Vietnam - Pennsylvania State University

Vietnam - Pennsylvania State University

Vietnam Tourism Introduction Country BackgroundWendie Investment StatisticsAlex Visitor StatisticsKenny War related TourismMeredith Non- War related TourismTom The Socialist Republic of Vietnam 1990 the European Union established official diplomatic relations with Vietnam. 1992 Vietnam signed a 1976 ASEAN agreement on regional amity and cooperation, regarded as the first step towards ASEAN membership 1996 ASEAN membership 1992 Vietnam established diplomatic relations with South Korea 1995 Vietnam and the United States agreed to exchange lowlevel diplomats. 1997, the U.S. and Vietnam established full diplomatic relations.

http://www.go-vietnam-hotels.com/general_info/history.htm Vietnam Background Location - Southeastern Asia - bordering Gulf of Thailand, Gulf of Tonkin, the South China Sea, and Laos - between China and Cambodia Vietnam Background Geographic Characteristics - total land area is 325,360 sq. km (125,621.496 sq. mi.) Terrain - South and North, low flat delta - Center, mostly highlands - Far North and Northwest, hilly

and mountainous Vietnam Background Climate - tropical in South - monsoonal in North - hot, rainy season - warm, dry season - In Vietnam there exist a variety of ancient tropical fauna and about 200 species of animals, 800 species of birds,100 species of amphibians and over 150 species of reptiles. 1,000 species live in the seas and rivers and 200 species live in fresh waterEmbassy of Vietnam Vietnam Background Economy - GDP is approx. $83.5 billion - Agriculture makes up 36% of the GDP. Currency - new dong

- US $1~ ND $11,000 Foreign Direct Investment FDI in first 7 months focused on Industrial Zones Total licensed projects: 332 Total registered investment capital: US$ 794 million (+81% in projects, +0.5 % in capital) Sector Number of Project Total Registered Capital (US$ million) Industrial & construction 260 543 The agricultural forestry and aqua-products

15 30 Tourism & hotel service, Culture & Health 57 221 (Source: Vietnam Economy Times) Foreign Direct Investment Investment Status : Investment by sector Source: VIR 7-13/Apr/2003) Foreign Direct Investment Realized capital Total Capital (US$ billion)

Segment Heavy industry 4.34 Oil & Gas 3.34 Light Industry 2.40 Hotel & Tourism 2.02 Construction 1.92 Office - Apartment 1.60

Food Processing 1.47 Agriculture, forestry, fisheries 1.22 Transport, Post 1.00 Source: SGT weekly (01/Apr/2003) Foreign Direct Investment Number of FDI projects (1988-2000) licensed : year N u m b e r o f P ro j e c t(s ) FDI Projects (1988-2000) Licensed 400 350 300 250

200 150 100 50 0 Year Source: Vietnam General Department of Statistics Foreign Direct Investment Number of FDI projects (1988-2000) licensed : year U S $ m illio n FDI Projects (1988-2000) Licensed : Total Registered Capital 9000 8000 7000 6000 5000 4000 3000 2000

1000 0 Year Foreign Direct Investment Number of FDI projects (1988-2000) licensed : economic activity Number of projects Total registered capital (US$ million) Total 3170 39100.8 Agriculture. Forestry 321 1,379.9 Fishery

96 355.1 Industry 1704 16,077.5 Of which: Oil and gas industry 56 4,200.4 Construction 282 4,616.6 Hotel & Tourism

202 4,834.8 Transport. Communication 140 3,424.9 Finance. Banking 34 243.1 Cultural. Health. Education 98 523.7 Other services 293

7,645.2 Source: Vietnam General Department of Statistics Foreign Direct Investment Number of FDI projects (1988-2000) licensed : province Number of Projects Total registered capital (US$ million) Total 363 828.1 Red River Delta 42 43.4

Hanoi 36 33.5 North East 18 18.4 Source: Vietnam General Department of Statistics Foreign Direct Investment Number of FDI projects (1988-2000) licensed : main counterpart Number of Projects Total Total registered capital (US$ million) 3170

39,100.8 Taiwan 605 4,884.6 Hong Kong (China) 319 3,634.3 Korea of Rep. Of 309 3,224.7 Japan 296

3,441.2 Singapore 252 5,886.1 France 158 2,175.5 Thailand 135 1,092.4 United States 120 1,339.3

