Week 24: February 24-28, 2014 Unit IV: World War II & early ...

Week 24: February 24-28, 2014 Unit IV: World War II & early ...

Week 26: February 29-March 4, 2016 Fighting WW II (Ch. 17, 35-36), plus the start of the Cold War (Ch. 18, 37-40) Why are we here this week? Students will complete their study & evaluation of the fighting of World War II, including a pair & share writing assignment and QUIZ on

Chapters 17 & 35-36. Two special opportunities related to Unit III are the highlights of this week as we wrap up WW II and begin the exploration of the early Cold War (Ch. 18, plus 37-40). Homework: Complete WW II strategies evaluation index card Monday, February 29, 2016 I. Conversation Piece II. Fighting World War II

FC 136 & 137 annotations & answers DUE10 pts Evaluation index card writing (+ and of WW II strategies) Super Tuesday? Devils Brigade? Flow of History #136 WW II in EUROPE

http://flowofhistory.com/units/etc/20/FC136 Did you READ, ANALYZE, annotate, and ANSWER the ?sup to 5 pts EACH Flow of History #137 WW II in the PACIFIC http://flowofhistory.com/units/etc/20/FC137 Blitzkrieg

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sj0o8_WPb-A Blitzkrieg tactics made the German army seem unstoppable. The Nazi war machine took just a month to crush Poland. It then

turned its aggression on other European countries. In Poland, the German armed forces relied on a strategy of blitzkrieg, or lightning war. Without any warning, German bombers launched attacks on

railroads, airfields, communications networks, military bases, and other strategic sites. These attacks helped prevent Polish mobilization, the assembling of troops and equipment for war. Meanwhile, waves of infantry, supported by tanks and artillery,

pushed toward key cities. Germanys method was to outflank, surround, and destroy. Motorized units quickly swept around and encircled the Polish army. Warplanes rained bombs and bullets on the enemy. Then the foot soldiers moved in to finish the job.

Ill-equipped and overwhelmed, the Polish forces quickly collapsed. For which World War II military strategies or actions do you think the United States should be praised? Why? 2nd index card WRITING assignment

due Tuesday, 3/1 FRONT = AGREEMENTPRAISEWORTHY For which World War II military strategies or actions do you think the United States should be criticized? Why? BACK = DISAGREEMENTDOUBT/QUESTIONABLE

incorrect decisions *Include a TITLE(s) revealing your opinion of WW II strategies* Peer review: respond honestly with the skills of a historian. Does the author have legitimate and/or accurate points? (Agree or disagree?) What NEW questions do you have? If you had been president during the war, how might you have conducted the war

(differently)? Homework: Prepare for guest speaker (Devils Brigade) on youtube and/or READ articles on-line Tuesday, March 1, 2016 I. Tuesday Newsday! Current Events presentation II. Fighting World War II INDEX CARD due20 pts Best STRATEGIC OPTION(s) and WORST and WHY?

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8EIFTAY4Tf8 Homework: Prepare for TRUMBO and/or Cold War work day Continue Ch. 18 ttt and Ch. 37-40READ on-line Decade of Fear Wednesday, March 2, 2016 WELCOME guest speak, Bert Winzer of The Devils Brigade, 101St Airborne, &

recipient of the Congressional Gold Medal World War II QUESTIONS? https://www.google.com/webhp?sourceid=chrome-instant&ion=1&espv=2&ie=U TF-8#q=The+Devils+Brigade+YoutTube+full+movie http://www.history.com/n

ews/wwii-devils-brigade-h onored-by-congress Pfc. Bert Winzer of Emmaus (left) and Sgt. Charles Mann of Canada, both of 4th Company, 3rd Regiment, 1st Special Service Force, pose on a street in Rome on June 6, 1944, after the city's liberation. The photo Bert Winzer, then 92, of Lower Macungie Township, and about 40 of the surviving veterans who made up the 1,800-man force (known as The

Devils Brigade) received the Congressional Gold Medal at a ceremony on Capitol Hill (February 2015). The award is the highest civilian honor that Congress can bestow. http://www.mcall.com/news/nationworld/pennsylvania/mc-congressional-medal-m acungie-veteran-devils-brigade-20150203-story.html Parachute commando Bert Winzer, a 1940 graduate of Emmaus High

School, lugs a barracks bag and carries a rucksack and sleeping bag on his back in 1944 while serving with the elite 1st Special Service Force. This photo was taken in France after he was wounded by a German shell. Winzer, now 93, lives in Lower Macungie Township.

