Welcome to Greek

Welcome to Greek

Welcome to Mastering NT Greek By Ted Hildebrandt 2003 Baker Academic Introductory Matters Welcome Syllabus read through & course introduction

Why study Greek? God has spoken study as the highest form of worship2 Tim. 3:16; Heb. 1:1; 4:12; Ps. 119:11; Jn. 6:63; 2 Pet. 1:21. On reading love letters Context determines meaning Why not just read it in an English translation? E.g. trunk Car Tree Luggage Body

ei]rh

Lk 11:21(safe/secure) When a strong man, fully armed, guards his own house, his possessions are safe. Luke 10:5 (Blessing) "When you enter a house, first say, 'Peace to this house.' 1 Thessalonians 5:3 (no war) While people are saying, "Peace and safety," destruction will come on them suddenly, di

Causal: Because Joseph righteous did not want to make a public example Concessive: Despite Joseph being righteous he did not want to. Joseph is righteous = not wanting to Mat 5:20; 6:33 new righteousness Why study Greek? Thinking for yourself: Ps 119:11, 105 Seeing things closely: authors style,

Things that matter in a whatever culture: Jn 6:63 Learning English through Greek--1 Kgs 8 Beware--Power corrupts: In the Greek it means How should we study Greek? Goal the dream Memorizing27 chants Time, Consistency, Persistence

Discipline (bottom line), buddy system Vocab building Grammatical muscle building (verbs, nouns, adjectives, pronouns, article, etc.) Morphology: sg/pl.; m/f; 1st person Inch by inch its a cinch, yard Humility (in the Greek this means) What is Koine Greek? Stages of Greek Language

Pre-Homeric (1400-1100 BC) Mycenaean= Linear B Epic (Homer 800 BC) Classical (500-300 BC) dialects: Ionic Attic [Athens], Doric, Aeolic Koine/Hellenistic (330 BC AD 330) Byzantine (330-1453) Modern (1453 present)

Katharevousa (official until 1976); What is Koine Greek? Semitic background-alpha-bet (ox + house; Greeks added vowels), right to left; Boustrophedon Three influences: Semitic, literary koine, vernacular koine (Wallace, 28) Koine as Holy Spirit Greek Common God speaks the language of the people

Classical/Koine shifts: Diacrhonic/ Synchronic Shifts in meaning Classical to Koine [synonyms] (/ heteros///allos: 2 Cor 11:4; Gal. 6:1) Classical clear separation: another=additional//different KJV 2 Corinthians 11:4 For if he that cometh preacheth another (allon) Jesus, whom we have not preached, or if ye receive another (eteron) spirit, which ye have not received, or another (eteron) gospel, which ye have not

accepted, ye might well bear with him. KJV Galatians 1:6 I marvel that ye are so soon removed from him that called you into the grace of Christ unto another (heteron) gospel: Galatians 1:7 Which is not another (allo); but there be some that trouble you, and would pervert the gospel of Christ. Koine (333BC-300AD) Hellenism Alexander (333 B.C.)

universal--LXX Incredible timing: Gal. 4:4 in the fullness of time God sent his son Uncials/Miniscules & manuscripts Inspiration and copying processes: text criticism [lower criticism] versus higher criticism (source, form, redaction criticism) Alphabet /

/ Alpha sounds like a in father Beta sounds like b in Bible / Gamma sounds like g in gone /

Delta sounds like d in dog / Epsilon sounds like e in met Alphabet (cont.) /

Zeta sounds like z in daze when it begins a word, / / dz when it's in the middle of a word Eta sounds like e in obey Theta sounds like th

think Alphabet (Cont.) / Iota short sounds like initial i in sit long sounds like the second i in machine When it begins a name = y ( Yesus) / Kappa sounds like k in

kitchen / Lambda sounds like l in law Alphabet (Cont.) / Mu sounds like m in mother

/ Nu sounds like n in new / Xsi sounds like x in axe Alphabet (Cont.) / Omicron sounds like o in not

some pronounce it like modern Greek long o as in obey others like the ou in thought / Pi sounds like p in peach / Rho sounds like r in rod Alphabet (Cont.) /

Sigma sounds like s in set sigma looks like when it comes at the end of a word (final sigma, ) / Tau sounds like t in talk

/ Upsilon sounds like oo in hoops Alphabet (Cont.) / Phi sounds like ph in phone / Chi sounds like ch in chemical /

Psi sounds like ps in lips / Omega sounds like o in tone Whole Alphabet Chant through

Double Consonants

Easy to confuse letters (with n) (with v) (with p) (with x) (with w) Nasal gamma

When gamma comes before , , , it is pronounced like an n = angelos Vowels , , , , , , Always Short: , Always Long: , Long or short: , ,

Vowel Chart Short Long

Both , , Diphthongs -- 2 vowels = 1 sound as in "aisle" as in "eight" as in "oil" as in "suite"

as in "sauerkraut" , as in "feud as in boutique" Iota Subscripts , , Diaeresis Cancels the diphthong effect keeps the two vowels separate.

= - - Phonetic Chart Labials (lips) Dentals (teeth) Velars (tongue/ roof)

Phonetic Addition Labial + = ( + = ) Palatal + = ( + = ) Dental + = ( + = ) Chapter 1 Vocabulary , -, angel

Chapter 1 Vocabulary truly, verily Chapter 1 Vocabulary , -,

man, human Chapter 1 Vocabulary I--ego Chapter 1 Vocabulary

, -, God Chapter 1 Vocabulary

and Chapter 1 Vocabulary , -, heart Chapter 1 Vocabulary

I say Chapter 1 Vocabulary , -, prophet

Chapter 1 Vocabulary , -, Christ, Messiah, anointed one Alphabet Razzle/Dazzle - Call out the name drill

Alphabet Razzle/Dazzle Drill

Alphabet Razzle/Dazzle Drill

Alphabet Razzle/Dazzle Drill

Alphabet Drill Teams Drill

Alphabet Drill Teams Drill

Uncial capital Letters Drill

Uncial capital Letters Drill

Uncial capital Letter Drill

Diphthong sound offs

Vocabulary

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