Workshop on Studying migration Routes Rome - 16 June 2016

Workshop on Studying migration Routes Rome - 16 June 2016

Italian data collection on asylum Workshop on Studying migration Routes Rome 16 June 2016 Overview on asylum procedure First reception Second reception Arrivals pre registration and identification Application for international protection Interview Positive decision Integration Eurodac (cat1 or cat2)

In case of positive hit In case of Italian responsab ility Dublin procedur e Negative decision Appeal Closure Return Institutional stakeholders in Italian administrations Asylum Procedure National bodies II.OO.

Ministry of the Interior Step DPS ARRIVALS X RECEPTION X APPLICATION X DUBLIN PROCEDURE X RELOCATION X X RESETTLEMENT

X X DCLI TERRITORIAL COMMISION X X X X X X X X X X INTEGRATION

X X X X X APPEAL ASSISTED VOLUNTARY RETURN FORCED RETURN IOM X X X UNHCR X DECISION

WITHDRAWAL SPRAR X X X DUBLIN UNIT X ASYLUM INTERVIEW AND EXAMINATION FAMILY REUNIFICATION Municipality X AND PREFECTURES X

DPS: Department of Public Security DCLI: Directorate Central for Civil Liberties and Immigration Italian data collection on asylum Data repositories VESTANET database co-shared between the Police Dep. and the Commissions for asylum. The DPS collects and manages all the information on identity, residence permits, applications for international protection, and withdrawals, forced return of asylum seekers. The Commissions manage information on decisions in legal proceedings. VESTANET is interconnected with DUBLINET (managed by the Dublin unit for the implementation of DUB III EU Reg.) VESTANET is also interconnected with the Revenue Agency: a temporary tax code is automatically generated for each applicant (the code will be permanent in case of positive decision or cancelled in case of refusal) A new database on RECEPTION system, connected with the other 2 will be operate since October 2017. Italian data collection on asylum Arrivals Collection of personal data and fingerprints (Eurodac cat 2)

Identification of asylum seekers (AFIS and SDI), UNAMS, vulnerable individuals PREREGISTRATION EURODAC AFIS SGA reception Personal data Fingerprint navy code+individual code Date and place of arrival Personal data Fingerprint Personal data Photo Status Personal data Reception facility data

Eurodac link 2015 2015 2016 (al 26/05) (al 26/05) REGIONE SBARCO Immigraz SAR Immigraz Totale SAR irregolare Immigraz Totale

SAR irregolare Totale irregolare Sicilia 104.378 331 104.709 30.623 160 30.783 29.102 192 29.294 Puglia 10.411

779 11.190 1.430 486 1.916 1.986 108 2.094 28.855 582 29.437 5.469 421 5.890 4.621

146 4.767 Sardegna 5.188 263 5.451 309 7 316 920 143 1063 Campania 2.556 0

2.556 2.081 0 2.081 543 0 543 Liguria 499 0 499 499 0 499 0

0 0 Totale 151.887 1.955 153.842 40.411 1074 41.485 37.172 589 Calabria 37.761 Italian data collection on asylum Reception 1

First assistance First reception Data and place of arrival Type of recep. facility Family group Avalaible places Data Data on on vulnerability vulnerability Services First assistance Reception Centres for Immigrants (Centri prima accoglienza and Hotspots): first assistance and identification or urgent medical assistance (12.985 presences at 6 June 2016); First reception CAS: Strutture temporanee: short term large centres for the formal registration of asylum application (89.967 presences at 6 June 2016); Italian data collection on asylum

Reception 2 Second reception SPRAR System: coordinated by the Central Service, entrusted in agreement with ANCI, involves 382 local authorities, covering 30 provinces and 352 municipalities with 434 local projects, of which 19.720 for ordinary categories, 729 for unaccompanied minors and 295 for persons with mental distress. (20.086 presences at 6 June 2016) CIE (Centres for Identification and Expulsion): Facilities for the detention of irregular immigrants for the time necessary to exercise the expulsion order. Italian data collection on asylum Application fingerprinting (eurodac cat 1) and photo formal registration and issue of a temporary permit of stay DUBLINET database linked to VESTANET and permit of stay by CUI individual code Dublin cases Procedure to determine the MS responsible for the asylum procedure. Italian data collection on asylum Appeal The applicant can appeal to the Ordinary Court with territorial jurisdiction within 30 days from the date of communication of the decision of the Territorial

Commission Italian data collection on asylum Return Following a final negative decision on an application for international protection, the applicant must leave the territory of Italy which can be either by: an assisted voluntary return program (hereinafter referred to as AVR), financed by the DCLI a forced removal Italian data collection on asylum Landings in Italy Source of data: DIPPS Italian data collection on asylum Landings in Italy Italian data collection on asylum Landings Deaths and arrivals by route in 2016, to March 24. Data: IOM; Elaboration: www.medmig.info, Author provided Source of data: DIPPS and VESTANET

Italian data collection on asylum Asylum in Italy Source of data: VESTANET and EUROSTAT Italian data collection on asylum Asylum in Europe Source of data: Eurostat Italian data collection on asylum April 2016: Asylum in EU Source of data of data: EASO Italian data collection on asylum Asylum in Europe 2014-2015 Italian data collection on asylum Asylum in Italy Source of data: VESTANET Italian data collection on asylum

April 2016: Asylum in EU Main nationalities Italian data collection on asylum Asylum In IT and EU Source of data of data: EUROSTAT Italian data collection on asylum Asylum seekers focus minors UNAMAS 2015 compared with Italy Source of data: EUROSTAT 88,245 Minors asylum seekers 23,150 Source of data: VESTANET 11,695 12,190 10,610 11,690

12,540 12,725 2008 2009 2012 2013 2010 2011 2014 Italian data collection on asylum 2015 Jan-May 2016: Asylum decisions Main positive CoO Siria Afghanistan Somalia Iraq

Libia Eritrea Turchia Total Refugee status 371 147 117 58 17 85 26 1.768 % 90% 9% 19% 21% 15% 42% 18% 4% Subsidiary prot. 36 1.462

451 188 82 77 41 5.265 Human. prot. % 9% 88% 74% 70% 71% 38% 29% 13% 0 17 19 12 9 8 54 7.374 %

0% 1% 3% 4% 8% 4% 38% 18% Rejected 0 19 10 4 1 9 21 24.432 % 0% 1% 2% 1% 1% 4% 15% 60% Total

International Protection (Refugees+ Subsidiary) % 412 1.667 607 270 115 203 143 40.699 Source of data: VESTANET Italian data collection on asylum 99% 97% 94% 91% 86% 80% 47% 100% Decisions^

2015asof June 3rd % 2016asof june 3rd % Totale 20.117 100% 40.671 100% Refugee status Subsidiary Prot. Humanitarian Prot. Refusal Absconded 1.283

6% 1.768 4% 3.689 18% 5.265 13% 4.964 25% 7.374 18% 9.542 639 47% 3% 24.432

1.832 60% 5% Italian data collection on asylum Asylum decisions IT vs EU Refugee status 2015 compared with Italy Subsidiary prot. 2015 compared with Italy Source of data: EUROSTAT Italian data collection on asylum Asylum decisions IT vs EU Humanitarian 2015 compared with Italy Rejection 2015 compared with Italy Source of data: EUROSTAT Italian data collection on asylum 2015- 2016: Asylum decisions IT vs EU Source of data: EUROSTAT Italian data collection on asylum

Italian data collection on asylum Relocated from IT and EL to other MS Fonte: EASO Italian data collection on asylum

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