Members of 2nd Platoon, 4th Company, 3rd Regiment of the elite 1st Special Service Force include Emmaus native Bert Winzer (top row, second from left). This photo was taken in 1944 at Lake Albano, Italy. Winzer Bert Winzer of Emmaus and his bride, Joyce Meeker of Allentown, on their wedding day, Feb. 23, 1946. They re looking out of Winzers 1938 Pontiac, which they would take on a two-week honeymoon. The trip was to visit Winzers Army buddy Eli Resobich in Kansas and Winzer s sister Bertha

Charles in Norfolk, Va. This photo was taken outside Stahls restaurant on State Avenue in Emmaus, where the wedding reception was held. Homework: Ch. 18 ttt and Ch. 37-40 summary notes & picture IDs Complete Decade of Fear reading assignment (Tues. 3/8) Thursday, March 3, 2016 Decade of Fear & Cold War WORK DAY What was life like in America after WW II?

How does the early Cold War reveal TENSIONS between the U.S. and the U.S.S.R.? TRUMBOPeriods 4-6 @ County Theatre! https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jLuxQhdUqLY Phase 2 of Unit III begins!

Visit learntci.com and use the map magnifier to locate ALL the major items in your annotated map assignment!

Military Analyst Team: Decision #1 Names: Period #: Prepare your recommendations by gathering supporting arguments from the student texts and accompanying map.

Military Analyst Team Decision #1 Circle your CONSENSUS choice, then BRIEFLY explain your reasoning (write). Section 2 : Preparing for War in Europe (p. 466-467)

North Africa Hitler hoped to cut off the Allies oil from the Middle East by securing North Africa for the Axis powers and pushing the British out of Egypt. Hitler sent Field Marshal Erwin Rommel and the Afrika Korps to join the Italian army in North Africa. By June 1942, Rommel had taken much of North Africa and had driven deep into Egypt.

Section 2 : Preparing for War in Europe (p. 466-467) Poland Poles were treated with contempt by the Nazis. Jews in Poland were forced into ghettos. Thousands of Jews died from disease and starvation in the Warsaw Ghetto. Six death camps were built in Poland. Death camps were equipped with gas

chambers, in which tens of thousands were killed each month. Section 2 : Preparing for War in Europe (p. 466-467) Soviet Union The Nazis invaded the western part of the Soviet Union. The Nazis used blitzkrieg tactics to overcome

Soviet troops. A large German force approached Moscow. A Nazi force marched toward the oil-rich Caucasus. Military Analyst Team Decision #1 What was the CONSENSUS? How did your reasoning

COMPARE to real WW II history? Military Analyst Team Decision #2 Prepare your BRIEF written recommendations by gathering supporting arguments from the student texts and accompanying map.

Military Analyst Team Decision #2 Southern Italy The Allies used North Africa as a staging area to invade the island of Sicily in southern Italy. The Allied assault met little opposition at first. Italys political leaders voted to oust Mussolini and restore the king and parliament.

Italy surrendered to the Allies and soon declared war on Germany. German forces remained in Italy and battled Allied forces as they moved north. Section 3, War in Europe (1942-45) (p. 468-471) Stalingrad Axis troops moved farther into Soviet territory.

Hitler split his forces so they could seize the rest of the Caucasus and also take Stalingrad. By mid-September, Axis troops had trapped a large Soviet force inside of Stalingrad. The Soviet Red Army launched a counteroffensive against the Nazi assault. The German troops were surrounded, but Hitler insisted that they fight to their death. German troops surrendered to the Soviets.

More than 200,000 German and 1 million Soviet soldiers died in the Battle of Stalingrad. Section 3, War in Europe (1942-45) (p. 468-471) Normandy Operation Overlord called for an invasion of France. On D-Day, landing craft unloaded Allied troops on the beaches of Normandy.

German gun batteries targeted the invading Allies. By the end of the first day, the Allies held 59 miles of the Normandy coast. From Normandy, Allied troops began a rapid sweep across France and liberated Paris in August 1944. Section 3, War in Europe (1942-45) (p. 468-471) Battle of the Bulge

Hitler planned for his armies to burst through the Allied lines in the Ardennes region of Belgium. On December 16, 1944, eight German armored divisions smashed into the American forces, creating a large bulge in the Allied line. Allied air support and the support of General Pattons Third Army forced the Germans to withdraw. The Battle of the Bulge was the last German offensive on the western front.

What was the CONSENSUS? How did your reasoning COMPARE to real WW II history? Military Analyst Team Decision #2 Military Analyst Team

Decision #3 Military Analyst Team Decision #3 Prepare your recommendations by gathering supporting arguments from the texts and accompanying map. WRITE!

