Chemistry Chemistry - dictionary A agrochemie - agrochemistry alchymie amchemy analytick - analytical analza analysis anorganick - anorganic atom atom B biochemie - biochemistry biologie biology bod - point stice - particle D druh species E energie energy F fze phase G geologie - geology H hmota matter hustota - density J jdro - nucleus jednotka unit K kinetika - kinetics koncept - concept kov metal kyselost - acidity L laborato - laboratory M materil - material medicna medicine mechanika - mechanics metalurgie - metallurgy molekula molecule mon - possible N nboj charge nemon - impossible neutralizace - neutralization O objem volume odlouen dissociation organick - organic
oxidace oxidation P plazma plasma plyn - gas pohyb - motion polymer polymer potencil potential povrch - surface pravidlo rule proton - proton prvek - element prmysl - industry R radioaktivn - radiactive reakce reaction rovnice equation rovnovha - equilibrium rozklad decay een - solution S separace separation syntetick - synthetic sloen composition snen reduction snit - decrease stav state sl salt T tekutina liquid termochemie - thermochemistry V vazba - bond vda science voda - water vzjemn psoben - interaction Z zkladn basic, elementary zkon law zneitn - pollution zvit increase ivotn prostedn - environment DISCUSSION 1.What is chemistry about? 2.What do we use it for? 3.Is chemistry a popular subject? Why? Why not? 4.What is organic chemistry? 5.What is anorganic chemistry? 6.What is the relationship of chemistry to other sciences?
7.What do you know about the beginning of chemistry? 8.What is modern chemistry about? 9.What is atom? What are its parts? 10.What is an element? 11.Who created the periodic table? 12.What is a molecule? Where can we find it? 13.What is a bond? Why is it created? 14.Why do some substances react with each other? 15.There are various subdisciplines of chemistry what do you know about them? a) analytical chemistry b) biochemistry c) nuclear chemistry d) electrochemistry e) astrochemistry f) theoretical chemistry g) neurochemistry h) agrochemistry i) atmospheric chemistry j) environmental chemistry k) nanotechnology l) petrochemistry m) pharmacology n) polymer chemistry o) radio chemistry 16.Use these words in sentences ACID ANION ATOM ATOMIC ORBITAL BAROMETER BOILING CENTRIFUGE COMPOUND ELECTROLYTE ELEMENT ENERGY FREQUENCY GAS HEAT KINETICS LIQUID LIGHT MOLECULE ORBITAL PLASMA PHOTON SALT SUBSTANCE CELL WATER PARTICLE BOND
Basic units of measurement can you match the units? 1.Distance a) Kelvin (K) 2.Mass b) Candela (Cd) 3.Time c) Ampere (A) 4.Electric Current d) Second (s) 5.Temperature e) Metre (m) 6.Luminious Intensity f) Kilogram (kg) 7.Amount of substance g) mole (mol) Can you complete this chart? Some information has already been given 1.tera 2. 3.mega 4. 5.deci 6. 7.milli 8. 9.nano 10. T G 1012 109 106 103 k c 10-2 m 10-6 p 10-12 Units of measurement try to explain the use of these units and give examples 1.Frequency / Hertz 2.Force, Weight / Newton
3.Work, Heat / Joule 4.Power / Watt 5.Pressure / Pascal 6.Illuminance / Lux 7.Electric charge of flux / Coulomb 8.Electrical potential difference, Electromotive force / Volt 9.Electric resistance, Impedance, Reactance / Ohm 10.Magnetic flux density, magnetic induction / Tesla 11.Thermodynamic temperature / Degree Celsius Chemistry links 1) http://chemistry.about.com/ - vod do chemie 2) http://www.chemistry.com/ - obecn chemie 3) http://www.sciencedaily.com/news/matter_energy/chemistry/ zprvy ze svta chemie a vdy 4) http://www.chem4kids.com/ - chemie pro dti 5) http://www.chem.ucla.edu/chempointers.html - chemie - rozcestnk 6) http://www.acs.org/content/acs/en/education/whatischemistry/scie nceforkids.html - vda pro dti 7) http://www.sciencekids.co.nz/sciencefacts/chemistry.html - fakta o chemii 8) http://encyclopedia.kids.net.au/page/ch/Chemistry - chemie encyklopedie 9) http://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/themes/chemistry/malmst rom/ - Nobelova cena za chemii 10) http://phys.org/chemistry-news/ - chemick novinky 11) http://www.rsc.org/chemistryworld/ - chemie zprvy 12) http://www.chemistrytimes.com/ - chemie, novinky z celho svta 13) http://www.sciencenews.org/index/interest/id/2521/topic/Chemistr y - vdeck zpravodaj 14) http://www.chemactive.com/worksheets/gcse/chemistry.html - Basic elements and the structure of atom - dictionary A atom atom atomov slo atomic number B blkovina protein bomba - bomb buka - cell stice - particle D dliteln divisible dleitost - importance E elektron electron H halogen halogen hoen burning hustota - density
CH chovn - behaviour I izotop - isotope J jdro - nucleus K kombinace combnation kost - bone kov - metal kovalentn - covalent kvantov teorie quantum theory L lk - medicine M molekula - molecule N nboj - charge negativn - negative neutron - neutron nezmeniteln irreducible P paprsek - ray periodick tabulka periodic table plyn gas pomr ratio pozitivn positive pozorovn - observation proton - proton R radioaktivn - radioactive reakce reaction rovnice - equation rozmr proportion S sdlet share seznam - list schrnka shell skupina group struktura - structure T tekutina - liquid tendence tendency teplota - temperature U el purpose uml hmota - plastic urit - determine uspodn - arrangement V vha weight
velikos size verze - version vlastnost property voda - water vodk hydrogen vjimka - exception vyplnit fill vsledek - result vzcn - noble Z zkon - law zsada alcali zsadit alcaline ivina - nutrient Discussion 1.What is an atom? 2.What parts does it have? 3.What is an element? 4.What do you know about the periodic table? Look at it and try to comment everything you see. How are the elements devided? What do the colours mean? 5.What does the number by the element mean? 6.Can you choose the elements which are the most important according to your meaning and say something about their use, properties and functions? a) _____________________________________________________________ b) _____________________________________________________________ c) _____________________________________________________________ d) _____________________________________________________________ e) _____________________________________________________________ f) _____________________________________________________________ g) _____________________________________________________________ h) _____________________________________________________________ i) _____________________________________________________________ j) _____________________________________________________________ Can you answer these questions? 1.What are the four basic elements found in the human body? 2.Can you name any minerals? What are they good for? 3.Can like exist without water? 4.What happens in the human body when theres not enough calcium? 5.Why is iron important in the human body? 6.How are iodine and thyroid connected? 7.What is an isotope? 8.Who was John Dalton? 9.What holds the atoms together? 10.Can you comment the chemicals used in the production of: a) medicines b) metals
c) transistors d) plastics e) textiles f) fertilizers Are these statements true of false? 1.Nutrients in the human body perform various functions, including the building of bones and cell structures, regulating the body's pH, carrying charge, and driving chemical reactions. 2.Magnesium is not a mineral. 3.Oxygen and hydrogen are predominantly found in water. 4.Calcium is the most common mineral in the human body. 5.Calcium helps to regulate heartbeat. 6.Fluorine prevents tooth decay. 7.Zinc deficiency has been known to lead to dwarfism in developing countries. 8.All atoms of a certain element do not contain the same number of protons. 9.Does lithium belong to alkali metals? Can you comment these elements discovered during the last decades? 1.CURIUM _________________________________________________ 2.EINSTENIUM _________________________________________________ 3.FRANCIUM _________________________________________________ 4.RADON _________________________________________________ 5.EUROPIUM _________________________________________________ 6.PLUTONIUM _________________________________________________ Basic elements and the structure of atom links 1) http://www.rsc.org/Education/Teachers/Resources/cfb/basicchemis try.htm atom a jeho struktura 2) http://www.chem4kids.com/files/elem_intro.html - zkladn prvky pro dti, zkladn informace o prvcch 3) http://chemistry.about.com/library/blperiodictable.htm interaktivn periodick tabulka prvk s informacemi o prvcch 4) http://chemistry.about.com/od/generalchemistry/a/10-Basic-Chemi stry-Facts.htm - zkladn fakta o chemii 5) http://chemistry.about.com/od/elementgroups/a/basicmetalslist.ht m - zkladn kovy 6) http://www.flashcardmachine.com/basic-elementschemistry.html otzky a odpovdi o atomech a prvcch 7) http://www.chemicalelements.com/ - chemick prvky pro dti 8) http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=q7wy8ycpE48 video vlastnosti prvk 9) http://www.webelements.com/ - jednotliv prvky a chemick rozcestnk 10) http://education.jlab.org/elementflashcards/ - tvorba chemickch vukovch kartiek 11) http://www.sheppardsoftware.com/Elementsgames.htm - hry Famous chemists - dictionary
A atmosfra - atmospehere B bakterie - bacteria D dokzat prove dchn - respiration E enzym enzyme epidemie epidemy H horizontln - horizontal CH choroba desease chovn - behaviour I infekce - infection imunologie - immunology izolace isolation J jed - poison K kov metal kyselina - acid kvaen - fermentation L laborato - laboratory ltka - substance lba - treatment lit cure M meteorologie - meteorology mikrobiologie microbiology N nebezpen - dangerous O objevit discovery okovn vaccination odolnost - resistance P pasterizace pasteurization plyn gas pokus - experiment pomr - ratio prosted environment pina - cause R radioaktivita radioactivity reakce - reaction rentgen X-ray rozmr - proportion
roztahovn expansion ada - row S sloka compound systm - system T technologie technology tekutina liquid U spch - achievement V vha - weight vakcna vaccine vait boil vdechnout - inhale vnmat perceive vbuch - blast vbunina explosive vchoz bod - baseline vynlez - invention vynlezce inventor vzorec - formula Z zkon law zaloit - found zchladit - cool zkvaen souring zniit - destroy DMITRI MENDELEEV 1.Where was he from? 2.Why did he become so famous? 3.He worked on the spectroscope, what is it used for? 4.He was interested in the capillarity of liquids, what is it and what is it good for? 5.Has he ever received the Nobel Prize? 6.He conducted research in petrochemicals, when and for what are they used? 7.How were the elements classified before Mendeleev organized the elements into the periodic table? MARIE SKLODOWSKA CURIE 1.What did she become famous for? 2.Which elements did she discover and can you mention their positive and negative impact on society? 3.What do you know about her personal life? Was it influenced by her work anyhow? 4.Why did she get the Nobel price? 5.Was her husband famous too? For what?
