Unit 2 Vocabulary - Council Rock School District

Unit 2 Vocabulary - Council Rock School District

UNIT 2 VOCABULARY Accelerated English 10 ameliorate

A hot meal can ameliorate the discomforts of even the coldest day. a meal you ate ameliorate

(v.) to improve, make better, correct a flaw or shortcoming synonyms: amend, better antonyms: worsen, aggravate, exacerbate

AMELIORATE aplomb Considering the familys tense mood,

you handled the situation with aplomb. aplomb (n.) poise, assurance, great selfconfidence, perpendicularity

synonyms: composure, self-possession antonyms: confusion, embarrassment, abashment APLOMB

bombastic He delivered a bombastic speech that didnt address our problems.

bombastic (adj.) pompous or overblown in language; full of high-sounding words intended to conceal lack of ideas synonyms: inflated, highfalutin, pretentious

antonyms: unadorned, simple, plain, austere BOMBASTIC

callow They entered the army as callow recruits. callow

(adj.) Without experience; immature synonyms: green, raw, unfledged, inexperienced antonyms: mature, grown-up, polished, sophisticated

CALLOW drivel Knowing that his time was nearly up,

we kept silence and let him drivel on. drivel (n.) saliva or mucus flowing from the mouth or nose; aimless talking or

thinking; nonsense; (v) to let saliva flow from the mouth; to utter nonsense; to waste away foolishly synonyms: (n.) balderdash, tommyrot v. slaver

DRIVEL epitome Admitting when you have been fairly

defeated is the epitome of sportsmanship. epitome (n.) a summary, condensed account

synonyms: abstract, digest, archetype EPITOME exhort

With dramatic gestures, our fans vigorously exhort the team to play harder. exhort

(v.) to urge strongly, advise earnestly synonyms: entreat, implore, adjure antonyms: discourage, advise against, deprecate

EXHORT ex officio The President is the ex officio commander-in-chief of the armed

forces. ex officio (adj., adv) by virtue of holding a certain office

EX OFFICIO infringe If you continue to infringe on my

responsibilities, will you also take the blame for any mistakes? infringe (v.) to violate, trespass, go beyond

recognized bounds synonyms: encroach, impinge, intrude antonyms: stay in bounds, comply INFRINGE

ingratiate Its not a good idea to ingratiate oneself by paying cloying compliments.

ingratiate (v.) to make oneself agreeable and thus gain favor by others synonyms: cozy up to, curry favor with

antonyms: humiliate oneself INGRATIATE interloper

The crowd was so eager to see the band perform that they resented the opening singer as an interloper. interloper

(n.) one who moves in where he is not wanted synonyms: trespasser, meddler, buttinsky cantaloper

INTERLOPER intrinsic It had been my fathers favorite book

when he was my age, but for me it held little intrinsic interest. intrinsic (v.) belonging to someone or

something by its very nature, essential, inherent synonyms: immanent, organic antonyms: extrinsic, external, outward

INTRINSIC inveigh You should not inveigh against the plan with quite so much vigor until

you have read it. inveigh (v.) to make a violent attack in words, express strong disapproval

synonyms: harangue, remonstrate antonyms: acclaim, glorify, extol INVEIGH

lassitude On some days I am overcome by lassitude at the thought of so many years of schooling.

lassitude (n.) weariness of body or mind, lack of energy synonyms: fatigue, lethargy, torpor languor

antonyms: energy, vitality, animation, liveliness LASSITUDE

millennium In 1999 an argument raged over whether 2000 or 2001 would mark the beginning of the new millennium.

millennium (n.) A period of one thousand years; a period of great joy synonyms: chiliad, golden age,

antonyms: doomsday MILLENNIUM occult

One need not rely on occult knowledge to grasp why things disappear in a house where two cats live. occult

(adj.) mysterious, magical, supernatural (v.) to hide, conceal (n.) matters involving the supernatural synonym: esoteric, abstruse, arcane antonym: mundane, common, public,

exoteric OCCULT permeate

The rain permeated all of my clothing. permeate (v.) to spread through, penetrate, soak through

PERMEATE precipitate Scholars often disagree over which

event or events precipitate an historic moment. I admit that my outburst was precipitate.

precipitate (v.) to fall as moisture; to cause about suddenly; to hurl down from great height (adj.) characterized by excessive haste (n.) moisture

synonyms: (v.) provoke, produce; (adj.) reckless , impetuous antonyms: wary, circumspect PRECIPITATE

stringent Some argue that more stringent laws against speeding will make our streets safer.

stringent (adj.) strict, severe; sharp or bitter to the taste synonyms: stern, rigorous, tough,

urgent antonyms: lenient, mild, lax, permissive STRINGENT

surmise I cannot be sure, but I surmise that she wouldnt accept my apology.

surmise (v.) to think or believe without supporting evidence; to conjecture or guess; (n.) likely idea that lacks definite proof

synonyms: (v.) infer, gather; (n.) inference, presumption SURMISE

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