Tuntunan Shalat Tarawih - Universitas Airlangga

Tuntunan Shalat Tarawih - Universitas Airlangga

Shalat tarawih adalah shalat yang hukumnya sunnah berdasarkan kesepakatan
para ulama. Shalat tarawih merupakan shalat malam atau di luar Ramadhan
disebut dengan shalat tahajud. Shalat malam merupakan ibadah yang utama di
bulan Ramadhan untuk mendekatkan diri pada Allah Ta’ala. Ibnu Rajab
rahimahullah dalam Lathoif Al Ma’arif berkata, “Ketahuilah bahwa
seorang mukmin di bulan Ramadhan memiliki dua jihadun nafs (jihad pada jiwa)
yaitu jihad di siang hari dengan puasa dan jihad di malam hari dengan shalat
malam. Barangsiapa yang menggabungkan dua ibadah ini, maka ia akan mendapati
pahala yang tak hingga.”
Keutamaan Shalat Tarawih
Pertama: Shalat tarawih mengampuni dosa yang telah lewat. Nabi shallallahu
‘alaihi wa sallam bersabda,

“Barangsiapa melakukan qiyam Ramadhan karena iman dan mencari pahala,
maka dosa-dosanya yang telah lalu akan diampuni.”
(HR. Bukhari no. 37 dan Muslim no. 759).
Yang dimaksud qiyam Ramadhan adalah shalat tarawih sebagaimana yang
dituturkan oleh Imam Nawawi (Al Minhaj Syarh Shahih Muslim, 6:39). Hadits ini
memberitahukan bahwa shalat tarawih bisa menggugurkan dosa dengan syarat
dilakukan karena iman yaitu membenarkan pahala yang dijanjikan oleh Allah dan
mencari pahala dari Allah, bukan karena riya’ atau alasan lainnya (Lihat
Fathul Bari, 4:251). Imam Nawawi menjelaskan, “Yang sudah ma’ruf

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