LOUIS PASTEUR 1.Do you know anything about his life? 2.How did he contribute to immunology? 3.How did he contribute to vaccination? 4.What did he find out about bacteria? 5.What is fermentation? 6.What is pasteurization and how does it make our lives better these days? 7.He created vaccines for anthrax, tuberculosis, small pox and cholera. He then focused on developping a vaccine for rabies. Can you comment these illnesses and say what would have happened if he hadnt invented the vaccination? ALFRED NOBEL 1.What was the most important discovery of his life? 2.Why was he interested in explosives? 3.What is nitro-glycerin and how and when is it used? 4.What is dynamite used for? 5.Has it ever been abused? When and how? 6.Why do people use explosives? Would life be easier and better without this invention? JOHN DALTON 1.Do you know anything about this scientist? 2.He was interested in colour-blindness. What is it? 3.He was interested in meteorology, what is this science good for and what is it about? 4.He wrote the law of thermal expansion what does it state and describe? 5.What was his law of multiple proportions about? 6.Why did he think that atomic weight was important? 7.Was his work widely accepted and understood? ANTOINE LAVOISIER 1.He was considered the father of modern chemistry. Why? 2.He named oxygen and hydrogen why was it important? 3.He was interested in combustion, what is it? How would you describe that process? 4.He helped in creating the metric system. How did it change science? How did it contribute to the world? 5.Do you know anything about his life and death? 6.He contributed a lot into thermodynamics. When and how is that science used? What do you know about it? Why is it important to understand it? Famous chemists - links 1) http://chemistry.about.com/od/historyofchemistry/ig/Pictures-of-Fa mous-Chemists/ - obrzky znmch chemik
2) http://www.liv.ac.uk/Chemistry/Links/refbiog.html - seznam znmch chemik a jejich biografie 3) http://www.ducksters.com/science/chemistry/famous_chemists.ph p - chemie pro dti 4) http://www.biography.com/people/groups/scientists/chemists videobiografie znmch chemik 5) http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9V7yX-qXrpo video 21 nejslavnjch chemik 6) http://chemistry.about.com/od/womeninchemistry/a/womenchemi stry.htm - eny v chemii 7) http://humantouchofchemistry.com/search.php?keywords=Famous %20Scientists chemick rozcestnk, hry a informace 8) http://www.timetoast.com/timelines/famous-scientists-who-contrib uted-to-modern-chemistry - asov osa a znm chemici a vynlezy na n 9) http://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/themes/chemistry/malmst rom/ Gases dictionary A absolutn nula absolute zero atmosfra - atmosphere B bezbarv colourless blokovat - block sten partial D dlit divide dra - hole dvojit - double H hustota density CH choroba - desease K kinetick - kinetic konstantn constant kov - metal kysel - acid M mnostv amount mrak - cloud N ndoba - container nenpadn unobtrusive neproniknuteln impenetrable nepmo - inversely O objem volume
objevitel discoverer odchlen deviation odlouen - dissociation P pra vapour planeta - planet podmnka condition pohyblivost mobility polarita - polarity prostor - space prhledn transparent pedpoklad - postulate pemnit - convert R radikl - radical reakce - reaction rovnice - equation rozptlit se disperse rychlost - speed S sla - force simulace - simulation snit decrease spotebovat consume stratosfra - stratosphere kodliv - harmful T tt melt teplota temperature tlak - pressure tvar shape U bytek - depletion inek effect ultrafialov - ultraviolet V vrstva - layer vzduch - air Z zdrav health zdrav - healthy zdroj - source zneitn - pollution zvit - increase Discussion 1.What are some qualities of gas? 2.Where is nature is it found? 3.How is gas created? 4.Can gas be dangerous? Why? When?
