What is republican government?

What is republican government?

What is republican government? Ideas that were important to the Founders when they created our government Roman Republic Roman people governed themselves without a king The common people and aristocrats (wealthy upper class) shared power to govern They chose leaders to make and administer laws

Founders called the government of Rome a republican government Citizens have power to govern Citizens give power to leaders they elect to represent them and to serve their interests The representatives are responsible for promoting common welfare (the good for the entire community) Founders thought this was possible because

of civic virtue (the people should put the common welfare above their own interests) Benefits of republican government The laws made by representatives elected by the people would be fair and would serve the common welfare rather than self interests of one group People would have greater freedom and be able to live secure and comfortable lives 1. Describe a person you know or a leader in our

2. 3. 4. 5. nation who you think has civic virtue. Explain what the person did to cause you to think so. Explain some situations in which you think you should put the common welfare above your own interests.

Explain some situations in which you might not want to put the common welfare above your own interests. Explain some things a government could do that would be for the common welfare. Explain some situations in which people might disagree about what is best for the common welfare. What should be done when there are such disagreements? Why? How should republican government be organized? Founders learned about republican government

through Montesquieu Montesquieu believed the best way to make sure government would serve the common welfare was to Separate the powers of government among the different branches. Each branch should represent interests of a different group in society Balance the powers among the branches Give each branch a way to check the use of power by the other branches

How were the values of republican government promoted? Values of republican government Citizens and leaders should lead modest lives and hard work People care about common welfare Americans taught these values by Parents Teachers Ministers Leading citizens Books

1. Why did Montesquieu believe that the powers of 2. 3. 4. 5. republican government should be separated among different branches or groups in the government? What was the purpose of balancing the powers

among different groups in the government? Why should each group be given ways to check the power of other groups? Why was Cincinnatus considered a model of civic virtue? Why do you think many people thought that a republican government was not possible if the citizens did not have civic virtue? How was civic virtue promoted among the Founders?

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