Verbals: Participial Phrases

Verbals: Participial Phrases

Verbals: Participial Phrases CHAPTER 3 Lesson Objectives: o Students will learn what constitutes a participle phrase. o Students will understand how to identify participle phrases.

VERBALS A verbal is a form that acts as a noun, an adjective, or an adverb. There are three types of verbals: participles, gerunds, and infinitives. Today we will focus on participles. HERES THE IDEA

A participle is a verb form that acts as an adjective. It modifies a noun or pronoun. A participle phrase consists of a participle plus its modifiers and complements. Review: Complement is a term used for a word or words to complete the meaning of an expression. Modifier is a word, phrase, or clause which functions as an adjective or an adverb to describe a

word or make its meaning more specific. There are two kinds of participles: past participles and present participles. Common Endings for Past & Present Participles: Present Participle: -ing Past Participle: -ed, -d, -t, -en, or -n Participle Phrase Example: Participle

Played for more than 100 years, high school football has a rich tradition. Tips: Remember a participle modifies a noun or a pronoun. When a participle phrase comes at the beginning of a sentence, it is often

followed by a comma. What word is played modifying? Participle Phrase Example: Large crowds attend games featuring rival schools. Participle What word is featuring modifying? Participle Phrase Examples:

Find the participle phrase and the word it modifies. Reading her book, Arianna became completely engaged. The girl braiding her long hair is my girlfriend. Shocked by the fire alarm, Braden quickly evacuated

from the building. She gave us a bag of cookies filled with chocolate chips. Looking for his true love, Romeo finds many challenges. Lets Practice Identifying Participle Phrases: Tip: It is a verb form ending in ing, -ed, -d, -t, -n

Verbals Part II: Gerund Phrases Lesson Objectives: o Students will learn what constitutes a gerund phrase. o Students will understand how to identify gerund phrases.

HERES THE IDEA A gerund is a verb form that ends in ing and acts as a noun. A gerund phrase consists of a gerund plus its modifiers and complements. Review: Complement is a term used for a word or words to complete the meaning of an expression.

Modifier is a word, phrase, or clause which functions as an adjective or an adverb to describe a word or make its meaning more specific. Like nouns, gerunds and gerund phrases can act as subjects, objects of prepositions, direct objects, indirect objects, and predicate nominatives. Functions of Gerund Phrases Function Example

Subject Swimming competitively requires lots of practice. Object of Preposition Jeff got into shape by swimming at the YMCA. Direct Object Mr. Lopez coaches high school swimming.

Predicate Nominative Tamekas specialty is swimming the backstroke. Lets Practice... Identify the gerund and how it is functioning Singing is fun.

Function: _____________________________________________________________ I enjoy acting. Function: _____________________________________________________________ I am not addicted to gambling. Function: _________________________________________________ Dad said he gave jogging a chance, but it only lasted a day! Function:__________________________

Shopping for new clothes is fun. Function: _________________________________________________ His passion is playing basketball. Function: ________________________________________________ I will pass the test by studying very hard. Function: _________________________________________ Comprehension Quiz

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