5.Where can we find gas in our everyday life? 6.How is gas stored? 7.Is gas flamable? 8.What is the Boyles law about? 9.Do you know any other gas laws? 10.What colour is gas? 11.What is the Ideal gas equation? What is it good for and when is it used? 12.What do you know about the motion of gas? 13.What is the role of gases in the atmosphere? Can you comment these statements about the motion of gas? 1 The molecules in a gas are small and very far apart. Most of the volume which a gas occupies is empty space. 2 Gas molecules are in constant random motion. Just as many molecules are moving in one direction as in any other. 3 Molecules can collide with each other and with the walls of the container. Collisions with the walls account for the pressure of the gas. 4 When collisions occur, the molecules lose no kinetic energy; that is, the collisions are said to be perfectly elastic. The total kinetic energy of all the molecules remains constant unless there is some outside interference with the 5 The molecules exert no attractive or repulsive forces on one another except during the process of collision. Between collisions, they move in straight lines. Noble gases can you coment these gases and say something about their use? HELIUM NEON ARGON KRYPTON XENON RADON Air pollution 1.What does pollution mean? 2.How can the air be polluted? 3.Who causes the pollution? 4.What exactly harms the air? 5.What can we do to make things better? 6.What are the most dangerous gases? 7.What is the ozon layer? 8.What destorys it? 9.Can you explain the greenhouse effect? 10.How does temperature change due to the changes of the ozon layer? 11.What is a refrigerant? 12.What is acid rain? What do people have in common with it? 13.Can you comment these harmful pollutants that people produce? How are they made? What do they cause? Is it necessary to use them in industry? a)Sulfur oxides (SOx) b)Nitrogen oxides (NOx) c)Carbon monoxide (CO) d)Carbon dioxide (CO2) e)Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) f)Particulates g)Free radicals h)Metals
i)Chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) j)Ammonia (NH3) k)Odors l)Radioactive compounds 14.How does the hole in the ozon layer influence our lives? Are these statements true of false? 1.Like solids and liquids, gas is a common state of matter. 2.Pure gases are made up of just two atoms. Neon is an example of a pure gas. 3.Compound gases contain a combination of different atoms. Carbon monoxide (CO) is an example of a compound gas. 4.Gas pressure is measured in pascals. 5.Noble gases are a group of chemical elements that are very stable under normal conditions. Naturally occurring noble gases include helium, neon, argon, krypton, xenon, radon and iron ore. 6.The ozone layer that protects Earth from the Suns potentially damaging UV light is made up of ozone (O3). Gases - links 1) http://chemistry.bd.psu.edu/jircitano/gases.html - zkony plyn 2) http://chemistry.about.com/od/gas2/tp/Gases-Study-Guide.htm vlastnosti plyn a jejich nleitosti 3) http://chemistry.about.com/od/gas2/ - plyny rozcestnk 4) http://antoine.frostburg.edu/chem/senese/101/gases/ - chemick rozcestnk, plyny 5) http://www.sparknotes.com/testprep/books/sat2/chemistry/chapter5se ction6.rhtml - chemick rozcestnk 6) http://mattson.creighton.edu/GasWebDocuments/History_Gas_Chemist ry.pdf - historie zkoumn plyn 7) http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BxUS1K7xu30 chemick video kurzy 8) http://www.rsc.org/learn-chemistry/resource/res00000022/gases-fromair?cmpid=CMP00001802 vuka chemie 9) http://es.slideshare.net/tango67/principles-of-chemistry-gases - zkladn principy chemie 10) http://www.chem.purdue.edu/chemsafety/chem/poisongases.htm jedovat plyny 11) http://www.dgiglobal.com/classes - jedovat plyny ve vrobcch 12) http://www.chem4kids.com/files/elem_noblegas.html - chemie pro dti Thermochemistry - dictionary and phrases A alternativn - altenative ist - pure D doshnout - achieve E energie energy entropie entropy exploze - explosion F fze fusion
H hranice - boundary K kapacita - capacity kinetick kinetic komora chamber krok - step L latentn - latent lidsk human M metabolismus metabolism mit measure mrhat - waste N ndoba - container O obnoviteln renewable odpad - waste ohe - fire okol - surroundings P palivo - fuel pevn solid podmnka - condition pohyb movement pomr - ratio porovnn comparison pozorovat - observe prostor - space pemnit transform R rovnice - equation rovnovha equilibrium rozdlit - divide rozsah scale roztok - solution een solution edn - dilution S sms mixture solrn - solar spalovn - combustion spontnn spontenaous spoteba - consumption stvoit - create svtlo light tpen - fission T
tekutina - liquid teplo - heat tlo body tlak pressure tok - flow tvorba formation U ukzat demostrate urit - determine V vazba bond vibrace vibration vtr - wind vnj - external vnitn internal vsledek - result Z zachovn conservation zmna - change zniit - destroy Discussion 1.What is thermochemistry about? 2.What kinds of energy do you know? 3.Where does the energy come from? 4.What do we need to create energy? 5.Where does human body get its energy? 6.What is the difference between these kinds of energy: kinetic, thermal, potential and chemical? 7.What is a calorimenter used for? 8.What is the difference between exothermic and endothermic reactions? 9.The first law of thermodynamics states that energy cannot be created or destroyed, only transformed or transferred. How do you understand it? 10.The second law of thermodynamics states that the entropy of the universe increases with every energy transfer or transformation. The universe is in a state of increasing entropy. How do you understand it? 11.What is Hesss law about? 12.What sources of energy do we know? 13.What is renewable energy? Why are people interested in it? 14.Is renewable energy expensive? 15.What is nuclear power? 16.Why is nuclear power such a controversial issue? 17.What can go wrong in a nuclear plant? 18.What are fossil fuels? Do we have unlimited amount of them? 19.Do you think its possible to use only solar energy for a car or a house? 20.What are the energy sources of future? Game Each student makes up a few definitions of key terms and then the others guess what key word could it be. ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________ Have a look at these images and comment their use and importance in chemistry. 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) 9) 10) 11) 12) 13) 14) 15) 16) Try to write as many words as possible to the following letters of the alphabet A ________________________________________________________________ B ________________________________________________________________ C ________________________________________________________________ D ________________________________________________________________ E ________________________________________________________________ F ________________________________________________________________ I ________________________________________________________________ J ________________________________________________________________ M ________________________________________________________________ N ________________________________________________________________ O ________________________________________________________________ P ________________________________________________________________ R ________________________________________________________________ S ________________________________________________________________
T ________________________________________________________________ U ________________________________________________________________ W ________________________________________________________________ Thermochemistry - links 1) http://www.chem.tamu.edu/class/majors/tutorialnotefiles/thermo. htm - zklady termochemie 2) http://chemistry.about.com/od/physicalchemistrythermo/a/thermo chemlaws.htm - teorie termochemie 3) http://www.science.uwaterloo.ca/~cchieh/cact/c120/thermosum.ht ml - zkladn informace k termochemii 4) http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AevwelqPaaU chemick reakce video 5) http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_djptN2Uj64 zklady termochemie video 6) http://www.chem4kids.com/files/react_thermo.html - termochemie pro dti 7) http://sciencenetlinks.com/lessons/the-transfer-of-energy-1/ penos energie 8) http://www.chemteam.info/Thermochem/Thermochem-Example-Pr obs2.html - termochemick problmy, een rovnic 9) http://www.chemistry2011.org/news/PhysicalChemistry/ChemicalT hermodynamics/Thermochemistry/ - novinky ze svta chemie Chemicals used in wars - dictionary and phrases B blecha - flea bojit - battlefield bolest hlavy - headache C cl - target D dekontaminace decontamination detekce detection droga - drug dusit se - choke E efekt effect experiment - experiment H hlad hunger hladovn starvation CH chlr chlorine I insekticid insecticide J
jed - poison K kapika droplet kael - cough kontaminace contamination krev - blood L lapat po dechu gasp for air lba treatment lidsk - human M mor - plaque mrak - cloud N nerv - nerve nestl - volatile O oddl - troop ochrana - protection P plamen - flame plyn gas plynov maska gas mask pocen - sweating pr pore prjem diarrhea penos - transmission puch - blister pvod origin R rozptlen dispersal S selhn failure slepota - blindness split - burn sprej spray stl - persistent stela missile stelivo munition it - spread U el - purpose V vlka war vdechnout - inhale vdom - consciousness vidn vision vrstva layer vymtit - eradicate vzkum - research
Z zabt kill zaduen suffocation zkaz - probihition zkop - trench zbra weapon zhroucen breakdown zmatenost - confusion zranit injure vzracet - vomit Discussion 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Why do people use chemicals in wars? Who started using them? What kinds of chemical weapons and gases do you know? What are some symptoms of being under influence of a chemical weapon? Is there any protection against chemical weapons? Can you comment these words? POISONOUS INHALE BURN BLISTER DIE SPREAD LUNGS TROOP TRENCH BOMB ATTACK BLIND INJURE EXPLODE GAS MASK DROPLET TREATMENT CAUGH BLOOD SWEAT CHOKE Can you say something about these chemical weapons? 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. SARIN TABUN PHOSGENE PEPPER SPRAY AGENT ORANGE NAPALM What do you know about....? 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.