British Virgin Islands. 106 1,845.6 China R.P 105 151.0 Of which Source: Vietnam General Department of Statistics Total Visitors Arrival to Vietnam 1999 2002 Year 1999 2000 2001

2002 Total Visitor Arrivals to Vietnam 1,781,754 2,140,100 2,330,050 2,627,988 Total Visitor Arrivals to Vietnam 1999 - 2000 3,000,000 2,627,988 2,500,000 2,000,000 2,140,100 2,330,050

1,781,754 1,500,000 1,000,000 500,000 0 1999 2000 2001 2002 ASEAN Visitors Arrival to Vietnam 1999 2002 Year 1999 2000 2001

2002 ASEAN Visitors 167,281 265,338 240,883 269,448 ASEAN Visitors Arrival to Vietnam 1999 - 2002 300,000 265,338 250,000 200,000 240,883 269,448

167,281 150,000 100,000 50,000 0 1999 2000 2001 2002 Other Asian Visitors Arrival to Vietnam 1999 2002 Year 1999 2000 2001 2002

Other Asian Visitors 824,041 1,067,223 1,152,934 1,320,286 Other Asian Visitors Arrival to Vietnam 1999 - 2002 1,320,286 1400000 1200000 1000000 1,067,223 1,152,934 824,041

800000 600000 400000 200000 0 1999 2000 2001 2002 Europe Visitors Arrival to Vietnam 1999 - 2002 Year 1999 2000 2001 2002

Europe Visitors 234,006 272,001 306,620 343,350 Europe Visitors Arrival to Vietnam 1999 - 2002 343,350 350000 300000 250000 306,620 272,001 234,006 200000 150000 100000 50000

0 1999 2000 2001 2002 North American Visitors Arrival to Vietnam 1999 - 2002 Year 1999 2000 2001 2002 North American Visitors 241,468

239,487 266,433 303,519 North American Visitors Arrival to Vietnam 1999 - 2002 350000 300000 250000 303,519 241,468 239,487 266,433 200000 150000 100000 50000 0

1999 2000 2001 2002 Oceania Visitors Arrival to Vietnam 1999 2002 Year 1999 2000 2001 2002 Oceania Visitors 67,811 73,447

90,982 104,890 Oceania Visitors Arrival to Vietnam 1999 - 2002 120,000 104,890 90,982 100,000 80,000 67,811 73,447 60,000 40,000 20,000 0 1999

2000 2001 2002 Other Visitors Arrival to Vietnam 1999 - 2002 Year 1999 2000 2001 2002 Other Visitors 247,153 242,389 272,198 286,485

Other Visitors Arrival to Vietnam 1999 - 2002 286,485 290,000 280,000 272,198 270,000 260,000 250,000 247,153 242,389 240,000 230,000 220,000 1999 2000

2001 2002 Comparison of Visitors from Different Markets 1999 - 2002 ASEAN Visitors 1,400,000 Other Asian Visitors 1,200,000 1,000,000 Europe Visitors 800,000 600,000 North American

Visitors Oceanian Visitors 400,000 200,000 0 1999 2000 2001 2002 Other Visitors Percentage of Different Markets in 1999 1999 14% 9% ASEAN Visitors

4% Other Asian Visitors Europe Visitors 14% North American Visitors 46% 13% Oceanian Visitors Other Visitors Percentage of Different Market in 2002 2002 ASEAN Visitors 11% 10% 4%

Other Asian Visitors Europe Visitors 12% North American Visitors 13% 50% Oceanian Visitors Other Visitors Reasons for Increased Tourism Modernizing and developing economy. Tourist campaigns highlighting beaches, golf courses, adventure travel, and history. Affordability International Flights to Vietnam Distance & Flying Times Sector

Distance Flying Time Miles Return to Hanoi Bangkok Beijing Hong Kong Los Angeles Sector Distance Flying Time Miles Return

to Ho Chi Minh City 602 1:50 1,458 3:35 541 2:00 7,648 Bangkok 461 1:35 Hong Kong 938

2:30 8,158 16:45 16:35 Los Angeles Melbourne 4,786 10:45 Melbourne 4,168 8:30 Moscow 4,193 10:25

