VIRGINIA BOARD OF EDUCATION Model Guidance for Positive and ...

VIRGINIA BOARD OF EDUCATION Model Guidance for Positive and ...

VIRGINIA BOARD OF EDUCATION MODEL GUIDANCE FOR POSITIVE AND PREVENTIVE CODE OF STUDENT CONDUCT POLICY AND ALTERNATIVES TO SUSPENSION 2018-2019 Background Information and Statutory Authority The Virginia Board of Education is required by law ( 22.1-279.6. of the Code of Virginia) to establish guidelines and develop model

policies for codes of student conduct to aid local school boards in the implementation of such policies. The Code of Virginia 22.1-16.6 directed the Board of Education to establish guidelines for alternatives to short-term and long-term suspension for consideration by local school boards. Background Information and Statutory Authority (continued) In 2018, General Assembly amended 22.1277 and prohibits, except for certain acts, students in preschool through grade three

from being suspended for more than three school days or expelled from attendance at school. 22.1-276.01 and 22.1-277.05 of the Code of Virginia redefined long-term suspensions as any disciplinary action whereby a student is not permitted to attend school for 11 to 45 school days. Development Process Childrens Cabinet Classrooms Not Courtrooms Office of School Improvement

Focus Groups Virginia Student Support and Conduct Committee Reframing Discipline Conference Focus Groups Preventive and Positive Approaches to Discipline

Safe, Supportive School Climate Focus on Equity Professional Learning Clear Behavioral Expectations Leveled Administrative Responses Learning Supports Family and Community Partnerships

Approach to Discipline Student Behavior Descriptors Behavior Categories o Guide social emotional learning Leveled Administrative Responses that include o Interventions o Supports o Consequences Why Alternatives to Suspension? The Effects of Exclusion

Negative school environments of distrust and alienation Higher risk of retention in grade Higher rates of misbehavior Lower academic achievement Chronic Absenteeism Higher dropout rates Hanover Research: Alternatives to Suspension @2012 Hanover Research, District Administration Practice, pg 10. Why Alternatives to Suspension? The Effects of Exclusion continued Restricted access to school services

that might improve behavior Harm to healthy adult relationships Unsupervised time and increased opportunity for delinquency for suspended students Higher risk of involvement with the juvenile justice system Hanover Research: Alternatives to Suspension @2012 Hanover Research, District Administration Practice, pg 10. Alternatives to Suspension Tiered Systems of Support Positive Behavioral Interventions

and Supports School Counseling Programs Social Emotional Learning Restorative Approaches Student Assistance Programming Family Engagement

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