University of Pittsburgh Allies Network Training

University of Pittsburgh Allies Network Training

ALLIES NETWORK TRAINING PITT - GREENSBURG Presented By Sheila Confer, MA Gayle Pamerleau, MSW, LCSW August 24, 2015

Welcome and Introductions What is an Allies Network? Training Ground-Rules Sexual Identity/Gender Identity/Coming Out/Homophobia/Heterosexism/Myths Student Panel Discussion-1 Being an Ally Student Panel Discussion-2 Campus and Community Resources Contracts and Closure

TRAINING OUTLINE The Allies Network at Pitt-Greensburg provides a visible source of support and information for gender and sexual minorities. While other minority individuals usually can identify role models and mentors, the relative invisibility of sexual and gender diversity makes it more difficult for GLBTQA (gay, lesbian, bisexual, transgender, queer and asexual) members of a university community to figure out where they can safely turn for similar support. The Allies Network identifies individuals who can provide those resources. Upon completion of the training, staff and faculty can

choose to take an Allies Network sign for their office wall or door. WHAT IS AN ALLIES NETWORK? Ally: An ally is a person who is a member of the dominant group who works to end oppression in his or her own personal and professional life by supporting and advocating

with the oppressed population. Use I statements and personally own any comments Maintain confidentiality related to everything

that happens during this training. Be willing to ask questions and take risks should the need arise. Demonstrate respect for the presenters and other participants. Exercise your right to leave at any point in the training if you feel so compelled. Do not interrupt others when they are speaking. Reserve the right to change your mind about people and issues and about whether or not you want to participate in the Allies Network. TRAINING GROUND-RULES

I ______________________________________, am attending this workshop of my own choosing and have in no way been pressured to become an Allies Network member. I am attending this workshop fully aware of the fact that I may have prejudices (ideas) about lesbians, gays, bisexuals and trans-gendered persons. I do hereby give myself permission to set aside my pre-conceived ideas about non-heterosexuals in order to potentially expand my knowledge base related to LGBT people and issues. I also give myself permission to freely ask questions about things I do not understand or agree with. I agree to the Allies Network Training ground rules listed below. My purpose for attending this workshop is to learn more about the Allies Network. I understand that at the

conclusion of the workshop, I can make a decision about whether or not I wish to participate in the Allies Network. ALLIES NETWORK PERMISSION SLIP NAMETAGS THE ALPHABET SOUP G L

P B Q A Q T H A O A LGBT, LGBTQ, LGBTQA, TBLG: These common acronyms refer to Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, Queer, and

Asexual (sometimes Ally). Although all of the different identities within LGBTQA are often lumped together there are specific needs and concerns related to each individual identity. THE ACRONYM What did you learn when you were growing up about sexual and gender minorities from: Parents

Friends and family who are gay Religion Media (TV, Movies, Print Ads)

School WHAT WE ARE TAUGHT What words and stereotypes do mainstream society apply to: Gay men Lesbians

Transgender and other sexual or gender minorities WHAT WE HEAR Always respect peoples desired selfidentifications. Never assume another persons identity based on that persons appearance. It is always best to ask people how they identify, including what pronouns they prefer, and to respect their wishes.

RESPECT DEFINITIONS A persons emotional, physical and sexual attraction and the expression of that attraction with other individuals. Some of the betterknown labels or categories include bisexual (or multisexual, pansexual, omnisexual), lesbian, gay (homosexual is more clinical), or heterosexual. SEXUAL IDENTITY A person who is primarily and/or exclusively attracted to members of what

they identify as their own sex or gender. A clinical term that originated in the late 1800s. Some avoid the word because it contains the base word sex. The terms lesbian, bi and gay are preferred by many in the LGBT community. HOMOSEXUAL A person who is emotionally, physically, and/or sexually attracted and committed to the members or a gender or sex that is seen to be the opposite or other than the one with which they identify or

are identified. Also called straight. HETEROSEXUAL A person who is emotionally, physically, and/or sexually attracted to more than one gender. Also called bi. BISEXUAL The fear or hatred of bisexual people. This term addresses the ways that prejudice against

bisexuals differs from prejudice against other queer people. This fear or hatred exists in lesbian, gay and transgender communities, as well as in straight communities. BIPHOBIA King: "Are you a non-practicing bisexual?"

Paquin: "Well, I am married to my husband and we are happily monogamously married." King: "But you were bisexual?" Paquin: "Well, I dont think its a past-tense thing." Larry King: "No?"

Paquin: "No. Are you still straight if you are with somebody -- if you were to break up with them or if they were to die, it doesnt prevent your sexuality from existing. It doesnt really work like that." UNDERSTANDING BISEXUALITY A homosexual person. Usually used to describe men but may be used to describe women as well.

