Types of Poetry - Mr. Albert's English Class Website

Types of Poetry - Mr. Albert's English Class Website

TYPES OF POETRY LYRIC Subjective, reflective poetry with regular rhyme scheme and meter which reveals the poet's thoughts and feelings to create a

single, unique impression. NARRATIVE non-dramatic, objective verse with regular rhyme scheme and meter which relates a story or narrative.

SONNET a rigid 14-line verse form, with variable structure and rhyme scheme according to type:

a. Shakespearean (English) --- three quatrains and concluding couplet in iambic pentameter, rhyming abab cdcd efef gg or abba cddc effe gg. The Spenserian sonnet is a specialized form with linking rhyme abab bcbc cdcd ee.

PETRARCHAN (ITALIAN) b. an octave and sestet, between which a break in thought occurs. The traditional rhyme scheme is abba abba cde cde (or -cdcdcd).

ODE elaborate lyric verse which deals seriously with a dignified theme BLANK VERSE

unrhymed lines of iambic pentameter FREE VERSE unrhymed lines without regular rhythm EPIC

a long, dignified narrative poem which gives the account of a hero important to his nation or race. DRAMATIC MONOLOGUE

A narrative poem in which the speaker addresses himself to persons around him; his speech deals with a dramatic moment in his life and manifests his character. ELEGY

a poem of lament, a meditation on someones death. BALLAD simple, narrative verse which tells a story to be sung or recited: the folk ballad is

anonymously handed down, while the literary ballad has a single author. IDYLL lyric poetry describing the life of the shepherd in pastoral, bucolic, idealistic

terms. VILLANELLE French verse form, strictly calculated to appear simple and spontaneous; five tercets and a final quatrain, rhyming aba

aba aba aba aba abaa. Lines 1, 6, 12, 18 and 3, 9, 15, 19 are refrain. BALLADE Not to be confused with ballad -- another French verse form with three octaves

(ababbcbc) + an envoy (bcbc) each ending with the same line or refrain LIGHT VERSE general category of poetry written to entertain, such as lyric poetry, epigrams,

and limericks. It can also have a serious side as in parody or satire. LIMERICK Limerick: humorous nonsense-verse in five anapestic lines rhyming aabba. a-lines being trimeter and b-lines dimeter. Edward Lear:

There was an old man at the Cape Who made himself garments of crape When asked "Will they tear?" He replied "Here and there, But they keep such a beautiful shape!" HAIKU

Japanese verse in three lines of five, seven, and five syllables, often depicting a delicate image. RHYME ROYAL

A verse form with stanzas of seven lines, usually in iambic pentameter with the rhyme scheme A B A B B C C. The rhyme royal verse form can be constructed of a tercet and two couplets or of a quatrain and a tercet.

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