Slides to accompany Weathington, Cunningham & Pittenger (2010), Chapter 5: Writing the Research Report 1 Objectives What Readers Appreciate in Good Writing
Elements of APA Style Special Grammatical Issues Academic Integrity Parts of the Research Report Proofreading 2 Readers Expectations Focus Writing has a purpose and clear boundaries
Organization Writing follows a logical sequence Integration Writing conveys a complete story 3 Elements of APA Style Strive for accuracy, brevity, and clarity Write for a specific audience
Typically other scientists Use unbiased language e.g., sex- and race-neutral Integrate numbers and text carefully, following guidelines in the manual 4 Special Grammatical Issues Use active voice whenever possible We designed this study to test
Use past tense when referring to the work of other researchers and to your own results Be careful with your pronouns Study box 5.1 for commonly misused words 5 Academic Integrity Based on you giving fair credit where credits due
Whenever you state a fact or report someone elses findings you need to cite the origin of that information Academic dishonesty = plagiarism Dont go there Review Box 5.2 and the APA manual for citation examples 6 Parts of the Research Report Title page
Abstract Introduction Method Results Discussion References 7 Crafting the Introduction BROAD STATEMENT OF GENERAL PROBLEM
LITERATURE REVIEW HYPOTHESIS Questions to address within the introduction What is the general purpose of the research? What is already known about the topic: Conclusions from previous research, conflicting results, and unresolved questions? What new questions need to be answered? What questions will this study answer?
8 Method Section Subsections Participants Materials/Measures Procedure 9 Results Section Issues Follow APA manual guidelines for
reporting results of statistical tests Use tables and figures sparingly and when they are more efficient than displaying statistical information in the text 10 Discussion Details HYPOTHESES
ALTERNATIVE EXPLANATIONS POTENTIAL LIMITATIONS UNANSWERED QUESTIONS BROADER IMPLICATIONS FUTURE DIRECTIONS Questions to address within the discussion: How do the results relate to the original research questions? Are there alternative explanations of the results? Are there unresolved questions for future research? How do these data compare to others research?
What conclusions do you want to impress on the reader? 11 Proofreading Do it seriously Computer spellchecker is NOT a substitute for actual proofreading Read it aloud to yourself and have someone else listen (if you can find someone)
12 What is Next? **instructor to provide details 13
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