research? Historical: Research that deals with events that have already occurred. An attempt to explain change and continuity in human experience.
Each book, article, piece is shaped by the historians assumptions beliefs, and cultural influences --his/her unstated paradigm. Has similarities to
science Carefully derived questions thoroughly gather and translate evidence (data) Test inferences Work to disprove rather than prove findings
Major difference to science Traditional science: laws describe what some thing is. Relationship among components often expressed mathematically Theory builds upon the description,
also proposes to explain a phenomenon If scientific theory is adequate it will be predictive [it will account for future or further occurrences] Historical view: Humans as rational beings make and
give meaning to social phenomena. Thoughts, actions, individual character of experience & meaning are neither predetermined nor predictable. Theory in history Limited to accounting for meaning to
both describe and explain particular events and processes. Generalizations are large synthetic statements that offer the historians sense of multiple pieces of evidence or data. Uses paradigms:
A scientific model and the approaches used to test that model. also called: perspective, tradition, & approach. Needed areas of research:
Health, leisure, public recreation Education histories Use of drugs to enhance performance Women & minorities Violence and the schools Needed areas continued:
Health interests & programs European ethnic groups experiences both inside and outside education and so forth.. How to start: Topic of interest: read secondary sources to know what historians do
and do not know. Monographs Anthologies Journal articles films, newspapers, and so forth... 2. Level 1: Read as much as possible on
topic Level 2: Read to understand the broader society that affected the subject and conceptual frameworks and social theories that bear on any interpretations & conclusions Level 3: Read to uncover sources of
evidence. In history generally listed as notes pages rather than in the text itself. Descriptive History Method of constructing a map of past experience that locates in time and place a person,
trend, an event, or an organization by providing answers to particular questions. Different from: Antiquarianism: collecting of old things
Chronicle: listing of happenings in time. Analytical Focuses on how something occurred and why someone did something.
Primary sources Archives oral histories
government records, indexes first hand accounts Criticizing sources: External criticism: research process that established the authenticity of the source. Internal Criticism: research
process that establishes the credibility of a genuine artifact or document.
Introduction to Horticulture . Unit 1. ... Olericulture - the science and practice of growing, harvesting, storing, processing, and marketing vegetables . 8. Ornamental horticulture - the practice of growing and using plants for decorative purposes .
"We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness." Grievances Against the King Details...
Cloud Partners (>50% cloud revenue) have 2x the growth and 1.5x the gross profit of their less-cloudy peers.1. $91.7B by 2021 in Hybrid Cloud Solutions opportunities & $43B by 2018 in Managed Services Cloud Projects are 5.8x larger for Microsoft...
Over time Hinduism developed hundreds of different forms. Some call for dietary restrictions, while others allow for non-Hindu beliefs in their search for life's meaning. Hinduism allows for the existence of more than one god and more than one way...
What is Reader Response? How we react to a piece of literature as we read it through our own lenses, or through different ones in particular. Readers determine the meaning of literature. Every person reading a piece of literature will...
Measurement Puzzles A Lesson in the "Math + Fun!" Series ... Measurement with a Scale Measuring Length Measuring Volume Next Lesson Measurement Puzzles About This Presentation Measurement for Cooking Activity 1: Measuring Sugar How to Get Half a Glass of...