GAY A homosexual woman. LESBIAN Used as an umbrella identity term encompassing lesbians, questioning people, gay men, bisexuals, nonlabeling people, transgender folks, and anyone else who does not strictly identify as heterosexual. Still considered derogatory by many, it is being reclaimed and used as a statement of empowerment. Some people identify this way to distance themselves from the rigid categorization of straight and gay. Some transgender, lesbian, gay, questioning, non-labeling,

and bisexual people, however, reject the use of this term due to its connotations of deviance and its tendency to gloss over and sometimes deny the differences between groups. QUEER Thoughts, feelings, or actions based on far, dislike, judgment, or hatred of lesbians, gays and bisexuals. It is rooted in sexism and can include prejudice, discrimination, harassment, and acts of violence.

HOMOPHOBIA Internalized Homophobia: Fear or hatred of homosexuality that exists inside ones own mind. Examples include: Making a determined effort to dress or act in such a way as to not appear to be queer Having low self-esteem because of concerns around being queer

A gay man discriminating against another gay man for acting too feminine or too gay FORMS OF HOMOPHOBIA Interpersonal Homophobia: Homophobic speech and or actions of an individual towards others who are, or who are perceived to be lesbian, bisexual, gay, transgender or queer. Examples include:

Violence, physical harassment, name calling, anti-queer hate crimes Jokes that misrepresent or put down queers, the suggestion that we should understand when we are treated differently Institutional Homophobia: The ways in

which government, business, churches and other organizations discriminate against lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and other queer people. Examples include: Policy or legislation that actively prevents same-sex couples from being able to adopt or marry Ignoring sexuality as a category on data collection sheets

Being prevented from career opportunities or being fired from a job for being queer or being perceived as queer Being prevented from taking a same-sex partner to a school dance or prom. From www.acon.org Our anatomy as female, male or

intersex. Including internal and external sex organs, chromosomes and hormones. BIOLOGICAL SEX A set of classes that together include all nouns, membership in a particular class being shown by the form of the noun itself or by the form or choice of words that modify, replace, or otherwise refer to the noun, as, in English, the choice of he to replace the man, of she to replace the woman, of it to replace the table, of it or she to replace the ship. The number of these in different languages varies from 2 to more than 20; often the classification correlates in part with sex or animateness. The most

familiar sets are of three classes (as masculine,feminine, and neuter in Latin and German) or of two (as common and neuter in Dutch, or masculine and feminine in French and Spanish). GENDER The sense of being male or being female. For some people, gender identity is in accord with physical anatomy. For transgender people, gender identity may differ from physical anatomy or expected social roles. It is important to note that gender identity, biological sex, and sexual orientation are not necessarily linked.

GENDER IDENTITY Refers to the ways in which people externally communicate their gender identity to others through behavior, clothing, hairstyle, voice and emphasizing, de-emphasizing or changing their bodys characteristics. Gender expression is not necessarily an indication of sexual orientation. GENDER EXPRESSION

ASH BECKHAM ON GENDER EXPRESSION ASH BECKAM IS AN EQUALITY ADVOCATE WHO, THROUGH HER WORK, SHARES HOW COMING OUT AS A LESBIAN HELPED HER APPRECIATE OUR COMMON HUMANITY AND BETTER UNDERSTAND THE HARDSHIPS WE ALL FACE. A person whose gender identity and expression matches the gender typically associated with their biological sex. For example: a female who identifies as a woman.

CISGENDER A term which refers to individuals or groups who queer or problematize the dominant notions of sex, gender and desire in a given society. These people possess identities which fall outside of the widely accepted sexual binary. This term may also refer to people who identify as both transgender AND queer, i.e. individuals who challenge both gender and sexuality norms and see gender identity and sexual orientation as overlapping and interconnected.

GENDERQUEER This is frequently used as an umbrella term to refer to all people who deviate from their assigned gender at birth or the binary gender system. This includes transsexuals, cross-dressers, genderqueers, drag kings, drag queens, two-spirit people, and others. Some people feel they exist not within one of the two standard gender categories, but rather somewhere between, beyond or outside of those two genders. TRANSGENDER