7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. the efford to reduce the amount of weapons in the world countries who want to develop new weapons about the materials needed for the development of weapons terrorism vs. weapons Czech weapons and army American and Russian armies and efford the conflict between the Southern and Northern Korea? the use of weapons during the WW1? the use of weapons during the WW2? the use of weapons during the war in Vietnam? using chemicals in concentration camps? the last war conflict and the weapons that were used? NATO and their control of the production of chemical weapons? Can you comment these historical facts 1.Tularemia , anthrax and botulism toxins were effectively weaponized during the government of Winston Churchill. 2.Army did research on biological weapons. Fatal human experiments were often conducted. 3.Bombs full of fleas carrying the bubonic plague were created. 4.Many chemicals ruining livestock or crops were introduced. 5.Modern use of chemical weapons dates back to World War I, when weaponised commercial chemicals such as chlorine, phosgene and mustard gas caused agonising suffering and tens of thousands of deaths. 6.Between April 1997 and July 2013, the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons - conducted more than 5,000 inspections in 86 countries. 7.Seven state parties have declared chemical weapons stockpiles totalling over 70,000 tonnes, and so far some 80% of this has been destroyed . 8.But only three countries - Albania, India and a third party widely believed to be South Korea - have destroyed all their stockpiles. 9.The countries with the biggest declared stockpiles, the United States and Russia, failed to meet deadlines for their total destruction in April 2007 and April 2012. 10.Five states - Angola, North Korea, Egypt, Somalia and Syria - have neither signed nor ratified the agreement of destroying their chemical weapons. Controversial usage of chemical weapons during wars and coflicts can you comment them and express your opinion? 1.The U.S. Military Dumped 20 Million Gallons of Chemicals on Vietnam from 1962 1971 2.Israel Attacked Palestinian Civilians with White Phosphorus in 2008 2009 3.Washington Attacked Iraqi Civilians with White Phosphorus in 2004 4.The CIA Helped Saddam Hussein Massacre Iranians and Kurds with Chemical Weapons in 1988 5.The Army Tested Chemicals on Residents of Poor, Black St. Louis Neighborhoods in The 1950s
6.Police Fired Tear Gas at Occupy Protesters in 2011 7.The FBI Attacked Men, Women, and Children With Tear Gas in Waco in 1993 8.The U.S. Military Littered Iraq with Toxic Depleted Uranium in 2003 9.The U.S. Military Killed Hundreds of Thousands of Japanese Civilians with Napalm from 1944 1945 10.The U.S. Government Dropped Nuclear Bombs on Two Japanese Cities in 1945 Chemicals used in wars - links 1) http://www.un.org/disarmament/WMD/Chemical/ - chemick zbran 2) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chemical_weapons_in_World_War_I chemiklie uit v prvn svtov vlce 3) http://www.opcw.org/about-chemical-weapons/history-of-cw-use/ historie chemickch zbran 4) http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/chemical_warfare_and_world_w ar_t.htm - chemick zbran v druh svtov vlce 5) http://edition.cnn.com/2013/09/16/politics/syria-civil-war/index.html zprvy CNN o uit chemickch zbran 6) http://www.economist.com/news/briefing/21584397-how-whole-class -weaponry-came-be-seen-indecent-shadow-ypres - historie pouit Ypressu 7) http://www.npr.org/blogs/parallels/2013/08/27/216046393/chemicalweapons-used-rarely-but-with-deadly-effect - chemick zbran se smrtelnm inkem 8) http://www.emedicinehealth.com/chemical_warfare/article_em.htm zbrojen chemickmi zbranmi 9) http://www.nytimes.com/2013/09/07/world/middleeast/a-weapon-se en-as-too-horrible-even-in-war.html?pagewanted=all&_r=0 zprvy blzkho vchodu 10) http://www.firstworldwar.com/weaponry/gas.htm - jedovat zbran v prvn svtov vlce Chemistry in human body and daily life dictionary and phrases A aplikace - application anion - anion B barva - colour blkovina - protein buka cell C citlivost sensitivity cukr - sugar D draslk - potassium dusk nitrogen E emoce - emotion F fosfor phosphorus H hok - magnesium CH chlr chlorine chrnit - protect J
jd - iodine K kation - cation kobalt cobalt krev blood krevn obh blood stream kyselina - acid kyslk - oxygen L lidsk human M mazivo - grease metabolismus - metabolism m copper mnostv quantity O obsahovat - contain P plyn - gas pohyb movement potomek - offspring proces process pemnit convert psada - ingredient R reakce reaction reagovat - react reprodukce reproduction rozklad - decompostion rst - growth S sra - sulfur sloen composition sodk sodium spalovn - combustion kodliv - harmful krob - starch T test - test tlo body trven - digestion tuk - fat U uhlk carbon utven - formation V vpnk - calcium voda water vodk hydrogen vyluovn - excretion
viva - nutrition Z zinek - zinc elezo iron ivina - nutrient Match these chemical elements with their function in the body 1.Oxygen a) it is found in proteins, nucleic acids and other organic molecules 2.Carbon b) an important mineral in all cells 3.Hydrogen c) it is important for bone structure and is a part of the primary energy molecule in the body - ATP 4.Nitrogen d) an important component of cellular fluids and is needed for the transmission of nerve impulses 5.Calcium e) it is the most abundant element in the human body 6.Phosphorus f) it helps regulate heart beat, blood pressure and blood glucose levels 7.Potassium g) transports nutrients, removes wastes, lubricates organs and joints and regulates body temperature 8.Sulfur h) an important component of amino acids and proteins 9.Sodium j) gives the skeletal system its rigidity and strength 10.Magnesium k) forms the basis for all organic molecules in the body Do you know the answer? 1.What is the function of sugar in the body? 2.What is the function of fat in the body? 3.What is the function of proteins in the body? 4.What is cholesterol and why is it dangerous for our body? 5.Where does the body get its energy? 6.How does the body combust the intaken energy? 7.Can you explain the synthesis of molecules in the body? 8.Can you explain the decompostion of molecules in the body? 9.What is digestion? Are these statements TRUE of FALSE? 1.Combustion reactions help release energy to heat our homes and move cars. 2.Oxidation-reduction reactions keep the batteries in our cell phones functioning. 3.Acidity of fruit juices cant be measured. 4.The emotions that you feel are a result of chemical messengers, primarily neurotransmitters. 5.You can form soap by mixing ashes and animal fat. 6.Food goes bad because of chemical reactions that occur between water molecules. 7.Sunscreen uses chemistry to filter or block the sun's harmful ultraviolet rays to protect you from a sunburn, skin cancer, or both. Can you comment these everyday chemical reactions? What happens during them?
Why does it happen? What are the conditions and results? 1.brushing your teeth 2.striking a match 3.burning candle 4.road salt rusting the bottom of a car 5.washing your hands 6.burning paper 7.using batteries 8.un-re-chargeable batteries 9.baking a cake 10.printing pictures Can you guess the correct answer? 1) Two household chemicals you should never mix include: a)Vinegar and baking soda. Those bubbles could be toxic! b) Bleach and water. Diluting bleach only makes it more dangerous. c) Oil and water. They don't mix and aren't meant to! d) Bleach and ammonia. Chloramine vapors can be deadly! 2) One important source of Vitamin C is citrus fruit. Vitamin C is: a) Ascorbic acid. b) Citric acid. c) Salicylic acid. d) Tricarboxylic acid. 3) Soft drinks may contain many different acids. The acid that produces fizz or bubbles is: a) Ascorbic acid. b) Carbonic acid. c) Citric acid. d) Phosphoric acid. 4) If you are making soaps and detergents from scratch, one of your starting ingredients will be: a) Potassium hydroxide. b) Sodium hydroxide. c) Sodium chloride. d) Calcium carbonate. 5) The chemical known as thimerosol has been used to preserve saline solutions and vaccines. Thimerosol contains which metal? a) Iron b) Cadmium c) Mercury d) Silver Chemistry in human body and daily life - links 1) http://www.livescience.com/3505-chemistry-life-human-body.html chemie v lidskm tle 2) http://chemistry.about.com/od/chemicalcomposition/a/Chemical-C omposition-Of-The-Human-Body.htm - chemick sloen tla 3) http://chemistry.about.com/cs/howthingswork/f/blbodyelements.ht m - rozcestnk chemie 4) http://www.telegraph.co.uk/earth/countryside/8985039/Human-bo dies-contain-too-many-damaging-chemicals.html - nebezpen ltky v lidskm tle
5) http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2shb7gnv4bg chemie v naem ivot video 6) http://chemistry.about.com/od/everydaychemistry/f/What-Is-The-I mportance-Of-Chemistry-In-Everyday-Life.htm - dleitost chemie v naem ivot 7) http://www.buzzle.com/articles/chemistry-in-everyday-life.html chemie okolo ns 8) http://humantouchofchemistry.com/everyday-chemistry.htm chemie okolo ns, vysvtlen a pklady 9) http://humantouchofchemistry.com/ - chemie pro dti 10) http://chemistry.about.com/od/everydaychemistry/ - chemick rozcestk, odkazy a experimenty Experiments, laboratory dictionary and phrases A ampule tube atom atom B bakterie bacteria barva - colour blidlo bleach bublina bubble ich - smell D destilace - destilation F fenomn phenomena filtr filtre filtrace - filtration H hoet burn CH chu - taste I injekce injection K kalkulaka calculator koroze rusting krystal crystal L led - ice lepidlo - glue M magnet - magnet medicna - medicine mikroskop - microscope molekula - molecule my mouse N nebezpen dangerous neviditeln - invisible O ocel - steel
ocet - vinegar ohe fire ohnout - bend P papr - paper pna foam plastick - plastic psada - ingredience R radioaktivita - radioactivity radioaktivn - radioactive reakce reaction rez - rust rovnice equation rychlost - speed S seznam list such - dry svce candle krob - starch T tekutina liquid test - test testovat test toit - spin toxick toxic V vait - boil vlhkost - moisture voda water vbuch - explosion vypaen - evaporation Z zaht - heat zdroj - source zmna - change Can you comment these icons? How are the related to chemistry? 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) 9) 10) 11)
12) 13) 14) 15) 16) 17) 18) 19) 20) 21) 22) 23) 24) Can you explain these statements and experiments? 1.Why does an egg float on water? 2.When does chocolate melt? 3.Why doesnt oil and water mix together? 4.What happens when we mix vinegar and baking soda? 5.How and why do we breed bacteria in the laboratory? 6.What effect does a glue have? 7.Why doesnt a parachute fall down but flows? 8.Which colours are heated faster than the others? Why? Use these words in sentences EXPERIMENT HEAT GLUE LABORATORY DANGEROUS WATER OXYGEN CHANGE COLOUR AIR TEST MOUSE ATOM MOLECULE OIL VINEGAR FLOAT SINK EXPLODE Can you say something about these experiments? Why do we do them? What do they prove? What do we need for them? 1.Combustion of coal in melted potassion nitrate 2.Combustion of coal in air and oxygen 3.Electrolysis of water 4.Changes in pH during water electrolysis 5.Carbon dioxide as fire-extinguisher 6.Reaction between ammonia and hydrogen chloride 7.Reaction of sodium and water 8.Burning of magnesium 9.Colour changes of substances 10.Absorption of heat Safety precautions in the lab 1.How should we behave in the lab? 2.What are some things we should never do? 3.What kinds of animals are kept in the lab? Why? Why is it dangerous to be bitten by a laboratory animal?
