Welcome to AP Statistics! Sit in any seat - near the front.
Individuals The individuals are the objects described by a set of data. Individuals may be people, animals, or things. Its the who or what that we are studying. Variable
It is any characteristic of an individual. It can take different values for different individuals. Example: High schools student data
base. New Data SetQuestions to ask yourself. Who are the individuals described by the data?
How many individuals are there? What are the variables? In what units is each variable?
Types of Variables Categorical also known as qualitative Data from individual is placed into a category
Quantitative also know as numerical Takes numerical values and it makes sense to find an average Quantitative or Qualitative? Voters region (North, South, etc) Qual Age (in years)
Qual Systolic Blood pressure (mm of mercury) Quan Level of calcium in the blood (micrograms/ml) Smoker (yes or no) Qual
Quan Survey Identify the type of each variable www.censusatschool.com
Hundreds of thousands of students from Australia, Canada, New Zealand, South Africa, and the United Kingdom. Lets pick 10 students Who are the Individuals in this data set?
What variables were measured? Identify each as categorical or quantitative. In what units were the quantitative variables measured? Describe the individual in the highlighted row.
Distribution The distribution of a variable tells us what values the variable takes and how often it takes these values. It represents the pattern of variation of a
variable. Jake is a car buff who wants to find out more about the vehicles that students at his school drive. He gets permission to go to the student parking lot and record some data. Later, he does some research about each model of car on the Internet. Then he makes a spreadsheet that includes each cars model, year, color, number of cylinders, gas mileage, weight, and whether is has a navigation
system. Who are the individuals? What variables did he measure? Inference
Drawing conclusions that go beyond the data at hand. Using a sample group to discuss the population.
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