READ: Section 4, Preparing for War in the Pacific (p. 472-474) Philippines Under the command of General MacArthur, Americans and Filipinos battled a fierce Japanese onslaught. Roosevelt ordered MacArthur to leave the Philippines, but MacArthur vowed to return. After the Japanese completed their conquest of the Philippines, they rounded up approximately 70,000 American

and Filipino prisoners and marched them up the Bataan Peninsula to a prison camp. During the Bataan Death March, more than 7,000 American and Filipino prisoners died. READ: Section 4, Preparing for War in the Pacific (p. 472-474) Tokyo

On April 18, 1942, 16 American bombers bombed Tokyo and other Japanese cities. The bombs did little damage to Japan, but the surprise raids thrilled Americans and shocked the Japanese. The Japanese responded by putting more resources into defending the home islands. READ: Section 4, Preparing for War in the Pacific (p.

472-474) Coral Sea After American code breakers learned that Japan was moving to isolate Australia, the Americans sent a small naval force to the Coral Sea. The Battle of the Coral Sea was fought entirely by carrierbased aircraft. This was the first naval battle in history in which the enemies

warships never came within sight of each other. Japanese aircraft sank two American carriers, while American planes sank one Japanese carrier and damaged the other two. Americans gained a strategic victory despite fairly even losses. READ: Section 5, War in the Pacific (1942-45) (p. 474-477) Midway

The Americans intercepted a coded Japanese message telling of plans for a major offensive, most likely at the U.S base at Midway. American planes demolished the enemy force. Japan never recovered from the loss of naval carriers and so many of its experienced pilots. The Battle of Midway was Japans last offensive action in the war.

READ: Section 5, War in the Pacific (1942-45) (p. 474-477) Okinawa Knowing that Okinawa would give the Americans a prime staging area for the invasion of Japan, Japanese military leaders moved their best army units from Japan and China to defend the island. The Allies launched a large amphibious invasion in April

1945. The Japanese strongly resisted the American invaders. Combat in Okinawa continued for two months and claimed the lives of more than 100,000 American and Japanese soldiers. Military Analyst Team Decision #3

What was the CONSENSUS? How did your reasoning COMPARE to real WW II history? Military Analyst Team Decision #4 Military Analyst Team

Decision #4 Prepare your recommendations by gathering supporting arguments from the text and accompanying map. WRITE! READ: Section 5, War in the Pacific (1942-45) (p. 474-477)

Hiroshima and Nagasaki On August 6, 1945 an American bomber dropped an atomic bomb on the city of Hiroshima, instantly killing as many as 80,000 Japanese. Thousands of structures toppled and hundreds of fires consumed the city as a result of the bombing. Three days later the United States dropped a second atomic bomb on the city of Nagasaki, instantly killing some 40,000 people. As a result of the bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, up to 250,000 people may have died from burns, radiation poisoning, or cancer.

The destruction of Hiroshima and Nagasaki brought a Japanese surrender. Military Analyst Team Decision #4 What was the CONSENSUS? How did your reasoning COMPARE to real WW II history?

Homework: Study for Mondays Fighting WW II QUIZ on Ch. 17, HA 35-36, plus MAP annotations Ch. 18 ttt, Ch. 37-40 notes, Decade of Fear due Tuesday PLEASE consider a thank you note to Pfc. Bert Winzer! Friday, March 4, 2016 I. Fighting World War II REVIEW Ch. 17 ttt Ch. 35 & 36

II. The Cold War begins! Ch. 18 ttt Ch. 37-40 summary notes & picture IDs The Americans, Chapter 17 (p. 560-599) The United States in World War II 1. How did the United States provide the people and weapons to fight the war? With the draft (~10 mill.) and volunteers (~5 mill.), the United States raised 15 million soldiers to fight in the war. The government also organized a labor

force of 18 million (1/3 were women) and controlled consumer goods with the Office of Price Administration. The Office of Scientific Research and Development (OSRD) recruited scientists to develop new weapons, medicine, technology, including the atomic bomb. Out of the Frying Pan into the Firing Line 2. How did the Allies defeat Germany and Italy?

The United States and Great Britain used convoys and new technology to win the Battle of the Atlantic. The Soviet victory at Stalingrad was followed by other advances. The Americans and British ousted the Germans from North Africa and invaded Italy and France. Germany surrendered in 1945. See Ch. 36, War in Europe Map

(Sec. 3) 3. How did the Allies defeat Japan? To defeat Japan, the U.S. adopted a strategy of taking smaller islands (leapfrogging or island hopping) and then bombing supply lines. Naval victories helped too. Finally, the U.S. dropped two atomic bombs on Japan to compel surrender.