4.What would you do if you were bitten by a laboratory animal? 5.What would you do if you cut yourself? 6.Can you burn yourself? When? How? 7.What if you burn yourself with acid? What will you do? How will you treat the wound? 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. What would happen if you drank some chemical? What would happen if you inhaled some chemicals? Why does it hurt when a chemical gets into our eye? How can a laboratory get on fire? Why is radiation dangerous for our body? What are the most dangerous chemicals in the laboratory? What are the most explosive chemicals in the laboratory? What does biohazard stand for? Have you ever worked in a lab? What did you do? Did you enjoy it? Experiments, laboratory - links 1) http://chemlabs.uoregon.edu/Safety/GeneralInstructions.html bezpenostn instrukce v laboratoi 2) http://answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=20090624014904AA Eye23 10 zkladnch pedpis v laboratoi 3) http://library.thinkquest.org/11430/research/safety.htm - pravidla v laboratoi 4) http://www.kostic.niu.edu/labsafetyrules.html - druhy nebezpe v laboratoi a jejich een 5) http://chemistry.about.com/od/healthsafety/a/aa080104a.htm bezpenost v laboratoi a chemick rozcestnk 6) http://chemistry.about.com/od/homeexperiments/ - chemick reakce a chemick rozcestnk 7) http://www.chemicum.com/chemistry-videos/ - zkladn experimenty, videa 8) http://www.neatorama.com/2009/11/04/top-10-mad-science-worth y-chemistry-experiments/#!lqLrR extrmn pokusy a videa 9) http://scifun.chem.wisc.edu/homeexpts/homeexpts.html experimenty pro dti 10) http://www.sciencefairadventure.com/Chemistry.aspx - chemick projekty pro dti 11) http://www.trueactivist.com/15-awesome-chemistry-gifs/ - zajmav Alcohol and drugs dictionary and phrases A absorbce absoption
alkoholismus - alcoholism B barva - colour bezpenost - safety D dvka dose destilovat destilate droga - drug G glukza - glucose H halucinace - hallucination holav flamable hust - dense CH chu flavour I ihalace inhalation J jedovatost - toxicity jdlo - food K koncentrace concentration kouit - smoke krev - blood kvaen fermentation L laborato - lab M marihuana marihuana mentln - mental mozek - brain N nahradit replace npoj beverage nemrznouc - antifreeze O obsahovat contain P palivo fuel pivo beer prky - pills primrn primary pedvkovat overdose pedpis - prescription R rozpoutdlo - solvent S sekundrn secondary skladba - composition skupina - group
slouenina compound sodk - sodium T tabk - tobacco tekutina - liquid terciln tertiary thotn - pregnant transformace toxick toxic tuk - fat V vazba - bond vno - wine vlastnosti properties vodka vodka vylit - cure vypait - evaporate vzorec - formula Z zvisl - addicted zvislost addiction zdrav health zdrav - healthy zdroj source zemt - die Discusstion 1.What does alcohol consist of? 2.What are primary, secondary and tertiary alcohols? 3.Where can ethanol be found? 4.Which alcohols are flamable and which not? 5.How is ethyl alcohol derived? 6.What is fermentation? 7.Why is alcohol sometimes denatured? 8.How can industrially produced ethanol be used in our households? 9.Do fuels contain alcohol? Why? 10.Which vegetables, grain and fruit are used for fermentation? 11.How does alcohol influence human sences? 12.Is it harmful to inhale alcohol? 13.How does alcohol influence our body if we drink a lot for a long time? 14.Why shouldnt pregnant women drink alcohol? 15.How does alcohol influence our organs? 16.Does alcohol influence the brain as well? 17.What is alcoholism? 18.What happens when we mix alcohol and sodium? 19.What is a solvent? What do we use it for? 20.Can you draw a formula of some alcohol and describe it? 21.What do you know about antifreeze liquids? 22.Why does alcohol make us fatter? 23.When did people start to produce alcohol? 24.Can you think of three countries with high consuption of alcohol? ______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________ 25.Can you think of three countries where drinking of alcohol is forbidden? Why? ______________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________ 26.Is alcohol denser than water? Explain. 27.Can alcohol evaporate? Can you comment the use of these alcohols? 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. METHANOL METHANE PROPANOL PROPANE BUTANOL BUTANE HEXANE ______________________________________________ ______________________________________________ ______________________________________________ ______________________________________________ ______________________________________________ ______________________________________________ ______________________________________________ Drugs 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16.