The fear or hatred of transgender people or gender non-conforming behavior. Like biphobia, this can also exist among lesbian, gay, and bisexual people as well as among heterosexual people. TRANSPHOBIA Surgical procedures that change ones body to conform to ones gender identity. These procedures may include top surgery (breast augmentation or removal) and bottom surgery (altering genitals). For female-to-male transsexual individuals, surgeries involve a bilateral mastectomy (chest reconstruction), panhysterectomy (removal of the

ovaries and uterus), and sometimes a phalloplasty (construction of a penis) and scrotoplasty (formation of a scrotum) or a metoidioplasty (restructuring the clitoris). For male-to-female transsexual individuals, surgeries consist of optional surgical breast implants and vaginoplasty (construction of a vagina). Additional surgeries might include a trachea shave (reducing the size of the Adams apple), bone restructuring to feminize facial features, and hair transplants. It is sometimes referred to as gender reassignment surgery or gender confirming surgery. HINT: IT IS NOT A SEX CHANGE GENDER AFFIRMING SURGERY Off camera, I can talk to you, but I've chosen not to talk about any of the stuff I've

gotten done, because I think so often when trans people's experiences are talked about, we far too often focus on surgery and transition, so I don't talk about that. But I'm very happy with the situation. Laverne Cox responding to an interview question about her surgeries. Full Video ITS PERSONAL Attitudes or behavior based on traditional stereotypes of gender roles.

Discrimination or devaluation based on a persons sex or gender. SEXISM What role does sexism play in discrimination against gender and sexual minorities (LGBTQA)? TALK TO YOUR NEIGHBOR ASSESSING SEXUAL ORIENTATION AND GENDER IDENTITY

The Kinsey Scale Klein Sexual Orientation Grid The Genderbread Person Sexual Identity Development and Coming Out KINSEY SCALE KLEIN SEXUAL ORIENTATION GRID Hiding ones LGBT identity in order to avoid negative social repercussions, such as losing a job, housing, friends or family.

IN THE CLOSET Many LGBT individuals are out in some situations and closeted in others, based on their perceived level of safety. To declare and affirm both to oneself and to others ones identity as lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer, etc. It is not a single event but instead a life-long process. COMING OUT ASH BECKHAM ON COMING

OUT FROM ASH BECKHAMS TEDX BOULDER TALK. THIS IS THE SECOND HALF OF THE TALK AFTER THE EXCHANGE WITH PANCAKE GIRL. Stage One The Identity Question Stage Two - Internal Identity Acceptance and Education Stage Three Support Stage Four Pride Stage Five Relationships Stage Six - Telling the Family Stage Seven Balance

SEVEN STAGES OF COMING OUT Everyone is unique and not everyone will follow the stages exactly. It is perfectly normal to go through the stages in a different order, skip stages entirely or even go through multiple stages at one time. Sunday, October 11, 2015

NCOD was founded in 1988 by Robert Eichberg, a psychologist from New Mexico and founder of the personal growth workshop, The Experience, and Jean O'Leary, an openly gay political leader from Los Angeles and then head of the National Gay Rights Advocates. The date of October 11 was chosen because it was the anniversary of the 1987 National March on Washington for Lesbian and Gay Rights NATIONAL COMING OUT DAY (NCOD)

Sam Smith on Ellen COMING OUT Heterosexism refers to the social and cultural norms that support the idea that heterosexuality is inherently 'right' and anything else isnt. This is also known as hetero-normativity, the assumption that heterosexuality is the norm and that everyone is heterosexual. WHAT IS HETEROSEXISM?

HETEROSEXISM/ STRAIGHT PRIVIL EGE Myths and Oppressing Facts LGBTQ People have many more sexual partners than heterosexuals. FALSE People who are LGBTQ can usually be identified by certain mannerisms or physical characteristics. FALSE Transgender people face the similar types of discrimination as gays

and lesbians. WORSE, ACTUALLY The majority of child molesters are heterosexual men. TRUE Transgender people identify as homosexuals. SOMETIMES TRUE, FALSE OR SOMETHING ELSE? Christians are united in their opposition to homosexual people and homosexuality. FALSE All GLBTQ people are depressed and this proves that they

are going against all that is natural. FALSE Homosexuality can be cured with psychotherapy. FALSE If gay people adopt or have children they will raise them to be gay. FALSE Bisexual people just cant make up their minds. FALSE TRUE, FALSE OR SOMETHING ELSE?

Who am I How do I define myself My Experience at Pitt Greensburg STUDENT PANEL

Supreme Court Orders States to Recognize Same-Sex Marriage June 26, 2015 Arlington School Board Expands Protections for Transgender People July 1, 2015 OSHA Publishes Guide to Restroom Access for Transgender Workers June 1, 2015

Target to Remove Gender Based Labeling August 9, 2015 IT GETS BETTER New York Man Arrested in Attack on Gay West Point Couple August 12, 2015 Teen Lesbian Couple Attacked in Alleged Hate Crime At

Six Flags New England August 2, 2015 Authorities Investigating College Shooting As Possible Anti-Gay Hate Crime April 15, 2015 Gay Couple Thrown Off Bus, Told They Are Not Real Men For Kissing October 21, 2014

