Introduction Psychology 612 Psy 612 - Introduction 1 What is Cognitive Science? Cognitive science is the interdisciplinary study of intelligence and intelligent systems, natural or artificial - Mathematics (mathematical theory of intelligence) - Computer Science (computational algorithms of ...) - Neuroscience (neurophysiological foundations of ...) - Psychology (behavioral manifestations of ...)
- Philosophy (ontological foundations of ) - Linguistics (linguistic foundations of ) - Anthropology (cultural foundations of ) Psy 612 - Introduction 2 Interdisciplinary Efforts for Studying Mind Psychology (cognitive psychology) Behavioral experiments (e.g., word recognition)
Biology (neuroscience) Physiological experiments (e.g., cell firing) Philosophy (philosophy of mind) Thought experiments (e.g., logical analysis) Computer Science (artificial intelligence)
Algorithmic analysis & simulations Anthropology Cross-cultural study of how people think Psy 612 - Introduction 3 What is Intelligence? Thesis 1:
Intelligence is a type of computation. Thesis 2: The brain is a computing machine. Psy 612 - Introduction 4 Are these works/evidence of intelligence? Psy 612 - Introduction 5 Landmark Events in Cognitive Science
1936: Definition of computation (Turing) 1956: field artificial intelligence born (Minsky & McCarthy) 1960s: Computer chess program (Newell & Simon) 1977: Journal Cognitive Science launched 1979: 1st annual meeting of Cognitive Science Society 1997: IBM Deep Blue beat Kasparov Psy 612 - Introduction 6
Cognitive Science in a Nutshell The mind does not exist or is irrelevant Computational modeling of the black (mind) box Psy 612 - Introduction 7 Neural Networks Psy 612 - Introduction
8 What Questions in Cognitive Science? How do we think? What is the nature of mind? What is knowledge? How is it possible? How does the brain create a mind? The Mind-Body Problem Can a computer think?
What is the nature of self? Is it an illusion? What is consciousness? Psy 612 - Introduction 9 Major Players in Cognitive Science
A Turing (Universal Turing Machines) (click) G Miller (seven plus or minus two) M Minsky & J McCarthy (Artificial Intelligence) A Newell & H Simon (General Problem Solver) N Chomsky (Universal Grammar) D Huble & T Wiesel (feature detecting cells) D Rumelhart & J McClelland (neural networks) J Searl (mind and computer) F Crick & C Koch (neural consciousness) Psy 612 - Introduction 10 Cognitive Science and H. Simon
Expert system (e.g., credit card evaluation) IBMs Deep Thought & Deep Blue (click here) Google.coms internet search engine .. Psy 612 - Introduction 12 Despite all the excitement and past accomplishments, .., We have not a single clue about the tantalizing question of the field: How does the mind really work?
Until we do,...the beat goes on Psy 612 - Introduction 13
Inference Analysis. Used when marketing researchers use statistical procedures to generalize the results of the sample to the target population it represents.- ... a descriptive analysis measure defined as that value in a string of numbers that occurs most often.
You can legally buy porn magazines and videos at 18, and all regulated porn websites try to prevent under 18s from accessing them. The government has recently clarified existing obscenity laws to ensure that materials rated only suitable for 18...
a proposed free trade agreement (FTA) between the ten member states of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) (Brunei, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, the Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, Vietnam) and the six states with which ASEAN has existing free...
Cognatic descent Any nonunilineal system of descent. Ambilineal descent A form of bilateral descent in which an individual may choose to affiliate with either the father's or mother's descent group. Kindred A unique kin network made up of all the...
Turing Clusters into Patterns: Rectangle-based Discriminative Data Description Byron J. Gao and Martin Ester IEEE ICDM 2006 Introduction The goal of data mining is to discover useful knowledge. Present the clusters as the sets of points. Interpret the clusters as...
A Slinky can be used to model longitudinal waves, by moving one end of the Slinky left and right. The wave travels away from the source. The direction of the wave is parallel to the movement of the source. source...
• Experiment with adverbs, adverbial phrases, fronted adverbials, subjunctive sentences. Possible Written Outcomes or . Incidental Writing Opportunities . Prediction- based on pictures, the book trailer, blurb and front cover of the book. Diary - based on chapter 10 when...
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