Using Art to Incorporate Multiculuralism Across the Curriculum
Using Art to Incorporate Multiculuralism Across the Curriculum Why is Art Important in relation to Culture? The arts vivify and extend human experience, make us sensitive and aware of who we are and what we believe mirroring ourselves and our society-even though painfully at times
Art helps people communicate and gain better understanding of their emotions and feelings. As art is almost always a reflection of a culture then the knowledge of art helps us develop insight in to man Art helps transmit cultural heritage. Art also helps develop and balance the abilities of the left and right sides of the brain to produce more well rounded individuals. Why is Diversity and Culture Important? Multiculturalism:
The view of cultural diversity in a country as something good and desirable; a multicultural society socializes individuals not only into the dominant (national) culture but also into an ethnic culture. A multicultural society can provide enhanced economic security and social and political legitimacy. In a multicultural society people communicate, respect, and understand one
another better which creates a more cohesive and peaceful coexistence. Education is the key to informing children of all kinds of people, beliefs, customs, and places around the world. How is Art Helpful in Education? Howard Gardners theory of Multiple Intelligences states that their are 8 methods of learning. Every person posses aspects of these intelligences but tend to show strength in 1 particular area. This is a widely excepted theory and educators are encouraged to implement learning strategies that incorporate targeting the multiple intelligences.
One of these methods is called Spatial Intelligence which is centered around visual learners. It taps in to the minds ability to recognize, relate to, and remember information based on the use of images in instruction. Art (whether through viewing or creating it) gives students a different and more creative way of obtaining information. If we all posses aspects of being a spatial learners than using art can benefit all those who encounter it.
Why is Multiculturalism Important to Education? Helps students communicate better Helps develop people skills Helps students interact better with people different from them Makes for more sociable/understanding people How can Art Help Teach Multiculturalism?
Art is a non biased medium. It does not discriminate based on gender, race, age, social class, or sexual orientation. Art can reach and evoke emotions in any and everyone who views it. Art is attainable to all students. For students who struggle to relate to notes, written assignments, and tests viewing an image and interpreting it or using an image versus pages of notes to memorize information can allow students an easier nonthreaten, and often more memorable experience.
Art is produced by every culture around the world. It has been used to record events, rituals, and customs from every culture, even those that no longer exist. This means that for just about any subject there is art from a culture that can relate to it. What are some cultures from around the world whom you can identify with their art? Using Art to Add Culture
Art can be easily used in curriculums to add to culture through use of powerpoints with images, in class activities with art, and slideshows. Below are several ways of incorporating art to add multiculturalism into a variety of curriculums Physical Education In the ancient Minoan of culture on Crete
they had a popular sport of Bull Jumping. The goal was to jump over a bulls back. Women and men both participated. While the Minoans game was unique to them, it also relates to modern day Spanish bull fighting. Using this as a background students could create similar games of jumping obstacles and outrunning opponents to create a sport that utilizes problem solving, athletic
endurance, and that gives them a multicultural basis. What are other ways you could use art in Physical Education to teach multiculturalism? Science This lesson would be particularly beneficial with a chemistry class. In Japan pottery and ceramics have been very important to their culture and are popular even today. Japan is known for its fine porcelain ware
and intricate glazes. Both the earthenware its self (or the clay body) and the glazes used to decorate the objects are created using specific substances and chemical compounds. These combined with specific methods of firing or heating create beautiful works of art. Students could study the various elements on the periodic table with a glaze chart detailing which chemicals create which effects to produce their own proposed effects.
Students could then draw their own pots or use a template and decorate with their proposed glazes and detail how to create the glaze and which firing method would create the effects they wanted. History/Social Studies Social Studies provides an endless opportunity to use art as it is art itself that often defines and gives us the most information about entire groups of people. It also immortalizes events and movements throughout history.
One example would be the use of the Mayan culture in studies of world history. The Mayans were noted for their accomplishments in astronomy, biology, math, architecture, and complex writing systems. Students could look at the Mayan step pyramids and art used to decorate them to decipher what their own uses of the pyramid could be. Students could be shown a slide of sculpture, paintings, and structures to form their own ideas. Then the teacher could use these image to educate students on the actual uses of these forms of art in this culture. Images to Present to
Students Math M.C. Escher is known mainly for his mathematical prints of intricate tessellations. His was a Dutch artist that had a passion for division of planes, a mathematical construct. Students could study planes and ways of dividing them. They could then use specific measurements and guidelines to produce their own tessellations.
Math Continued How could students use the image below in a math class? Other Ways to Use Art to Present Information Have a group of images with art from different cultures that pertain to your subject with information on the culture and production of the art.
Have students write reflective responses to the art Start class with a warm up activity. Show students an image and have them write where they think the art came from, why it was produced, and what it tells about the culture. Use this to lead in to a lesson on a certain culture or subject What are other ways to get art and culture in your own curriculum? How Art can Help These Ideas Stick Art is a great tool for getting students to
remember information. It is easier to call up an image in your memory than a long paragraph of information. Using culturally based images while teaching will help student recall facts. Students will also be more inclined to recognize those images and information later in life than by simply taking notes. Exercise in Practice Look at the image below. While studying the
image consider the following: Where in the world do you think this group that create this art is from? What leads you to think this? Why do you think they produced this art? Or what purpose did it serve? What does this tell you about the culture and people whom created it? When do you think it was created?
The Facts About The Art The art was found on the side of cliffs in the mountains of Utah It was produced by Paleo Indians. The art is approximately 1,000 years old. It was created using natural pigments found in the area. It is believed this drawing shows how even 1000 years ago family and unity were important ancient cultures.
How was the previous exercise beneficial for using art to teach multiculturalism? How could this exercise be used in a classroom? How do you find multicultural art to use? Textbooks, encyclopedias, art books, etc. Talk to people from different cultures and ask
them for ideas. Do a internet search on a specific topic Ex. Ancient athletic sports Find a websites and images and compile a slide show or PowerPoint Things to Remember Get students excited! Be enthusiastic when presenting information on new cultures. Be thorough, students will have lots of
questions, be ready to answer them or encourage them to learn more. Get students engaged. Dont just show them information and pictures, use discussions, activities, and group work to get students active! Bibliography Slide 2: Information and Quote Art and Adolescence: Teaching Art at the Secondary Level John Arthur Michael, Teachers College Press, 1983, Columbia University
Slide 3: Information and Quote On Being Different: Diversity and Multiculturalism in the North American Mainstream Conrad Phillip Kottak, Kathryn A. Kozaitis, 3rd edition, 2008, McGrawHill, Inc, New York Slide 4: Information Children and Their Art: Methods for the Elementary School Al Hurwitz, Michael Day, 7th edition, 2001, Wadsworth, a division of Thompson Learning Inc, California USA Slide 5: On Being Different: Diversity and Multiculturalism in the North American
Mainstream Conrad Phillip Kottak, Kathryn A. Kozaitis, 3rd edition, 2008, McGrawHill, Inc, New York Slide 9-10: Living With Art Mark Getlein, 6th edition, 2002, McGraw Hill, Inc, New York www.art-prints-on-demand.com Slide 11-12: Images and Information www.Artlino.com Slide 13-14: Images and information Living With Art Mark Getlein, 6th edition, 2002, McGraw Hill, Inc, New York www.jqjacobs.net Slide 15-16: Images and Information www.mcescher.com
Slide 20-21: http://dinosaurgeorge.blogspot.com/2007/06/ancient-cliff-art.html This project work is original and I have not submitted it for credit in any other course at ECU or any other higher education institution.
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