Missouri Lawmakers Propose Ending Sexual Harassment By Telling Interns To Dress Modestly August 18, 2015 BUTSTRAIGHT FROM THE HEADLINES Keyshia Blige Vanessa Santillan Mya Hall London Chanel Mercedes Williamson India Clarke

K.C. Haggard Amber Monroe Shade Schuler Kandis Capri Elisha Walker TRANSGENDER WOMEN MURDERED IN 2015 SO FAR Papi Edwards Lamia Beard Ty Underwood Yazmin Vash Payne Taja DeJesus Penny Proud

Bri Golec Kristina Gomez Reinwald Tamara Dominguez IN THE US ALONE 73% of Pennsylvanians are not covered by a non-discrimination ordinance which covers discrimination based on actual or perceived sexual orientation and

gender identity or expression in employment, housing and public accommodations. HITTING HOME Ally: Someone joined with another for a common purpose. Ally: A person who is a member of the

dominant or majority group who works to end oppression in his or her personal and professional life by supporting the gay, lesbian, bisexual and transgender communities. SO YOU WANT TO BE AN ALLY Awareness is the first level. Knowing who you are and how you are different from and similar to lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender people is important. You need to be able to think

about who you are and how you live your life. 4 STEPS TO BECOMING AN ALLY Knowledge/Education is the second step. Learning about sexual orientation and what the experience is like for gays, lesbians, bisexual, and transgender people is necessary. Understanding the effects of laws,

policies, and practices as well as educating oneself about the culture and norms of the gay community enables a strong alliance. 4 STEPS TO BECOMING AN ALLY Skills are the third level. Being comfortable with and able to share this new knowledge is an important step in being an ALLY.

Being able to let others know your status as an ALLY means communicating this new knowledge. Confronting someones homophobic joke is an example of using the newly acquired skill. 4 STEPS TO BECOMING AN ALLY Action is the final stage. This stage involves

actually initiating action to end the oppression against gays, lesbians, bisexuals, and transgender people. If this new found information is kept to oneself, then others are deprived of what has been learned as well as how to develop new insights and understandings about the gay community. Developing or participating in programs or events on campus, joining the GSA or an activist organization, marching in a gay rights parade or wearing a pink triangle are actions one can take at this stage. 4 STEPS TO BECOMING AN

ALLY AN IDEAL ALLY IS SOMEONE WHO... Uses gender neutral terms, such as partner or significant other, instead of gender specific terms like boyfriend or girlfriend. Treats partners of LGBT friends the same as they would a straight friends partner.

Doesnt preface a statement on LGBT issues with Im straight, but Doesnt expect an LGBT person to speak for the entire LGBT community. Doesn't assume everyone is heterosexualor wants to be.

Does not ever out anyone. EVER. Avoids anti-gay jokes and conversations and speaks out against them. Creates an atmosphere of acceptance and respect. AN IDEAL ALLY IS SOMEONE WHO... o

Doesnt think of people as my gay student or my lesbian friend. o Understands the basics of LGBT issues but is not afraid to ask questions. o Avoids stereotypes and makes clear that stereotypes dont represent the entire LGBT community. o

Creates an atmosphere of acceptance and respect. o Actively pursues a process of self-education. Read and ask questions. Educates others: one-on-one, group programming, teachable moments. o Is an ally in the fight against sexism and racism as well, as these issues all intersect.

o Acknowledges and takes responsibility for ones own socialization, prejudice and privilege. ASH BECKHAM ON ONE TINY THING YOU CAN DO THAT WILL MAKE YOU A SUPER AWESOME ALLY THE PERFECT ALLY Four Tips to Being A Better Friend To

Trans People Liberty Hill and Emotions the Poet - 4 quick tips Example of a media outlet being trans supportive and respectful Caitlyn Jenner - Nightline Story BEING A TRANS ALLY I will not call myself an ally. Instead, I will try to live my life in such a way that others will call me one. Some guy on Twitter

SHEILAS FAVORITE TWEET EVER What would you expect from an ally? Situations that might call for an ally. STUDENT PANEL

Campus and Community Resources Pitt-Greensburg Allies Network Pitt-Greensburg Gay Straight Alliance

Pitt-Greensburg Website Diversity Resources Straight for Equality Wipeout Homophobia on Facebook

EDUCATE YOURSELF The Human Rights Campaign www.hrc.org Equality Pennsylvania www.equalitypa.org Transgender Law Center www.transgenderlawcenter.org

The New Civil Rights Movement http://thenewcivilrightsmovement.com NOH8 Campaign http://www.noh8campaign.com/ OTHER WEBSITES Definitions have been modified from the following websites:

http://lesbianlife.about.com/od/trans/g/GenderExpressi o.htm http://www.indiana.edu/~overseas/lesbigay/advise/per spective.html http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Homophobia

QUESTIONS, COMMENTS AND CLOSURE

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