17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. What kind of drugs do you know? Why do people use drugs? How can drugs be used? Which drugs are inhaled? Which drugs are being injected? Which drugs do you think are the most addictive? Can you name any light drugs? Why do people say that coffee and chocolate are drugs? Do you think that marihuana is the first step to taking hard drugs? Why is it so hard to stop taking drugs? What effects do the drugs have? Why do people take a lot of pills? Which drugs influence our mentality? Which drugs cause hallucinations? Does marihuana have any healing effects? Some drugs can be abused and some can we well used in medicine can you name any useful drugs and speak about their use and how they help to us? ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ Why cant we buy some drugs without the prescription? How are drugs produced? How are drugs tested? What do you think about testing drugs on animals? What are some side effects that some drugs might have? What are some drugs and medicine youve used in your life? Alcohol and drugs - links 1) http://www.chemcases.com/alcohol/alc-02.htm - alkohol vs. lidsk tlo 2) http://www.chemguide.co.uk/organicprops/alcohols/background.ht ml - vod do alkohol 3) http://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Organic_Chemistry/Alcohols - alkoholy, chemick vyjden, vzorce a vysvtlen 4) http://chemistry.about.com/od/molecularformulas/f/What-Is-The-C hemical-Formula-Of-Ethanol.htm - Ethanol 5) http://chemistry.about.com/od/dictionariesglossaries/g/defalcohol. htm - Alkoholy, rozcestnk 6) http://www.sciencedaily.com/articles/a/alcohol.htm - Alkohol, zprvy a informace
7) http://www2.chemistry.msu.edu/faculty/reusch/VirtTxtJml/alcohol1 .htm - Alkohol, reakce 8) http://www.drugs.com/ - Liva, jejich dlen a inky 9) http://www.fda.gov/Drugs/default.htm - Liva a drogy vs. jdlo 10) http://www.theguardian.com/society/drugs - Zprvy ze svta liv, drog a obchodu s drogami 11) http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/drugabuse.html - Rozdlen Chemical alphabet dictionary and phrases A alkohol alcohol antibiotika antibiotics atom atom B bakterie bacteria blkovina - protein biochemie biochemistry bod point buka cell C cukr - sugar slo number D DNA DNA dchn - despiration E elektrolza - electrolysis elektron electron embryo embryo energie energy F farmakologie - pharmacology H hydrolza - hydrolysis CH chloroplast chloroplast I inzulin - insulin J jdro core, nucleus jednotka - unit K katalyztor catalyst kinetick - kinetic kovalentn - covalent kov - metal kyselina acid M masa mass membrna membrane
mrznout freeze N neuron neuron O organick - organic P pr pair pra vapour pesticid - pesticide plyn - gas prvek element R redukce reduction een solution S substrt substrate krob - starch T tt melt toxick - toxic toxin - toxin tuk fat U uhlovodan - carbohydrate V vha weight vakcna - vaccine var boiling vazba bond vdechnout inhale vdeck - scientific virus - virus vitamn - vitamin voda water vypait - evaporate vzorec - formula Z zklad - base zsada - alkali Can you try to fill in this chart and comment all the chemical topics? Chemical topic ACIDS ANTIBIOTIC BOILING POINT CHEMICAL FORMULA DNA PROTEINS SUGAR
METALS VITAMINS WATER PESTICIDE POLLUTION ATOMS BONDS FORMULA POISON DRUGS WEAPON GAS OIL OXYGEN Important information Use and qualities Chemical alphabet try to make up as many words from each letter of the alphabet as possible and then choose one and try to make up a definition A ________________________________________________________________ Definition: __________________________________________________________ B ________________________________________________________________ Definition: __________________________________________________________ C ________________________________________________________________ Definition: __________________________________________________________ E ________________________________________________________________ Definition: __________________________________________________________ F ________________________________________________________________ Definition: __________________________________________________________ H ________________________________________________________________ Definition: __________________________________________________________ I ________________________________________________________________ Definition: __________________________________________________________ L ________________________________________________________________ Definition: __________________________________________________________ M ________________________________________________________________ Definition: __________________________________________________________ N ________________________________________________________________ Definition: __________________________________________________________ P
________________________________________________________________ Definition: __________________________________________________________ R ________________________________________________________________ Chemical alphabet - links 1) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Outline_of_chemistry - chemie a jej odvtv 2) http://chemistry.about.com/od/generalchemistry/tp/general-chemi stry.htm - veobecn chemie a jej odvtv 3) http://www.ets.org/gre/subject/about/content/chemistry - seznam chemickch tmat a kniha v AJ ke staen 4) http://www.scienceprofonline.com/chemistry.html - zkladn chemick problematiky 5) http://www.cosmolearning.com/chemistry/topics/ - chemick rozcestnk 6) http://chemistry.about.com/library/weekly/bltopfeatures.htm - 25 nejpolulrnjch chemickch tmat 7) http://chemed.chem.purdue.edu/genchem/topicreview/index.php chemick rozcestnk 8) http://www.wiley-vch.de/util/hottopics/ - populrn chemick tmata pro dti 9) http://www.sciencekids.co.nz/chemistry.html - chemie pro dti, jednoduch tmata 10) http://www.sciencekids.co.nz/quizzes/chemistry.html - chemick kvz pro dti 11) http://chemistry.about.com/od/chemistryforkids/ - chemie pro dti, aktivity, tmata, kvzy Liquids dictionary and phrases A atmosfra - atmosphere B bod - point stice particle D dret pohromad hold together E elektrick - electrical ethanol ethanol H hebk - soft K kalu puddle kapka drop krystal - crystal L led - ice lepiv - sticky lepkavost viscosity M
magnetick - magnetical mrak - cloud N ndoba container napt - tension naplnit fill neprhledn - opaque nestl - volatile O objem volume odolnost - resistance ochladit - cool olej - oil P pevn solid podobn similar pole - field podek - order povrch surface prostor - space proudit flow prhledn - transparent pidat add pilnavost - adhesion R rozit - spread rtu mercury S sla - power siln strong sklo - glass slab weak snh - snow snit - decrease stlait compress struktura - structure T tt - melt teplota temperature tlak pressure tuhost - stiffness tvar shape U uniknout - escape V vait boil velikost - size vlastnost - property voda - water voln free Z
zaht - heat zmnit change zvit - increase Discussion 1.What is a liquid? 2.What are its properties? 3.Can you give any examples of liquids? 4.What is the boiling point? 5.Do all the liquids have the same boiling point? 6.Does the shape of liquids change anyhow? 7.Does the volume of liquids change anyhow? 8.What forms of water do you know? 9.What do I have to do to get ice from water? 10.What do I have to do to get steam from water? 11.Can you draw and comment the water cycle? 12.What is water used for? 13.What would happen if there was no water? 14.Do you think people waste water? How? 15.Do you personally save or waste water? 16.Why is the water in the oceans salty? 17.What happens when liquids are under pressure? 18.Can you say something about petrol? 19.Can you say something about oil? 20.Can you say something about liquid acids? 21.Which chemical elements are liquid? 22.Can all liquids turn into vapour? Explain. 23.What is a crystal? 24.Do all liquids have crystalic from? Explain. 25.How can we separate molecules in liquids? Match the definitions 1.VISCOSITY A) the process by which a liquid is drawn up into a tube 2.SURFACE TENSION B) the pressure of a gas that is above its own liquid (due to evaporation) 3.CAPPILARY ACTION C) resistance to flow 4.VOLATILITY D) energy required to overcome intermolecular forces, to seperate molecules of a liquid and to keep them apart 5.VAPOR PRESSURE E) the tendency for a liquid to evaporate 6.BOILING POINT F) the temperature at which a liquid goes into the gaseous phase 7.HEAT OF VAPORIZATION
G) "stiffness" at the surface. The tendency for a minimum surface area Are these statements true or false? 1.Liquids are runny and they flow upwards. 2.The volume of a liquid never changes. 3.Liquids can change shape. 4.They are easy to hold. T/F 5.Heating a liquid can turn it into a gas. 6.Cooling a liquid can turn it into a solid. 7.Heating a solid can turn it into petrol. 8.Cooling a gas can turn it into a liquid. 9.Mercury is a liquid metal that is not poisonous. T/F 10.A measure of how fast or slowly a liquid can flow is its viscosity. 11.The most important liquid in our body is blood. T/F 12.Hydration of our body is one of the most necessary things. T/F T/F T/F T/F T/F T/F T/F T/F T/F Benefits of water how does water benefit to these parts of the human body? 1.BRAIN __________________________________________________ 2.CELLS __________________________________________________ 3.HEART __________________________________________________ 4.KIDNEYS __________________________________________________ 5.MUSCLES __________________________________________________ 6.SKIN __________________________________________________ 7.DIGESTIVE TRACT __________________________________________________ 8.TEMPERATURE __________________________________________________ Liquids - links 1) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Liquid - co jsou to tekutiny 2) http://www.chem4kids.com/files/matter_liquid.html - tekutiny pro dti 3) http://www.chem.purdue.edu/gchelp/liquids/character.html skupenstv 4) http://chemed.chem.purdue.edu/genchem/topicreview/bp/ch14/liquid s.php - tekutiny, vzorce a vlastnosti
