WINTER DRIVING TIPS BeaveRun MotorSports Complex 201 Penndale Road Wampum, PA 16157 724.535.1000 IS YOUR VEHICLE READY? Know your vehicle. Read your Owner's Manual and winterize the following:

battery and lights defroster and heater motor oil correct viscosity wiper blades and treated windshield washer fluid antifreeze Cooling system (thermostat) belts, hoses and filters tire pressure brakes and brake fluid exhaust system TIRES, TIRES, TIRES

Four Winter Tires Buy tires and rims All Season, M & S are compromises Long-wearing tires are too hard Narrow & tall tires best for snow Consider ice tires vs. snow tires Consider minus sizing wheel/tire combination CARRY ALONG! Stock car with basic safety equipment and breakdown kit including: emergency cash

scraper and brush rags or paper towels small shovel jumper cables tow strap salt traction mats bag of cat litter for tire traction road flares or reflectors sunglasses blanket gloves boots warm clothing flashlight extra flashlight batteries

food water first-aid kit cell phone charger wind-up charger non-perishable snack food PREPARE TO GO!

Full fuel tank Full treated washer fluid Check oil level Check tire pressures Clean windows and light lenses Check cell phone and charger Clean snow & ice from vehicle Check weather and traffic advisory forecast Back into garage/parking area READY TO GO! Be sure wipers arent frozen to glass Let vehicle warm up as you clean hood, roof, trunk, glass etc. Turn on rear window defroster Recheck all lights, including turn signals

Turn on low beam headlights Use seatbelts for all occupants Clean out front of car DRIVING TIPS

Plan for time to reach destination Dont be overconfident with all-wheel or four-wheel drive Slow down Do not use cruise control Keep distance in front and behind 4-second rule Keep distance when stopped Look up; look ahead; watch lights Use only smooth and precise inputs Be aware of bridges and overpasses shiny surfaces Watch mirrors Change lanes in clear areas Test the surface Practice TRACTION TIPS

Rear drive cars weight over rear axle If stuck, rock car gently. Do not spin in one place. Use traction mat or kitty litter if necessary On hill, consider putting two wheels on edge of roadway Use inertia Use highest gear possible If wheels start to spin on hill, ease off throttle, then resume speed If rear wheels skid, turn steering wheel in direction of skid. LOOK WHERE YOU WANT THE VEHICLE TO GO Consider turning traction control off BRAKING TIPS

Brake gently use toes & keep heel on floor Threshold braking May use ABS if you have it Plan ahead Brake steadily on hill may not be good to downshift Brake on dry pavement if possible Dont brake hard on black ice Dont brake in turn brake in straight line Use defensive braking flash brake lights

Brake Pressure Graph YOURE IN A SKID! Above all, dont panic With rear wheel skid, look where you want to go and steer in that direction Open steering in front wheel skid Use SAW! Dont brake or accelerate Shift to neutral if possible Declutch manual transmission IF YOURE STUCK OR STRANDED

Dont panic Put out reflectors or flares Use four way flashers Avoid over-exertion or over-exposure Stay in vehicle if you cant move it Call law enforcement personnel Make sure exhaust isnt clogged Keep warm use clothes and blankets

Crack window if the vehicle is running Dont leave vehicle unless you can see destination Dont sleep (or take turns) Watch for rescuers WHATS THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN AN AVERAGE DRIVER AND A GOOD DRIVER? The average driver reacts to conditions and often ends up in a crisis A good driver anticipates conditions and knows how to address them

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