Please make sure to have your sheet filled out on possible topics/questions for your research paper and discussion lesson. Welcome Vertical History Team! Narrowing Your Topic What will you be teaching from April 17May 15th ? (observation time) High interest for you and your students while meeting state history standards
Topic should lend itself to multiple perspectives Topic needs to be controversial, how you frame the question can create controversy. Topic can be applied to the Constitution Narrowing your topic Broad Topic: Lincoln and the Civil War Chapter 6 in Major Problems: Abraham Lincoln, Slavery, and the Civil War (pg. 192) Narrowing topic Lincoln and Slavery Emancipation Proclamation Turning Your Topic Into A Discussion Question Topic: Emancipation Proclamation and
Abraham Lincoln Question needs to be student friendly, provide multiple perspectives, controversial, and applied to the Constitution (if possible). Should Abraham Lincoln be known as the Great Emancipator? Does Lincoln deserve to be called the Great Emancipator? Selecting Your Topic Talk to a person next to you. What topics did you select?
Do they meet the criteria? Create a controversial question. Would anyone like to share? Where will you go for source material for your paper? Some Options Include: 1. Major Problems book: Historical essays, primary sources, and further reading section 2. ABC-CLIO (free access) 3. EBSCO (free access) 4. Pro/Con Books and Opposing Viewpoints Books 5. End notes, bibliography from a book on the topic 6. Ask US! Topic/scholarly sources Due Date: December 2nd ($30) Email Lesson Topic Info Sheet to Sue
Sometimes a quote is all you need! Having students work with an entire primary source can be daunting. One strategy is to break the primary source down. First determine the most important message of the source so as not cut out essential parts of the source. Starting with short quotes from primary sources is a legitimate entry into reading primary sources. (Note: Quotes out of context can offer thoughtprovoking ventures, but using quotes in this way cannot be the only manner in which you work with primary sources.) A
few lines of text are so much less intimidating for students. And yet, it is often the case that the profound and sustained message of a person is found in a few lines from a speech, letter, etc. Quotes will act as pieces of evidence for student when they write arguments in class. Helping students to understand and categorize quotes according to their main points and overarching theme is important. Context for Our Quote Activity EQ: What is the proper balance between protecting individual rights & liberties and promoting the common good or general welfare? Topic for Today: Power in the Executive and Judicial Branches
How do presidents views of the role of government influence their policies? Comparing Hoover & FDR on the Great Depression I see one third of the nation ill-housed, ill-clad, illnourished. --FDR EQ & HQ for our Quotes & Buckets Activity Essential Question
EQ: What is the proper balance between protecting individual rights & liberties and promoting the common good or general welfare? Historical Question HQ: How did Presidents Hoover and Roosevelt differ in their ideas about balancing the protection of individual rights and promoting the
common good? FIVE GROUPS FOR ACTIVITY GROUP 1 Valerie Fine Mario Fitzpatrick Vallarie Larson Heather Bowman Trevor Moffat Lori Kahl Group 2 Rochelle Whellams Janet Roberts Nancy Burbank Yvette Harding Corrine Moffat Darren Fleck Stacy Drum
Group 4 Andrea Schulewitch Denise Boswell Jason Aytes Sundae Eyer Ruth Oxborrow Neil Stokely Group 5 Don Speth Michael Lindberg Sarah Brown Michele Gleason Rick Barby Brett Barry Group 3 Tawnya Root
Eian Gilbert Diane Domiteux Cheri Kuykendall Lisa Gonsalves Kylie Miller Frank Rivas DIRECTIONS FOR QUOTE BUCKETING FIRST STEP Read each quote aloud and as a group come to consensus on which EQbased bucket the quote belongs:
Protecting individual rights is most important Promoting the common good is most important Both are equally important AND THEN Lay out the quotes from each bucket. Match the quote numbers with the correct President using your background knowledge. How does this help you better understand the HQ
How did Presidents Hoover and Roosevelt differ in their ideas about balancing the protection of individual rights and promoting the common good? Quotes & Buckets Reflection How would an activity like this help to foster understanding of multiple perspectives in history? How does this activity demonstrate the tension inherent between individual rights and the common good in the EQ? Can you relate this to modern context? What kinds of assignments/assessments could come after an activity like this? How could you modify an activity like this for your students?