5) http://www.mcwdn.org/chemist/liquids.html - chemick rozcestnk, tekutiny, atd. 6) http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/scienceclips/ages/8_9/solid_liquids.shtm l - vysvtlen tekutin pro dti 7) http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BqQJPCdmIp8 tekutiny video 8) http://www.inquiryinaction.org/chemistryreview/liquids/ - zmny tekutin 9) http://www.wiredchemist.com/chemistry/instructional/an-introduction -to-chemistry/matter-in-bulk/solids--liquids-and-gases - skupenstv 10) http://www.allaboutwater.org/water-facts.html - zajmav fakta o vod 11) http://www.sciencekids.co.nz/sciencefacts/water.html - informace o vod pro dti 12) http://www.sciencekids.co.nz/sciencefacts/humanbody/blood.html informace o krvi pro dti Recycling - dictionary and phrases B barva - colour baterie - battery bota shoe istit - clean D deka blanket dopad - impact dopravce conveyor drt - wire E elektronika electronics emise emission energie energy eroze - erosion F fotovoltaick - photovoltaic J jadern nuclear jdlo - food K karton paperboard kontroverze - controversion komponent - component kompost compost konen - finite kontejner - container kov metal kreditn karta credit card kritika - criticism L lhev - bottle ltka - substance M
materil material mobiln telefone mobile phone N nebezpen dangerous noviny - newspaper O obal - package obleen clothes ocel - steel odpad waste odstranit - remove P plit - burn papr paper pastov plastic pota computer pneumatika tire poplatek fee povzbudit - encourage plyn gas pout use pemna - converstion R rozpustit - melt S sbr - collection skldka landfill sklo - glass smrdt smell stvoit - create syrov - raw T technologie - technology tba deva logging tba dln - mining tkanina textile trubka - pipe tdit sort U ast - participation uran - uranium V vozidlo vehicle vrstva layer vhoda - benefit vyhodit throw away vkup buy-back vroba production vzdln - education Z zchrana salvage
zdroj - source zlato - gold zmna change elezo - iron Are you ECO friendly? 1.If you take more food than you can eat, do you throw the leftovers in the trash? 2.Do you use paper cups and plates for cookouts or picnics? 3.Do you throw away aluminium cans or plastic bottles? 4.Do you use just one side of your writing paper? 5.When you see papers on the floor or ground do you leave them there? 6.Do you buy lots of books and magazines instead of using the library? 7.Do you use paper towels for drying your hands or cleaning up spills? 8.Do you leave the light on in your room when you're not there? Can you make a definition of these words? 1.DUMP ______________________________________ 2.ORGANIC FARMING ______________________________________ 3.ORGANIC WASTE ______________________________________ 4.DISPOSABLE ______________________________________ 5.RECYCLED PAPER ______________________________________ 6.LITTER PREVENTION ______________________________________ 7.POLLUTION PREVENTION ______________________________________ 8.COMPOST ______________________________________ 9.ECOSHOPPER ______________________________________ 10.ENERGY EFFICIENT HOMES ______________________________________ 11.SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT ______________________________________ 12.DEFORESTATION ______________________________________ What is in these pictures? What do you know about them? Do you know the correct answer? 1. 2. 3. 4. A term used to describe the heating of the atmosphere. G _______ E ________ The energy from the sun to produce electric power. S ________ E ________ Destruction of forests to make land for agriculture. D _________________
Protecting, maintaining or improving natural resources to keep them safe from destruction or degradation. C ___________ 5. A reduction of the ice due to increasing temperatures and eventually leading to a rise in the amount of water in sea and oceans. I _______ M ________ 6. Large number of natural and synthetic materials, including manure and compounds containing nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium, spread on or worked into soil to increase its capacity to support plant growth. F __________ 7. Contamination of the air, water or soil with substances that can cause harm to human health or the environment. P _________ 8. Animals and plants threatened of extinction. E ________ S ________ 9. The change from once fertile land into desert as a result of factors including climatic variations and human activities. D ___________ 10. An increase in the earth's average atmospheric temperature that causes corresponding changes in climate. G __________ W __________ 11. A period of dry weather, especially a long one that is injurious to crops. D ______ 12. A mixture of various decaying organic substances, as dead leaves or manure, used for fertilizing soil. More and more households choose to this solution to fertilize their gardens. C _________ What do you know about.... 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. recycling of paper recycling of electronics recycling of textiles recycling of toxic waste recycling in the Czech Republic and attitude of Czech people towards recycling in general 6. Czech landfills 7. landfills in Africa and the conditions there 8. Cyote protocol 9. smog in China 10. overpopulation vs. recycling and pollution 11. waste vs. 3rd world countries 12. future ways of recycling Recycling - links 1) http://recycling-guide.org.uk/ - recyklace, vysvtlen a pojmy 2) http://www2.epa.gov/recycle/recycling-basics - recyklace, materily 3) http://www.theguardian.com/environment/recycling - recyklace, novinky a zprvy 4) http://www.epa.gov/osw/hazard/recycling/ - recyklace nebezpench odpad 5) http://alexandriava.gov/tes/solidwaste/info/default.aspx?id=19206 recyklace domcch odpad 6) http://www.theguardian.com/environment/landfill - skldka 7) http://greenliving.lovetoknow.com/Environmental_Problems:_Land fills skldky a jejich problmy
8) http://mondediplo.com/blogs/africa-s-biggest-landfill-site-the-caseof - Africk skldky 9) http://www.bbc.com/future/sections/science-environment/recyclin g - recyklace a budoucnost 10) http://greenlivingideas.com/ - npady jak t v souladu s prodou 11) http://environment.nationalgeographic.com/environment/green-gui de/ - green living 12) http://www.theguardian.com/environment/ethical-living - etick a Chemistry of future - dictionary and phrases B barva - colour bomba - bomb budoucnost future erv dra - wormhole ip chip D doprava - transport dopravn prostedek mean of transport dm - house E energie energy F fze fusion G globln global gravitace gravitation H hodnota value holograf - holograph J jazyk language K klon clon klonovn - cloning krize - crisis L lidsk human M medicna medicine mozek - brain mon possible mysl - mind N nanobot - nanobot nanotechnologie nanotechnology nemoc - illlness nemon impossible neviditeln - invisible
O objev discovery objevit se - appear obleen clothes obnoviteln - renewable obrazovka - screen osud destiny oteplovn - warming P platit - pay pota computer program - programme programovn computing prosted - environment R robot - robot S senzor sensor sla force smrt - death spoteba consumption stroj asu time machine systm system T technologie - technology topen heating tovrna - factory U uml inteligence artificial intelligence V vdec scientist vesmr universe vesmrn lo - spaceship virtuln - virtual virus - virus vize vision vroba production vsledek result vzdln - education Z zazen - equipment zbra - weapon zdroj source zmizet - disappear zniit - destroy ivot - life Discussion 1.What do you think about the technologies of future? 2.Which branches of chemistry will become most important?
3.Do you think more elements will be discovered? 4.What do you think would be the best thing to be invented? 5.Do you think that new weapons will be invented? 6.How do you think that technologies will help us in the future medicine? 7.What new machines do you think will be invented? 8.What is nanotechnology? 9.How is nanotechnology used? 10.What do you think nanotechnology will be used for in the future? 11.What energy will be used in the future? 12.Which energy source will completely disappear? 13.Do you think solar energy will become number one energy? 14.What will happen with global warming in the future? 15.Do you think people will still use nuclear power? 16.Which illnesses do you think will be cured in the future? 17.Do you think new illnesses will appear? 18.Do you think human bodies will change anyhow? 19.Do you think people will be able to read human DNA completely? 20.What are some advantages and disadvantages of understaind the DNA? 21.Would you like to be able to choose the gender of your child? 22.Is it ethical to create children according to our wishes? 23.Do you think people will find new bacteria and life on other planets? 24.What will the labs look like in the future? 25.How will chemistry be taught in the future? 26.Will chemistry become more or less important in the future? 27.Will people still eat normal food or will there be any chemical substitution? 28.Will people learn to substitute water? 29.Will people still wear clothes or will they have any other form of clothing? 30.What about pesticides will they be used? 31.How will recycling change? 32.Will it be obligatory to recycle? 33.How will people deal with landfills? 34.What will people do with toxic waste? 35.How will people clean water? 36.Will be live longer? Thanks to what? 37.Will it still be possible to use coal for heating the house? 38.Will there still be paper money? 39.How will chemicals in food be reduced? Put these words into sentences and try to comment them and explain them in the connection with future 1.RENEWABLE RESOURCES ______________________________________ 2.RESOURCE WAR ______________________________________ 3.OIL DEPOSIT ______________________________________ 4.SETTLEMENT OF MARS ______________________________________ 5.ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE BOOM ______________________________________ 6.VIRTUAL REALITY ______________________________________ 7.FUSION POWER