See Ch. 36, War in Pacific MAPS (Sec. 4 & 5) Oppenheimer reflects on atomi c weapons... 4. What social and economic changes arose from the war? During World War II, farmers economic position improved, as did womens. The

war required personal adjustments, as many people married and many divorced. Soldiers returning home had to readjust to civilian life, aided by the GI Bill of Rights. African and Mexican Americans saw increased opportunities but suffered some violence. Japanese Americans (Nisei) suffered greatly when they were uprooted and sent to internment camps, losing all their possessions. p. 594-595 Alive! Ch. 36: Fighting World War II, p. 477 World War II lasted from 1939 to 1945. The United States played a major role in both main fronts of the war Europe and the Pacific. To retake Europe, the Allies invaded North Africa, Italy, and France, and then

moved on to Germany. To retake the Pacific, they fought island by island, until they closed in on Japan. Allies versus Axis powers The Allies strategy of Europe First set the United States, Britain, and the USSR against the Axis countries of Germany and Italy. In the Pacific, the United States and China battled Japan. Battle of Stalingrad Hitlers effort to conquer the USSR ended at Stalingrad, where the Red Army forced the Nazis to retreat. The Soviets then pushed westward to Germany. D-Day The Allies invaded France on June 6, 1944. Then they swept into Germany and took Berlin. Hitler committed

suicide, and Germany surrendered. Holocaust Moving through Poland and Germany, Allied forces liberated Jews and others from Nazi concentration camps and began to uncover the horrors of the Holocaust. Battle of Midway The United States stopped Japanese expansion in the Pacific at the Battle of Midway. It then went on the offensive, using tactics like leapfrogging to overcome Japanese resistance. Battle of Okinawa After the Battle of Okinawa, the Allies were poised for an invasion of Japan. Given the losses at Okinawa,

however, they knew it would be a long and costly struggle. Manhattan Project Scientists with the Manhattan Project developed an atomic bomb and tested it in July 1945. A month later, the United States dropped two bombs on Japanese cities, forcing Japans surrender and bringing an end to World Alive! Ch. 35: The Impact of WW II on Americans World War II had a great impact on Americans. Some aided the war effort by joining the armed forces. Others produced military equipment and supplies. Many tended victory gardens, recycled goods, and used ration coupons. Minority groups struggled for equal treatment.

Opportunities to serve For many young Americans, World War II provided an opportunity to fight for their country and its ideals. Members of minority groups also saw the war as an opportunity to show that they deserved the respect of white Americans. New job opportunities Millions of workers left their jobs to join the military. The resulting labor shortage opened the doors of industry to many who had once been shut out. Women, African Americans, and Mexican Americans all found jobs in war-related industries. Broader worldviews The war sent soldiers far from home and many to foreign lands. They came back with a broader view of the world and a new perspective on what it meant to be an American. Many civilians moved to industrial centers, where they lived and worked with different

groups of people. Hardships of war Most Americans knew little about the real hardships of war. GIs, however, faced those hardships every day as they risked their lives in battle. Continued prejudice Racial and ethnic prejudice continued to plague American society. African Americans and Mexican Americans faced harassment at home and in the service. Japanese Americans lost their civil rights because of their ancestry. American Jews struggled against antiSemitism that limited efforts to save European Jews from Nazi extermination. Hardships at home Women often worked double shifts at a paying job and domestic jobs at home. All Americans learned to live with rationing and price controls.

Alive! Ch. 36: Fighting World War II World War II lasted from 1939 to 1945. The United States played a major role in both main fronts of the warEurope and the Pacific. To retake Europe, the Allies invaded North Africa, Italy, and France, and then moved on to Germany. To retake the Pacific, they fought island by island, until they closed in on Japan. Allies versus Axis powers The Allies strategy of Europe First set the United States, Britain, and the USSR against the Axis countries of Germany and Italy. In the Pacific, the United States and China battled Japan. Battle of Stalingrad Hitlers effort to conquer the USSR ended at Stalingrad, where the Red Army

forced the Nazis to retreat. The Soviets then pushed westward to Germany. D-Day The Allies invaded France on June 6, 1944. Then they swept into Germany and took Berlin. Hitler committed suicide, and Germany surrendered. Holocaust Moving through Poland and Germany, Allied forces liberated Jews and others from Nazi concentration camps and began to uncover the horrors of the Holocaust. Battle of Midway The United States stopped Japanese expansion in the Pacific at the Battle of Midway. It then went on the offensive, using tactics like leapfrogging to overcome Japanese resistance. Battle of Okinawa After the Battle of Okinawa, the Allies were poised for an invasion of

Japan. Given the losses at Okinawa, however, they knew it would be a long and costly struggle. Manhattan Project Scientists with the Manhattan Project developed an atomic bomb and tested it in July 1945. A month later, the United States dropped two bombs on Japanese cities, forcing Japans surrender and bringing an end to World War II. https://safari.bucksiu.org/SAFARI/montage/login/login.php?plink =t&rurl=% 2Findex.php%3Fa%3D73672%26d%3D01844AA

Log-in and begin watching the Cold War video Record NOTES on the video outline in Unit III packet

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