Vocabulary Unit #12

Vocabulary Unit #12

Vocabulary Unit #12 absolve v.to clear from blame, responsibility, or guilt Synonym: pardon, acquit They assumed that their alibi would absolve them of suspicion.

caricature n.a representation, such as a drawing, that exaggerates a subjects characteristic features Synonym: cartoon What began as a hasty newspaper caricature soon turned up on coffee

mugs, t-shirts, and sweatshirts. clangor n.a loud ringing sound v.to make a loud ringing noise Synonym: clamor, uproar For more than a century, American grade schools summoned children to school

with the clangor of a bell. contiguous Adj.side by side, touching; near; adjacent in time Synonym: next door to; abutting Trouble arose over who should control the weeds and bushes that grew in the

lot contiguous to ours. cupidity n.an eager desire for something; greed Synonym: avarice, lust You say that these catalogue prices show the quality of the goods, but I say they

show the sellers cupidity. deleterious Adj.harmful, injurious Synonym: detrimental, damaging Wishing can give zest and purpose to anyones life, but wishful thinking can

have a deleterious effect. enhance v.to raise to a higher degree; to increase the value or desirability of Synonym: improve, elevate She sanded and varnished the old table

in order to enhance its appearance and value. enthrall v.to captivate, charm, hold spellbound; to enslave; to imprison Synonym: attract, fascinate

All the critics were enthralled by the performance and wrote rave reviews. extenuate v.to lessen the seriousness or magnitude of an offense by making partial excuses Synonym: downplay, diminish

The jurors believed that the young mans crime had been committed under extenuating circumstances. implicit Adj.implied or understood though unexpressed; without doubts or reservations, unquestioning

Synonym: inferred, unspoken She never said so, but it was implicit that she did not like conversations before her morning coffee. incisive Adj.sharp, keen, penetrating (with a suggestion of decisiveness and effectiveness)

Synonym: perceptive I am truly thankful for your incisive remarks about my report that I worked so diligently to complete. inimical Adj.tending to cause harm or obstruct developments; being oppositional or

adverse Synonym: unfriendly, hostile Several inimical groups have tried to create chaos and undermine democratic principles. ostentatious Adj.marked by conspicuous or

pretentious display; showy Synonym: flashy, overdone, flamboyant The restaurants interior was so ostentatious that the meager meal, when it came, seemed an afterthought. paragon

n.a model of excellence or perfection Synonym: ideal; good example I may not be a paragon of scholarship, but I do try my best. politic Adj.prudent, shrewdly conceived and

developed; artful; expedient Synonym: tactful, diplomatic In your angry state I think it would be politic to say nothing, at least until you have calmed down. prosaic

Adj.dull, lacking in distinction and originality; straightforward; matter-of-fact Synonym: literal I remember his singing voice as being on key and clear but also prosaic. redundant Adj.extra, excess, more than is needed;

wordy, repetitive Synonym: unnecessary; verbose Some redundant expressions, such as hollow tubing are acceptable in the English language. sanctimonious Adj.making a show of virtue or

righteousness; hypocritically moralistic or self-righteous; holier-than-thou Synonym: self-righteous Cautionary tales that take on a sanctimonious tone often achieve the opposite of the desired result. scintillating

Adj.sparkling, twinkling, exceptionally brilliant (applied to mental or personal qualities) Synonym: glittering She was known for her scintillating conversation. winsome

Adj.charming, attractive, pleasing (often suggesting a childlike charm and innocence) Synonym: delightful; winning When my little brother wanted something badly, he became as winsome as a puppy.

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