Westinghouse Presentation Template Class 3

Westinghouse Presentation Template Class 3

Westinghouse Non-Proprietary Class 3 2016 Westinghouse Electric Company LLC. All Rights Reserved. Nuclear Power Production Westinghouse Science Honors Institute October 8, 2016 Catherine Perego Westinghouse Electric Company Senior Engineer, AP1000 Plant Vogtle ITAAC

1 Westinghouse Non-Proprietary Class 3 2016 Westinghouse Electric Company LLC. All Rights Reserved. Agenda Safety Brief Overview of Electricity Understanding the Atom Nuclear Physics

Designing the Core Nuclear Fuel Harnessing the Energy Nuclear Power Production 2 Westinghouse Non-Proprietary Class 3 2016 Westinghouse Electric Company LLC. All Rights Reserved. Overview of Electricity 3

Westinghouse Non-Proprietary Class 3 2016 Westinghouse Electric Company LLC. All Rights Reserved. Our Society Requires Electricity 4 Westinghouse Non-Proprietary Class 3

2016 Westinghouse Electric Company LLC. All Rights Reserved. Sources of Electricity (U.S. 2013) Nuclear 19% Natural Gas 27% Coal

39% Wind, Solar & Geothermal 6% Hydro 7% 5 Westinghouse Non-Proprietary Class 3

2016 Westinghouse Electric Company LLC. All Rights Reserved. How do we get from FUEL to POWER? 6 Westinghouse Non-Proprietary Class 3 2016 Westinghouse Electric Company LLC. All Rights Reserved. Understanding the Atom Nuclear Physics

7 Westinghouse Non-Proprietary Class 3 2016 Westinghouse Electric Company LLC. All Rights Reserved. The Atom Small but Mighty! Atoms are made up of protons, neutrons and electrons.

The protons and neutrons make up the nucleus of the atom. The electrons orbit the nucleus. 8 Westinghouse Non-Proprietary Class 3

2016 Westinghouse Electric Company LLC. All Rights Reserved. The Discovery of Fission 9 Westinghouse Non-Proprietary Class 3 2016 Westinghouse Electric Company LLC. All Rights Reserved.

Chain Reaction! 10 Westinghouse Non-Proprietary Class 3 2016 Westinghouse Electric Company LLC. All Rights Reserved. Criticality The chain reaction rate is measured in criticality (Keffective) Keff < 1 Subcritical

Keff = 1 Critical Keff > 1 Supercritical The goal of commercial nuclear reactors is to remain critical during operation Special types of nuclear reactors can go supercritical safely like the TRIGA reactor at Penn State! 11 Westinghouse Non-Proprietary Class 3 2016 Westinghouse Electric Company LLC. All Rights Reserved.

Control is Key Neutron 12 Westinghouse Non-Proprietary Class 3 2016 Westinghouse Electric Company LLC. All Rights Reserved.

Designing the Core Nuclear Fuel 13 Westinghouse Non-Proprietary Class 3 2016 Westinghouse Electric Company LLC. All Rights Reserved. Parts of a Whole Fuel Pellets 14

Westinghouse Non-Proprietary Class 3 2016 Westinghouse Electric Company LLC. All Rights Reserved. Parts of a Whole Fuel Rods & Control Rods 15 Westinghouse Non-Proprietary Class 3

2016 Westinghouse Electric Company LLC. All Rights Reserved. Assemblies & The Core 1 Nuclear Fuel Pellet 16 = 149 gallons of oil

= 1,780 lbs. of coal = 17,000 cubic feet of natural gas

Westinghouse Non-Proprietary Class 3 2016 Westinghouse Electric Company LLC. All Rights Reserved. Harnessing the Energy Nuclear Power Production 17 Westinghouse Non-Proprietary Class 3

2016 Westinghouse Electric Company LLC. All Rights Reserved. Introduction to Nuclear Power From Atoms to Electricity 18 Westinghouse Non-Proprietary Class 3 2016 Westinghouse Electric Company LLC. All Rights Reserved.

How do we get from FUEL to POWER? 19 Westinghouse Non-Proprietary Class 3 2016 Westinghouse Electric Company LLC. All Rights Reserved. Boiling Water Reactor

20 Westinghouse Non-Proprietary Class 3 2016 Westinghouse Electric Company LLC. All Rights Reserved. Pressurized Water Reactor 21 Westinghouse Non-Proprietary Class 3

2016 Westinghouse Electric Company LLC. All Rights Reserved. Nuclear Energy in the U.S. Over 100 nuclear power plants Over 20% of electricity supplied by nuclear 22 Westinghouse Non-Proprietary Class 3

2016 Westinghouse Electric Company LLC. All Rights Reserved. Nuclear Energy is Used Worldwide 23 Westinghouse Non-Proprietary Class 3 2016 Westinghouse Electric Company LLC. All Rights Reserved. Nuclear Power is

Safe! 24 Westinghouse Non-Proprietary Class 3 2016 Westinghouse Electric Company LLC. All Rights Reserved. Nuclear Power is Clean!

25 Westinghouse Non-Proprietary Class 3 2016 Westinghouse Electric Company LLC. All Rights Reserved. Nuclear Power is Reliable! 26

Westinghouse Non-Proprietary Class 3 2016 Westinghouse Electric Company LLC. All Rights Reserved. Questions? 27

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