The Cold War at Home US Domestic Policy: 1945-1980 Postwar America Highest standard of living in history! GI Bill of Rights Baby Boom Suburbia

Levittown Sunbelt Truman 1945-1953 Truman Fair Deal

Taft Hartley Act, 1947 Desegregated the Military, 1948 22nd Amendment, 1950 A 2nd Red Scare Smith Act, 1940 Loyalty Review Boards, 1947 McCarran Internal Security Act, 1950 HUAC (House Un-American Activities

Committee) Alger Hiss Trial Rosenberg Case Joseph McCarthy Army-McCarthy Hearings Eisenhower 1953-1961

Eisenhower Fiscal Conservative, Moderate on Issues Dynamic Conservatism Expanded Social Security Interstate Highway Act, 1956 National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), 1958 National Defense Education Act, 1958

Culture of the 1950s Television Rock N Roll Conformity Advertising Corporate America Women Cult of Domesticity

Dr. Benjamin Spock: Commonsense Book of Baby & Childcare Beat Movement (Beatniks) Literature Kennedy 1961-1963

Kennedy New Frontier aid to education, urban renewal, civil rights, health care Economy increased spending on defense and space exploration Johnson

1963-1969 Johnson Devoted follower of FDRs New Deal The War on Poverty Great Society Medicare/Medicaid Elementary and Secondary Education Act Clean air and water laws

Automobile regulation Civil Rights Civil Rights Act of 1964 Voting Rights Act of 1965 The Warren Court Brown v. Board of Education. 1954 Yates v. US, 1957

Mapp v. Ohio, 1961 Engel v. Vitale, 1962 Gideon v. Wainwright, 1963 Escobedo v. Illinois, 1964 Griswold v. Connecticut, 1965 Miranda v. Arizona, 1966 Turmoil of the 1960s Students for a Democratic Society, 1962

Port Huron Statement New Left Free Speech Movement, UC Berkeley, 1964 Vietnam War Protests Counterculture Woodstock Haight Ashbury Sexual Revolution

Excerpt from Port Huron Statement We are people of this generation, bred in at least modest comfort, housed now in universities, looking uncomfortably to the world we inherit. When we were kids the United States was the wealthiest and strongest country in the world: the only one with the atom bomb, the least scarred by modern war, an initiator of the United Nations that we thought would distribute Western influence throughout the world. Freedom and equality for each individual, government of, by, and for the people -- these American values we found good, principles by which we

could live as men. Many of us began maturing in complacency. As we grew, however, our comfort was penetrated by events too troubling to dismiss. First, the permeating and victimizing fact of human degradation, symbolized by the Southern struggle against racial bigotry, compelled most of us from silence to activism. Second, the enclosing fact of the Cold War, symbolized by the presence of the Bomb, brought awareness that we ourselves, and our friends, and millions of abstract "others" we knew more directly because of our common peril, might die at any time. We might deliberately ignore, or avoid, or fail to feel all other human problems, but not these two, for these were too immediate and

crushing in their impact, too challenging in the demand that we as individuals take the responsibility for encounter and resolution. 1968 Tet Offensive My Lai Massacre Assassination of Martin Luther King Jr Assassination of Robert Kennedy Democratic National Convention, Chicago

Vital Center 1948-1968 Political consensus Anti-communism and containment Belief that economic growth could solve all of societys problems Political pluralism: a variety of ideas could compete in America Shattered in 1968 election:

Vietnam War shows generation gap Conservative backlash against liberalism Nixon 1969-1974 Nixon New Federalism Stagflation

Southern Strategy Silent Majority Environmental Legislation Clean Air Act, 1970 Clean Water Act, 1972 Pentagon Papers, 1971 Watergate Resignation

Ford 1974-1977 Ford Pardoning Nixon Bicentennial Celebration Energy Crisis - Caused by 1973 OPEC Embargo

WIN - Whip Inflation Now Carter 1977-1981 Carter Troubled Economy Malaise/Crisis of Confidence Speech CA Proposition 13 - 1978

Department of Energy Energy Policy lower U.S. energy demand reduce gasoline consumption cut the portion of oil imported into the U.S. ncrease domestic coal production increase the use of solar energy installs solar panels on the White House

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