______________________________________ 8.RISE OF SEA LEVELS ______________________________________ 9.ANDROID ______________________________________ 10.EVERGY CRISIS ______________________________________ Are these things possible in the future? Why yes and why not? 1.Invisibility 2.Dream devices giving you the dreams according to your wishes 3.Human cloning 4.Robot workers 5.Holographs among us 6.Flying cars 7.Underwater cities 8.Clothes changing colour according to the persons mood Perfect city imagine, present and make up a perfect society with perfect devices 1.In what kind of house would people live? 2.What kind of heating would they have? 3.How would they travel to work? 4.What kind of factories would there be? 5.What kind of devices would they use at work? 6.What kind of car would people have? 7.What kind of food would people eat? 8.What clothes would people wear? 9.How would children be educated? 10.Where and how would people go on holiday? 11.How would people pay? 12.Would people meet personally or virtually? 13.Would there be armies? How would they be equipped? 14.How would environment be protected? Chemistry of future - links 1) http://www.futuretimeline.net/ - budouc technologie vhled 2) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_emerging_technologies vyvjen technologie 3) http://www.livescience.com/technology/ - technologick novinky 4) http://www.hongkiat.com/blog/revolutionary-products/ technologie, kter zmn svt 5) http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cYPqZ_SJCjw budouc technologie video 6) http://www.bbc.com/future/story/20130102-tomorrows-world grafick pehled novch technologi 7) http://itechfuture.com/ - vrobky budoucnosti 8) http://www.forbes.com/sites/drucker/2013/05/28/make-the-futurehappen/ - technolgie nutn v budoucnosti 9) http://www.popsci.com/ - zprvy ze svta vdy 10) http://www.alternative-energy-news.info/technology/futureenergy/ - budouc alternativn technologie 11) http://www.wired.co.uk/ - technologie v naich rukou 12) http://www.fftsecurity.com/ - budouc technologie vlken 13) http://www.wimp.com/glasstechnologies/ - budouc technologie skel 14) http://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/wonkblog/wp/2013/05/24/ these-12-technologies-will-drive-our-economic-future/ - Final revision, conversation, practical use of
chemistry, game and quizes dictionary A absolutn absolute adheze adhesion akcelerace - acceleration B brle - glasses as time D definice definition dkaz proof E energie energy exploze - explosion H hvzda star J jednotka - unit K kapacita capacity koeficient - coefficient kombinace combination konstatn constant kvantita quantity kyselina - acid L led - ice lev - left linern linear linka line M magnet magnet msto place mrak cloud N nhodn random negace negation nereln - unreal nezvislost - independency O operace operation P plyn - gas potn - counting podmnka - condition pomr - ratio posunut displacement pravdpodobnost - probability prav right prostor space
prvek element R reln - real relativn relative rotace rotation rovnice equation rovnovha - balance rovn straight rozen explansion rychlost - speed een - solution eit solve S slunce - sun sklo glass studen cold kla - scale T tekutina - liquid teorie theory tepl - hot tlak - pressure transformace - transformation U hel angle V vazba - bond vektor - vector vlastnost - property vraz - expression vrok statement vzdlenost - distance vztah - relationship Z zkladn basic zkladn elementary (znalost, prvek) zvislost dependency znalost - knowledge BASIC CHEMISTRY Can you explain these terms? Can you give an example as well? 1.ATOM ______________________________________________ 2.BOND ______________________________________________ 3.CRYSTAL
______________________________________________ 4.LIQUID ______________________________________________ 5.ENERGY ______________________________________________ 6.SOURCE ______________________________________________ 7.FORMULA ______________________________________________ 8.EQUATION 9.OXYGEN ____________________________________________ ______________________________________________ 10.GAS ______________________________________________ 11.TEMPERATURE ______________________________________________ 12.COLOUR ______________________________________________ 13.CONDITIONS ______________________________________________ 14.RECYCLING ______________________________________________ 15.WATER ______________________________________________ QUESTIONS and ANSWERS 1.What is chemistry about? 2.Where can chemical elements be found? 3.What is the bond good for? 4.Which chemicals are the most dangerous? 5.Which chemicals can be found in our everyday life? 6.Do we eat chemicals as well? 7.What do you think is the most fascinating thing about chemistry? 8.What is a chemical reaction?
9.Which chemist do you think is the most famous of all? 10.What is a periodic table? 11.What is a nuclear reaction? 12.What is the oxidation number? 13.What is neutralization? 14.Can you name kinds of water? 15.What is the ozon layer and what are its problems? 1000 2000 3000 4000 5000 CHEMICAL UNITS What are the units of time? What are the units of distance? What are the units of heat? What are the units of speed? What are the units of weight? HEAT What is the difference between KCal and kJ? How is heat created? How is heat transformed? How is heat
stored? What kinds of power plants do you know? WATER What forms of water do you know? What is the boiling point of water? What happens with vapour when it gets to the Earth? Can you name any chemical reactions in which water is used? Describe the water cycle. OPTICS What is the difference between glasses and contact lens? What is a magnifying glass? What are binoculars used for? What is the Hubble telescope used for? What do you
know about the use of microscopes? PERIODIC TABLE What is a periodic table? What do you know about the man who intented it? What is division of the periodic table? How many elements are there in the periodic table? Which elements are the most dangerous? Why? NUCLEAR ENERGY What is radioactivity? What are the parts of the atom? What are the dangers of nuclear plants? What is a nuclear bomb and when was it used for the first time? Say something
about Czech nuclear plants. CHEMISTRY AT HOME What chemicals do we eat? What chemicals do we use for washing something? What chemicals do we use to kill insect? Which medicines do you use at home? What would happen if you drank some acid? CHEMICAL REACTIONS What is oxidation? What is reduction? What is an endothermical reaction? What is an exothermical reaction? What is polymeration? JEOPARDY
the teacher DOESNT show this worksheet to the students each student chooses his/her own question, e.g. Nuclear energy 3000 then the teacher asks the question and the students answers it. if the answer is correct the the student gets the points if the answer is not correct the student gets no points and another student can continue the teacher corrects the wrong answers nobody gets points for those answers BIG PRESENTATION 1.Each student chooses one chemical field and everyone gets time to prepare the presentation. 2.The presentation will contain: a) explanation b) practical use c) a few examples and exercises Quess the word 1.ABSOLUTE ZERO a) It is the lowest possible temperature. At absolute zero, atoms stop moving. 2.ACCURACY b) movement of particles from an area of higher concentration to one of lower concentration. 3.ALCOHOL c) amount of matter in a substance. 4.BASE d) ordered, repeating three-dimensional pattern of ions, atoms, or molecules. 5.COVALENT BOND e) an ionic compound formed from reacting an acid and a base. 6.CRYSTAL f) it occurs when the atomic nucleus is unstable and breaks apart, releasing energy or radiation. 7.DIFFUSION g) compound that produces OH- ions or electrons in water or that accepts protons. An example of a common base is sodium hydroxide, NaOH. 8.ENDOTHERMIC h) measure of how close a measured value is to its true value. For example, if an object is exactly a meter long and you measure it as 1.1 meters long, that is more accurate than if you measured it at 1.5 meters long. 9.MASS j) process that absorbs heat. 10.RADIOACTIVITY k) chemical bond formed when two atoms share two electrons. 11.SALT m) any organic molecule that has an -OH group. Famous chemistry quotes... what do you think about them? The meeting of two personalities is like the contact of two chemical substances: if there is any reaction, both are transformed. C.G.Jung No, this trick won't work... How on earth are you ever going to explain in terms of chemistry and physics so important a biological phenomenon as first love? Albert Einstein Scientist believe in things, not in person Marie Curie
This [discovery of a cell-free yeast extract] will make him famous, even though he has no talent for chemistry. Adolf Von Baeyer We must trust to nothing but facts: These are presented to us by Nature, and cannot deceive. We ought, in every instance, to submit our reasoning to the test of experiment, and never to search for truth but by the natural road of experiment and observation. Antoine Lavoisier This theory [the oxygen theory] is not as I have heard it described, that of the French chemists, it is mine (elle est la mienne); it is a property which I claim from my contemporaries and from posterity. Antoine Lavoisier You and chemistry 1.When did you become interested in chemistry? 2.Why did you decide to study it? 3.What about your studies? Where did you study and how difficult was it? 4.Why did you become a teacher? 5.Say something about your school. 6.Say something about chemistry in each grade what do you teach there? 7.Which fields of chemistry are the most popular and which ones are the least popular of all? 8.Why do the children like / dislike chemistry? 9.What kind of tools do you use during your lessons? 10.How often do you test your students? 11.What methods do you use to explain various fields of chemistry? 12.Why is chemistry important for our future? 13.How do you think young students should be attracted to study chemistry at universities? 14.What jobs can the students do when they finish chemical studies at universities? 15.Which chemical problems do you think scientists will be solving in the future? 16.Do you think you will spend your life as a teacher of chemistry? 17.Do you think that everyone should study chemistry at school or only those who are interested in it?