Scotts Presentation Discussion Strategy Structured Academic Controversy See Discussion Reader, Tab 17 Look through this section before we begin. WHY SAC? Encourages analysis and synthesis of multiple perspectives Different purpose than debate or pro/con conversation; encourages trying to better understand an alternate viewpoint Works well with historical and current questions Very structured small group format holds
students accountable and helps teachers maintain discussion focus Teacher Preparation of SACs 1. Choose a historical question that lends itself to contrasting viewpoints. For example, Should Abraham Lincoln be considered the Great Emancipator? Was dropping the atomic bomb on Hiroshima and Nagasaki necessary to defeat the Japanese? 2. Find and select two or three documents (primary or secondary sources) that embody each side. (Remember that you can pull these
from existing document collections on the web or in print.) 3. Consider timing, make copies of handouts, and plan grouping strategies. The time you will need for a SAC that uses about four documents will depend on the amount of experience your students have with the activity structure and the difficulty and familiarity of the documents. Plan on using about two class periods for your initial SAC. SAC Steps 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Organize students in groups of four. Split each group
into two pairs. Each pair studies one side of the controversy by reading the background material and identifying arguments to support their assigned position. The pair figures out a game plan for advocating that position. Pairs take turns advocating their positions. The pair not speaking takes notes on the other position. Pairs reverse positions using their notes to demonstrate understanding of the other position. Students work together as a group of four to synthesize the ideas and come to consensus on at least one major point. The whole class engages in a debrief and individual students reflect on their learning about the issue. SAC Question for Today Do the Constitutional powers in Article II give the President full authority order
the capture, detention, and interrogation of "enemy combatants" without interference from the legislative and judicial branches? Preparation with Your Partner Access background knowledge and ideas from today. Use your assigned readings. Work together to determine your argument & delineate: Claims: simple statements that asserts the main point of an
argument Reasoning: the because part of an argument; the explanation for why a claim is made Evidence: support for the reasoning in an argument; the for example aspect of an argument Although both people can speak during your turn in the SAC, its a good idea to split up your parts ahead of time. Then, you can feel free to politely interject if you have additional points. TODAYS SNAPSHOT SAC DISCUSSION LESSON 12 min With your partner outline the evidence for your position. 1 min Introduce yourselves in your group of four.
3-4 min First pair shares their position (claims, reasons, evidence). 3-4 min Second pair shares their positions (claims, reasons, evidence). 2 min First pair demonstrates their knowledge of second pairs positions. 2 min Second pair demonstrates their knowledge of first pairs position. 6-7 min The group of four tries to find some common ground or consensus onPlease the issue to share position with haveand oneprepares
person in the whole class. your group time the 5 min Share out ideas of consensustoor sticky conversations stay on points track. You have 2 minutes to get into your group of four and start working with your
partner. YES Ch. 15 Document 6 and Yoo SAC Groups Is everyone here? Do we need to adjust groups? NO Ch. 15 Document 7 and Irons Valerie Fine & Rick Barbey Denise Boswell & Rochelle Whellams Darren Fleck & Neil Stokely
Don Speth & Andrea Schulewitch Lori Kahl & Tanya Root Lisa Gonsalves & Frank Rivas Yvette Harding & Trevor Moffatt Eian Gilbert & Heather Bowman Mario Fitzpatrick & Nancy Burbank Janet Roberts & Jason Aytes Michael Lindberg & Cheri Kuykendall Kylie Miller & Sundae Eyer Sarah Brown & Michelle Gleason
Vallarie Larson & Stacy Drum Brett Barry & Corrine Moffat Diane Domiteaux & Ruth Oxborrow Reflection 1. 2. 3. 4. Turn to pages 193-194 in your Discussion Reader. In your head, assess your participation in the SAC deliberation. Did this snapshot SAC discussion help you to better understand the controversy
surrounding presidential power and War on Terror? As a student, what did you think of SAC? As a teacher, what is your impression of this discussion strategy? How would you modify it for your students? Scott on the History of the Presidency Creating Cadre Essential Questions to Frame the Curriculum Vertical Teaming Through the Use of Essential Questions Review: Elements of EQs Address
the big ideas of history No right or wrong answers Help think broadly about history rather than a specific event Allow for multiple interpretations Allows for cause and effect Pose a problem Difficult to answer Allow for changing answers in different contexts Why use EQs? Demonstrate meaning and continuity between units of study and grade levels Provide a framework for ditching the stuff that does not matter as much Frame your curriculum around enduring issues that apply just as well
today as in the past Help students see history as an area on inquiry rather than just a story Sample EQs see handout When and how is it appropriate to use power? Should liberty be limited? Why do social, economic, and political inequalities exist? What type of relationship should exist between individuals, institutions and government? What does it mean to be an American? What justifies the limitation or promotion of freedom? Does a limited or an
energetic government serve the people best? Why do ideas and values change over time? What is the proper balance between protecting individual rights and promoting the common good? Why do people move? What is proper relationship between humans and the environment? What justifies rebellion? What role should Americans play in the world? What is the impact of war?
Others? Finalizing Cadre EQs GOAL: agree on at least three EQs that you will use as a cadre (each school could add one or two more that they use) The truth is that all of these questions workso dont worry if your favorite one is not chosen by the group. Many of the questions are interrelated. Your group is absolutely allowed to make their own questions, but this is a difficult, time-consuming process (remember last Spring?). It is probably smart to use some that are already working instead of writing a whole set of new questions. Turn in a copy of your requested EQs to Katie. Include the names/schools of people who would
like a poster of the EQs to hang in their room. Upcoming Events Saturday Seminar November 19 John Reid Federalism super fun! Email research paper/discussion lesson topic and two scholarly sources by Dec. 2 Saturday Seminar December 17 History Day Training November 14, 47 NNCSS Conference January 28, 2012
Conversations at the NMA Take Mill to Ryland. Take Ryland through Virginia Street. Ryland turns into Liberty. Museum is on the left. Meet in the lobby. We begin class at 2:10.
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