# Web Developer & Design Foundations with XHTML

Perspective, Proportion, Composition and some Drawing Techniques We discuss some basic ideas in (realistic) art and photography 1 Perspective

Objects farther away are smaller Objects closer are larger 2

Proportion It is a relative concept Example one part of the body has a size in relation to another part TIP Draw a grid or

A human's reach (spread out arms) is equal to his/her height. Height is approximately eight times the length of the head. The width of the shoulders is approximately one fourth of height. The distance from the ground to the top of the femur (hip) is approximately half of his /her height.

4 Perfect Proportions ? Da Vincis based on the natural proportions of the human body. 5

Your own sense of Proportion Dont forget you can use creativity Michelangelo's figure has longer than usual legs and stands 9 heads high.

6 Your own sense of Proportion Alberto Giacometti 's figure stands 12 heads high.

Not reality but what do you feel? 7 Composition The whole arrangement of my picture is expressive. The place occupied by the figure or objects, the empty spaces around them, the proportions

everything plays a part." Henri Matisse Principles of Composition Break up the picture plane Be aware of the figure's placement in relation to the center, margins and other elements in the picture Overlapping forms = energy and movement Segregated forms = drift, isolation, stasis

Negative / Empty Space = can be just as important 8 Form - motion Stager objects around to draw the eye across produces

motion Do so and change size and can influence direction 9

Form - motion Did you follow the arrow with your eyes in the slide before? 10

Background Dont forget to decide about your background It can run the gamut from simple to complex (becoming the subject)

11 Shadows A way to add 3D to your art is not only through perspective but shading or shadows Color and Temperatures / Feelings Warm colors are those that have

Reds, Yellows and Oranges. Warm colors seem to advance (or come forward) in an artwork. Cool colors are those that have Blues, Greens and Violets. Cool colors seem to recede (or go back into) an artwork. Texture Texture is the way the surface of an object actually feels or how it looks.

Tactile (or Real) Texture Tactile (or Real) Texture is the way the surface of an object actually feels. Examples would be sandpaper, cotton balls, tree bark, puppy fur, etc. PROJECTS

We are going to do some drawing with both oil pastels and water color pencils 16 PROJECT 1: Computer Line Drawings One project you

will do is to produce a stylized drawing with lines on the computer 17 Line A line is a path that a point takes

through space. Lines can be thick, thin, dotted or solid. They can make straight movements, zig-zags, waves or curls. They may be horizontal vertical diagonal Horizontal Lines Can be restful, like the horizon, where the sky meets land

Vertical Lines Can seem to be reaching, so they may seem inspirational like tall majestic trees or church steeples Diagonal Lines Motion , feeling disturbing? They suggest decay or chaos like lightening or falling trees

Lines - curves can convey emotion. They may show excitement, anger, calmness, tension, happiness and many other feelings. Because of this, some are said to be expressive. How do you feel? 23

PROJECT 2 & 3: Drawing in 2 mediums You will produce 2 other items one a drawing with oil pastels and another with watercolor pencils.

When drawing with pencils we talk about shading and texture You will do a nature drawing for one 24 Landscapes how to think about them background

middle foreground Generally, the background area is considered to be the upper 1/3 of the picture plane. The middle ground area is considered to be the middle 1/3 of the picture plane. The foreground area is considered to be the lower 1/3 of the picture plane. Shallow space is used when the artist has objects very close to the viewer.

Deep Space objects up close but objects are shown far away too. Drawing Shading and Texture

Cross hatching Here are some ways to do 28

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