Moscow 4,789 12:25 Paris 5,713 11:30 Paris 6,288 12:10 7,819 16:55 2,232

5:50 680 2:00 Sydney 4,256 8:40 San Francisco 7,304 16:45 San Francisco Seoul 1,696 4:50

Seoul Singapore 1,366 4:00 Singapore Sydney 4,828 11:00 Taipei 1,032 3:40 Taipei 1,385

3:35 Tokyo 2,310 6:25 Tokyo 2,685 6:25 Sample Tour Package to Vietnam Number of People Price in US$ 2 5 7 to 9

9 to 12 12 to 14 895 727 677 653 627 INCLUDES: EXCLUDES: Twins sharing room at 2-3 star hotel. 12 nights in total. Meals as mentioned the Program. 12 breakfasts, 11 lunches and 12 dinners, 7USD / lunch or dinner / person. Special requirement ( vegetarian, Muslim food ) could be arranged with prior notice from

guest. Land transfer by A/C vehicle for whole trip Domestic air ticket from Hanoi to Hue Domestic air ticket from Danang to Sai Gon Sailing boat trip in Halong bay Dragon boat trip in Perfumer River in Hue English/French speaking guides. Other languages are available upon request. Admission fees for all tourist places. International flight from/to Vietnam Visa arrangement Personal expenses (laundry, phone calls etc.) Drinks Tips and gratuities

War Tourism Vietnam is most prominently known as a place of war and political strife. However, as the country opens up to foreign investment, war tourism has become an increasing attraction. Places of Interest Ho Chi Minh Trail Ho Chi Minh City (Saigon) Hue Ho Chi Minh Trail The Ho Chi Minh Trail was a supply route used by the Vietcong during the war. It consisted of mazes of jungle, paths, tunnels, and canals which the Americans and South Vietnamese failed to conquer. Currently, a 42 kilometer section is under restoration to become a sightseeing trail. This is estimated to cost $3.5 million and should be

completed by 2005. Ho Chi Minh Trail Tourism Tourists will stop at war sites as well as learn about the ecology and culture of the area. Ta Con airport Troung Son cemetery Includes a memorial for the soldiers who kept the trail opened Dakroung forest Van Kieu-Pa Ko ethnic groups http://www.vnn.vn/english/765/2003/9/15076/ Ho Chi Minh City (Saigon) War Remnants Museum (Museum of American War Crimes) Displays illustrations of violent crimes committed against civilians by American soldiers during the Vietnam War, such as the spreading of toxic defoliant and torturing of prisoners. Includes a mock prison with emaciated models that are beheaded and dismembered. 6 million visitors (1 million from abroad) have entered the museum in the past 29 years.

Ho Chi Minh City (Saigon) Military Museum Collection of tanks, shells, bombs and wreckage from American and Vietnamese troops. Rex Hotel A popular hangout for American soldiers during the war. Preserved to look much as it did during the war. Apocalypse Now Nightclub One of many nightclubs that have emerged with a war theme to attract tourists. Cu Chu Tunnels Cu Chi Tunnels The Cu Chi tunnels, a 75-mile-long underground maze where thousands of fighters and villagers could hide, are at the top of the list of tourist spots for Ho Chi Minh City, 45 miles to the southeast. New York Times Besides housing a huge guerilla

garrison that operated safely yet within easy striking distance of the American forces in Danang, the mountain caves also offered sleeping quarters, kitchen and a full field hospital. New York Times War Tourism Cu Chi Tunnels War Tourism Cu Chi Tunnels: What to expect Following the man in green fatigues, the tourists arrive at an opensided hut, where the women in black show them to their seats. There, on a big-screen television set, the Vietnam War plays on: B52's drop strings of bombs, villagers run for cover, communist guerrillas fight back. (New York Times) A sign outside the tunnels reads: "Please try to be a Cu Chi guerrilla. Wear these uniforms before entering tunnel." Black pajamas, pith helmets, rubber sandals and old rifles are available. (New York Times) War Tourism Cu Chi Tunnels: What to expect Visitors can: Pay $1 a bullet to shoot an AK-47 rifle.

