival of EuroAmericans. The costs of forest management are funded by revenue derived from timber sales and the limited and decreasing budgets provided by the Bureau of Indian Affairs. These funding sources are inadequate for management of the current commercial forest base and provide very limited opportunity for increasing the forest base through active management by planting trees on agricultural parcels that were once forested. This project will provide a source of funding for the planting of trees that otherwise would not have occurred. LEAKAGE: Leakage refers to the loss of carbon (primarily woody biomass) in non-project areas due to project activities. The acreage to be planted was previously forested in the late 1800s and early 1900s. Due to extensive logging and the subsequent conversion to agriculture in the early 1900s, this acreage is currently devoid of trees. The Nez Perce Tribe manages its entire commercial forest base on a sustainable basis as stipulated in the Forest Management Plan. This project will add acreage to the commercial forest base and will not cause any other forested area to be harvested as a result of this project. COMMITMENT PERIOD: The project life of the planted stand is 80 years. Additionally, harvested timber taken from the project site beyond the 80-year term will most likely be used for construction products thereby ensuring long term carbon sequestration. The Nez Perce Tribe land will remain under the tribes ownership, as ensured by the fact that the land is held in trust status by the United States Government, and will remain in forested land for commercial management practices beyond the life of the project.

MONITORING: Monitoring through the life of the project will take place at planned intervals to measure gross changes in the carbon stock. Baseline assessment and monitoring methodology will be conducted under a monitoring and sampling protocol developed using references prepared by Winrock International, the Environmental Protection Agency, the Department of Energy, the Ernest Orlando Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and standards of the Natural Resources Conservation Service. Baseline carbon content of the project area will be based on estimates derived from the soil survey of the Lewis County, Idaho area. During the first ten years of the project, monitoring will be limited to survival surveys to determine the percent of trees surviving. Very little carbon is sequestered during this establishment period. Measurements may then be taken annually to assure that the project area is intact and not showing any need for intervention due to forest health. Every five (5) years the stand could be sample cruised or fixed plots measured and a ten (10) year cycle could be established where soil samples are taken and laboratory work completed to monitor changes in soil quality and/or carbon content. THIRD PARTY VERIFICATION: A third party verifier will make an audit/verification of plot measurements and carbon sequestration achievements. It seems likely that this verification would come one (1) year after the five (5) year measurements have been completed. A verification audit of carbon monitoring is a form of quality assurance that is presently required by the U.S. Initiative on Joint Implementation. A system of verification will be necessary in order to avoid disputes over project benefits and credits. SECONDARY BENEFITS: The Nez Perce Tribe Tramway Agricultural Conversion Carbon Sequestration Project yields many environmental and social benefits beyond carbon storage. These benefits include, but are not limited to, improved water quality through watershed protection, reduced soil erosion, and restoration of wildlife habitat. Social and cultural benefits include increasing the amount of forested land for gathering and recreational opportunities as well as economic benefits to the Nez Perce Tribe and its members throughout the project life. This project will also serve to advance the state of the science of carbon sequestration in vegetative products as a means to mitigate greenhouse gas emissions. In addition, the Nez Perce Tribe and the coalition seek to explore and demonstrate market based conservation opportunities available for other private landowners. The project acreage will be maintained using a long-term forest management plan that uses sound sustainable management practices to promote healthy forest stands. This project has the potential to

be replicated on additional agricultural and/or pastured acreage that has been identified as conversion to forestland by the Nez Perce Tribe. FOOD FOR THOUGHT Concerns: Exclusivity Agreements Monitoring ITC Role/Considerations: Tribal Coordination = CO2 Contracts ITC Team/Panel = Authenticate CO2 Credits Carbon Project Database Confidentially??? Types of projects THANK YOU NEZ PERCE TRIBAL FORESTRY Brian Kummet Nez Perce Tribal Forestry P.O. Box 365 Lapwai, Id. 83540 Phone: (208) 843-7328 E-mail: [email protected]

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