View reproductions of American GI Zippo lighters that say such things as "Death is my business and business has been good." "I know I'm going to heaven because I've already been to hell: Vietnam. Purchase dog tags and jewelry made from bullet shells New York Times and www.gluckman.com/vietwar Hue Demilitarized Zone (DMZ) A 5 kilometer patch of land stretching from the Laotian Border to the South China Sea that was desecrated by bombs and battles. Trucks take the tourists around the battlefield area where there are guns lying next to the road in a downward

position, symbolic of American defeat. Along the tour, one will see bombed churches, old bridges, and rotting tanks. Hue It is impressed upon the tourists that the fields were planted with mines, which still go off occasionally, thus continuing Americas destruction on Vietnam. The people living around the area, however, have been creative with the wreckage. Old shells have become flowerpots and parts of fences, and tarnac from airfields now appears nailed into roofs. Hue Quang Tri Tunnels Vinh Moc was the first city in North Vietnam to be hit by US bombs. These tunnels were built by local villagers in order to escape bombings by B-52s. Each family was entitled to 4 meters squared of space, which then connected to other families spaces to form webs of tunnels. The tunnels included meeting rooms and a clinic, where 17 babies were born underground.

Hue Khe Sang Base Located in the DMZ, this base was the sight of pivotal fighting in the war. Used to deploy US soldiers into North Vietnam. Ta Con Airport Important airport of the Khe Sang Base, which had the most modern equipment and best soldiers. Hue Today, Khe Sang Base and the Ta Con Airport are being renovated to better attract war buffs since most of the actual war remnants no longer exist. Tourism (not war related) Vietnam possesses variety of tourist attractions: Hanoi Capital of Vietnam History, Museums, Temples etc Ha Long Bay

Recognized by UNESCO as natural wonder Over 3,000 Islands 165 km from Hanoi Sapa Sapa is still a must-see on any northern Vietnam itinerary. On a clear day you will treated to views of steeply terraced rice fields, towering verdant ridgelines, primitive mud-thatched villages, raging rivers and astounding waterfalls. (Vietnamadventures.com) Hanoi Hanoi is the capital of Vietnam Large city Located in East Plains of North VN. European City Population: 2 million Hanoi Where to stay? Sofitel Metropole Hanoi $200 per night for a single or

double. Classic French Colonial Hotel recently remodeled Before the recent building boom in upscale hotels, the Metropole was The Place to stay in Hanoi. For many, it still is. This classic French colonial hotel in the center of Hoan Kiem District was restored and remodeled a few years ago by the Sofitel chain. Today the Metropole is as much a hub for business and society as it is a hotel. (Vietnamadventures.com) Hanoi Places of Interest: The Ba Dinh Square Zone Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum Uncle Hos house-onstilts Ho Chi Minh Museum The West Lake Zone Area of over 800 hectares Ha Long Bay

Main Attractions of Ha Long Bay: Calm clear waters 3000 Islands and Limestone Mountains Sandy Beaches Location: 165km from Hanoi Northern part of VN Ha Long Bay Bai Chay (Scorched Beach) Dark Sand, 70 deg F Named Scorched Beach b/c of historical event. Perfect place to start a tour of Ha Long Bay Ha Long Bay Hang Dau Go (Wooden Stakes Cave) One of most beautiful caves at Ha Long 3 Chambers to the caves Outer Chamber Largest Capacity (~3000 people) 25 m high ceilings

Middle Chamber Famous for colorful stalagmites and stalactites Inner Chamber Much Smaller than others Stone wells full of fresh water year round Ha Long Bay Sung Sot Cave Path to cave is quite steep 2 Chambers Outer Chamber Square in shape Referred to as waiting room 30 m high ceiling with perfectly smooth walls (appears manmade) Inner Chamber Known as Serene Castle Formations appear to resemble a general looking

over his troops. Light reflected from moving water outside makes formations in the chamber seem alive Ha Long Bay Sapa Characteristics: Originally created as a retreat for locals from Hanois stifling summers Located in Tonkinese Alps near the Chinese border There are eight ethnic groups that inhabit this region: Hmong, Dao, White Thai, Giay, Tay, Muong, Hao and Xa Pho Most prominent are the Red Dao Sapa

Reasons to visit: Love Market Courting Ritual every Saturday night Beautiful Mountains Waterfalls Sapa Things to know about Sapa Times to visit Spring & Fall is best Summers are muddy/rainy Winter can be very cold Locals Quaint town Do not like to have pictures taken unless paid for it

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